Nicolas Boulbes

Nicolas Boulbes
Institut de Paléontologie Humaine Paris · HNHP UMR 7194 / MNHN-CNRS-UPVD / EPCC-CERP Tautavel

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104
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Publications

Publications (104)
Article
Sex identification from fragmentary archeozoological assemblages is particularly challenging in the Equid family, including for horses, donkeys and their hybrids. This limitation has precluded in-depth investigations of sex-ratio variation in various temporal, geographic and social contexts. Recently, shallow DNA sequencing has offered an economica...
Article
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Alongside horses, donkeys and their first-generation hybrids represent members of the Equidae family known for their social, economic and symbolic importance in protohistoric and historical France. However, their relative importance and their respective roles in different regions and time periods are difficult to assess based on textual, iconograph...
Conference Paper
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SCHOPPER ANR project aim to develop a method to test research hypotheses using Machine Learning and immersives virtual environments. After 54 years of excavations, the Caune de l’Arago cave delivers a large amount of raw data and many archaeometric databases were developed through the study of this Lower Paleolithic site. The current tests focused...
Article
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Cereals are a central resource for the human diet and are traditionally assumed to have evolved from wild grasses at the onset of the Neolithic under the pressure of agriculture. Here we demonstrate that cereals may have a significantly longer and more diverse lineage, based on the study of a 0–2.3 Ma, 601 m long sedimentary core from Lake Acıgöl (...
Article
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The study of ungulate assemblages is essential to understand hominins and carnivore behavior and interactions. For this reason, many studies involve the taphonomic analysis of faunal remains, focusing on the identification of the various biotic actors. This study looks at the horse assemblages from Mousterian and Aurignacian Units I, II and III fro...
Article
Corrigendum Corrigendum to "Neanderthal faunal exploitation and settlement dynamics at the Abri du Maras, level 5 (South-eastern France)" [Quat. Sci. Rev. 243 (2020) 106472]
Article
Over the past two decades, taphonomic and zooarchaeological studies have focused on Neanderthal settlement patterns and subsistence strategies. The south-eastern margins of the Massif Central constitute one of the regions with the most abundant archaeological evidence of Neanderthal occupations in France. The faunal record of level 5 of Abri du Mar...
Presentation
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Homo erectus paleoenvironments in the early Pleistocene Denizli Basin: an integrated paleontological, sedimentological and geochemical approach
Article
A 601 m long sedimentary sequence was drilled in Lake Acigöl, located in the lakes region of SW Anatolia, near the Denizli travertine from which the oldest hominin of Turkey was unearthed. Among all dating methods applied to the sedimentary sequence, paleomagnetism, through the recognition of geomagnetic chrons, was the most successful and led to a...
Article
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Twenty years ago, mammoth teeth were discovered in Aubais landfill (Gard, Southeastern France). Salvage excavations were subsequently conducted and the sediment has been sifted and screened. Therefore, 19 continental vertebrate species have been identified. Carnivores species are dominant (n=10) followed by the herbivorous (n=5), birds (n=1) and le...
Article
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This paper presents new archaeological material and first dates on Upper Pleistocene layers at the site of La Crouzade cave (Gruissan, Aude, France). The site was first excavated by T. and P. Héléna at the beginning of the twentieth century, and the excavations were recently completed during three years (2016–2018) of systematic campaigns.We obtain...
Article
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We present an inventory of the progress of recent research on the biostratigraphy and palaeoecology of the genus Equus sensu lato in Europe. Our discussion starts with the new hypotheses concerning the dispersal and evolution of non-caballine equids of the Early and the beginning of the Middle Pleistocene, focusing on recent discoveries, descriptio...
Article
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Monospecific exploitation of reindeer by Neanderthals is a common behaviour in the Upper Pleistocene of Western Europe. However, reindeer-dominated assemblages have largely been reported from regions of northern Germany and south-western France, with few examples noted in south-eastern France, where faunal assemblages yield most of the time a varie...
Article
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Coulet des Roches is a natural karst trap in Southern France. Its infilling dates back to the end of the Pleniglacial (Last Glacial Maximum, LGM) and the end of the Tardiglacial (Last Glacial, LG). Three mustelid species have been identified in this infilling: the common polecat (Mustela putorius, minimum number of individuals (MNI) = 4), the stoat...
