Nicole D. Fogarty

Nicole D. Fogarty
University of North Carolina at Wilmington | UNCW · Department of Biology and Marine Biology

PhD Florida State University

About

35
Publications
14,727
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977
Citations
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August 2003 - July 2010
Florida State University

Publications

Publications (35)
Preprint
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Global change is increasing seawater temperatures and decreasing oceanic pH, driving declines of coral reefs globally. Coral ecosystems are also impacted by local stressors, including microplastics, which are ubiquitous on reefs. While the independent effects of these global and local stressors are well-documented, their interactions remain less ex...
Article
Full-text available
The Caribbean Acropora corals, A. palmata and A. cervicornis form a hybrid with two broad morphotypes, bushy and palmate. These morphotypes were previously hypothesized to be linked to the hybrid's maternal species. Here, we expand on this hypothesis by adding samples from across the range and by increasing genetic resolution. We reconstructed comp...
Article
Full-text available
Quantifying recruitment of corals is important for evaluating their capacity to recover after disturbances through natural processes, yet measuring recruitment rates in situ is challenging due to the minute size of the study organism and the complexity of benthic communities. Settlement tiles are widely used in studies of coral recruitment because...
Article
Full-text available
Sedimentation is a common anthropogenic stressor known to reduce coral growth, reproduction, and the photosynthetic capacity of their endosymbiotic algae. This study assessed the short-term effects of sedimentation on the condition and survivorship of Porites astreoides recruits, as well as the photophysiology, oxidative stress, survivorship and re...
Article
Full-text available
For decades, coral reef ecosystems have been in decline due to environmental stressors such as rising sea temperatures, increased disease prevalence, and other local anthropogenic sources. Considering this decline, coral restoration efforts in the Caribbean have been implemented to promote reef recovery with a focus on the coral genus Acropora. Cur...
Article
Full-text available
Acropora cervicornis and A. palmata have experienced substantial losses in coral cover throughout the Caribbean, but their hybrid (A. prolifera) appears to be increasing at some sites. The shifts in relative abundance could result from hybridization with subsequent asexual fragmentation, recent increased hybridization, or a disproportionate loss in...
Article
Full-text available
Mutualisms where hosts are coupled metabolically to their symbionts often exhibit high partner fidelity. Most reef‐building coral species form obligate symbioses with a specific species of photosymbionts, dinoflagellates in the family Symbiodiniaceae, despite needing to acquire symbionts early in their development from environmental sources. Three...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mutualisms where hosts are coupled metabolically to their symbionts often exhibit high partner fidelity. Most reef-building corals form obligate symbioses with specific species of photosymbionts, dinoflagellates in the family Symbiodiniaceae, despite needing to acquire symbionts early in their development from environmental sources. Three Caribbean...
Article
Mutualisms where hosts are coupled metabolically to their symbionts often exhibit high partner fidelity. Most reef-building corals form obligate symbioses with specific species of photosymbionts, dinoflagellates in the family Symbiodiniaceae, despite needing to acquire symbionts early in their development from environmental sources. Three Caribbean...
Article
Full-text available
Standardized identification of genotypes is necessary in animals that reproduce asexually and form large clonal populations such as coral. We developed a high-resolution hybridization-based genotype array coupled with an analysis workflow and database for the most speciose genus of coral, Acropora, and their symbionts. We designed the array to co-a...
Article
Full-text available
Ocean acidification and ocean warming constitute major threats to many calcifying reef organisms, including scleractinian corals. The combined effects of these two environmental stressors on the earliest life history stages of reef calcifiers remain poorly studied, particularly for Atlantic corals. Here, we investigate how acidification and warming...
Preprint
Full-text available
Standardized identification of genotypes is necessary in animals that reproduce asexually and form large clonal populations such as coral. We developed a high-resolution hybridization-based genotype array coupled with an analysis workflow and database for the most speciose genus of coral, Acropora , and their symbionts. We designed the array to co-...
Article
Full-text available
Genomic sequence data for non-model organisms are increasingly available requiring the development of efficient and reproducible workflows. Here, we develop the first genomic resources and reproducible workflows for two threatened members of the reef-building coral genus Acropora We generated genomic sequence data from multiple samples of the Carib...
Article
Full-text available
As coral cover has declined throughout the Caribbean, interest in determining the potential for reef recovery via natural recruitment processes has increased. Studies investigating recruitment have been hampered by the difficulty of identifying early stage corals that often lack distinguishing morphological characters. In this study, the utility of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Genomic sequence data for non-model organisms are increasingly available requiring the development of efficient and reproducible workflows. Here, we develop the first genomic resources and reproducible workflows for two threatened members of the reef-building coral genus Acropora . We generated genomic sequence data from multiple samples of the Car...
