Nicolas Buclet

Nicolas Buclet
Université Grenoble Alpes · PACTE

PhD

About

97
Publications
23,806
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,042
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2010 - present
University of Grenoble
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2010 - December 2015
Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2000 - August 2010
Université de Technologie de Troyes
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
Full-text available
Alpine valleys constitute fragile environments and are very sensitive to environmental change. Current trends constitute major upheavals challenging these communities' adaptation abilities. Coupling quantitative modeling and qualitative social sciences analyses is necessary to provide insights on sources of vulnerability but such endeavors remain r...
Article
Full-text available
Nature’s contributions to people (NCP) do not flow automatically from ecosystems to society, but they result from a co-production process of interactions between societal and ecological systems. In this study, we used the collective capabilities approach to address the social dimensions of co-production of the material NCP of cheese. These are the...
Article
Full-text available
To better account for how social–ecological legacies of social and ecological systems jointly shape the current composition, the quality and quantity of nature’s contribution to people (NCPs), we integrate the concept of NCP co-production into social–ecological system thinking. Our expanded framework highlights how NCP co-production is frequently e...
Book
Nous vivons dans un monde de croyances et de mythes, conditionnant notre manière de penser et de nous comporter en société. Ce soubassement idéologique est constitutif d'une représentation de la société, de son fonctionnement et de ses possibilités d'évolution, qui entre manifestement en contradiction avec les présupposés, les objectifs et les enje...
Chapter
Wealth is understood as the enrichment of human societies in interaction with their environment and not as monetary enrichment. A territory thus divided makes it possible to analyze the dynamics of the main enriching activities, in that we consider that they have a structuring role for the territory. The starting point is the structuring activities...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on representation of territorial ecology, influenced by both research and political considerations. Territorial ecology refers to the idea of linking ecological issues with territorial issues. Humans are not considered as social beings, whose behaviors depend on principles, values, desires and feelings that motivate their actio...
Chapter
Territorial ecology is methodologically structured around the analysis of the metabolism of territories, whether urban or territorial. This chapter presents the main principles of metabolism, before showing the different variations, and then highlighting the few limitations, to which it would be appropriate to provide answers. Social metabolism dif...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter
This chapter is intended to talk of socio‐ecological transition; a transition that more closely takes into account the co‐evolution between nature and society, as well as the capacity of a human society to transform itself, in order to increase its capacity for resilience, taking into account this necessary, or rather inevitable, co‐evolution. Soci...
Chapter
This final chapter aims to link the methodological aspects that structured the previous chapters with the question of change, the transformation of society in the face of global challenges. Indeed, the approach of territorial ecology focuses on the local aspects of socio‐ecological issues, without any particular method to ensure measurement of the...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article présente une réflexion sur la complémentarité entre une description quantitative du métabolisme d’un territoire et une compréhension qualitative des relations entre acteurs. Celle-ci apporte un complément aux approches plus classiques du métabolisme qui montrent les flux qui circulent, sans toujours en expliquer les raisons d’être. Pour...
Article
À travers cet article, nous questionnons la nature des liens unissant les habitants de la basse vallée de Suse. Au-delà de leur proximité géographique, ceux-ci semblent liés par des liens de co-obligation s’étant forgés à travers près d’un demi-siècle de luttes locales, et partagent une aspiration collective à la soutenabilité forte. Partant de ces...
Article
Full-text available
Territorial ecology offers the opportunity to deepen of the knowledge on the material and immaterial dimensions of a territory. Through an original approach of territorial metabolism applied to the agricultural system of Aussois (Savoy), we highlight interactions and feedbacks involved in the creation of territorial wealth at the interface of those...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article propose une relecture des travaux séminaux d’Orio Giarini et Walter Stahel (1989) sur la « nouvelle société de service », dans le contexte scientifique plus large qui a vu l’émergence d’une pluralité de concepts en lien avec « l’économie de fonctionnalité ». Son objectif consiste à analyser les fondements légitimes de ce mode transactio...
Article
Cet article présente les ambitions et le squelette d’une des méthodologies actuellement développée au sein du champ émergeant de l’écologie territoriale. La base de cette méthodologie consiste en la définition de sous-systèmes créateurs de richesse pour un territoire à partir des principes du métabolisme. Un schéma systémique est mis en évidence da...
Article
The Roussillon Agglomeration in the Mid-Rhône Valley: Challenging the Construction of an Urban and Industrial Proximity This paper offers an analysis of proximities between local public authorities and industrial actors in an urban industrial space through the lens of two networks : public transportation and water systems. We analyze “physical” (sp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cette communication propose une application transdisciplinaire et territorialisée de la grille du commun de Pierre Dardot et Christian Laval (Dardot & Laval, 2014) en basse vallée de Suse (Italie). Après avoir abordé le contexte historique à travers lequel a émergé une communauté territorialisée dans cet espace, nous tenterons de caractériser les p...
