Nicola Masini

Nicola Masini
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Heritage Science - ISPC

Deputy Director of CNR-ISPC, Professor of Architectural restoration in the School of Architecture of Univ. of Basilicata

About

319
Publications
91,668
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Introduction
CNR Research Director, Deputy Director of CNR- Institute of Heritage Science (Resp. Unit of Potenza), Visiting Professor of CAS-Beijing, Professor of Architectural restoration at Basilicata University, Director of ITACA Mission in Peru. His research is focused on: 1) Remote sensing in Archaeology 2) non-invasive sensing technologies for architectural heritage conservation, 3) dynamics of human frequentation and environmental changes in the Andean civilizations
Additional affiliations
March 2020 - March 2020
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Managing Director
October 2019 - February 2020
CNR-ISPC
Position
  • Senior Researcher
October 2019 - February 2020
CNR-ISPC (Istituto di Scienze del Patrimonio Culturale)
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (319)
Conference Paper
In many countries of Southern America, Asia and Middle East clandestine excavations affect more than other man-made and natural risks archaeological heritage. Direct and aerial surveillance are not always suitable for protection and monitoring sites of cultural interest. This favoured the use of Very high resolution satellite data for the detection...
Article
Imaging radar has been dramatically developed over the past decades enabling a better understanding of cultural heritage from a microwave perspective. Nonetheless, a dedicated survey and analysis of the performance of such technology in cultural heritage monitoring and management is required. In order to fill this gap, we first review the technolog...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing availability of multiplatform, multiband, very-high-resolution (VHR) satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data has attracted the attention of a growing number of scientists and archeologists. In particular, over the last two decades, archeological research has benefited from SAR development mainly due to its unique ability to acq...
Article
Full-text available
Humidity is one of the most frequent causes of damage to the architectural heritage. An effective and non-invasive way to detect the presence of humidity and identify the possible causes, from capillary rise to infiltration and condensation, is infrared thermography. The paper shows and describes the results from terrestrial and UAV-based (Unmanned...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is focused on the archaeological area of Metaponto (Mexomov-nov) and its territory, located in southern Italy. The area played an important role for the agricultural economy and the traffic of goods and people, from the south of Italy towards the central regions, starting from the Neolithic period, and reaching the zenith with the Greek...
Article
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Illegal archaeological excavations, generally denoted as looting, is one of the most important damage factors to cultural heritage, as it upsets the human occupation stratigraphy of sites of archaeological interest. Looting identification and monitoring are not an easy task. A consolidated instrument used for the detection of archaeological feature...
Article
Knowledge and management of areas with various cultural and natural assets represent both a challenge and an opportunity: a challenge, since it is not so trivial to analyse and to correlate different assets in the same geographic area, and an opportunity, since it represents a chance for scientific cooperation, communication, and dissemination of a...
Poster
Full-text available
Ghost Town: abandonment versus regeneration in the frame of human and territorial resilience
Book
Full-text available
The Heritage Within (HWITHIN) European Research Project aimed to develop an innovative approach to present buildings and archaeological ruins. The project proposed to implement state-of-the-art technologies to produce an innovative visualization of the cultural heritage by showing what is hidden to our naked eye and the unknown, nonvisible features...
Article
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The Middle Ages have been traditionally considered a crisis period due to the demographic decrease and economic deterioration occurred in Western Europe. Nevertheless, the historical reconsideration has been focused not only on decline and decay, but also on resilience and recovery which characterized the Europe of the fourteenth and fifteenth cent...
Book
Full-text available
Recent developments in VR and AR (Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality) applications have opened up multiple paths of knowledge and visualization. State-of-the-art applications take advantage of the availability of real-time 3D models characterized by increasing complexity. At the same time, non-real-time forms of visualization have evolved, these...
Article
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Unmanned aerial vehicles are currently the most used solution for cultural heritage in the field of close range and low altitude acquisitions. This work shows data acquired by multitemporal and multispectral aerial surveys in the archaeological site of San Vincenzo al Volturno (Molise, Italy). The site is one of the most important medieval archaeol...
Article
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By analysing the technical advantages and characteristics of imaging radar in cultural heritage, we provide new insights for the future development of cutting-edge Digital Heritage approaches through technical integration and interdisciplinary synergy.
Article
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Looting is the major source of artefacts for the antiquities market. Specific measures are needed to fight the whole chain of the illicit activities undertaken by criminal organizations (from the excavation to the selling of the artefacts), and they should be devised for each phase of such illegal activities. The development and use of appropriate...
Article
Full-text available
The literature in the field of archaeological predictive models has grown in the last years, looking for new factors the most effective methods to introduce. However, where predictive models are used for archaeological heritage management, they could benefit from using a more speedy and consequently useful methods including some well-consolidated f...