Article
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is involved in the regulation of numerous reproductive and morphogenic processes across an array of taxa. Extracellular H2O2 can be widespread in oceanic waters, and elevated sea surface temperatures can cause increased levels of intracellular H2O2 within cnidarian tissue, but it remains unclear how this compound affects ea...
Article
Full-text available
Over 95% of all metazoan (animal) species comprise the “invertebrates,” but very few genomes from these organisms have been sequenced. We have, therefore, formed a “Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance” (GIGA). Our intent is to build a collaborative network of diverse scientists to tackle major challenges (e.g., species selection, sample collectio...
Article
Full-text available
Over 95% of all metazoan (animal) species comprise the “invertebrates,” but very few genomes from these organisms have been sequenced. We have, therefore, formed a “Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance” (GIGA). Our intent is to build a collaborative network of diverse scientists to tackle major challenges (e.g., species selection, sample collectio...
Article
Full-text available
Symbionts in each generation are transmitted to new host individuals either vertically (parent to offspring), horizontally (from exogenous sources), or a combination of both. Scleractinian corals make an excellent study system for understanding patterns of symbiont transmission since they harbor diverse symbionts and possess distinct reproductive m...
Article
In broadcast spawners, prezygotic reproductive isolation depends on differences in the spatial and temporal patterns of gamete release and gametic incompatibility. Typically, gametic incompatibility is measured in no-choice crosses, but conspecific sperm precedence (CSP) can prevent hybridization in gametes that are compatible in the absence of spe...
Article
Full-text available
The Caribbean corals, Acropora palmata and A. cervicornis, recently have undergone drastic declines primarily as a result of disease. Previous molecular studies have demonstrated that these species form a hybrid (A. prolifera) that varies in abundance throughout the range of the parental distribution. There is variable unidirectional introgression...
Data
Dates of spawning collection monitoring efforts. A summary of the dates and times when we have attempted to observe and collect acroporid spawn. If spawning did occur, the time gamete bundles were first observed in the mouth of the polyp was recorded as “bundle set time,” the range of spawning times was recorded below each species name, and the “bu...
Article
Full-text available
The Caribbean corals, Acropora palmata (elkhorn) and A. cervicornis (staghorn), are abundant in fossil records but recent disease outbreaks have led to unprecedented losses. Fused staghorn coral, A. prolifera, is an F1 hybrid with an intermediate morphology to the parental species. The hybrid is absent in the fossil record and has generally been do...
Article
When organisms release gametes into the sea, synchrony must be precise to increase fertilization and decrease hybridization. We tagged and genotyped over 400 spawning corals from the three species in the Montastraea annularis species complex. We report on the influence of species, individuals, and genotypes on timing of spawning from 2002 through 2...
Thesis
Full-text available
The Caribbean corals, Acropora palmata and A. cervicornis, are abundant in fossil records but have recently undergone drastic declines primarily as a result of disease. Acropora prolifera, a hybrid of these species, has no fossil record and was previously considered rare and to occupy nonparental habitats. Now, hybrids have equivalent or greater ab...
Article
Full-text available
Coral mortality has increased in recent decades, making coral recruitment more important than ever in sustaining coral reef ecosystems and contributing to their resilience. This review summarizes existing information on ecological factors affecting scleractinian coral recruitment. Successful recruitment requires the survival of coral offspring thro...
Article
Full-text available
The role that reticulate evolution (i.e., via lateral transfer, viral recombination and/or introgressive hybridization) has played in the origin and adaptation of individual taxa and even entire clades continues to be tested for all domains of life. Though falsified for some groups, the hypothesis of divergence in the face of gene flow is becoming...
Article
Developmental failure caused by excess sperm (polyspermy) is thought to be an important mechanism driving the evolution of gamete-recognition proteins, reproductive isolation, and speciation in marine organisms. However, these theories assume that there is heritable variation in the susceptibility to polyspermy and that this variation is related to...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of detailed studies on the earliest life stages in corals currently limits the understanding of coral population dynamics. Although pre- and postsettlement processes both play a role in structuring coral populations, their relative importance and interaction are not well understood. By lowering seawater salinity (range: 28 to 36 psu), we c...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of detailed studies on the earliest life stages in corals currently limits the understanding of coral population dynamics. Although pre- and postsettlement processes both play a role in structuring coral populations, their relative importance and interaction are not well understood. By lowering seawater salinity (range: 28 to 36 psu), we c...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This project will characterize coral and octocoral recruitment and juvenile communities along the Florida Reef Tract, and assess temporal, spatial, and physical parameters that may facilitate various levels of recruitment.