Nicolas Hart

Nicolas Hart
Edith Cowan University · Exercise Medicine Research Institute

PhD, AES, CSCS, ESSAM

About

157
Publications
64,420
Reads
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Introduction
Dr Nicolas Hart's clinical work focuses on the ability of exercise to change tumour biology, and attenuate tumour formation, growth and invasion in primary and secondary carcinomas. He is also a founding member of the Western Australian Bone Research Collaboration (WABRC), and a consultant scientist to the West Coast Eagles, Fremantle Dockers, Western Force and Perth Glory sporting teams towards the management of stress-related bone injuries and the stratification of musculoskeletal injury risk.
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - present
Edith Cowan University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Exercise Oncology
Education
June 2012 - March 2015
Edith Cowan University
Field of study
  • Strength and Conditioning
January 2010 - January 2012
Edith Cowan University
Field of study
  • Sport Biomechanics
January 2007 - December 2009
Edith Cowan University
Field of study
  • Exercise and Sport Science

Publications

Publications (157)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Preliminary evidence supports the beneficial role of physical activity on prostate cancer outcomes. This phase III randomised controlled trial (RCT) is designed to determine if supervised high-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise increases overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC)...
Article
Full-text available
This review summarises current understanding of how bone is sculpted through adaptive processes, designed to meet the mechanical challenges it faces in everyday life and athletic pursuits, serving as an update for clinicians, researchers and physical therapists. Bone’s ability to resist fracture under the large muscle and locomotory forces it exper...
Article
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Purpose of Review: Exercise is a provocative medicine, known for its preventative, complimentary and rehabilitative role in the management of cancer. Impressively, exercise is also emerging as a synergistic and targeted medicine to enhance symptom control, modulate tumour biology and delay disease progression, with the potential to increase overall...
Article
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Introduction: Exercise may positively alter tumour biology through numerous modulatory and regulatory mechanisms in response to a variety of modes and dosages, evidenced in pre-clinical models to date. Specifically, localised and systemic biochemical alterations produced during and following exercise may suppress tumour formation, growth and distri...
Article
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Purpose: Asymmetrical loading patterns are commonplace in football sports. Our aims were to examine the influence of training age and limb function on lower-body musculoskeletal morphology. Methods: Fifty-five elite football athletes were stratified into less experienced (≤3 years; n = 27) and more experienced (>3 years; n = 28) groups by traini...
Article
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Prostate cancer is a complex disease affecting millions of men globally. Radiotherapy (RT) is a common treatment modality although treatment efficacy is dependent upon several features within the tumour microenvironment (TME), especially hypoxia. A hypoxic TME heightens radioresistance and thus disease recurrence and treatment failure continues to...
Article
Aims Individuals with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and low motor competence (LMC) may be at increased risk of low bone health due to their lifetime physical activity patterns. Impaired bone health increases an individual’s risk of osteoporosis and fracture; therefore, it is necessary to determine whether a bone health detriment is pres...
Article
Introduction: Evidence regarding the role of exercise in pancreatic cancer (PanCa) is limited and is derived exclusively under tightly controlled research conditions. This study aimed to quantify adherence, adverse events, and changes in physical and psychological outcomes in any patients with PanCa referred to undertake exercise during non-surgic...
Article
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Purpose A lack of published epidemiological data among police recruits presents a major challenge when designing appropriate prevention programs to reduce injury burden. We aimed to report the injury epidemiology of Western Australian (WA) Police Force recruits and examine sex and age as injury risk factors. Methods Retrospective analyses were cond...
Article
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Purpose While calls have been made for exercise to become standard practice in oncology, barriers to implementation in real-world settings are not well described. This systematic scoping review aimed to comprehensively describe barriers impeding integration of exercise into routine oncology care within healthcare systems. Methods A systematic lite...
Article
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Cancer-associated malnutrition, or cachexia, stemming from cancer or its treatments, is particularly prevalent in metastatic cancers, and is often interrelated with sarcopenia and frailty. Evidence suggests that dietary supplements play a role in managing these conditions. As metastatic cancer cells are associated with notable genomic and phenotypi...
