Nicola Petrocchi

Nicola Petrocchi
John Cabot University · Department of Political and Social Sciences

Ph.D.

About

82
Publications
42,526
Reads
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1,466
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - present
Foundation Santa Lucia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
May 2013 - May 2014
Boston University
Position
  • Researcher
January 2012 - July 2015
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Purpose The tripartite model of affect regulation proposes the existence of three emotion regulation systems (i.e., Threat, Drive and Soothing). An unbalanced functioning of these systems associates with greater risk for psychopathology, specifically Conduct Disorder (CD). Youths with CD generally develop in hostile environments, present higher lev...
Article
Full-text available
Background Compassion focused therapy (CFT) is an evolutionary informed, biopsychosocial approach to mental health problems and therapy. It suggests that evolved motives (e.g., for caring, cooperating, competing) are major sources for the organisation of psychophysiological processes which underpin mental health problems. Hence, evolved motives can...
Article
Full-text available
Background Increased risky sexual behaviors (RSB) in sexual minority people relative to heterosexual individuals are well documented. However, the role of trans-diagnostic factors that are not sexual orientation-specific, such as self-criticism, in predicting RSB was understudied. The present study aimed to test participants’ gender and sexual orie...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic is having an unprecedented detrimental impact on mental health in people around the world. It is important therefore to explore factors that may buffer or accentuate the risk of mental health problems in this context. Given that compassion has numerous benefits for mental health, emotion regulation, and social rel...
Chapter
The diagnosis of cancer often prompts people to reconsider their existential meaning and their life history. The multicultural and multifaith complexity of our societies often hinders this process and requires the development of interventions that are as sensitive and unbiased as possible. This chapter advocates the usefulness of compassion-focused...
Article
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Objectives Investigating protective and risk factors associated with depressive and anxious symptoms in youth is important. The current cross-sectional study aimed to explore the unique contributions of modifiable protective and risk factors associated with depressive and anxious tendencies and to identify the most important variables of this sympt...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Schools are experiencing an unprecedented mental health crisis, with teachers reporting high levels of stress and burnout, which has adverse consequences to their mental and physical health. Addressing mental and physical health problems and promoting wellbeing in educational settings is thus a global priority. This study investigated th...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The current study aimed to examine the mechanisms of change that mediate the impact of a compassionate mind training (CMT) intervention, in particular, whether changes in compassion, fears of compassion and heart rate variability (HRV) would mediate the effects of a brief CMT intervention on psychological vulnerability factors, mental he...
Article
Background: We explored the role of criticism of self and of others, and metacognitive abilities in hearing voices that may refer to god or a divine presence, and qualitatively compared differences and similarities between persons who were diagnosed with psychosis and those who were not. Methods: We recruited two samples of persons who heard divin...
Article
Resting heart rate variability (HRV), a surrogate index of cardiac vagal modulation, is considered a putative biomarker of stress resilience as it reflects the ability to effectively regulate emotions in a changing environment. However, most studies are cross-sectional, precluding longitudinal inferences. The high levels of uncertainty and fear at...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: Experiences of homophobic discrimination can be experienced across different sexual orientations and may have adverse effects on mental health, particularly on depressive symptoms. Shame is associated with depressive symptoms whereas self-compassion emerges as a protective factor against psychological distress. This study explored, i...
Article
Evolutionary perspectives of human behavior propose the existence of three emotion regulation systems (i.e., threat, drive and soothing systems). An unbalanced functioning of the systems represents greater risk for emotion dysregulation and psychopathology. In recent years, heart rate variability (HRV) has been reported as an accurate index of emot...
Presentation
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: The Minority Stress Model conceptualizes four stigma processes that explain increased levels of psychopathology in sexual minorities compared to heterosexual individuals. These processes range from distal to proximal: Discrimination is a distal process, and Perceived Stigma, Concealment and Internalized Homophobia are proximal process...
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to its ability to reflect the capacity to engage in context-appropriate responses, tonic heart rate variability (HRV) is considered a putative biomarker of stress resilience. However, most studies are cross-sectional, precluding causal inferences. The high levels of uncertainty and fear at a global level that characterize the COVID-19 pandemic...