Article
Full-text available
Les filières agricoles connaissent une importante restructuration, se traduisant par une déconnexion de plus en plus forte entre opérateurs des filières et ceux des territoires, et entre lieux de production et usages des ressources locales. Les filières utilisent des ressources des territoires, mais n'y opèrent souvent qu'une partie de leur activit...
Article
Full-text available
Le processus de globalisation s'accompagne d'une importante restructuration des filières agricoles, se traduisant par une déconnexion de plus en plus forte entre opérateurs des filières et ceux des territoires, et entre lieux de production et usages des ressources locales. Les opérateurs des filières utilisent des ressources des territoires, mais n...
Book
Il s'agit d'un article au sein du Dictionnaire de la pensée écologique
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that the present dominant economic system rests upon unquestioned beliefs that are in a deep contradiction with the pursuit of sustainable development. The economics of conventions is used as an analytical framework through which to demonstrate the conflict between the dominant conventions underpinning societal development and the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ainsi avons-nous pu dans cet ouvrage présenter différentes facettes de la façon dont se structure un territoire comme celui d’Aussois. Nous pouvons en tirer un certain nombre de considérations, certaines propres à Aussois, d’autres propres à l’écologie territoriale
Chapter
Cet ouvrage représente une étape importante de montée en puissance d’un champ interdisciplinaire émergent : l’écologie territoriale. Si des travaux déjà anciens ont traité de questions scientifiques très proches de ce dont il est question en écologie territoriale, il n’y avait pas encore eu d’effort collectif visant à faire émerger une communauté s...
Article
Territory as a creator of resources: the case of Usinette This paper aims at illustrating the ways alternative actors work at a territorial level to diffuse a societal model different from the dominant conventional regime, in phase with the aspirations of a growing part of the population. The Usinette project, derived from the reflections of ‘hacke...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Funded by ADEME (French Environment and Energy Management Agency) the NEXUS project aims at identifying innovations in energy storage and management (especially of intermittent renewables) at the level of eco-districts or city blocks. The multi-disciplinary analysis involves technological, sociological, economic, city planning and political dimensi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that the present dominant economic system rests upon unquestioned beliefs that are in a deep contradiction with the pursuit of sustainable development. The economics of conventions is used as an analytical framework through which to demonstrate the conflict between the dominant conventions underpinning societal development and the...
Article
Full-text available
L’objet de cet article est de tracer de nouvelles pistes de recherches à explorer concernant le domaine de l’économie de fonctionnalité. L’observation de la mise en øe uvre de ce modèle économique ne permet pas de considérer qu’il s’agit d’une stratégie de développement durable en soi. En particulier, ce modèle laisse perplexe tant en matière de po...
Article
Full-text available
The paper analyses the potential of several local initiatives in terms of sustainability. By sustainability, it is not question here to understand if one initiative is sustainable per se, but to understand if these whole initiatives might lead to a global changing in behaviors that could favor sustainability. The point defended in this paper is tha...
Article
Full-text available
Do Participative Processes Transform the Representations of Rural Elected Councillors of their Role and Territory? This paper considers the consequences of the failure of traditional decisionmaking processes, the evolution of the role of local elected councillors and their perception of their territories. The paper starts from the existing tension...
Book
Comment s’organisera la gestion des déchets dans les prochaines années ? Quels sont les conflits entre la population et les décideurs ? Quels sont les déterminants économiques ? Quels sont les progrès du point de vue sanitaire ? Dans cet ouvrage, les auteurs répondent aux questionnements des décideurs sur la gestion des déchets ménagers. Ils présen...
Article
As the impetus of life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle thinking (LCT) in waste management policy is increasing, decision makers may face conflicting advice on the potential environmental impacts of competing end-of-life treatment options. This paper discusses the problem posed by the Waste Framework Directive, 2008/98/EC, where LCT is require...
Article
Le système économique dominant engendre et aggrave une multitude de problèmes écologiques et sociaux. Ce constat explicité et illustré, l'auteur aborde les différentes pistes opérationnelles et conceptuelles (démocratie participative, écologie industrielle et territoriale, économie de fonctionnalité...) qui s'offrent à nous pour répondre aux enjeux...
Article
L'auteur s'interroge sur la compatibilité entre une société guidée par un certain nombre de mythes et la poursuite d'objectifs en accord avec les enjeux du développement durable. Après une réflexion sur la notion de développement durable, ses objectifs, ses présupposés, l'auteur met à nu les mythes qui constituent le soubassement idéologique du sys...
Article
Full-text available
Territory, innovation and sustainable development: towards a new conventional regime ? The paper examines the increasing number of diverse local development initiatives around the world aiming to break away from the predominant economic system. These initiatives, we argue, despite a somewhat visible disparity, largely rest on relatively similar pri...
Article
A partir d'une illustration historique des synergies entre acteurs dans le monde industriel du XIXème siècle, puis d'une réflexion sur le lien entre l'innovation et les ressources disponibles, ce chapitre vise à montrer combien, dans une perspective de développement durable, les innovations dans le domaine de la chimie gagneraient à tenir compte de...
