Nicolas Orantin

Nicolas Orantin
University of Geneva | UNIGE · Section of Mathematics

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43
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
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We prove that the topological recursion formalism can be used to compute the WKB expansion of solutions of second order differential operators obtained by quantization of any hyper-elliptic curve. We express this quantum curve in terms of spectral Darboux coordinates on the moduli space of meromorphic $\mathfrak{sl}_2$-connections on $\mathbb{P}^1$...
Preprint
Full-text available
We prove that the topological recursion formalism can be used to quantize any generic classical spectral curve with smooth ramification points and simply ramified away from poles. For this purpose, we build both the associated quantum curve, i.e. the differential operator quantizing the algebraic equation defining the classical spectral curve consi...
Article
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In this paper, we show that it is always possible to deform a differential equation ∂_x Ψ(x) = L(x)Ψ(x) with L(x) ∈ sl_2(C)(x) by introducing a small formal parameter in such a way that it satisfies the Topological Type properties of Bergère, Borot and Eynard. This is obtained by including the former differential equation in an isomonodromic system...
Preprint
Full-text available
We prove that the topological recursion formalism can be used to compute the WKB expansion of solutions of second order differential operators obtained by quantization of any hyper-elliptic curve. We express this quantum curve in terms of spectral Darboux coordinates on the moduli space of meromorphic $\mathfrak{sl}_2$-connections on $\mathbb{P}^1$...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we show that it is always possible to deform a differential equation $\partial_x \Psi(x) = L(x) \Psi(x)$ with $L(x) \in \mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{C})(x)$ by introducing a small formal parameter $\hbar$ in such a way that it satisfies the Topological Type properties of Berg\`ere, Borot and Eynard. This is obtained by including the forme...
Article
We propose a general theory whose main component are functorial assignments $$\mathbf{\Sigma} \mapsto \Omega_{\mathbf{\Sigma}} \in \mathbf{E}(\mathbf{\Sigma}),$$ for a large class of functors $\mathbf{E}$ from a certain category of bordered surfaces (${\mathbf \Sigma}$'s) to a suitable a target category of topological vector spaces. The constructio...
Article
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Kontsevich and Soibelman reformulated and slightly generalised the topological recursion of math-ph/0702045, seeing it as a quantization of certain quadratic Lagrangians in $T^*V$ for some vector space $V$. KS topological recursion is a procedure which takes as initial data a quantum Airy structure -- a family of at most quadratic differential oper...
Article
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It is a classical result that flat coordinates for a Hurwitz Frobenius manifold can be obtained as periods of a differential along cycles on the domain curve. We generalise this construction to primary invariants of the Hurwitz Frobenius manifolds. We show that they can be obtained as periods of multidifferentials along the same cycles. The multidi...
Article
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We apply the spectral curve topological recursion to Dubrovin's universal Landau-Ginzburg superpotential associated to a semi-simple point of any conformal Frobenius manifold. We show that under some conditions the expansion of the correlation differentials reproduces the cohomological field theory associated with the same point of the initial Frob...
Article
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Given a topological modular functor $\mathcal{V}$ in the sense of Walker \cite{Walker}, we construct vector bundles over $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$, whose Chern classes define semi-simple cohomological field theories. This construction depends on a determination of the logarithm of the eigenvalues of the Dehn twist and central element actions....
Article
We formulate a notion of "abstract loop equations," and show that their solution is provided by a topological recursion under some assumptions, in particular the result takes a universal form. The Schwinger-Dyson equation of the one- and two-Hermitian matrix models, and of the O(n) model appear as special cases. We study applications to repulsive p...
Article
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We prove, in a purely combinatorial way, the spectral curve topological recursion for the problem of enumeration of bi-colored maps, which in a certain way generalize the notion of dessins d'enfant. Furthermore, we give a proof of the quantum spectral curve equation for this problem. As a corollary, we prove a recent conjecture due to Do and Manesc...
Article
Full-text available
We complete the proof of the x-y symmetry of symplectic invariants of [EO]. We recall the main steps of the proof of [EO2], and we include the integration constants absent in [EO2].
Article
In this paper we give a new proof of the ELSV formula. First, we refine an argument of Okounkov and Pandharipande in order to prove (quasi-)polynomiality of Hurwitz numbers without using the ELSV formula (the only way to do that before used the ELSV formula). Then, using this polynomiality we give a new prove of the Bouchard-Mari\~no conjecture. Af...
Article
Full-text available
We formulate a notion of abstract loop equations, and show that their solution is provided by a topological recursion under some assumptions, in particular the result takes a universal form. The Schwinger-Dyson equation of the one and two hermitian matrix models, and of the O(n) model appear as special cases. We study applications to repulsive part...
Article
Full-text available
We identify the Givental formula for the ancestor formal Gromov-Witten potential with a version of the topological recursion procedure for a collection of isolated local germs of the spectral curve. As an application we prove a conjecture of Norbury and Scott on the reconstruction of the stationary sector of the Gromov-Witten potential of $\CP1$ vi...
Article
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The BKMP conjecture (2006-2008), proposed a new method to compute closed and open Gromov-Witten invariants for every toric Calabi-Yau 3-folds, through a topological recursion based on mirror symmetry. So far, this conjecture had been verified to low genus for several toric CY3folds, and proved to all genus only for C^3. In this article we prove the...
Article
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We investigate the generating functions of multi-colored discrete disks with non-homogenous boundary conditions in the context of the Hermitian multi-matrix model where the matrices are coupled in an open chain. We show that the study of the spectral curve of the matrix model allows one to solve a set of loop equations to get a recursive formula co...
Article
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We study the quasiclassical expansion associated with a complex curve. In a more specific context this is the 1/N expansion in U(N)-invariant matrix integrals. We compare two approaches, the CFT approach and the topological recursion, and show their equivalence. The CFT approach reformulates the problem in terms of a conformal field theory on a Rie...
