Nicolas Aguilar-Farias

Nicolas Aguilar-Farias
Universidad de La Frontera · Department of Physical Education, Sports and Recreation

Physiotherapist, MS ClinExPhys, PhD

About

126
Publications
45,143
Reads
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2,485
Citations
Citations since 2017
100 Research Items
2405 Citations
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Introduction
I am currently working at the Universidad de La Frontera, Chile. My main interest is translating research into practice and policies in the field of physical activity and wellbeing.
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - present
Universidad de La Frontera
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
July 2012 - May 2016
The University of Queensland
Position
  • PhD Student
March 2011 - June 2012
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
July 2012 - May 2016
The University of Queensland
Field of study
  • Physical activity and public health
March 2010 - February 2012
The University of Queensland
Field of study
  • Clinical Exercise Physiology
March 2007 - December 2008
Universidad de La Frontera
Field of study
  • Epidemiology

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
Global movement behaviour guidelines recommend that preschool children (aged 3–4 years) accumulate at least 180 min physical activity, engage in no more than 1 h sedentary screen time, and have 10–13 h good-quality sleep per day. For school-age children and adolescents (5–17 years), the recommendations are to participate in at least 60 min moderate...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The study summarizes the findings of the 2018 Chilean Report Card (RC) on Physical Activity (PA) for Children and Adolescents and compares the results with the first Chilean RC and with other countries from the Global Matrix 3.0. Methods: A Research Work Group using a standardized methodology from the Global Matrix 3.0 awarded grades...
Article
Full-text available
The aim was to examine the sociodemographic predictors associated with changes in movement behaviors (physical activity, screen time, and sleep) among toddlers and preschoolers during the early stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Chile. Caregivers of 1- to 5-year- old children completed an online survey between 30 March and 27 April...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is limited evidence about emotional and behavioral responses in toddlers and preschoolers during the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, particularly in Latin America. Objective: To assess associations between changes in movement behaviors (physical activity, screen time and sleeping) and emotional changes in toddlers and presc...
Article
Full-text available
Global changes require urgent integration of health and wellbeing into all urban policies. Complex social and environmental factors define wellbeing outcomes and inequities present in cities. Additionally, political decisions are seldom thought and developed considering the needs and participation of children and adolescents. The REDibuja study aim...
Article
Full-text available
Movement behaviors (physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep) have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. We report changes in and factors that influenced movement behaviors during COVID-19 among Latin American/Latino children aged 1 to 5 years in Chile, Mexico, and the USA. We conducted a cross-sectional study between April and August 202...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Global Matrix 4.0 on physical activity (PA) for children and adolescents was developed to achieve acomprehensive understanding of the global variation in children’s and adolescents’ (5–17 y) PA, related measures, and keysources of influence. The objectives of this article were (1) to summarize the findings from the Global Matrix 4.0...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Global Matrix 4.0 on physical activity (PA) for children and adolescents was developed to achieve a comprehensive understanding of the global variation in children’s and adolescents’ (5–17 y) PA, related measures, and key sources of influence. The objectives of this article were (1) to summarize the findings from the Global Matrix 4...
Article
Background: The Global Matrix 4.0 on physical activity (PA) for children and adolescents was developed to achieve a comprehensive understanding of the global variation in children's and adolescents' (5-17 y) PA, related measures, and key sources of influence. The objectives of this article were (1) to summarize the findings from the Global Matrix...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: In this study, we aimed to determine differences in the levels of motor competence according to biological factors (sex, age and weight status) and sociocultural factors (socioeconomic level and belonging to an indigenous people or not) in students of the La Araucanía Region, Chile. (2) Methods: A total of 552 students in 5th and 6t...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare academic achievement, cognitive performance, playtime, bullying, and discrimination in adolescents according to traditional uniforms (TUs) and sports uniforms (SUs) worn at school, while simultaneously exploring the influence of the school vulnerability index. Methods: A total of 988 Chilean adolescen...
Article
Full-text available
Antecedentes La pandemia por COVID-19 ha impactado en la actividad física y salud psicológica de estudiantes universitarios. Objetivo Analizar el comportamiento de la actividad física durante la pandemia por COVID-19 y su asociación con el bienestar subjetivo y salud mental en estudiantes universitarios en Chile. Método Estudio transversal en una...
Article
Background We aimed to investigate time trends and inequalities of different physical activity (PA) domains and sitting time (ST) in adults from South American countries. Methods We included cross-sectional data of nationally representative surveys on adults (n = 597 843) from nine South American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colom...
