Nicolas Terzi

Nicolas Terzi
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble | CHU Grenoble · Service de Réanimation Médicale

MD, PhD

About

276
Publications
67,394
Reads
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8,297
Citations
Citations since 2016
210 Research Items
7551 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,000
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - present
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble
Position
  • PU-PH

Publications

Publications (276)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Delaying time to prone positioning (PP) may be associated with higher mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We evaluated the use and the impact of early PP on clinical outcomes in intubated patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) for COVID-19. Methods: All int...
Article
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Background PEEP selection in severe COVID-19 patients under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is challenging as no study has assessed the alveolar recruitability in this setting. The aim of the study was to compare lung recruitability and the impact of PEEP on lung aeration in moderate and severe ARDS patients with or without ECMO, using c...
Article
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In our recent survey, we aimed to collect information on perceived inequity as well as professional and personal fulfillment among women intensivists in France. For the 371 respondents out of the 732 persons who received the survey, the findings were unequivocal: for one-third of the respondents, being a woman was considered as an obstacle to caree...
Article
Background: The optimal first-line noninvasive respiratory support (NIRS) to improve outcome in patients affected by COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to ICU is still debated. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in 7 French ICUs, including all adults admitted between July and December 2020 with documented SARS-CoV-2 acute respiratory failure (...
Article
Background: Spontaneous-breathing trials can be performed with the use of either pressure-support ventilation (PSV) or a T-piece. Whether PSV trials may result in a shorter time to tracheal extubation than T-piece trials, without resulting in a higher risk of reintubation, among patients who have a high risk of extubation failure is unknown. Meth...
Article
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and dysregulated myeloid cell responses are implicated in the pathophysiology and severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: In this randomised, sequential, multicentre, placebo-controlled, double-blind study, adults aged 18-79 years (Part 1) or ≥70 year...
Article
PurposeTo determine whether remote ischemic conditioning (RECO), compared to standard care, limits the severity and the consequences of multiple organ failure in patients with septic shock.Methods The RECO-Sepsis trial, a prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel group trial with blinded assessment of the outcome, was conducted at...
Article
PurposeManagement and outcomes of pregnant women with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) remain to be investigated.MethodsA retrospective multicenter study conducted in 32 ICUs in France, Belgium and Switzerland. Maternal management as well as maternal and neonatal outcomes were reported.ResultsAmong the 187 p...
Article
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In this narrative review, we discuss the relevant issues of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) in critically ill patients. For many conditions, the optimal indication, device type, frequency, duration, type of replacement fluid and criteria for stopping TPE are uncertain. TPE is a potentially lifesaving but also invasive procedure with risk of adver...
Article
Purpose: To describe bleeding and thrombotic events and their risk factors in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to evaluate their impact on in-hospital mortality. Methods: The ECMOSARS registry included COVID-19 patients supported by ECMO in France. We analyzed all pa...
Article
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Introduction: Prognosis of patients with COVID-19 depends on the severity of the pulmonary affection. The most severe cases may progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is associated with a risk of long-term repercussions on respiratory function and neuromuscular outcomes. The functional repercussions of severe forms of COVID-...
Article
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Background Although non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is recommended for immunocompromised patients with acute respiratory failure in the intensive care unit (ICU), it might have deleterious effects in the most severe patients. High-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) alone might be an alternative method to reduce mortality. We aimed to determine whether HFNO al...
Article
Background In relatives of patients dying in intensive care units (ICUs), inadequate team support can increase the prevalence of prolonged grief and other psychological harm. We aimed to evaluate whether a proactive communication and support intervention would improve relatives' outcomes. Methods We undertook a prospective, multicentre, cluster ra...
Article
La France a connu au printemps 2020 une crise sanitaire sans précédent sur les plans sanitaire et sociétal due à la pandémie de COVID-19. Lors de cette première vague les hôpitaux ont fait face à un afflux important de patients dans les secteurs de Réanimation. Des mesures exceptionnelles ont été mises en place, pour permettre au système de soins d...
Article
Background Two acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) subphenotypes (hyperinflammatory and hypoinflammatory) with distinct clinical and biological features and differential treatment responses have been identified using latent class analysis (LCA) in seven individual cohorts. To facilitate bedside identification of subphenotypes, clinical class...
Article
Introduction Les exacerbations aiguës de BPCO (EABPCO) conduisent à une hospitalisation en unité de soins intensifs (USI) pour les cas les plus sévères. La pratique quotidienne des prescriptions de corticoïdes/antibiotiques et la proportion respective de ventilation invasive et non invasive (VNI) ont évolué au cours du temps. Ces changements pourra...
Article
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Background Delayed intubation is associated with high mortality. There is a lack of objective criteria to decide the time of intubation. We assessed a recently described combined oxygenation index (ROX index) to predict intubation in immunocompromised patients. The study is a secondary analysis of randomized trials in immunocompromised patients, in...
Article
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Background Several randomized clinical trials have shown that non-invasive ventilation (NIV) applied immediately after extubation may prevent reintubation in patients at high-risk of extubation failure. However, most of studies included patients with chronic respiratory disorders as well as patients without underlying respiratory disease. To date,...
