Nicole Ostlaender

Nicole Ostlaender
European Commission | ec · Joint Research Centre (JRC)

PhD

About

29
Publications
3,875
Reads
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587
Citations
Citations since 2017
8 Research Items
160 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023010203040
2017201820192020202120222023010203040
2017201820192020202120222023010203040
Additional affiliations
November 2009 - November 2020
European Commission
Position
  • Scientific Project Officer

Publications

Publications (29)
Technical Report
Full-text available
SOCRATES (SOcial multi-CRiteria AssessmenT of European policieS) is a software tool explicitly designed for impact assessment problems. Three main components constitute the core of SOCRATES: multi-criteria, equity and sensitivity analyses. The impact matrix may include quantitative (including also stochastic and/or fuzzy uncertainty) and qualitativ...
Chapter
Full-text available
This Chapter presents a set of quantitative modelling approaches, connected to various steps of the policy cycle, that aim at helping policy-makers and all social actors involved, by providing a scientific sound framework for a systematic, coherent and transparent analysis. Practical guidelines for structuring policy problems by using uncertainty a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Die Beiträge des Sammelbandes beschäftigen sich mit der Frage, wie das Vertrauen in den Staat und seine Gesetzgebung wiederhergestellt werden kann.
Technical Report
The objective of this work is to systematically analyse how models are used in support to the policy formulation phase of the EU policy cycle. We focus on European Commission (EC) Impact Assessments (IAs). The main framework of the EU regulatory policy, the Better Regulation (BR) Agenda (European Commission 2015), sets a clear commitment to a trans...
Technical Report
Much of the world's data is textual – in large document archives, in scientific papers, in scattered websites, in social media. The information contained in text is invaluable and yet hard to access. The sheer volume of text means that, unassisted, we cannot hope to read all available sources, nor even to keep up to date with all advances in a part...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Modelling Inventory and Knowledge Management System of the European Commission (MIDAS) is a Commission-wide knowledge management tool for modelling, enabling enhanced transparency and traceability of models in use for EC policy making. It forms an integral part of the Competence Centre on Modelling (CC-MOD) of the Joint Research Centre of the E...
Technical Report
The MICA Expert System is currently being developed in the frame of the H2020 MICA project; more precisely within its work package 6 entitled ‘The European Raw Materials Intelligence Capacity Platform (EU-RMICP)’ whose partners are BRGM, GeoZS, GEUS, GTK, JRC, LIG (Laboratoire d’Informatique de Grenoble) and NERC (BGS). The description of the proje...
Article
Full-text available
The transparency and reproducibility of scientific evidence underpinning policy is crucial to build and retain trust. This paper describes an application that takes a significant step towards enhanced transparency of scientific models used for policy making: The Modelling Inventory Database and Access Services (MIDAS) developed by the Joint Researc...
Article
Today’s interconnected socio-economic and environmental challenges require the combination and reuse of existing integrated modelling solutions. This paper contributes to this overall research area, by reviewing a wide range of currently available frameworks, systems and emerging technologies for integrated modelling in the environmental sciences....
Article
Integrated environmental modelling is gaining momentum for addressing grand scientific challenges such as monitoring the environment for change detection and forecasting environmental conditions along with the consequences for society. Such challenges can only be addressed by a multi-disciplinary approach, in which socio-economic, geospatial, and e...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the definition of a European perspective on Digital Earth (DE), identify some actions that can contribute to raise the awareness of DE in the European context and thus strengthen the European contribution to the International Society for Digital Earth (ISDE). The paper identifies opportunities and syner...
Conference Paper
The paper presents a method to gather and analyze the components of environmental information systems that can contribute to the development of information infrastructures such as SEIS. Our approach is described as (principally) ‘bottom-up’: a community of practitioners propose candidate systems for analysis, illustrating what approaches are curren...
Article
Full-text available
Digital Earth (DE) is a powerful metaphor for the organisation and access to digital information through a multi-scale three-dimensional representation of the globe. Recent progress gave a concrete body to this vision. However, this body is not yet self-aware: further integration of the temporal and voluntary dimension is needed to better portray t...