Article
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In recent years, the impact of Climate change, anthropogenic and natural hazards (such as earthquakes, landslides, floods, tsunamis, fires) has dramatically increased and adversely affected modern and past human buildings including outstanding cultural properties and UNESCO heritage sites. Research about protection/monitoring of cultural heritage i...
Article
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The currently available tools and services as open and free cloud resources to process big satellite data opened up a new frontier of possibilities and applications including archeological research. These new research opportunities also pose several challenges to be faced, as, for example, the data processing and interpretation. This letter is abou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The church of San Francesco della Scarpa is a church in the historic center of Lecce (Southern Italy), so called in the 16th century when the minor friars who lived in the destroyed convent of Santa Maria del Tempio were divided into conventual and observant: the former wore shoes unlike the seconds. The church has had static stability problems in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the field of the conservation of cultural heritage, non-invasive tests often represent the only way to monitor the conservation state of monuments and work of arts. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) plays a fundamental role in identifying and assessing the presence of failures and degradation affecting cultural heritage. This paper deals with the u...
Article
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The authors wish to make the following corrections to this paper [1]: Due to mislabeling, replace: Figure 6Typical Neolithic settlements in the Tavoliere delle Puglie: (a) settlement of Masseria Schifata; (b) settlement of Passo di Corvo [36] [...]
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Cultural heritage is a key element of our history. The ancient monuments and archaeological sites enrich our societies and help us to connect to our cultural origins. Many processing techniques showed high potential for monitoring and evaluating settlement induced damage to critical structures and specifically to cultural heritage. An increase in t...
Article
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The use of satellite radar in landscape archaeology offers great potential for manifold applications, such as the detection of ancient landscape features and anthropogenic transformations. Compared to optical data, the use and interpretation of radar imaging for archaeological investigations is more complex, due to many reasons including that: (i)...
Article
Most of the artistic heritage in the Mediterranean basin is hosted in rupestrian hypogeum whose peculiarity is given by the presence of at least one open side, which makes them particularly sensitive to meteorological conditions. This makes mandatory the monitoring of both indoor and outdoor environmental parameters to analyze the cause–effect rela...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most complex challenges of heritage sciences is the identification and protection of buried archaeological heritage in urban areas and the need to manage, maintain and inspect underground services. Archaeology and geophysics, used in an integrated way, provide an important contribution to open new perspectives in understanding both the h...
Article
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This paper is focused on the use of satellite Sentinel-2 data for assessing their capability in the identification of archaeological buried remains. We selected the "Tavoliere delle Puglie" (Foggia, Italy) as a test area because it is characterized by a long human frequentation and is very rich in archaeological remains. The investigations were per...
Article
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In recent years, very high-resolution satellite remote-sensing tools have been progressively used in archaeological prospecting to acquire information and improve documentation. Satellite remote sensing has also benefited from technical improvements, including better spectral and spatial resolution of sensors, which have facilitated the detection a...
Book
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This book investigates the added value that satellite technologies and remote sensing could provide for a more sustainable mapping, monitoring and management of heritage sites, be it for purposes of regular maintenance or for risk mitigation in case of natural or man-caused hazards. One of the major goals of this book is to provide a clear overview...
Article
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Cultural heritage is the creative expression of a people’s presence in the past. It represents a driving force to create, develop, and consolidate the sense of identity, belonging, and citizenship, as well as a means to appreciate the diversity of people and develop a policy for peace and mutual understanding. Furthermore, heritage is a source of e...
Article
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Archaeological and cultural heritage (ACH), one of the core carriers of cultural diversity on our planet, has a direct bearing on the sustainable development of mankind. Documenting and protecting ACH is the common responsibility and duty of all humanity. It is governed by UNESCO along with the scientific communities that foster and encourage the u...
Article
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The abandonment of inhabited places is a phenomenon that concerns many countries worldwide and Italy particularly where a large number of deserted settlements are hosted. Many are the factors driving and conditioning the abandonment of a site, such as natural extreme events (e.g. earthquakes, landslides, and floods) and/or human (not) actions. Once...
Chapter
Illegal excavations represent one of the main risks which affect archaeological heritage throughout the world. Actions oriented to quantify damage and prevent looting can be supported by satellite technologies which can provide reliable information to detect and map devastation phenomenon in particular for remote or non-accessible sites. In these c...
Chapter
Digital data is stepping in its golden age characterized by an increasing growth of both classical and emerging big earth data along with trans- and multidisciplinary methodological approaches and services addressed to the study, preservation and sustainable exploitation of cultural heritage (CH). The availability of new digital technologies has op...