Chapter
VI. Paleoecology of the first human settlements in France from bone ensembles The Quaternary is characterized by more marked climatic oscillations than during the Paleogene and Neogene. The variations in rhythmicity and amplitude of these are reflected in the Eurasian terrestrial biomes, and indirectly on the fauna communities, including Human, liv...
Article
The equid deposits exhumed from the Pech Maho oppidum are a unique source of information for documenting the morphology of these animals during the Iron Age. About a hundred remains were attributed to the domestic donkey, which is the focus of this study, and confirm the presence of this species in the south of Gaul before Romanization. Up until no...
Article
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The Roc­-aux­-Sorciers site, on the townland of Angles­-sur­-l'Anglin, contains two localities with cave art: Abri Bourdois and Cave Taillebourg. The site is well­ known on account of the Middle Magdalenian carved frieze in Abri Bourdois. Excavations by Suzanne de Saint­Mathurin from 1947 to 1964 revealed several occupation levels contemporaneous w...
Poster
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La grotte des Ramandils (Port-La-Nouvelle, Aude, France) abrite plusieurs niveaux d'occupation du Paléolithique moyen, sur le littoral Nord-méditerranéen. Les recherches menées sur ce site ont montré un fort potentiel d'étude. L'importance des éléments fauniques et les nombreuses pièces lithiques, caractéristiques d’un Moustérien typique, attestent...
Chapter
Comment les vestiges matériels du passé se sont-ils constitués et conservés au cours du temps, durant des centaines, des milliers, ou des millions d’années? C’est dans cette perspective que se placent les études en taphonomie, largement pluri- et inter-disciplinaires, intégrant de multiples approches scientifiques relevant des sciences de la Terre,...
Presentation
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On the Anatolian plateau, which is one of the major migratory axis of hominin populations from Africa, the oldest Homo erectus of Turkey was found in the Kocabaş locality of the Denizli Basin [1,2] and dated to ca 1.6–1.2 Ma. Numerous fossils from fauna were discovered in the same geological formation of this fragmentary skull attesting to the pres...
Article
The Clos d'Ugnac archaeological site (Pennautier, Aude, France) revealed an occupation dated from the Neolithic to the Central Middle Ages. The main occupation dated from 9th to 14th century develops on the whole floor space (18,000 m²). It delivered numerous structures including a road system, a built environment, craft structures, agrarian struct...
Conference Paper
La grotte des Ramandils (Port-La-Nouvelle, dans l'Aude) est un gisement du paléolithique moyen daté entre -110 000 et -40 000 ans. Parmi le large spectre faunique mis en évidence, les équidés se démarquent par leur importante répartition sur l'intégralité des cinq grands niveaux du remplissage. Deux espèces sont enregistrées pour ce site, le cheval...
Conference Paper
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Traces anthropiques et lésions osseuses renseignent sur l'utilisation des équidés sur ce site rural dépendant d'un prieuré et d'une abbaye.
Article
The archaeological site of Guado San Nicola (Monteroduni, Central Italy), under excavation since 2008, is located in the Upper Volturno Valley, near the top of a fluvial terrace attributed to the Middle Pleistocene. Several anthropic levels have been recognized within a stratigraphic sequence of more than two meters in thickness, characterized by a...
Conference Paper
The Kocabaş travertines that host the earliest Homo erectus from Anatolia (Turkey) are laterally interfngering with a succession of lake and playa type of deposits which shed light on the palaeoenvironmental conditions in which Denizli man lived. We studied the sedimentary succession encompassed from 1.2 to 1.6 Ma based on cosmogenic nucleids (2...
Poster
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La Caune de l’Arago renferme plusieurs dizaines d’unités archéostratigraphiques riches en matériel d’origine anthropique. La subdivision des niveaux, bien que perfectible par nature, montre une variété importante qui révèle la diversité des comportements techniques et de subsistance au cours du temps.
