Nicolas Moussiopoulos

Nicolas Moussiopoulos
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | AUTH · School of Mechanical Engineering

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil., Prof. h.c.

About

84
Publications
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Introduction
Additional affiliations
January 1989 - August 2016
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Full-text available
Coastal environment, an area where abrupt changes occur between land and sea, significantly affects the quality of life of a high portion of the Earth’s population. Therefore, the wide range of phenomena observed in coastal areas need to be assessed reliably regarding both data sets and methods applied. In particular, the study of coastal atmospher...
Article
Due to tenuous working conditions and working accidents in the past, sufficient safety measures for the personnel in certain solid waste management facilities are deemed a necessity. Besides the fact that such facilities are equipped with heavy machinery associated with safety risks, the working environment poses additional health risks to the pers...
Article
Tourism is one of the most climate-sensitive economic sectors, but also a contributor to climate change. With the effects of climate change becoming an increasing concern, the tourism sector must urgently and realistically respond by mitigating its emissions and adapting tourism businesses and destinations to the changing climate conditions. This w...
Article
This work puts forward a generic methodological scheme, based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) principles, in order to estimate the environmental load in areas of considerable tourism activity. The possibility of combing LCA with Ecological Footprint Analysis (EFA), Environmental Indicators (EIs) and Multi-criteria analysis (MCA) is also discussed. T...
Article
Within the framework of the European Life+-funded project PhotoPAQ (Demonstration of Photocatalytic remediation Processes on Air Quality), which was aimed at demonstrating the effectiveness of photocatalytic coating materials on a realistic scale, a photocatalytic de-polluting field site was set up in the Leopold II tunnel in Brussels, Belgium. For...
Article
Logistics' role in today's global and competitive markets is critical for enterprises' viability, since it can provide the grounds for firms to become leaders of the markets by simultaneously achieving performance maximization and cost minimization. Towards improving competitiveness and achieving their targets enterprises mostly paid attention to p...
Article
Many citizens live, work, commute, or visit traffic intensive spaces and are exposed to high levels of chemical health stressors. However, urban conurbations worldwide present monitoring "shortage" - due to economical and/or practical constraints - for toxic stressors such as xylene isomers, which can pose human health risks. This "shortage" may be...
Chapter
Logistics’ role in today’s global and competitive markets is critical for enterprises’ viability, since it can provide the grounds for firms to become leaders of the markets by simultaneously achieving performance maximization and cost minimization. Towards improving competitiveness and achieving their targets enterprises mostly paid attention to p...
Article
Management of Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE also called e-waste) has become an issue of critical importance recently also in the frame of industrial ecology besides waste management per se, mostly due to their content in hazardous materials and the extensive implications of any intervention in a broad industrial spectrum. The effect...
Article
This study presents a methodological scheme developed to provide a combined air and noise pollution exposure assessment based on measurements from personal portable monitors. Provided that air and noise pollution are considered in a co-exposure approach, they represent a significant environmental hazard to public health. The methodology is demonstr...
Article
Anthropogenic pressure on the urban environment has recently reached critical levels in numerous conurbations worldwide. In this context, taking specific measures as a response has become a necessity for environmental managers in an effort to confront such pressures and to move towards sustainable development. However, in practice, funding of abate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The new Air Quality Directive (2008/50/EC) encourages the introduction of modelling as a necessary tool for air quality management and assessment. Towards this aim, an Air Quality Management System (AQMS) is under development for the Organization of Planning and Environmental Protection of Thessaloniki (OR.TH.). The system will be able to provide u...
Article
This study aims at presenting a combined air quality and GIS modelling methodological approach in order to estimate crop damages from photochemical air pollution, depict their spatial resolution and assess the order of magnitude regarding the corresponding economic damages. The analysis is conducted within the Greater Thessaloniki Area, Greece, a M...
Article
Environmentally sound end-of-life management of Electrical and Electronic Equipment has been realised as a top priority issue internationally, both due to the waste stream's continuously increasing quantities, as well as its content in valuable and also hazardous materials. In an effort to manage Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), ad...
Article
Development of strategies to control urban air pollution is a complex and multi-disciplinary process involving a wide range of scientists with different expertise and interests. This paper presents an integrated assessment methodological scheme for the evaluation of air pollution control measures that are put forward in order to reduce sufficiently...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: The need for accurate model predictions in urban air quality assessment studies during the past decade has led to the ever increasing use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models in order to resolve the various local scale inhomogeneities which dominate flow and dispersion and are usually encountered in urban areas. Towards the aim of...