Chapter
This paper provides an overview on the application of satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technology in archaeology. The growing developments of space SAR technologies in terms of observational capabilities (spatial, spectral, radiometric, and temporal coverage) had made the use of these technologies very attractive for archaeological investig...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides an evaluation of spectral responses of hollow ways in Upper Mesopotamia. Hollow ways were used for the transportation of animals, carts, and other moving agents for centuries. The aim is to show how the success of spectral indices varies in describing topologically simple features even in a seemingly homogeneous geographic unit....
Article
Remote sensing, nowadays, is one of the main technology used in the field of cultural heritage, thanks to its non-invasiveness in a such a delicate subject of study[1]. Thanks to the improvement and creation of new sensors, it is used in many study cases that varies from conservation analysis in monuments[2], frescoes[3], rose-windows[4], wall pain...
Chapter
Full-text available
Aerial survey is one of the most effective non invasive methods for the archaeological prospection Historically, aerial photography has been the first remote sensing tool extensively used for digital archaeology for surveying emerging archaeological remains as well as for detecting underground archaeological structures through the reconnaissance of...
Article
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Abstract Through time, the large ceremonial centers of the Peruvian pre-Hispanic coast have played an important role as Pachacamac, renowned for its famous oracle, which was an important site for cult and pilgrimage, where the use of water entered largely into ritual functions during Inca age and before. The sanctuary’s landscape included sea, vall...
Article
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This paper deals with the approach used to create the digital cultural heritage map (hereafter, c.h.) of the mountain village of Cancellara and its territory, located in Basilicata, Southern Italy. The map is thought to be an exhaustive georeferenced catalogue of sites of cultural interest to bring fresh insights and new life to the c.h. and suppor...
Article
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This study presents the potential of multi-frequency electromagnetic induction (EMI) in archaeology. EMI is currently less employed for archaeological prospection with respect to other geophysical techniques. It is capable of identifying shallow subsurface relics by simultaneously measuring the apparent electrical conductivity (ECa) and apparent ma...
Article
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The identification and quantification of disturbance of archaeological sites has been generally approached by visual inspection of optical aerial or satellite pictures. In this paper, we briefly summarize the state of the art of the traditionally satellite-based approaches for looting identification and propose a new automatic method for archaeolog...
Article
Full-text available
A promising application field of geophysics is monitoring and analysis of the state of conservation of works of art, such as wall paintings including frescoes. To this aim, two are the issues to address: the choice of the most appropriate survey instrument and method, and the analysis and interpretation of data coming from the survey, after their p...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a state of the art of the use of declassified satellite Corona for archaeological application and deals with the use of historical archives of Corona and aerial photographs for detecting ancient hidden cultural relics that may be completely lost in the modern landscape veiled by current land uses and land covers. Geospatial anal...
Article
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Even if, in recent decades, the use of remote sensing technologies (from satellite, aerial and ground) for archaeology is stepping into its golden age, in Southern America geophysics for preventive archaeology is more recent and less used than in Europe, Central America and Middle East. In this paper, we provide a brief overview and show the prelim...
Chapter
Full-text available
The “ATHENA” H2020 Twinning project seeks to establish a Center of Excellence in the field of Remote Sensing for Cultural Heritage through the development of an enhanced knowledge base and innovative methods in the areas of Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. This paper presents an overview of the ATHENA twinning project as well a review of the remo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The project aims to establish a “Remote Sensing Science Center for Cultural Heritage” in Cyprus. The Center foresees to support the current Cultural Heritage (CH) needs through the systematic exploitation of Earth Observation technologies. For the establishment of the center, the existing Remote Sensing and Geo-Environment Research Laboratory of th...
Article
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Despite the recognized effectiveness of LiDAR in penetrating forest canopies, its capability for archaeological prospection can be strongly limited in areas covered by dense vegetation for the detection of subtle remains scattered over morphologically complex areas. In these cases, an important contribution to improve the identification of topograp...
Article
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Google Earth (GE), a large Earth-observation data-based geographical information computer application, is an intuitive three-dimensional virtual globe. It enables archaeologists around the world to communicate and share their multisource data and research findings. Different from traditional geographical information systems (GIS), GE is free and ea...
Article
The Self-Organizing Feature Map (SOFM) is one of the most popular neural network models, recently also adopted in archaeology to improve and enhance, on the basis of the availability of information and archaeological records, our understanding of the long-term human settlements and their evolution. In this paper, SOFM has been applied to classify p...
Data
Archaeological looting feature extraction approach (ALFEA). Partial results from the ALFEA processing steps. Case study: Dura Europos (Syria)
Article
Full-text available
Over the last fifteen years, studies on cultural heritage (CH) have assumed a methodological, cultural, and scientific perspective, aimed at creating an area in which to carry out frontier research to be replicated in other domains. Based on the use of technologies and methodological approaches, and stemming from other domains with the goal of conn...