Poster
Full-text available
Adults with DCD have a more detrimental physical activity pattern than adults who do not have DCD. Although their overall loading scores are not significantly different, they have less diversity in activities and activities engaged in tend to be more intense.
Article
Non-pharmacological self-management interventions for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotherapy (CIPN) are of clinical interest; however, no systematic review has synthesized the evidence for their use in people with advanced cancer. Five databases were searched from inception to February 2022 for randomized controlled trials assessing the effec...
Article
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Purpose Exercise can help cancer survivors manage sequela, treatment side effects, improve overall quality of life, and is recommended for most. The purpose of this study was to investigate exercise behavior and factors influencing exercise engagement among cancer survivors at the National Cancer Centre, Singapore (NCCS). Methods This cross-sectio...
Article
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Individuals at risk of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have low levels of physical activity in childhood due to impaired motor competence, however physical activity levels in adulthood have not been established. This study sought to determine the impact of DCD risk on physical activity levels in adults using accelerometry measurement. Par...
Article
Examining and addressing unmet care needs is integral to improving the provision and quality of cancer services. This review explored the prevalence of unmet supportive care needs, and factors associated with unmet need, in adults with advanced cancers (solid and hematological malignancies) and their caregivers. Electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL...
Article
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Purpose To examine the perspectives of medical and nursing health professionals concerning their roles and responsibilities in providing dietary and exercise advice to cancer survivors, and referrals to allied health professionals. Methods An integrative review. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Science databases, and bibliographies of rele...
Article
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Introduction Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most common and debilitating adverse effects of cancer and its treatment reported by cancer survivors. Physical activity, psychological interventions and management of concurrent symptoms have been shown to be effective in alleviating CRF. This pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) will dete...
Article
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Ground impacts during physical activity may be important for peak bone mass. We found differences in how energy expenditure and impact scores estimated from a physical activity questionnaire related to bone health in young adults. Using both estimate types can improve our understanding of the skeletal benefits of physical activity. Purpose It is u...
Article
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Purpose To identify published literature regarding cancer survivorship education programs for primary care providers (PCPs) and assess their outcomes. Methods PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL databases were searched between January 2005 and September 2020. The Quality of Cancer Survivorship Care Framework and Kirkpatrick’s 4-level evaluation model were...
Article
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Background Altering the systemic milieu through exercise has been proposed as a potential mechanism underlying exercise-driven tumour suppression. It is not yet known whether men with advanced prostate cancer can elicit such adaptations following a program of exercise. The purpose is to examine myokine levels of serum acquired from metastatic castr...
Article
Full-text available
Background This study compared the physical demands and effect of field location for different phases of play (offence, defence and contested), and examined the physical and technical demands of successful and unsuccessful phases of play during Australian Football matches. Methods Global positioning system (GPS) and technical performance data were...
Article
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The efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (immunotherapy) is increasingly recognized to be linked to the composition the gut microbiome. Given the high rates of resistance, interventions targeting the gut microbiome are now being investigated for its ability to improve the efficacy of immunotherapy. In light of recently published data demonstrat...
Article
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Objective To evaluate the implementation of a multicomponent survivorship programme for men with prostate cancer and their carers. Design A single cohort study, guided by the RE-AIM framework. Setting Multiple health services in Australia. Participants Men with prostate cancer and their carers, and health professionals. Intervention A 12-month...
Article
Objectives To describe and examine the theories, components, and effectiveness of self-management support interventions for individuals experiencing cancer-related fatigue. Methods A systematic review was reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2020 Statement. CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane CENT...
Article
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Objectives Report the injury epidemiology of law enforcement and firefighter recruits. Design A systematic epidemiological review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2020 guidelines was completed. Data sources Five online databases were searched from database inception to 5 May 2021. Eligibility crite...
Article
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Abstract Background This study compares ball in play (BiP) analyses and both whole game (WG) and quarter averaged data for physical and technical demands of sub-elite Australian football (AF) players competing in the West Australian Football League across playing positions. Methods Microsensor data were collected from 33 male AF players in one club...
Article
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PURPOSE Exercise has been underutilized in people with advanced or incurable cancer despite the potential to improve physical function and reduce psychosocial morbidity, especially for people with bone metastases because of concerns over skeletal complications. The International Bone Metastases Exercise Working Group (IBMEWG) was formed to develop...