Article
This paper focuses on the analysis (concerning energy and environmental performance) and comparison of different types of fuel intended either for direct use (e.g. domestic boiler combustion) or indirect use (production of electricity that will be consumed) in order to satisfy the energy requirements of a typical apartment building in Thessaloniki,...
Conference Paper
Sugar constitutes one of the food items and its production source varies according to the geographic location. In Greece, and in Europe in general, sugar is produced from sugar beets. Life cycle analysis and exergy analysis has been applied to the production chain of sugar. The steps included have been: the cultivation of sugar beets, the transport...
Article
Oil crises in the past years made more obvious the dependency of economies on fossil fuels. As a consequence, the need for new energy sources became more urgent. Renewable energy sources could provide a solution to the problem, as they are inexhaustible and have less adverse impacts on the environment than fossil fuels. Yet, renewable energy source...
Chapter
The main aim of SATURN has been to reach a better understanding of urban air pollution as a prerequisite for finding effective solutions to air quality problems and for sustainable development in the urban environment. To this end, the main scientific objective of SATURN has been to improve substantially our ability to establish source-receptor rel...
Book
Understanding urban air pollution is a prerequisite to finding effective solutions to air quality problems and for a sustainable development in the urban environment. In this book the current state-of-the-art in urban air pollution research is presented. A major focus is on suitable air pollution modelling concepts, covering also street canyon geom...
Chapter
Full-text available
Non-criteria pollutants are formed in the ambient air simultaneously with the criteria pollutants. Although many of them are formed in relative small (ppt) concentrations, they may play a key role in atmospheric chemistry. In addition, many of them either alone or in concert with other pollutants, have deleterious effect on human health, plants, an...
Chapter
The Application Project found its origin in the third aim of EUROTRAC (chapter 1 1): to improve the scientific basis for taking future political decisions on environmental management in the European countries, It was not clear at the outset of the project how this aim would be achieved. It was realised that, with so many of the scientists responsib...
Book
Since the first international conference on urban air quality, held at the University ofHertfordshire in 1996, significant advances have taken place in the field of urban air pollution. In addition to the scientific advances in the measurement, modelling and management of urban air quality, significant progress has been achieved in relation to the...
Article
The three-dimensional microscale numerical model MIMO was applied to calculate the dispersion of a passive pollutant in the vicinity of a U-shaped building. Three different locations of a non-buoyant source and six different wind directions were examined. The calculated concentrations were compared with concentrations measured in a boundary layer w...
Chapter
The conclusions of the EUROTRAC Application Project concerning photo-oxidants in Europe are presented, together with a brief account of the proposed project, EUROTRAC-2, which it is hoped will follow when the present project finishes at the end of 1995.
Chapter
The coupling of the dispersion model DRAIS and the meteorological model KAMM with the EURAD model is achieved by calculating the initial and boundary conditions for the DRAIS model and the basic state parameters for the KAMM model using the simulation results of the EURAD model. The procedure can be applied for any arbitrary subarea of the EURAD mo...
Chapter
Biogenic non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) contribute significantly to the tropospheric ozone chemistry. Biogenic NMVOC emissions from forests in Greece were calculated for the reference year 1990 on a monthly basis. The calculation was based on forest areas coverage data from the Greek Ministry of Agriculture, emission rate factors an...
Chapter
Mathematical models are being increasingly used to study wind flow and air pollutant dispersion. In several cases, so-called air pollution models have been successfully used to address environmental policy issues related to air quality in urban areas. If properly validated with available measurements, air pollution model systems may be used for bot...
Article
In the last years several high resolution schemes for solving the advection equation have been developed. One group of these second order, oscillation free, explicit scalar difference schemes are the Flux Corrected Transport (FCT) algorithms. Within these algorithms the flux is computed as a weighted combination of fluxes from a monotonic low order...
Article
A new version of the diagnostic wind model CONDOR [1] for generating mass-consistent, three-dimensional wind fields has been developed by using an interpolation procedure which takes into account the probabilities of various wind directions. Results of this new version of CONDOR are compared with corresponding results of the original model version...
Chapter
In the frame of the APSIS project a nested version of the nonhydrostatic mesoscale model MEMO was used to simulate the wind flow in Athens. The nested model version was applied as former applications of the non-nested version of MEMO for the Greater Athens Area proved lateral boundary conditions to falsify the wind field close to the boundaries [Mo...
