Nicolas Lescureux

Nicolas Lescureux
Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive | CEFE · Département Interaction, Ecologie et Sociétés

MSc Environment; PhD Ethnoecology

About

41
Publications
18,228
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Introduction
Nicolas Lescureux is a researcher at CNRS (French National Center for Scientific Research) and is working at CEFE (Center for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology). His research interest are the interactions between local knowledge and practices on the one side and animal ecology and behaviour on the other side, notably in the context of human-wildlife conflicts.
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - present
Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
Position
  • Researcher
May 2012 - December 2013
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
Position
  • Research : Norwegian Research Council
Description
  • jaguar puma Brazil environmental justice
May 2010 - May 2012
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
Position
  • Marie Curie Intra European Fellowship
Description
  • human wolf dog relationship landscape Europe Balkans
Education
September 2002 - May 2007
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Field of study
  • Ethno-ecology
September 2001 - September 2002
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Field of study
  • Environment and Societies
September 1998 - June 2001
Université de Lille
Field of study
  • Ecology and Population's Biology

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between humans and wolves is often associated with conflicts strongly linked with livestock breeding activities. However, as conflicts are often more intense than expected considering the magnitude of their economic impact, some authors have suggested that these conflicts are disconnected from reality and are mainly due to persiste...
Article
Full-text available
From a conservation point of view, Macedonia's brown bear (Ursus arctos) population appears to be a key link in the distribution of one of Europe's largest brown bear populations, the Dinaric-Pindos population. The lack of information concerning the bear population in the Republic of Macedonia and bear acceptance by local people inspired us to expl...
Article
Full-text available
The fact that human—large carnivore relationships tend to be full of material and social conflicts raises applied questions concerning the origin of human perceptions linked to these animals and more theoretical questions concerning the link between identification and relational processes. This study, based on ethno-ethological surveys in the Repub...
Article
Full-text available
The cohabitation between men and wolves arouses passions but also scientific questions. Recent ecological studies show that human activities have an unquestionable influence on wolves’ behavior. In the same way, if one refers to various ethnological works, it is undeniable that human populations are sensitive to this neighbor whose presence is mark...
Preprint
Full-text available
At a time when ecological expertise is important to implement efficient biodiversity conservation policies, we study the perception of biodiversity professionals on the place of ecological data in the functioning of marine protected areas and in their everyday work. Having ecological expertise allows marine protected areas and their agents to estab...
Article
Full-text available
Few empirical studies have described social‐ecological systems (SESs) in transition. Some studies focused on external drivers that impact the SES and communities' responses to adapt to changes, including economic, land and conservation policies. Others have considered the effect of social and cultural changes on communities' capacity to sustain the...
Article
Full-text available
The Comoros archipelago is a biodiversity hotspot by virtue of its high level of endemism. However, it suffers one of the highest rates of forest loss worldwide, mainly due to strong anthropogenic pressures. As Comorian populations depend on forest resources for subsistence, establishing relevant conservation strategies for their sustainable manage...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Comoros archipelago is a biodiversity hotspot by virtue of its high level of endemism. However, it suffers one of the highest rates of forest loss worldwide, mainly due to strong anthropogenic pressures. As Comorian populations depend on forest resources for subsistence, establishing relevant conservation strategies for their sustainable manage...
Article
Full-text available
Wolves were exterminated in France in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Therefore, livestock breeders and herders were unprepared when wolves arrived from Italy in 1993, the year after France committed to the European Union (EU) to protect wolves. Today, about 580 wolves, whose numbers are growing exponentially, are present in over one third...
Preprint
Full-text available
1.Relationships between humans and Asian elephants have lasted for millenia, based on close interlinks between wild elephants, captive elephants, and the latter’s human masters. Since the beginning of the 19th century, elephants have been used mainly in agroforestry as draught animals. Interrelations between wild and captive populations persist in...
Presentation
Full-text available
Wolves were exterminated in France in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Since then, breeders and herders learned to practice grazing in the absence of wolves. Thus, they were unprepared when wolves arrived from Italy in 1993, the year after France legally committed to the EU to protect wolves. Today, about 530 wolves, whose numbers are growin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The relationship between human and Asian elephant has been lasting for millennia. Since the 19th century, elephants have been used mainly in agroforestry as draught animals. The interrelations between wild and captive populations persist in most countries, notably through captive females reproducing with wild males. Such situation is challenging th...
Chapter
Ethnoecology attempts to understand how societies interact with their environment by focusing in particular on the processes of ecological knowledge constructions. These processes are part of a particular socio-cultural context, and they are the result of numerous interactions with non-human elements of the environment such as animals, plants, land...
Chapter