Presentation
Full-text available
Background: Early shame experiences have traumatic characteristics and are related with mental health outcomes. Furthermore, gender-related sociodemographic characteristics (gender, sexual orientation, and gender identity) seem to be associated with mental health indicators. However, to the best of our knowledge, no research explored how traumatic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Early shame experiences have traumatic characteristics and are related with mental health outcomes (Matos & Pinto-Gouveia, 2010). Furthermore, gender-related sociodemographic characteristics (gender, sexual orientation, and gender identity) seem to be associated with mental health indicators (e.g. Ross et al., 2018). However, to the bes...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives High self-criticism and a low self-reassurance and self-compassion have found to play a key role in the development of college students’ depressive symptoms. The current pilot study was conducted in Iran with the aim to evaluate the effectiveness of an 8-session outpatient compassionate mind training (CMT) on symptoms of depression, ange...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance of the Self-Compassion Scale by IRT differential test functioning in ten distinct populations (n = 13623 participants) from ten different countries: Australia (n = 517), China (n = 321), Czech Republic (n = 5081), Germany (n = 2510), Italy (n = 384), Portugal (n = 512), Slovakia (n...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is a massive global health crisis with damaging consequences to mental health and social relationships. Exploring factors that may heighten or buffer the risk of mental health problems in this context is thus critical. Whilst compassion may be a protective factor, in contrast fears of compassion increase vulnerabi...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have linked compassion with higher vagally-mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV), a measure of parasympathetic activity, and metanalytic evidence confirmed significant and positive associations. Compassion, however, is not to be confused with soothing positive emotions: in order to engage in actions aimed to alleviate (self or othe...
Article
Full-text available
Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating mental health disorder that can easily become a treatment-resistant condition. Although effective therapies exist, only about half of the patients seem to benefit from them when we consider treatment refusal, dropout rates, and residual symptoms. Thus, providing effective augmentation to standar...
Article
The aim of this study was to test the multilevel multidimensional finite mixture item response model of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) to cluster respondents and countries from 13 samples ( N = 7,714) and from 12 countries. The practical goal was to learn how many discrete classes there are on the level of...
Article
AIM: To pilot-test the effectiveness of a online compassion-focused crisis intervention for persons who were diagnosed with brief psychotic disorder and were still at high risk for a psychotic episode at the Italian announcement of lockdown on March 9th, 2020. METHODS: Six patients who, at the moment of the lockdown, were treated through different...
Article
In recent years, increasing interest has been devoted to the physiological basis of self and other-oriented compassion. Heart rate variability (HRV) represents a promising candidate for such a role, given its association with soothing emotions and context appropriate prefrontal inhibitory control over threat-defensive responses. The aim of this stu...
Article
In this study, different factor analysis models were employed to test the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) in 11 distinct populations (n = 15,266) in different countries. The results strongly suggest that the most appropriate use of the SCS is to measure levels of Self-Compassionate responding (positive items) and Self-Uncompassionate responding (negati...
Article
Full-text available
We explored the differences among 327 lesbian, gay, and/or bisexual (LGB) individuals on the dimensions of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Positive Identity Measure (LGB-PIM), a recently developed instrument to assess positive facets of LGB identity. We evaluated the relationship between the dimensions of LGB-PIM and self-relating processes (self-cr...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) in terms of Item Response Theory differential test functioning in thirteen distinct samples (N = 7714) from twelve different countries. We assessed differential test functioning for the three FSCRS subscales...
Chapter
Full-text available
Il libro che qui presentiamo al pubblico italiano rappresenta a nostro avviso uno strumento che coniuga due pregi assai rari: una coerenza espositiva e scientifica, nonché una fruibilità e trasferibilità pratica. "Mindful Compassion" (Gilbert e Choden 2013) si prefigge infatti l'ambizioso (e riteniamo raggiunto) obiettivo di integrare in maniera op...
Article
Purpose Humans evolved within the mammalian line as a highly social species. Indeed, sociality has been a major driver of human social intelligence. From birth, social relationships have emotional and self‐regulating properties and operate through different body systems. This paper will explore how heart rate variability (HRV), an index of the vaga...
Article
Full-text available
There is considerable evidence that self-criticism plays a major role in the vulnerability to and recovery from psychopathology. Methods to measure this process, and its change over time, are therefore important for research in psychopathology and well-being. This study examined the factor structure of a widely used measure, the Forms of Self-Criti...
Poster
Heart Rate Variability as a psychophysiological biomarker of affect regulation in adolescents
Article
Full-text available
The full-text of the article is available here https://rdcu.be/WX1o There is considerable evidence that self-criticism plays a major role in the vulnerability to and recovery from psychopathology. Methods to measure this process, and its change over time, are therefore important for research in psychopathology and wellbeing. This study examined th...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Several studies suggest that self‐criticism and self‐reassurance operate through different mechanisms and might interact with each other. This study examined the hypothesis that self‐reassurance serves as a buffer between self‐criticism and depressive symptoms in a way that self‐esteem, which is rooted in a different motivational system,...
Article
Full-text available
The development of the compassionate self, associated with practices such as slow and deeper breathing, compassionate voice tones and facial expressions and compassionate focusing, is central to Compassion-Focused Therapy. This study explores the impact of a 2-week compassionate mind training (CMT) program on emotional, self-evaluative and psychopa...
Article
Full-text available
The early identification of ruminative processes in children and early adolescents is particularly important to prevent the development of a stable ruminative style in later stages of development. The present study first aimed at validating a child-friendly tool, Kid Rumination Interview (KRI), to be used in a sample aged 7–12 years (n = 100; 50% f...