Chapter
The EUMAC Zooming Model is applied to simulate wind flow and pollutant transport and transformation in the Greater Thessaloniki Area (GTA). The simulation results agree fairly well with observations during the Thessaloniki ‘81 Field Measurement Campaign. Both the calculation and the observation show that the ozone levels in the GTA are decisively a...
Chapter
The APSIS activity, which was initiated in October 1991 in the frame of the EUROTRAC subproject EUMAC, aims to intercompare model simulations of photosmog formation in Athens. In addition to more experience with regard to model evaluation, obvious benefits from such an intercomparison will be the excessive testing of mesoscale models and the determ...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird auf die Möglichkeiten zur Minderung der Kfz-Emissionen eingegangen. Da Nutzfahrzeuge größtenteils durch Dieselmotoren angetrieben werden und der Dieselantrieb bei Pkw eine sekundäre Rolle spielt, lassen sich die für jede Fahrzeugart besonders relevanten Schadstoffe angeben und damit Prioritäten bezüglich der Reduzierung einze...
Chapter
Anders als beim CO stehen die Emissionsfaktoren für HC und NOX nicht für einen Schadstoff, sondern für Schadstoffgruppen. Die Gruppe der Kohlenwasserstoffe umfaßt eine Vielzahl von Spezies, vor allem Alkane, Olefine (Alkene), Aromaten, Aldehyde und Ketone. Die Stickstoffoxide setzen sich aus NO und NO2 zusammen.
Chapter
Mit nur wenigen Ausnahmen werden Kraftfahrzeuge durch Verbrennungskraftmaschinen mit innerer Verbrennung angetrieben. In diesen Maschinen wird ein Teil der im Kraftstoff gebundenen chemischen Energie in mechanische Arbeit umgewandelt. Dadurch steht am Abtrieb das für die Bewegung nötige Drehmoment zur Verfügung. Die am häufigsten in Kraftfahrzeugen...
Chapter
Menge und Zusammensetzung der Abgase aus einem Kraftfahrzeug hängen von einer Reihe von Faktoren ab. Neben technischen Parametern wie Motortyp (Otto- oder Dieselmotor, vgl. Kapitel 2), Konzept der Abgasreinigung, Masse und Luftwiderstand des Fahrzeugs, wirkt sich besonders die Fahrweise des Fahrers auf die Abgasemission aus (vgl. Abschnitt 8.6.4)....
Chapter
Aus direkt emittierten Primärschadstoffen entstehen in der Atmosphäre durch physikalische und chemische Umwandlungsprozesse Sekundärschadstoffe, die in vielen Fällen die Umwelt stärker gefährden als primäre Emissionen. Die in den letzten Jahren am häufigsten diskutierte Folge von Umwandlungsprozessen in der Atmosphäre ist der saure Regen. Damit ist...
Chapter
Die Darlegungen zu den Kraftfahrzeugemissionen und die im letzten Kapitel vorgestellten Ergebnisse von Modellrechnungen belegen die Rolle des Kraftfahrzeugverkehrs bei der Bildung Ozons und anderer photochemischer Oxidantien in der bodennahen Atmosphäre. Das Ausmaß der Ozonbildung hängt unter anderem von mehreren verkehrsspezifischen Einflußfaktore...
Chapter
Der Kraftfahrzeugverkehr hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten eine Entwicklung genommen, die uns heute vor erhebliche Probleme zur Bewältigung seiner Folgen stellt. Die Gründe für das Wachstum des Verkehrs auf unseren Straßen liegen maßgeblich in der Entwicklung der Siedlungs-, Arbeitsstätten- und Produktionsstruktur und am Stellenwert der Freizeitgestal...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel werden Ergebnisse ausgewählter Beispielrechnungen vorgestellt, mit denen der Zusammenhang zwischen Kraftfahrzeugemissionen und Ozonbildung untersucht wurde. Die wichtigsten Folgerungen aus diesen Ergebnissen sind in Kapitel 12 zusammengefaßt. Es wurden drei verschiedene Modelle eingesetzt, jedes in Verbindung mit einem anderen che...
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel enthält eine Übersicht über mathematische Modelle zur Beschreibung von Umwandlungs- und Transportvorgängen in der bodennahen Atmosphäre. Für mehr Details zu einzelnen Modellen und für Einzelheiten zu den verwendeten numerischen Verfahren sei der Leser auf die umfangreiche Fachliteratur hingewiesen.