Article
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Random matrices are used in fields as different as the study of multi-orthogonal polynomials or the enumeration of discrete surfaces. Both of them are based on the study of a matrix integral. However, this term can be confusing since the definition of a matrix integral in these two applications is not the same. These two definitions, perturbative a...
Article
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Symplectic invariants introduced in math-ph/0702045 can be computed for an arbitrary spectral curve. For some examples of spectral curves, those invariants can solve loop equations of matrix integrals, and many problems of enumerative geometry like maps, partitions, Hurwitz numbers, intersection numbers, Gromov-Witten invariants... The problem is t...
Article
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We review the method of symplectic invariants recently introduced to solve matrix models' loop equations in the so-called topological expansion, and further extended beyond the context of matrix models. For any given spectral curve, one defines a sequence of differential forms and a sequence of complex numbers F g called symplectic invariants. We r...
Article
Consider non-intersecting Brownian motions on the line leaving from the origin and forced to two arbitrary points. Letting the number of Brownian particles tend to infinity, and upon rescaling, there is a point of bifurcation, where the support of the density of particles goes from one interval to two intervals. In this paper, we show that at that...
Article
Full-text available
We review the method of symplectic invariants recently introduced to solve matrix models loop equations, and further extended beyond the context of matrix models. For any given spectral curve, one defined a sequence of differential forms, and a sequence of complex numbers Fg . We recall the definition of the invariants Fg, and we explain their main...
Article
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Following the works of Alexandrov, Mironov and Morozov, we show that the symplectic invariants of \cite{EOinvariants} built from a given spectral curve satisfy a set of Virasoro constraints associated to each pole of the differential form $ydx$ and each zero of $dx$ . We then show that they satisfy the same constraints as the partition function of...
Article
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We study the Gaussian hermitian random matrix ensemble with an external matrix which has an arbitrary number of eigenvalues with arbitrary multiplicity. We compute the limiting eigenvalues correlations when the size of the matrix goes to infinity in non-critical regimes. We show that they exhibit universal behavior and can be expressed with the Sin...
Article
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In this article, we compute the topological expansion of all possible mixed-traces in a hermitian two matrix model. In other words we give a recipe to compute the number of discrete surfaces of given genus, carrying an Ising model, and with all possible given boundary conditions. The method is recursive, and amounts to recursively cutting surfaces...
Article
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The 2-matrix model has been introduced to study Ising model on random surfaces. Since then, the link between matrix models and combinatorics of discrete surfaces has strongly tightened. This manuscript aims to investigate these deep links and extend them beyond the matrix models, following my work's evolution. First, I take care to define properly...
Article
Full-text available
We show that Mirzakhani's recursions for the volumes of moduli space of Riemann surfaces are a special case of random matrix loop equations, and therefore we confirm again that Kontsevitch's integral is a generating function for those volumes. As an application, we propose a formula for the Weil-Petersson volume Vol(M_{g,0}).
Article
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We compute expectation values of mixed traces containing both matrices in a two matrix model, i.e. generating function for counting bicolored discrete surfaces with non uniform boundary conditions. As an application, we prove the $x-y$ symmetry of the algebraic curve invariants introduced in math-ph/0702045.
Article
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We compute expectation values of mixed traces containing both matrices in a two matrix model, i.e. generating function for counting bicolored discrete surfaces with non uniform boundary conditions. As an application, we prove the x − y symmetry of [21].
Article
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For any arbitrary algebraic curve, we define an infinite sequence of invariants. We study their properties, in particular their variation under a variation of the curve, and their modular properties. We also study their limits when the curve becomes singular. In addition we find that they can be used to define a formal series, which satisfies forma...
Article
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The genus g free energies of matrix models can be promoted to modular invariant, non-holomorphic amplitudes which only depend on the geometry of the classical spectral curve. We show that these non-holomorphic amplitudes satisfy the holomorphic anomaly equations of Bershadsky, Cecotti, Ooguri and Vafa. We derive as well holomorphic anomaly equa...
Article
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We compute the complete topological expansion of the formal hermitian two-matrix model. For this, we refine the previously formulated diagrammatic rules for computing the 1/ N expansion of the nonmixed correlation functions and give a new formulation of the spectral curve. We extend these rules obtaining a closed formula for correlation functions i...
Article
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We solve the loop equations of the hermitian 2-matrix model to all orders in the topological $1/N^2$ expansion, i.e. we obtain all non-mixed correlation functions, in terms of residues on an algebraic curve. We give two representations of those residues as Feynman-like graphs, one of them involving only cubic vertices.
Article
Full-text available
Using loop equation technics, we compute all mixed traces correlation functions of the 2-matrix model to large N leading order. The solution turns out to be a sort of Bethe Ansatz, i.e. all correlation functions can be decomposed on products of 2-point functions. We also find that, when the correlation functions are written collectively as a matrix...
Article
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In this training course report, I briefly present the one- and two-matrix models as tools for the study of conformal field theories with boundaries. In a first part, after a short historical presentation of random matrices, I present the matrix models' formalism, their diagramatic interpretation, their link with random surfaces and conformal field...
Article
Full-text available
Le modèle à deux matrices a été introduit pour étudier le modèle d'Ising sur surface aléatoire. Depuis, le lien entre les modèles de matrices et la combinatoire de surfaces discrétisées s'est beaucoup développé Cette thèse a pour propos d'approfondir ces liens et de les étendre au delà des modèles de matrices en suivant l'évolution de mes travaux d...

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