Article
Full-text available
This systematic review aims to provide evidence of attributes for the concept and structure of the term physical literacy for its understanding in Spanishspeaking countries mainly from Latin America and Spain. Many definitions of physical literacy refer to a lifelong participation in physical activity, presenting multiple benefits for people's heal...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción. Dada la importancia que la actividad física y el sueño han adquirido para la salud, se han propuesto diversas recomendaciones para la población infantil. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar cómo se asocia el cumplimiento de las recomendaciones de actividad física y de sueño con el exceso de peso. Población y métodos. Para la m...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Given the importance of physical activity and sleep for health, different recommendations have been proposed for the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to determine the association between physical activity and sleep recommendations compliance and excess weight in school children from Temuco, Chile. Population and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El objetivo general del programa es aumentar la cantidad de actividad física semanal. Para lograrlo, hemos desarrollado este Manual del participante, en donde encontrarás toda la información necesaria para comenzar a sumar minutos de actividad física a tu vida diaria, construyendo así una mejor salud y calidad de vida para ti, tus amigos/as, famili...
Chapter
This chapter describes some key components of the Global Action Plan on Physical Activity 2018–2030 (GAPPA) issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2018. Some recommendations will be provided for how the policy implementers in each country may adapt and implement the GAPPA at the subnational and national levels in low- and middle-income co...
Article
Dyslipidemias cause early formation of atherosclerotic plaque, increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Physical Activity (PA) is a protective factor against CVDs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between objectively measured PA with dyslipidemias in a pediatric population. Method: The PA was evaluated in 159 child...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this systematic review is to examine studies that have assessed the effectiveness of health promotion programs with parental or family involvement for increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in school-aged children. Research has shown that parental or family support is positively associated with overall physical activity in...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction 24-hour movement behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep) during the early years are associated with health and developmental outcomes, prompting the WHO to develop Global guidelines for physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under 5 years of age. Prevalence data on 24-hour movement behaviour...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Prevenir la obesidad entre los jóvenes latinos que viven en Estados Unidos y en países latinoamericanos requiere reconocer la especificidad de los contextos y las interacciones entre actividad física (AF) y entorno construido (EC). El objetivo de este artículo es avanzar en la agenda de investigación sobre el EC y la AF con el fin de preven...
Article
Full-text available
La obesidad infantil es un problema grave en Latinoamérica y entre la población latina de EE. UU. Para ser eficaces, las políticas de salud pública tienen que estar guiadas por evidencias contextuales pertinentes, lo cual exige una capacidad de investigación sostenida a través del tiempo. Los objetivos de este estudio son determinar la productivida...
Article
Full-text available
The first aim was to compare differences between school vulnerability groups, fitness levels, and their combination in adolescent cognitive performance. The second aim was to determine the mediation role of fitness in the association between school vulnerability and cognitive performance. A total of 912 Chilean adolescents aged 10–14 years particip...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Physical fitness and fatness converge simultaneously modulating cognitive skills, which in turn, are associated with children and adolescents' socioeconomic background. However, both fitness components and fat mass localization are crucial for understanding its implication at the cognitive level. Objective: This study aimed to determine...
Book
Full-text available
Este libro expone las evidencias científicas actuales sobre el papel de la actividad física, el ejercicio y el deporte en la promoción y mantención de la salud, así como el tratamiento, control y rehabilitación de algunas enfermedades crónicas en la infancia y la adolescencia. El texto está organizado en 27 capítulos que abordan los siguientes tema...
Article
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Background: The beneficial relationship between physical fitness and cognitive performance is affected and modulated by a wide diversity of factors that seem to be more sensitive during the development stage, particularly during early adolescence. This study aimed to examine the role of physical fitness considering the multivariate association bet...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, produced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has spread rapidly throughout the world. Latin American and the Caribbean countries have been harshly affected by the pandemic mainly due to less prepared healthcare systems and fragmented social safety nets. In the region, he...
Article
Full-text available
To prevent obesity among Latino youth in the United States and Latin America, it is necessary to understand the specific context and interplay of physical activity (PA) and the built environment (BE). This paper aims to advance the research agenda of BE and PA for obesity prevention in Latin America and among Latino youth in the United States by (1...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood obesity is a major problem in Latin America and among US Latinos. Effective public health policies require contextually relevant evidence to guide them, which demands sustained research capacity. The objectives of this study are to determine research productivity in Latin America and in the United States focused on Latino populations and...