Article
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Background: To assess the ability of procalcitonin (PCT) to distinguish between bacterial and nonbacterial causes of patients with severe acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) admitted to the ICU, we conducted a retrospective analysis of two prospective studies including 375 patients with severe AECOPD with suspected lower respiratory tract infectio...
Article
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Background We investigated the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on mental health of professionals working in the intensive care unit (ICU) according to the intensity of the epidemic in France. Methods This cross-sectional survey was conducted in 77 French hospitals from April 22 to May 13 2020. All ICU frontline healthcare workers were eligible. The...
Article
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Background In intensive care units (ICUs), patients experiencing post-extubation respiratory failure have poor outcomes. The use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to treat post-extubation respiratory failure may increase the risk of death. This study aims at comparing mortality between patients treated with NIV alternating with high-flow nasal oxyge...
Article
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Background Initial reports have described the poor outcome of unexpected cardiac arrest (CA) in intensive care unit (ICU) among COVID-19 patients in China and the USA. However, there are scarce data on characteristics and outcomes of such CA patients in Europe. Methods Prospective registry in 35 French ICUs, including all in-ICU CA in COVID-19 adu...
Article
Introduction Les myopathies inflammatoires idiopathiques (MII) sont des maladies rares pouvant mettre en jeu le pronostic vital. La prise en charge de ces défaillances va entraîner une admission en unité de soins intensifs (USI). Peu d’études ont décrit les patients présentant une MII et admis en USI. L’objectif de cette étude est de décrire les ca...
Article
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Rational To evaluate the respective impact of standard oxygen, high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on oxygenation failure rate and mortality in COVID-19 patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). Methods Multicenter, prospective cohort study (COVID-ICU) in 137 hospitals in France, Belgium, and Switzerland. Demog...
Article
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Background Predicting outcomes of critically ill intensive care unit (ICU) patients with coronavirus-19 disease (COVID-19) is a major challenge to avoid futile, and prolonged ICU stays. Methods The objective was to develop predictive survival models for patients with COVID-19 after 1-to-2 weeks in ICU. Based on the COVID–ICU cohort, which prospect...
Article
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Background Geoeconomic variations in epidemiology, the practice of ventilation, and outcome in invasively ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients without acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remain unexplored. In this analysis we aim to address these gaps using individual patient data of four large observational studies. Methods In thi...
Article
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Background Patients infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV 2) and requiring intensive care unit (ICU) have a high incidence of hospital-acquired infections; however, data regarding hospital acquired bloodstream infections (BSI) are scarce. We aimed to investigate risk factors and outcome of BSI in critically ill...
Article
Rationale: Whereas non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may prevent reintubation in patients at high-risk of extubation failure in intensive care units (ICUs), this oxygenation strategy has not been specifically assessed in obese patients. Objectives: We hypothesized that NIV may decrease the risk of reintubation in obese patients compared with high-f...
Article
Background Patients with severe COVID-19 have emerged as a population at high risk of invasive fungal infections (IFIs). However, to our knowledge, the prevalence of IFIs has not yet been assessed in large populations of mechanically ventilated patients. We aimed to identify the prevalence, risk factors, and mortality associated with IFIs in mechan...
Article
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Background Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe complication of COVID-19 pneumonia, with a mortality rate amounting to 34–50% in moderate and severe ARDS, and is associated with prolonged duration of invasive mechanical ventilation. Such as in non-COVID ARDS, harmful mechanical ventilation settings might be associated with worse o...
Article
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Background The ISARIC prospective multinational observational study is the largest cohort of hospitalized patients with COVID-19. We present relationships of age, sex, and nationality to presenting symptoms. Methods International, prospective observational study of 60 109 hospitalized symptomatic patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 recruit...
Article
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This correspondence deals with physiopathological studies that aimed to understand the underlying mechanisms of breathing-swallowing interaction https://bit.ly/3BKAwx3.
Article
Objectives: Prone position is used in acute respiratory distress syndrome and in coronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, it is unclear how responders may be identified and whether an oxygenation response improves outcome. The objective of this study was to quantify the response to prone position, describe the differe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Delaying time to prone positioning (PP) may be associated with higher mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We evaluated the use and the impact of early PP on clinical outcomes in intubated patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) for COVID-19. Methods All intubate...
Article
Background The antiviral efficacy of remdesivir against SARS-CoV-2 is still controversial. We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of remdesivir plus standard of care compared with standard of care alone in patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19, with indication of oxygen or ventilator support. Methods DisCoVeRy was a phase 3, open-label,...
Article
Résumé Lorsqu’un patient atteint de cancer broncho-pulmonaire (CBP) présente une défaillance d’organe, l’intensité des soins à mettre en place doit tenir compte des souhaits du patient et de son projet de soins en n’oubliant pas que l’objectif d’une admission en réanimation est de permettre au patient de sortir de réanimation et de l’hôpital avec u...
Article