Article
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Purpose Financial toxicity (FT) describes financial distress or hardship as an outcome of cancer and its treatment. Minimising the impact of FT requires early assessment and intervention. General practice plays a significant role in the support of a person with cancer and may have an important role in the management of FT. The purpose of this study...
Article
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Background Australian Football is a fast paced, intermittent sport, played by both male and female populations. The aim of this systematic review was to compare male and female Australian Football players, competing at elite and sub-elite levels, for running performance during Australian Football matches based on the Preferred Reporting Items for S...
Article
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PurposeTo critically assess the effectiveness and implementation of different models of post-treatment cancer survivorship care compared to specialist-led models of survivorship care assessed in published systematic reviews.MethodsMEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched from January 2005 to May 2021. Systematic reviews...
Article
Overweight and obese men with prostate cancer are at an increased risk of disease recurrence, exacerbated treatment-related adverse effects, development of obesity-related comorbidities, earlier progression and development of metastatic disease, and higher all-cause and prostate cancer-specific mortality. The physiological mechanisms associating ob...
Article
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During Australian football (AF) matches, players are subjected to high running loads, which are intermittent in nature. There is a growing body of research that highlights factors which can both positively and negatively affect this match running performance (e.g., the total distance travelled by a player during match-play). In order to appropriate...
Article
Background Telemedicine services have been increasingly used to facilitate post-treatment cancer survivorship care, including improving access; monitoring health status, health behaviors, and symptom management; enhancing information exchange; and mitigating the costs of care delivery, especially since the COVID-19 pandemic. To inform guidance for...
Article
Primary care providers, including general practice teams (GPTs), are well positioned within the community to integrate cancer survivorship care into ongoing health management. However, roles of GPT members in delivery of cancer survivorship care have not been explored. The purpose of this study is to explore these roles from the perspectives of Gen...
Article
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Purpose To identify subgroups of female breast cancer patients with distinct self-reported employment interference (EI) profiles and determine which demographic, clinical, and symptom characteristics, and quality of life outcomes were associated with subgroup membership. Methods Women with breast cancer ( n = 385) were assessed for changes in EI o...
Article
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PurposeTo provide an analysis of papers published by the Journal of Cancer Survivorship (JCSU) from March 1, 2007 (its inception) until December 31, 2020.Methods Characteristics (locations, study type, cancer type, keywords assigned by original authors) of all included articles were extracted into EndNote X9 and were coded and analyzed using Excel,...
Article
Background: The number of cancer survivors in Australia is growing. General practitioners (GPs) have a key role in providing holistic care to people experiencing a cancer diagnosis, receiving treatment or enduring long-term effects of cancer and its treatment. Cancer survivors experience a range of unique biopsychosocial issues, requiring signific...
Article
Background Exercise has the potential to improve physical function and quality of life in individuals with bone metastases but is often avoided due to safety concerns. This systematic review summarizes the safety, feasibility and efficacy of exercise in controlled trials that include individuals with bone metastases. Methods MEDLINE, Embase, Pubme...
Article
Objective This review aims to provide a succinct and critical analysis of the current physical and mechanical demands of elite Australian football while examining lower-limb injury and the associated physical and kinanthropometric risk factors. Methods MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science and SPORTSDiscus electronic databases were searched for studies...
Chapter
Injuries and fractures tend to be considered an inevitable part of sports participation. In this chapter, long-standing principles from injury prevention science, using a structured and systematic approach, are applied to the problem of injuries in sports, specifically acute and stress fractures. With an understanding of the scale and burden of the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most common and distressing symptoms in people with cancer. Although efficacy of interventions for CRF have been extensively investigated, less has been done to ensure successful translation into routine clinical practice. The aim of this systematic scoping review was to synthesise knowledge sur...
Article
Full-text available
Supervised exercise and nutrition programs can mitigate or reverse androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) induced fat mass (FM) gain, lean mass (LM) loss, and impaired physical function. It is unclear whether these benefits are retained following transition to self-management. This study examined the effect of a home-based weight maintenance program on...