Article
Bicyclists are vulnerable road users who risk incurring severe injuries from traffic incidents involving motorists. However, the prevalence of severe bicycle injuries varies across countries and is not well-documented in Latin American countries. Studies from developed countries outside of Latin America have shown that individual and contextual fac...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to compare self-reported with two accelerometer-derived methods to classify Chilean children and adolescents as physically active. In total, 247 students wore an accelerometer on their hips during 7 consecutive days to classify them as physically active based on (1) daily accumulation of ≥ 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorou...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: There is limited evidence about emotional and behavioral responses in toddlers and preschoolers during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, particularly in Latin America. Objective: To assess associations between changes in movement behaviors (physical activity, screen time and sleep) and emotional changes in toddlers and presch...
Article
Full-text available
Background To better understand sedentary behaviour and favour international comparisons, more evidence from different countries are needed. However, there are a few tools available in Spanish to measure sedentary behaviour. This study aimed to culturally adapt, translate and validate the Past-day Adults’ Sedentary Time (PAST) questionnaire in Chil...
Preprint
Full-text available
Movement behaviors (physical activity, sedentary behavior (including screen time), and sleep) have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to report changes in and factors influencing movement behaviors during COVID-19 among Latin American/Latino children aged 1 to 5 years in Chile, Mexico, and the USA. We conducted a cross-sectional study...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: Analizar las tendencias de búsqueda en Google en Chile sobre opciones para mantenerse activos físicamente durante etapas iniciales de la pandemia por COVID-19, y reportar la recepción de orientaciones sobre conductas físicas en cuidadores de niños y niñas de 1 a 5 años, emitidas desde salas cunas o jardines infantiles durante la pandemia...
Preprint
Full-text available
The aim was to examine the sociodemographic predictors associated with changes in movement behaviours (physical activity, screen time and sleep) among toddlers and pre-schoolers during the early stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Chile. Caregivers of 1- to 5-year-old children completed an online survey between March 30th and April 2...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En el marco de la contingencia sanitaria por Covid-19, y como parte de las acciones planificadas en Mesa Técnica interministerial para la Educación Física, Actividad Física y Deporte Escolar en pandemia, se desarrolló la Guía de Actividad Física en Familia durante Confinamiento (AFF-C), a través de conformación de una comisión de trabajo, constitui...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background To better understand sedentary behaviour and favour international comparisons, more evidence from different countries are needed. However, there are a few tools available in Spanish to measure sedentary behaviour. This study aimed to culturally adapt, translate and validate the Past-day Adults' Sedentary Time (PAST) questionnaire in Chil...
Article
Full-text available
Background : The purpose was to determine the proportion of 9- to 11-year-old children meeting the 24-hour movement guidelines (24-HMG) in a low-income town from Chile. Methods : Physical activity, sedentary behavior (recreational screen), and sleep times were measured with both questionnaire and accelerometer in 258 children from third to sixth gr...
Article
School-based physical education (PE) is part of a whole-of-school approach to promote physical activity and its benefits for health. However, there are important gaps between the design and implementation of PE policies. This study aimed to describe the implementation fidelity and feasibility of school-based PE policies in Mexico. Data on implement...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Reporte ejecutivo número 1 de estudio de conductas de movimiento en 24 horas de niños y niñas de 1 a 5 años en Chile durante pandemia COVID-19
Article
Full-text available
The trajectory of aging is profoundly impacted by the physical and social environmental contexts in which we live. While “top–down” policy activities can have potentially wide impacts on such contexts, they often take time, resources, and political will, and therefore can be less accessible to underserved communities. This article describes a “bott...
Article
Introduction: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between neighborhood environment and the objective measures of physical activity (PA) according to nutritional status in the adult population. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was employed. The information was collected from 161 representative subjects of the CESCAS study pop...
Article
Background: Little is known about of correlates of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and sleeping in children from Latin America. The aim of this study was to assess the association between potential correlates with device-measured PA, SB and sleeping time in children from 9 to 11 years in Carahue, Chile. Methods: A cross-sectional...
Article
Introduction: Sedentary behavior (SB), physical inactivity and obesity are main risk factors for non-communicable diseases. However, it is unknow whether reallocating SB time with physical activity (PA) domains related to travel, occupational and leisure activities is associated with lower levels of adiposity. The aim of this study, therefore, was...
Article
Introduction Active travel surveillance in Latin American is scarce and concentrated in a few countries. Surveillance of transport cycling in Chile is critical to document, to serve as a baseline from which to measure future planned strategies to increase transport cycling. This study aimed to document the prevalence of transport cycling in urban-d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Little is known about of correlates of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and sleeping in children from Latin America. The aim of this study was to assess the association between potential correlates with device-measured PA, SB and sleeping time in children from 9 to 11 years in Carahue, Chile. Methods: A cross-sectional...
