Nicola Bianco

Nicola Bianco
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Industrial Engineering

PhD

About

252
Publications
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4,730
Citations

Publications

Publications (252)
Article
The open volumetric receiver, one of the most important components of a Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plant, is made up by a ceramic foam on which the concentrated solar radiation impinges. Ceramic foams are employed in volumetric solar receivers because of their high specific surfaces and their operating temperatures higher than those of metal fo...
Article
Buildings account for an important share of global energy consumption and CO2 emissions, so increasing energy efficiency in buildings is essential to ensure an energy transition and sustainable development. In this study, we evaluate the energy benefits obtained through the application of a double-skin façade (passive façade). Subsequently, this is...
Article
This paper presents a semi-empirical model for mass and heat transfer applied to de-watering and cooling of fresh leafy vegetables. This process aims at optimizing vegetables’ moisture content and temperature through the interaction with conditioned airflows to ensure proper storage and preservation. It is implemented in different modules – i.e., a...
Article
The building sector is – directly or indirectly – the first pillar for application of technologies aimed at reducing energy wastes. To achieve sustainable growth goals, worldwide, the building stock needs to be re-developed from the energy viewpoint. This study focuses the attention on the building envelope, since it is the primary subsystem throug...
Article
Finned heat sinks equipped with phase change materials to store and release large amounts of thermal energy and metal foams to increase overall thermal conductivity are a promising solution for heat transfer surfaces thermal management. These devices need to be properly designed in order to achieve an optimal trade-off between fundamental objective...
Article
Buildings are responsible for around 40% of energy consumption and CO2-eq emissions at the European Union (EU) level, thus, it is widely recognized that the pathway towards sustainability should pass through an important renovation of the building stock. This study proposes a novel approach for planning the energy retrofit of neighborhoods of build...
Article
Environmental problems have offered new challenges to the energy production sector, starting from the need of increasing the efficiency of thermodynamic systems to preserve fuel consumption. Accordingly, multi-energy generation systems are among the most efficient generation systems, and Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSGs) represent key componen...
Article
Buildings account for around one third of World energy consumption and polluting emissions, thus their energy retrofit is crucial aiming at reducing the human impact on the environment. In this context, worldwide, public grant policies and stringent requirements have been adopted to promote energy efficiency in the building sector. This study propo...
Article
The accurate simulation of energy performance is fundamental to design low energy buildings – newly-built or after refurbishment – and thus to promote sustainability. However, this is an involved task requiring high complexity in modeling and simulation. Most accurate building energy simulation tools are not user-friendly for building professionals...
Article
This study offers deep insights into the link between climatic stress and building heating performance. Two representative Italian residential buildings – existing and newly-built, respectively – are investigated by predicting heating demand for 63 locations, covering all typical national climates. Two simulation software are used – i.e., TERMUS® a...
Article
The thermal performance of several engineering devices, such as heat exchangers, volumetric solar receivers and thermal energy storage systems, is improved by open-cell metal or ceramic foams. Among them functionally-graded foams, through which morphological characteristics are variable, look promising. Heat transfer and pressure drop in a function...
Article
Buildings account for about 36% of CO 2 emissions and 40% of energy consumption at EU level. Thus, a deep renovation of the building stock is fundamental to achieve the sustainability targets established worldwide. Accordingly, the study proposes an integrated approach for energy modeling and retrofit planning of districts/ neighborhoods of buildin...
Article
Phase Change Materials (PCM) are promising materials for thermal energy storage systems. Since they present a relatively low thermal conductivity, they are often embedded in an open cell a metallic foam to enhance the overall thermal conductivity. In this paper, both experimental and numerical results on PCMs coupled with aluminum foams under diffe...
Article
In several research fields, e.g., the miniaturization of electronic components, new solutions for heat management are required and metal foam heat sinks can be a worthy solution. These latter provide the crucial challenge of heat transfer augmentation by limiting pressure drops, which presents a typical multi-objective optimization problem. In this...