Background Awake prone positioning has been reported to improve oxygenation for patients with COVID-19 in retrospective and observational studies, but whether it improves patient-centred outcomes is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of awake prone positioning to prevent intubation or death in patients with severe COVID-19 in a large-scale...
Article
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Following publication of the original article [1], the authors identified an error in Figure 2. The correct Fig. 2 is given.
Article
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Objective: To address the issue of ventilator shortages, our group (eSpiro Network) developed a freely replicable, open-source hardware ventilator. Design: We performed a bench study. Setting: Dedicated research room as part of an ICU affiliated to a university hospital. Subjects: We set the lung model with three conditions of resistance and...
Article
PurposeThe effect of the routine use of a stylet during tracheal intubation on first-attempt intubation success is unclear. We hypothesised that the first-attempt intubation success rate would be higher with tracheal tube + stylet than with tracheal tube alone.Methods In this multicentre randomised controlled trial, conducted in 32 intensive care u...
Article
Regional viscoelastic properties of thoracic tissues in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and their change with position and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) are unknown. In an experimental porcine ARDS, dorsal and ventral lung (R 2 ,L and E 2 ,L) and chest wall (R 2 ,cw and E 2 ,cw) viscoelastic resistive(R) and elastic(E) paramete...
Article
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Introduction International guidelines include early nutritional support (≤48 hour after admission), 20–25 kcal/kg/day, and 1.2–2 g/kg/day protein at the acute phase of critical illness. Recent data challenge the appropriateness of providing standard amounts of calories and protein during acute critical illness. Restricting calorie and protein intak...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Increasing age is a risk factor for COVID-19 severity and mortality; emerging science implicates GM-CSF and dysregulated myeloid cell responses in the pathophysiology of severe COVID-19. METHODS We conducted a large, global, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluating a single 90 mg infusion of otilimab (human anti-GM-C...
Article
Full-text available
Background To determine the frequency of, and factors associated with, death in hospital following ICU discharge to the ward. Methods The Large observational study to UNderstand the Global impact of Severe Acute respiratory FailurE study was an international, multicenter, prospective cohort study of patients with severe respiratory failure, conduc...
Article
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Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) improves the outcome of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (AcPE) and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (aeCOPD) but is not recommended in pneumonia. The aim of this study was to assess the appropriateness of the use of NIV in a prehospital setting, where etiological diagnostics rely mainly on...
Article
Full-text available
The mortality of COVID-19 patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) is influenced by their state at admission. We aimed to model COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome state transitions from ICU admission to day 60 outcome and to evaluate possible prognostic factors. We analyzed a prospective French database that includes critically ill COVID...
Article
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Introduction A palliative approach to intensive care unit (ICU) patients with acute respiratory failure and a do-not-intubate order corresponds to a poorly evaluated target for non-invasive oxygenation treatments. Survival alone should not be the only target; it also matters to avoid discomfort and to restore the patient’s quality of life. We aim t...
Article
PurposeThe primary objective of this study was to investigate the risk of ICU bloodstream infection (BSI) in critically ill COVID-19 patients compared to non-COVID-19 patients. Subsequently, we performed secondary analyses in order to explain the observed results.Methods We conducted a matched case-cohort study, based on prospectively collected dat...
Article
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Background At intensive care unit (ICU) admission, the issue about prognosis of critically ill cancer patients is of clinical interest, especially after ICU discharge. Our objective was to assess the factors associated with 3- and 6-month survival of ICU cancer survivors. Methods Based on the French OutcomeRea™ database, we included solid cancer p...
Article
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Background: Most prognostic studies in acute stroke patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilation are outdated and have limitations such as single-center retrospective designs. We aimed to study the association of ICU admission factors, including the reason for intubation, with 1-year survival of acute stroke patients requiring mechanical ven...
Article
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Background: No recommendation exists about the timing and setting for tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation in septic shock. Patients and methods: This prospective multicenter observational study was conducted in 30 ICUs in France and Spain. All consecutive patients presenting with septic shock were eligible. The use of tracheal intubat...
Article
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Background: Mucormycosis is an invasive fungal infection, with an increasing incidence especially in patients with hematological malignancies. Its prognosis is poor because of its high invasive power and its intrinsic low susceptibility to antifungal agents. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of mucormycosis in intensive care units (ICU) and ev...
Article
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Background There is wide variability between intensivists in the decisions to forgo life-sustaining treatment (DFLST). Advance directives (ADs) allow patients to communicate their end-of-life wishes to physicians. We assessed whether ADs reduced variability in DFLSTs between intensivists. Methods We conducted a multicenter, prospective, simulation...
Article
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Background The decision making on antiplatelet drug withdrawal or continuation before performing a pleural procedure is based on the balance between the risk of bleeding associated with the antiplatelet therapy and the risk of arterial thrombosis due to its interruption. Knowledge on antiplatelet therapy-associated risk of bleeding after pleural pr...
Article
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Introduction: In intensive care unit (ICU), the decision of extubation is a critical time because mortality is particularly high in case of reintubation. To reduce that risk, guidelines recommend to systematically perform a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) before extubation in order to mimic the postextubation physiological conditions. SBT is usu...