Article
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The Bois-de-Riquet archeological site (Lézignan-la-Cèbe, Hérault, France) provides significant paleontological and archeological data about the first occupations of Western Europe. Although only partially excavated, the site has already yielded an exceptionally rich paleontological assemblage as well as some stone artefacts. The archeostratigraphic...
Article
Late Pleistocene deposits of Tournal Cave, southwestern France, provided several human occupations attributed to Mousterian, Aurignacian, and Magdalenian cultures. Some human remains (Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens) were identified in each unit. This study presents a detailed temporal reconstruction of habitats surrounding the cave, using v...
Conference Paper
CentreEuropé sdeTautavel endeRecherch s Préhistorique e AuditoriumduPalaisdesCongrès. Lundi23auvendredi27juin2014
Article
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La révision et l’étude de nouveaux fossiles de grands mammifères provenant des dépôts de travertins du bassin de Denizli ont permis de reconnaître les espèces suivantes : Archidiskodon meridionalis meridionalis, Stephanorhinus cf. etruscus, Equus cf. altidens s. l., E. cf. apolloniensis, Metacervoceros rhenanus, Cervalces (Libralces) ex gr. minor-g...
Article
Full-text available
Since its discovery within a travertine quarry, the fragmentary cranium of the only known Turkish Homo erectus, the Kocabaş hominid, has led to conflicting biochronological estimations. First estimated to be ∼500 ka old, the partial skull presents a combination of archaic and evolved features that puts it as an intermediate specimen between the Dma...
Article
Pour citer cet article : Boulbes, N., et al., Les grands mammifères du Villafranchien supérieur des travertins du Bassin de Denizli (Sud-Ouest Anatolie, Turquie). L'Anthropologie (2014), http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anthro.2014.01.001 Article original Les grands mammifères du Villafranchien supérieur des travertins du Bassin de Denizli (Sud-Ouest A...
Article
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The systematic excavation of the site of Guado San Nicola (Monteroduni, Molise) revealed a stratigraphic sequence, more than two meters thick, located on the distal part of an ancient terraced alluvial cone made by the Lorda creek, a tributary of the Volturno river. The lithologic, morphographic and pedostratigraphic evidences suggest its attribut...
Article
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que reflejan la depredación selectiva. La fauna se puede correlacionar con las asociaciones faunísticas de Europa de finales del Pleistoceno Medio a principios del Pleistoceno Superior. El conjunto lítico de la cueva del Ángel parece encajar dentro de la diversidad regional de una bien desarrollada industria no-Levallois del Achelense Final. Una es...
Article
Full-text available
Investigations in four natural traps from southeastern France have provided new and extensive information on the palaeoenvironment from the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; 21,000 to 15,075 cal BP), the Late-glacial period (15,075 to 11,490 cal BP) and the beginning of Holocene (11,490 to 2835 cal BP). Radiocarbon and U/Th dates provided precise chronolo...
Article
Full-text available
que reflejan la depredación selectiva. La fauna se puede correlacionar con las asociaciones faunísticas de Europa de finales del Pleistoceno Medio a principios del Pleistoceno Superior. El conjunto lítico de la cueva del Ángel parece encajar dentro de la diversidad regional de una bien desarrollada industria no-Levallois del Achelense Final. Una es...
Article
Full-text available
BARROSO RUIZ Cecilio, Daniel BOTELLA ORTEGA, Miguel CAPARROS, Anne Marie MOIGNE, Vincenzo CELIBERTI, Antonio MONCLOVA BOHORQUEZ, Luisa PINEDA CABELLO, Guadalupe MONGE GOMEZ, Agnès TESTU, Deborah BARSKY, Olivier NOTTER, José Antonio RIQUELME CANTAL, Manuel POZO RODRIGUEZ, María Isabel CARRETERO LEON, Samir KHATIB, Thibaud SAOS, Sophie GREGOIRE, Salv...
Article
El sitio arqueológico de la cueva del Ángel es una secuencia sedimentaria al aire libre, resultante del derrumbe de una cueva y parte de un complejo kárstico. La asociación faunística, dominada por équidos, grandes bóvidos y cérvidos, ha sido objeto de intensas acciones antrópicas que reflejan la depredación selectiva. La fauna se puede correlacion...