Article
In recent times, the inter-building effect has been deeply investigated because it can highly affect building energy performance. Thus, reliable energy simulations of a single building can require to model the effects of surrounding buildings. This can imply complex models, and consequently high computational burden. The study aims at investigating...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, the results of a numerical code based on the porous media Local Thermal Non-Equilibrium (LTNE) and the apparent heat capacity methods, are compared with experiments aiming at a preliminary validation. The test cell consists in a 50 mm aluminum foam cube filled with a paraffin wax, heated and cooled on the same face. The heat flux is m...
Article
Full-text available
Open-cell foams are promising to enhance heat transfer in many applications, such as electronics cooling. Though heat transfer coefficients are low, natural convection in open-cell foams is used in low-end applications, as consumer electronics or switching devices. In this paper air natural convection in a vertical channel equipped with an open-cel...
Article
Open-cell metal foams are promising materials for heat transfer augmentation, due to their tortuosity and high specific surface area. The volume-averaging technique under the assumption of local thermal non-equilibrium between the solid and fluid phases is often used to model devices equipped with open-cell foams; it requires an accurate knowledge...
Article
The necessity to predict building energy performance assumes a predominant role today. Present regulations in energy matter introduce pressing objectives for the energy requalification of buildings. Within spring 2020, EU Member States must adopt the European Directive 2018/844, which focuses the attention on present buildings. It establishes new o...
Article
An existing industrial building ubicated in South Italy is investigated by applying a tailored approach to optimize energy retrofit. The baseline provides high energy consumption, which needs to be tackled to promote the transition towards more sustainable buildings. Accordingly, after a detailed energy audit, the building is modeled and simulated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, the analytical model of the heat transfer through a two-layers wall is developed. The main novelty consists into considering also the extraflux versus both the celestial vault and the ground, which are usually assessed by adopting simplified methodologies suggested by standards. The validation of the model is performed by means of th...
Article
A comprehensive multi-objective optimization framework is proposed to address the energy retrofit of typical villas on Mediterranean coastlines. Primary energy consumption and global cost are minimized using a Pareto approach. Two different construction technologies (i.e., a lightweight house in reinforced concrete and a massive tuff-made villa), i...
Article
Full-text available
This study performs the energy analysis of a real industrial building, located near Naples (South Italy). The used approach includes three phases: development of the energy model, model calibration based on monitored data and optimization of photovoltaic (PV) integration. Monitored data provide the monthly overall electricity demands of the facilit...
Article
Thermal energy storage systems have increasingly attracted researchers and engineers in the last decades, not only because they permit to overcome the mismatch between thermal energy supply and demand in solar thermal systems, but also because they have the potential to improve the power grid reliability and flexibility, as they allow, for example,...
Article
Full-text available
The present work concerns the energy retrofit of a public educational building at the University of Molise, located in Termoli, South Italy. The study provides a comparison of the results obtained by different dynamic simulations of passive strategies to improve thermal comfort and energy behavior of the building during the summer regime. Firstly,...
Article
Purpose Recently, the porous media theory has been successively proposed for many bioengineering applications. The purpose of this paper is to analyze if the porous media theory can be applied to model radiofrequency (RF) cardiac ablation. Design/methodology/approach Blood flow, catheter and tissue are modeled. The latter is further divided into a...
Article
Many strategies are under investigation to reduce the environmental impact of the building stock. Among them, the implementation of optimal operation strategies of the HVAC (heating, ventilating and air conditioning) systems plays a fundamental role because it can produce substantial energy-economic savings and increment of thermal comfort. In this...
Article
The high efficiency of concentrated solar power (CSP) in energy conversion makes it a very attractive device for using solar energy as a substitute of nonrenewable energy sources. The open volumetric receiver plays an important role in the performance of a CSP. The optimized design of solar receiver implies the thorough knowledge of the heat transf...
Article
Full-text available
Most of the retrofit processes applied to existing buildings are frequently targeted at reducing energy consumption over the building lifetime, neglecting possible interactions with other sources of uncertainty. On the contrary, recent Italian earthquakes highlighted the need to couple energy aspects with structural retrofit design to avoid tragic...
Article
Full-text available
The Climate Change scenario projected by the IPCC for the year 2050 predicts noticeable increases in temperature. In severe summer climates, such as the Mediterranean area, this would have very negative effects on thermal comfort in the existing housing stock, given the current high percentage of dwellings which are obsolete in energy terms and hou...