Article
Traditional movement economy (ME) measures the energetic cost of in-line running. However, it is debatable whether such a measure is representative of movement efficiency for team sport athletes who are required to run and change direction repeatedly. This study evaluated ME during both in-line running and runs with directional changes and provided...
Article
Full-text available
Fat mass (FM) gain and lean mass (LM) loss are common side effects for patients with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Excess FM has been associated with an increased risk of developing obesity-related comorbidities, exacerbating prostate cancer progression, and all-cause and cancer-specific mortality. LM is the predomin...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate the feasibility of implementing an integrated multicomponent survivorship care model for men affected by prostate cancer. Methods Using a single arm prospective cohort study design, men with prostate cancer were recruited from two regional public hospitals in Australia for a 6‐month program that provided information and decis...
Article
Purpose: To investigate the acute effect of repeated-sprint activity (RSA) on change-of-direction economy (assessed using shuttle running economy [SRE]) in soccer players and explore neuromuscular and cardiorespiratory characteristics that may modulate this effect. Methods: Eleven young elite male soccer players (18.5 [1.4] y old) were tested on...
Article
In recent years, the use of wearable devices to track athlete performance has increased sharply. Using on-board sensors, wearable devices can provide critical information about athlete’s performance and well-being. Athlete tracking is an important functionality of wearable devices that relies on positioning data which also influences the accuracy o...
Article
Aim Cancer and its treatment produce significant acute and long‐term adverse effects in cancer survivors, resulting in a range of supportive cancer care needs across the disease trajectory. To enhance supportive cancer care in Australia, this study sought to understand and describe conventional services offered nationwide, specific to their structu...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic variants in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) (rs4343), alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3) (rs1815739), adrenoceptor-beta-1 (ADRB1) (rs1801253), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PPARGC1A) (rs8192678) genes have previously been associated with elite athletic performance. This study assessed the influence o...
Article
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Background Survival rates for lymphoma are highest amongst hematological malignancies. In 2019, it was estimated that over 6400 Australians were diagnosed with lymphoma, a group of hematological malignancies with a high 5-year survival rate of ~ 76%. There is an increased focus on the promotion of wellness in survivorship and active approaches to r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most common and distressing symptoms in people with cancer. Whilst efficacy of interventions for CRF have been extensively investigated, less has been done to ensure successful translation into routine clinical practice. The aim of this systematic scoping review was to synthesise knowledge surr...
Article
Objectives: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) compromises bone health purportedly due to lower levels of physical activity. The potential of an exercise intervention to improve bone health parameters in adolescents with DCD has not previously been studied. This study thus aimed to determine the impact of a multimodal exercise intervention o...
Article
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of high-intensity interval training shock microcycles (HIITSM) on endurance, running economy and change of direction economy in female soccer players. Nineteen sub-elite female soccer players were randomised to two groups: HIITSM (10 HIIT sessions over 13 days) or HIITTRAD (4 HIIT sessions over 13 days) inter...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) compromises bone health purportedly due to lower levels of physical activity. The potential of an exercise intervention to improve bone health parameters in adolescents with DCD has not previously been studied. This study thus aimed to determine the impact of a multimodal exercise intervention...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This systematic review will assess the association between developmental coordination disorder and low motor competence, and impairments in bone health across the lifespan. Introduction: Individuals with developmental coordination disorder tend to have a pattern of physical activity associated with bone health impairments. Preliminary...
Article
Full-text available
Background Exercise has emerged as a promising therapy for people with cancer. Novel programs have been developed to translate research into practice; however, implementation barriers have limited their success in part because successful translation of exercise oncology research into practice requires context-specific implementation plans. The aim...
Article
Purpose: Excess fat mass (FM) contributes to poor prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis and comorbidity. However, FM gain is a common side effect of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). We examined the efficacy of a 12-week weight loss intervention to reduce FM and maintain lean mass (LM) in ADT-treated obese PCa patients. Methods: Fourteen ADT-treated...
Article
Background Obesity in prostate cancer patients is associated with poor prostate-cancer specific outcomes. Exercise and nutrition can reduce fat mass; however, few studies have explored this as a combined pre-surgical intervention in clinical practice. Purpose This study examined the efficacy of a weight loss program for altering body composition i...