Article
Objectives. The present study was aimed at investigating the factorial structure and the construct validity of the Italian translation of the Fears of Compassion (FC) Scales in a non clinical sample [i.e. Fear of Compassion From Others (FCFO), Fear of Compassion Towards Others (FCTO), and Fear of Self-Compassion (FSC)]. An exploratory factor analys...
Article
Full-text available
Background Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women represent one of the highest-risk populations for depressive symptomatology and disorders, with young LGB adults being at greatest risk. To date, there have been no randomized controlled trials (RCT) to specifically target depressive symptoms in young LGB adults. This is despite research hig...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution of mammalian caregiving involving hormones such as oxytocin, vasopressin and the myelinated vagal nerve as part of the ventral parasympathetic system, enables humans to connect, co-regulate each other’s emotions and create prosociality. Compassion-based interventions draw upon a number of specific exercises and strategies to stimulate...
Article
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a promising tool for the treatment of depression and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) is often targeted when exploring tDCS effects on mood. However, the basic effects of tDCS on momentary emotions are inconsistent. We tested whether a single-session of anodal tDCS over the left temporal l...
Article
Full-text available
Gianfranco Piccirillo,1 Cristina Ottaviani,2 Claudia Fiorucci,1 Nicola Petrocchi,2 Federica Moscucci,1 Claudia Di Iorio,1 Fabiola Mastropietri,1 Ilaria Parrotta,1 Matteo Pascucci,1 Damiano Magrì3 1Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrological, Anestesiological and Geriatric Sciences, “Sapienza” University, 2Neuroimaging Laboratory, IRCCS...
Article
Accumulating research suggests that shame can strongly contribute to the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Interventions that promote self-compassion have shown promise for reducing shame related to various clinical problems, but this approach has not been systematically evaluated for traumatized individuals. The...
Article
Full-text available
We tested whether a mirror could enhance the efficacy of a self-compassion manipulation in increasing soothing positive affect and heart rate variability (HRV). Eighty-six participants generated four phrases they would use to soothe and encourage their best friend. Second, they described an episode where they criticized themselves and were assigned...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, a growing interest has emerged in the beneficial effects of positive social interactions on health. The present work aims to review animal and human studies linking social interactions and health throughout the lifespan, with a focus on current knowledge of the possible mediating role of opioids and oxytocin. During the prenatal pe...
Article
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Anxiety disorders may not only be characterized by specific symptomatology (e.g., tachycardia) in response to the fearful stimulus (primary problem or first-level emotion) but also by the tendency to negatively evaluate oneself for having those symptoms (secondary problem or negative meta-emotion). An exploratory study was conducted driven by the h...
Conference Paper
Introduction Reviews evidenced the benefits of forgiveness and self-forgiveness for psycho-physical health. However the relationship between these two constructs and mindfulness has not yet been explored. The present study examined the relationship between the different facets of mindfulness and both interpersonal and self-forgiveness. We also expl...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction Insomnia, defined as the subjective inability to get satisfactory sleep, is a distressing and invalidating condition impinging on daily functioning, compromising social relations and working performance. Mindful disposition, and the capacity to let go and non-striving may facilitate cognitive and physiological de-activation implied in...
Article
Self-compassion is increasingly explored as a protective factor in relation to psychopathology. The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and its Short Form variant (SCS-SF) are the most widely used instruments for measuring this psychological construct, and previous studies have indeed shown that the total score of this scale is negatively associated with p...
Article
Despite promising theory and numerous intervention studies, longitudinal explorations of the protective properties of mindful disposition with respect to psychopathology are still scarce. The present study tested the theorized pro- tective role of mindfulness facets with respect to depressive symptoms and rumination over time in a non-clinical samp...
Article
Full-text available
Conventional treatments for mood disorders primarily focus on reducing negative affect, but little on enhancing positive affect. Loving-kindness meditation (LKM) is a traditional meditation practice directly oriented toward enhancing unconditional and positive emotional states of kindness towards oneself and others. We report here two independent a...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the factorial structure, internal consistency, and construct validity of the Italian version of the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3. The test has been administered in a mixed sample of anxiety disorder patients and non-clinical participants, along with measures of anxiety sensitivity, depression and anxiety. Participants with differ...
Article
Full-text available
Facebook (FB) and Twitter are popular social networking sites. This study examined differences between those who use both sites versus only FB, to test the hypothesis that mono-users differ in their personality characteristics from users active in both websites. Participants were 205 undergraduate students: 96 only used FB, 109 used FB and Twitter....
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The list of empirically-supported treatments by the Division 12 of the APA has generated a great deal of controversy. Using a method recommended for meta-ana- lytic studies, we examined the methodological quality of 18 studies that formed one of the original lists of empirically supported treatments for adult disorders. Method: Two indep...