Chapter
Für die Schadstoffemission aus Kraftfahrzeugen gibt es weltweit eine Vielzahl von Vorschriften und Grenzwerten. Diese zeichnen sich durch einen hohen Grad an Uneinheitlichkeit aus. Daher ist die Kraftfahrzeug-Industrie gezwungen, zur Erfüllung der einzelnen Grenzwerte verschiedene Versionen ein und desselben Typs für die verschiedenen Märkte anzubi...
Chapter
Das Ausmaß der von Kraftfahrzeugen ausgehenden Schadstoffemissionen wird vor allem von der Verkehrsstärke bestimmt. Die Verkehrsstärke wiederum ist von Straße zu Straße verschieden und ist zudem zeitabhängig. Während eines Tages tritt meist ein für einen Straßentyp und einen bestimmten Wochentag charakteristischer Tagesgang der Verkehrsstärke auf....
Chapter
Air pollution levels in Athens increased alarmingly in the last two decades. The Athenian smog is of primarily photochemical nature and is mainly caused by road traffic emissions. In this paper we apply the three-dimensional photosmog model MARS to simulate the dispersion and chemical transformation of air pollutants in the Athens basin. Being in g...
Chapter
In air quality studies the knowledge of the three-dimensional and spatially inhomogeneous wind field is a prerequisite. To generate the wind field, in the last decade a lot of work has been done in the development and improvement of prognostic wind models which in principal solve the conservation equations for momentum, mass and energy numerically....
Article
In this paper a multibox model is applied to investigate how power plant emissions and industrial emissions affect the O3 levels in a leeward urban area and a farther downwind rural area. Apart from a detailed consideration of one specific situation, the effect of advection is described and the influence of emission reductions on ozone formation is...
Article
This paper focuses on photochemical oxidant formation which is shown to be the most dominant feature of the Athenian air pollution problem. A simple but reliable photosmog model is used to simulate numerically the formation of photochemical oxidants on the basis of all available emission data. The resulting diurnal variation of the ozone concentrat...
Chapter
In the first two sections of this paper two models providing wind fields over complex terrain are presented: A diagnostic wind model and a non-hydrostatic dynamic mesoscale model. The former is used to reconstruct the flow field in the Upper Rhine valley, the latter is applied to simulate the inviscid flow over a single mountain. The third section...
Chapter
In this paper a diagnostic model is used to reconstruct the wind field on the basis of measurements: An initial wind field generated from available sparse measured data is corrected to satisfy mass conservation by solving a three-dimensional elliptic differential equation. The actual orography is taken into account by transforming this equation to...
Article
A mathematical model for predictions of the performance of spray cooling ponds is presented. In contrast to previous methods, the present model requires neither empirical information from field measurements nor an adaptation of model constants. The airflow is described by partial differential equations for the vorticity and the stream function. Tur...
Article
The present model allows predictions of the thermal performance of spray cooling ponds in the case of zero wind velocity. Droplet cooling is described by modeling of the heat and water vapor transfer to the air. Temperature and humidity of air are obtained by the numerical solution of transport differential equations. Detailed results are presented...
Article
This paper deals with the application of a physically complete land–sea–air boundary layer model for the simulation of flow field and pollutant transport over the Athens basin. As a first approach, a two–dimensional simulation of the tidal air movements in Athens has been performed. Simulation results are presented, discussed and compared with avai...
Article
The mathematical model LASK for the calculation of long-term pollutant concentrations is presented. The Gaussian plume method is used as the basis for the calculation of the pollutant concentrations resulting from all given sources in dependence on the meteorological conditions. Area sources are simulated by line sources normal to the wind vector t...
Article
For predetermining the operational behavior of spray cooling ponds in the critical case of a calm the mathematical model 'ASCONA' (Algorithm for Spray Cooling Numerical Analysis) has been developed. After a brief description of this model its advantages over empirical models are pointed out and calculation results are discussed. By using the model...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work is to provide an experimental verification of codes to be used for numerical simulation of the depressurization process in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) in case of a hypothetical blowdown accident. Here, the downcomer of a PWR is approximately treated as a two-dimensional plane region (unwrapped). The flow is simulated expe...

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Projects (6)
Archived project
Project
The objective of this project is the reliable quantification and mapping of climate and atmospheric impacts of Road Infrastructures located in Spain and in Greece.