Ethnoecology attempts to understand how societies interact with their environment by focusing in particular on the processes of ecological knowledge constructions. These processes are part of a particular socio-cultural context, and they are the result of numerous interactions with non-human elements of the environment such as animals, plants, land...
Article
Ethnoecology attempts to understand how societies interact with their environment by focusing in particular on the processes of ecological knowledge constructions. These processes are part of a particular socio-cultural context, and they are the result of numerous interactions with non-human elements of the environment such as animals, plants, land...
Presentation
Full-text available
Conférence invitée au colloque SERAM-2 ; reprise en français de notre conférence donnée à Bozen-Bolzano en juin 2018.
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract: Dog domestication is probably the result of the forging of particularly close relationships between two social species, humans and wolves, around 15,000 years ago. However, a few thousand years later, wolves were progressively excluded from human settlements because of livestock domestication. Then, dogs and wolves took radically differen...
Chapter
Full-text available
Until recently, the diversity of human-wolf relationships and the associated conflicts have mainly been explained through various socio-cultural contexts. The agency of wolves, notably their ability to adapt their behaviour to human practices, has been underestimated and so the intrinsic dynamic dimension of the relationships. Our surveys in severa...
Article
Full-text available
Wildlife conservation often leads to various conflicts with other human activities, resulting in concerns about the justice of conservation. Although species’ protection – notably of large carnivores – can have negative consequences for economic interests and human well-being, environmental justice issues related to species conservation are rarely...
Book
Until recently, the diversity of human-wolf relationships and the associated conflicts have mainly been explained through various socio-cultural contexts. The agency of wolves, notably their ability to adapt their behaviour to human practices, has been underestimated and so the intrinsic dynamic dimension of the relationships. Our surveys in severa...
Article
Full-text available
http://lecturesanthropologiques.fr/lodel/lecturesanthropologiques/index.php?id=367
Article
Full-text available
A key controversy in conservation is the framing of the relationship between people and nature. The extent to which the realms of nature and human culture are viewed as separate (dualistic view) or integrated is often discussed in the social sciences. To explore how this relationship is represented in the practice of conservation in Europe, we cons...
Book
Full-text available
The work described in this report constitutes a pilot action on large carnivores developed within the project Support to the European Commission’s policy on large carnivores under the Habitats Directive – phase 2 (contract no. 07.0307/2013/654446/ SER/B.3), financed by the European Commission via the Istituto di Ecologia Applicata, Rome, with guida...
Article
Full-text available
Recent trends in social sciences advocate the recognition of interactive properties in human-animal relationships. Based on an ethnographic study, this paper explores the interactive properties of the relationships between herding dogs and their trainer-users, and how the dogs' behaviors participate in the construction of trainer-users' knowledge....
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the predation of wild carnivores on dogs, considering the range of recorded carnivore species responsible for killing dogs around the world. It examines the potential dog-killing species to search for records of killing or consuming dogs. There were also findings of recorded dog killings by non-carnivorous species.
Article
Full-text available
The remnant population of Balkan lynx Lynx lynx martinoi is small, isolated and highly threatened. Since 2006 a conservation project has surveyed its status and promoted its recovery in Albania and Macedonia. Eurasian lynx are often associated with conflicts of an economic or social nature, and their conservation requires a focus on the people shar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Large carnivore conservation worldwide is depended both on ecological and human factors. The majority of large predators require vast areas to hunt and roam, but there are few protected areas in the world that are large enough to sustain viable populations of carnivores away from anthropogenic habitats. Hence, carnivore conservation mostly needs to...
Article
Full-text available
En Europe occidentale, la persécution intense, l'urbanisation et le développement de l'agriculture intensive ont peu à peu repoussés les grands prédateurs vers les montagnes, qui constituent bien souvent leurs derniers retranchements. Les loups se sont ainsi retrouvés associés à la montagne et aux espaces sauvages dans un imaginaire occidental nour...
Article
Full-text available
Confronté aux difficultés des différentes disciplines à dégager les propriétés interactives des relations hommes-loups, j'ai interrogé les Kirghiz sur leurs relations, dans la synchronie et la diachronie. J'ai adopté une démarche ethno-éthologique intégrant le comportement de l'animal et la manière dont il est perçu afin de déterminer ses influence...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
INRA, now INRAE, created in 2016 a network of researchers belonging to several French research bodies interested in coadaptation processes of predators and humans in their territories. By coadaptation we mean the various processes of adaptation of humans, and more specifically livestock farmers, when confronted with predators (wolves, bears, lynx, etc.), but also those of predators confronted with humans and their activities (livestock farming, hunting, hiking, forestry, etc.) The main objective of the network is to facilitate the exchange and synthesis of scientific knowledge in France and internationally. We are also developing a multidisciplinary research program with contributions from local, national and international partners. We give priority investigating experiential knowledge, skills and practices, of people involved with livestock predation management at local and regional scales. All the network's research has an applied focus, with the aim of: • Supporting all of the people involved in the various coadaptation processes • Fueling key public policy developments • Contributing to various forms of debate, from local to international COADAPHT Website (French & English available) with 140+ research documents produced over 20 yrs to download: https://coadapht.fr/en