Article
The comprehensive optimization of building energy design is fundamental to promote sustainability but it is an arduous issue that involves a huge domain of variables and objectives. The proposed investigation addresses this issue through a novel comprehensive framework – Harlequin – that performs a multi-phase and multi-objective design optimizatio...
Article
Full-text available
Their relatively high thermal conductivity makes metal open-cell foams promising heat transfer enhancers for lightweight applications. Conduction occurs through both solid and fluid phases, depending on the material and the microstructure. The effective conductivity of a foam is predicted by means of analytical and numerical methods, based on both...
Article
Full-text available
Latent thermal energy storage systems using phase change materials (PCMs) represent an effective way of storing thermal energy because of high-energy storage density and the isothermal nature of the storage process. In the current study, the charging and discharging characteristics of a lab-scale latent heat storage (LHTES) prototype for cooling ap...
Article
A significant part of the housing stock in southern Europe is obsolete and in need of extensive retrofitting to improve its energy performance and thermal comfort. However, before adequate retrofit measures can be proposed for this housing stock, the characterization of current building performance is fundamental. Although the simulation tools freq...
Article
Highly porous cellular media such as plastic, ceramic and metal foams present specific characteristics that make them interesting for a number of applications related to thermal engineering. In many of these applications, thermal radiation heat transfer can have a significant, ranging from a 20–30% effect for plastic foam insulation to becoming the...
Article
It is well known that the manufacturing process of open-cell foams slightly elongates their struts in one direction, thus making them anisotropic; in turn, anisotropy affects foam characteristics. Furthermore, actual foams can be characterized with reference to a Representative Volume Element (RVE), defined as the cubic sub-volume having the same c...
Article
The paper proposes a multi-objective optimization approach to address the energy design of the building envelope. A genetic algorithm (GA) is implemented by means of the coupling between MATLAB ® and EnergyPlus to minimize primary energy consumption (PEC), energy-related global cost (GC) and discomfort hours (DH). The design variables concern the s...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to underline the variability of constructions in Mediterranean regions, where different climates, architectural techniques and kinds of building uses determine different optimal energy refurbishments of residential buildings placed on the coastline. More in detail, by considering two different construction technologies (i.e., a ligh...
Article
Boundary layer effects for Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) concentration problems in a multi-layer artery model are analyzed in this work. Both a straight artery and aorta-iliac bifurcation are analyzed. Mass, momentum and species governing equations are based on the porous media theory and solved with the commercial finite-element based code COMSOL...
Article
Full-text available
Thermal energy storage systems can be determinant for an effective use of solar energy, as they allow to decouple the thermal energy production by the solar source from thermal loads, and thus allowing solar energy to be exploited also during nighttime and cloudy periods. The current study deals with the modelling and simulation of a cooling therma...
Chapter
Hospitals are complex structures that require the highest energy intensity of the building sector. Thus, in both cases of new construction and retrofit, their proper energy design and management are a critical issue, because these must consider all levers of energy performance, from the building envelope to the operation and efficiency of energy sy...
Chapter
This chapter investigates strategies for approaching the energy refurbishment of historic buildings, by proposing, beyond a general methodology aimed at guaranteeing feasibility of the design, its application to two cases studies in the context of South Italy, in a typical Mediterranean climate according to the Köppen classification.According to th...
Chapter
The reliable assessment of building energy performance requires significant computational times. The chapter handles this issue by proposing an original methodology that employs artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict the energy behavior of all buildings of an established category. The ANNs are generated in MATLAB by using EnergyPlus simulatio...
Article
Full-text available
The public hand has a demonstrative role in matter of energy efficiency of owned or occupied buildings. Here, the energy audit of a high-rise university building is proposed. The methodology adopts the Cost-Optimal approach, as imposed by the European guidelines (EU Directive 2010/31/EU), based on feasibility studies performed with transient energy...
Article
Full-text available
A previous study has evidenced the poor energy performances of a building owned by the University of Naples Federico II. In detail, a reliable energy audit, by means of calibrated input, has been performed, and it revealed energy requests, polluting emissions and energy costs very high. By taking into consideration the exemplary role of the public...