Conference Paper
Volunteered Geographie Information (VGI) is the harnessing of tools to create, assemble, and disseminate geographic data provided voluntarily by individuals, and is regarded by the authors as an important component of Community Remote Sensing. What is currently lacking is a systematic framework that classifies the myriad of VGI products and sources...
Article
Service-Oriented Architectures can be used as a framework for enabling distributed geographic information processing (DGIP). The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) has published several standards for services. These can be composed into service chains that support the execution of workflows constituting complex DGIP applications. In this paper, we in...
Article
Full-text available
Timely knowing about climate change impacts is crucial to adequately plan and undertake adaptive measures and thus to effectively lower vulnerability. This requires gathering and integrating geographic information on exposure, local response mechanisms and stakeholders’ concerns. Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) are internet-based information sys...
Article
Abstract In this paper we study the feasibility of using services offered by a Spatial Data Infrastructure as a basis for distributed service oriented geoprocessing. By developing a prototype we demonstrate that a Spatial Data Infrastructure facilitates rapid development of applications that solve typical problems for an existing risk management ap...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SDIs offer access to a wealth of distributed data sources through standardised service interfaces. Recently, also geoprocessing capabilities are of- fered as services in SDIs. Combining data sources and processing services in service chains enable the generation of information that is tailored to the users needs. In this paper, we present a rule-ba...
Article
Today, spatial data infrastructures consist mainly of 61 services that offer base functionalities such as searching, accessing, and visualising geographic data. While this makes it easier to use geographic data, GI services cannot yet be combined to provide analyses based on specific user requirements. For this, additional GI services and mechanism...
Chapter
This paper presents and discusses an approach for web-based assessment and decision support using multi-criteria evaluation methodology to be integrated into an interoperable service infrastructure. The research is imbedded in the EU-funded BALANCE project, which tries to assess possible impact and vulnerability to climate change. The results will...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SUMMARY A growing number of spatial decision support systems are available through the Internet. This paper introduces an approach based on GI services and SDIs, the specifications of the OGC and the upcoming 'OGC Web Services 2' initiative, the ISO and the INSPIRE framework. It ends with a roadmap for the development of a web based SDSS and a use...
Article
Full-text available
Dieser Beitrag stellt eine Metadaten-Profil für Umweltdaten vor, das innerhalb des EU-Projektes MEDIS – Towards sustainable water use on Mediterranean Islands: Address-ing Conflicting Demands and Varying Hydrological, Social and Economic Conditions entwickelt wird. Zunächst werden Ziele und Methoden des Projektes erläutert. Danach wird die Entwickl...
Article
Full-text available
The Institute for Geoinformatics (IFGI) of the University of Münster develops an SDI in the context of a research project for the assessment of climate change vulnerabilities in the Arctic. The SDI has to distribute, portray and process spatial-temporal data for multi-lingual stakeholders from different knowledge communities. This combination of ta...
Article
Full-text available
The stakeholders that are directly affected by the climate change might become an invaluable source of information if their perceptions are shared with the general public and the scientific community. Such Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) about environmental phenomena have however a certain degree of vagueness, as they describe only a spati...
Article
Full-text available
The following article describes the process of a diploma thesis at the Institute for Geoinformatics in Münster, Germany. The study areas, two water reservoirs and their catch- ment areas, are located close to the city of Wuppertal, Germany. Different types of datasets and sources will be discussed concerning their suitability for modelling nutrient...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Global change vulnerabilities in the barents region: linking arctic natural resources, climate change and economies
Project
The MICA project contributes to on-going efforts towards the establishment of a stakeholder tailored product, namely the “European Union Raw Materials Intelligence Capacity Platform” (EU-RMICP). To do so, the project team will conduct a careful analysis of stakeholder needs and undertake a review of existing data, methods and tools that provide intelligence on raw materials. http://mica.eurogeosurveys.org/