Article
Full-text available
Waste management in Europe has experienced significant changes since the 1970s. The majority of Member State waste management regimes have shifted from policies based on the control of waste disposal activities, to include goals for waste prevention and recovery. The rapid increase of plastic packaging recycling in Germany had a number of unintende...
Article
Full-text available
The 1994 European Directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste allowed a diversity of conceptions of waste management to be developed and tested in various countries. Such a diversity may raise drawbacks related to the achievement of the single market and the European law of competition. The paper describes the main differences in waste management re...
Article
This paper deals with the first French experience of “citizen jury” applied to the organization of a local utilities (waste management). After giving an historical and conceptual background to the notion of random selection, we present the experience in itself and the controversial context in which it took place. The analysis focuses on this peculi...
Article
Full-text available
To design the future of a territory supposes a capacity of influencing the main variables which structure the territory. Through two very different examples, the paper highlights that some essential variables are not controlled by local deciders. Yet, the French Sustainable Development National Strategy (SNDD) does not take this limit into account....
Article
To design the future of a territory supposes a capacity of influencing the main variables which structure the territory. Through two very different examples, the paper highlights that some essential variables are not controlled by local deciders. Yet, the French Sustainable Development National Strategy (SNDD) does not take this limit into account....
Article
For the majority of decision-makers, in both the political and economic spheres, sustainable development has become an unavoidable concept that must be taken into account in most fields of activity. For some years a new approach, called the "service economy", has been evolving, able to contribute to sustainable development, in particular because it...
Article
Full-text available
How to sell services rather than material goods and thus work out a response to the problems of managing household refuse and to the challenges both of climatic change and scarcer ressources? The "economics of functionnality" has a twofold interest, environmental and economic. This discussion of its advantages and of the possibilities for applying...
Article
Full-text available
L'article s'intéresse à la planification de la gestion des déchets ménagers et assimilés, à travers notamment la question de l'acceptabilité sociale de l'incinération. Dans une première partie, nous mettons en évidence les raisons de cette mauvaise acceptabilité sociale, produit non seulement des faiblesses du régime institutionnel français de gest...
Chapter
The analysis of interactions, leading on from the previous chapter, has revealed the nature of potential friction between national regimes. These are not the only interactions which may be encountered. In some cases, harmonisation is a relatively natural process involving the progressive circulation of standards and technological and organisational...
Chapter
The development of what we termed scenarios in Chapter VI is the culmination of a long process, which began with the analysis of several national waste management regimes (see Buclet, Godard, 2000) and has been further developed in this volume in a comparative approach. This has allowed us to delineate several trajectories in household waste manage...
Chapter
The several forms of interaction examined in the previous two chapters fall into two categories: those originating in the activities of the European economy — activities which assume greater importance because of the Single European Market; those originating in common rules adopted by European institutions
Chapter
The previous chapter emphasised the differences between European countries. Although these countries share many common characteristics and, with the exception of Greece, have embarked on similar economic development, the differences are important. The countries are the product of specific historical development, and have evolved for many years with...
Chapter
The previous chapters have highlighted two important points. The first concerns the numerous observable differences between Member States. It was obvious from the beginning that such differences existed; less obvious was trying to understand these differences and how they emerged. Different historical processes, the varying importance of the catego...
Book
Nicolas Buclet Waste management issues can be approached in several ways. The question of which treatment technique to adopt is essentially a downstream problem. In our view the issue needed to be tackled further upstream. Waste management is not only a technical problem, it is also an area which involves various actors throughout society. In this...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this chapter is to analyse the main features of the French municipal waste regime. Our object of study will be limited to household waste, which is by far the main category of municipal waste.2 French household waste policy has undergone important changes since 1992. Current legislation tends to promote valorisation3 modes and to limit e...
Chapter
A review of European waste management demonstrates that, even if not contemporaneously, each one of the five member states has encountered similar problems regarding municipal waste treatment. These problems originated in the impact of the rapid economic development experienced since the 1950s on traditional forms of organization of waste disposal....
Chapter
In terms of economic scale, waste management is one of the two most important environmentally oriented sectors.1 It stands at the cross-roads in the material organization of society, resource management, changing lifestyles and consumption patterns, and ecological issues. For many years waste management has been perceived as a resources and health...
Book
Nicolas Buclet and Olivier Godard In terms of economic scale, waste management is one of the two most important environmentally oriented sectors. 1 It stands at the cross-roads in the material organization of society, resource management, changing lifestyles and consumption patterns, and ecological issues. For many years waste management has been p...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Trajectories addresses sustainable development in mountain territories faced with global changes (i.e. all the effects induced by humans on their environment, such as climate change or the decline in biodiversity). It aims at improving knowledge on the interactions between human societies and their environment in the Alpine regions. Three pilot territories are selected: the Arve Valley, the Maurienne Valley and the Meije region.
Archived project
Integrate environment in companies thanks to coordination improvement between strategic, tactic ad operational levels.