Article
Full-text available
Open-cell foams have the potential to offer heat transfer enhancement in many applications, such as heat exchangers, solar air receivers, porous burners, thanks to their high heat transfer surface to volume ratio and to tortuosity, that promotes the internal flow mixing. Their microstructural transport features are affected by foam anisotropy, and...
Article
The geometry of the arteries at or near arterial bifurcation influences the blood flow field, which is an important factor affecting arteriogenesis. The blood can act sometimes as a non-Newtonian fluid. However, many studies have argued that for large and medium arteries, the blood flow can be considered to be Newtonian. In this work a comprehensiv...
Conference Paper
Most European buildings were built before 1980s without any seismic provisions and without any design concerns for energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. Over the last decade, due to the low rate of new buildings, the attention of practitioners focused on the refurbishment of existing buildings. However, recent Italian earthquakes high...
Article
In this work, an operation strategy for a biomass-fired combined cooling, heating and power system, composed of a cogeneration unit, an absorption chiller, and a thermal energy storage system, is formulated in order to satisfy time-varying energy demands of an Italian cluster of residential multi-apartment buildings. This operation strategy is adop...
Article
The climate evolution towards a progressive increase of Earth's temperature is leading to many worrying consequences, involving different aspects of World life. Among them, a specific focus should be given to the resilience of building energy design to global warming, since the efficiency and effectiveness of energy conservation measures over time...
Article
In recent years, Monte Carlo numerical methods have increased utilization to characterize the radiative properties of open cell solid foams. A great interest has been also observed in recent literature in methodologies to digitally generate foam-like structures to be used in Monte Carlo simulations. These approaches enable researchers to overcome t...
Article
Full-text available
Most European buildings built before 1980s were constructed without any design concern for energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. In addition to this issue, over the last decades, the essential need of safer buildings has progressively attracted the interest of scientific community and government institutions. However, the strong inter...
Article
Scientific literature about energy retrofit focuses on single buildings, but the investigation of whole building stocks is particularly worthy because it can yield substantial energy, environmental and economic benefits. Hence, how to address large-scale energy retrofit of existing building stocks? The paper handles this issue by employing a methodolog...
Article
Building activity is the sector that affects for the most part the anthropogenic climate change. Indeed, even if differences can be found among countries, according to the level of development and climates, buildings require about 30–40% of the overall energy demand, with similar share concerning the greenhouse emissions. According to the more rece...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, Distributed Energy Systems (DESs) have been recognized as a good option for sustainable development of future energy systems. With growing environmental concerns, design optimization of DESs through economic assessments only is not sufficient. To achieve long-run sustainability of energy supply, the key idea of this paper is to inv...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, a new approach for the design of air conditioning systems with cold thermal energy storage is described and tested, considering the case study represented by a vapor-compression chiller, coupled with a chilled water storage system, producing cooling for a small multi-apartment building situated in Italy. In the present approach, at th...
Article
Full-text available
This work focuses on the experimental validation of a numerical tool realized to simulate a commercial hot water storage tank. The tool implements unsteady 1D models to simulate the temporal evolution of the temperature field inside the hot water storage tank, and the one relative to the heat transfer fluid flowing through the immersed coil heat ex...
Article
Full-text available
This work aims to present the results of an energetic and economic analysis of a biomass fueled CCHP system operating according to different design configurations. The investigated system consists of a biomass-fueled cogeneration unit, an absorption chiller, a thermal energy storage system and a cold one, providing electricity, heat and cooling to...
Conference Paper
It is a fact that most European buildings built before 80ies were constructed without any design concern for energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. In addition to this issue, over the last decades, the essential need of safer buildings has progressively attracted the interest of scientific community and government institutions. However...
Article
In recent years, distributed energy systems (DESs) have been recognized as a promising option for sustainable development of future energy systems, and their application has increased rapidly with supportive policies and financial incentives. With growing concerns on global warming and depletion of fossil fuels, design optimization of DESs through...
Article
The cost-optimal analysis provides the most cost-effective energy retrofit solutions. This can strongly support the deep renovation of buildings. However, an outstanding question arises: How to achieve the robust assessment of cost-optimal solutions, feasible for any building? The paper answers this question by proposing a new multi-stage framework...