Poster
Full-text available
Purpose: To analyze the acceptability of Stanford Discovery Tool app (SDT), a tablet-based participatory tool, designed to engage residents in identifying neighborhood elements that affect active living opportunities among older adults from Curitiba, Brazil. Methods: A sample of 41 older adults (³60 years old) were selected according a balanced dis...
Poster
Full-text available
Objective: Describe environmental barriers and facilitators for walking in Curitiba, Brasil, identified by older adults, using the Stanford Discovery Tool app. Methods: The sample was composed by 32 older adults (≥60 years old), selected from 64 census tracts distributed by indicators of walkability and income. The older adults had to live in the n...
Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE: To describe device measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) in older adults from Temuco, Chile. METHODS: Community-dwelling adults aged 60 and older were recruited from 17 different neighbourhoods in Temuco, Chile. The participants were asked to wear an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer on the hip for 7 consecutive days. A...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Dyslipidemias in childhood increase the risk of cardiovascular events in adult life. Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and risk of atherogenicity based in the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) in a sample of school children and adolescents. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study of 208 children aged 10.4 ± 1.0 years (...
Article
Background: The purpose was to assess metabolic equivalent (MET) values of common daily activities in middle-age and older adults in free-living environments and compare these with MET values listed in the compendium of physical activities (CPA). Methods: Sixty participants (mean age = 71.5, SD = 10.8) completed a semistructured protocol of sitt...
Article
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the number of monitoring days needed to reliably measure weekly activity behaviours with the ActivPAL (AP) monitor in adults. Design Cross-sectional study. Methods Participants (90 adults (51.1% men); age = 39.1 ± 12.43 years) wore an AP for 7 consecutive days. Mean time spent sitting/lying, s...
Article
Full-text available
Many have deemed physical activity as a best buy for public health.1 Regular practice of physical activity provides a myriad of health benefits for people of all ages, including reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, several cancers, falls, dementia, and obesity.2,3 Recently published data show that 39% of adults and 85% of adolescents i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Dyslipidemias in childhood increase the risk of cardiovascular events in adult life. Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and risk of atherogenicity based in the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) in a sample of school children and adolescents. Material and methods: Cross-sectional study of 208 children aged 10.4 ± 1.0 ye...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objetivo: investigar las asociaciones entre el desplazamiento activo y los marcadores de adiposidad y riesgo cardio-metabólico en población adulta chilena. Metodología: 5157 participantes de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud de Chile de 2009-2010, se incluyeron en este estudio transversal. Los desplazamientos activos se midieron usando el Cuestionario...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Accumulating sufficient moderate to vigorous physical activity is recognized as a key determinant of physical, physiological, developmental, mental, cognitive, and social health among children and youth (aged 5–17 y). The Global Matrix 3.0 of Report Card grades on physical activity was developed to achieve a better understanding of the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To better understand the childhood physical inactivity crisis, Report Cards on physical activity of children and youth were prepared concurrently in 30 very high Human Development Index countries. The aim of this article was to present, describe, and compare the findings from these Report Cards. Methods: The Report Cards were develop...
Article
Full-text available
Chile’s first Report Card (RC) on Physical Activity for Children and Youth released in 2016 graded with an F overall physical activity (PA), as only 3 out of 10 children and 2 out of 10 youth performed at least 60 minutes of moderate-to vigorous-intensity PA per day. Most indicators received very low grades, except for Community and Environment, an...
Article
Full-text available
Background The evidence showing the ill health effects of prolonged sedentary behaviour (SB) is growing. Most studies of SB in older adults have relied on self-report measures of SB. However, SB is difficult for older adults to recall and objective measures that combine accelerometry with inclinometry are now available for more accurately assessing...
Chapter
Este capítulo ofrece un análisis crítico de la inversión que realiza Chile en promover la actividad física y cómo, desde la política pública, pueden generarse cambios para enfrentar la crisis de inactividad que nos afecta.
Article
Background: Device measured physical activity (PA) allow better understanding on how PA is accrued during days. The purpose of this study was to describe pedometer-derived PA levels and patterns by gender in a population of Chilean children. Methods: 100 children were randomly selected from two low-income neighborhoods in Santiago, Chile. PA was me...
Conference Paper
Background: Meeting recommendations of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and sleeping time (ST), have begun to be studied together in the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth (24MGCY) developed in Canada, to try to explain, prevent and improve health indicators. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence...
Conference Paper
BACKGROUND: Children's outdoor time (OT) has been associated with higher probabilities to meet physical activity (PA) guidelines (1 hour of moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA per day). OT may be influenced by different external factors, but parent’s perceptions of the neighborhood characteristics may play a key role in this behavior. PURPOSE: To exa...