Nick F Ramsey

Nick F Ramsey
University Medical Center Utrecht | UMC Utrecht · Department of Neurosciences and Pharmacology

About

375
Publications
46,295
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14,184
Citations

Publications

Publications (375)
Article
Implantable brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) promise to be a viable means to restore communication in individuals with locked-in syndrome (LIS). In 2016, we presented the world-first fully implantable BCI system that uses subdural electrocorticography electrodes to record brain signals and a subcutaneous amplifier to transmit the signals to the out...
Poster
Background Lesion-symptom mapping is a key tool in understanding the relationship between brain structures and behavior. However, the behavioral consequences of lesions from different etiologies may vary as a result of how they affect brain tissue, and how they are distributed. The inclusion of different etiologies would increase the statistical po...
Article
Objective: Implanted Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) employ neural signals to control a computer and may offer an alternative communication channel for people with locked-in syndrome (LIS). Promising results have been obtained using signals from the sensorimotor (SM) area. However, in earlier work on home-use of an electrocorticography (ECoG)-bas...
Preprint
Development of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology is key for enabling communication in individuals who have lost the faculty of speech due to severe motor paralysis. A BCI control strategy that is gaining attention employs speech decoding from neural data. Recent studies have shown that a combination of direct neural recordings and advanced...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Speech decoding from brain activity can enable development of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) to restore naturalistic communication in paralyzed patients. Previous work has focused on development of decoding models from isolated speech data with a clean background and multiple repetitions of the material. In this study, we describe a novel approac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Completely locked-in patients suffer from paralysis affecting every muscle in their body, reducing their communication means to brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). State-of-the-art BCIs have a slow spelling rate, which inevitably places a burden on patients' quality of life. Novel techniques address this problem by following a bio-mimetic approach, w...
Article
The neurobiological mechanisms underlying the effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) remain unclear. Here, we examined the spatial acute effect of THC on human on regional brain activation or blood flow (hereafter called ‘activation signal’) in a ‘core’ network of brain regions from 372 participants, tested using a within-subject repeated me...
Article
Full-text available
Positive blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) responses (PBR), as measured by functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), are the most utilized measurements to non-invasively map activity in the brain. Recent studies have consistently shown that BOLD responses are not exclusively positive. Negative BOLD responses (NBR) have been reported in r...
Article
Full-text available
For cortical motor activity, the relationships between different body part representations is unknown. Through reciprocal body part relationships, functionality of cortical motor areas with respect to whole body motor control can be characterized. In the current study, we investigate the relationship between body part representations within individ...
Article
Full-text available
Intracranial human recordings are a valuable and rare resource of information about the brain. Making such data publicly available not only helps tackle reproducibility issues in science, it helps make more use of these valuable data. This is especially true for data collected using naturalistic tasks. Here, we describe a dataset collected from a l...
Article
Background and Objectives The restoration of touch to fingers and fingertips is critical to achieving dexterous neuroprosthetic control for individuals with sensorimotor dysfunction. However, localized fingertip sensations have not been evoked via intracortical microstimulation (ICMS). Methods Using a novel intraoperative mapping approach, we impl...
Preprint
Background The neurobiological mechanisms underlying the effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) remain unclear. Here, we examined the spatial acute effect of THC on human on regional brain activation or blood flow (hereafter called ‘activation signal’) in a ‘core’ network of brain regions that subserve a multitude of processes. We also inves...
Conference Paper
Motion capture systems are extensively used to track human movement to study healthy and pathological movements, allowing for objective diagnosis and effective therapy of conditions that affect our motor system. Current motion capture systems typically require marker placements which is cumbersome and can lead to contrived movements.Here, we descri...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Electrocorticography (ECoG) based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) can be used to restore communication in individuals with locked-in syndrome. In motor-based BCIs, the number of degrees-of-freedom, and thus the speed of the BCI, directly depends on the number of classes that can be discriminated from the neural activity in the sensorimot...
Article
Full-text available
Several neuroimaging studies have shown the somatotopy of body part representations in primary somatosensory cortex (S1), but the functional hierarchy of distinct subregions in human S1 has not been adequately addressed. The current study investigates the functional hierarchy of cyto-architectonically distinct regions, Brodmann areas BA3, BA1, and...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The development of Brain-Computer Interfaces to restore communication (cBCIs) in people with severe motor impairment ideally relies on a close collaboration between end-users and other stakeholders, such as caregivers and researchers. Awareness about potential differences in opinion between these groups is crucial for development of usab...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intracranial human recordings are a valuable and rare resource that the whole neuroscience community can benefit from. Making such data available to the neuroscience community not only helps tackle the reproducibility issues in science, it also helps make more use of this valuable data. The latter is especially true for data collected using natural...
Article
Full-text available
Electrophysiological signals in the human motor system may change in different ways after deafferentation, with some studies emphasizing reorganization while others propose retained physiology. Understanding whether motor electrophysiology is retained over longer periods of time can be invaluable for patients with paralysis (e.g. ALS or brainstem s...
Article
Language difficulties of children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) have been associated with multiple underlying factors and are still poorly understood. One way of investigating the mechanisms of DLD language problems is to compare language-related brain activation patterns of children with DLD to those of a population with similar langu...
Article
Defining eloquent cortex intraoperatively, traditionally performed by neurosurgeons to preserve patient function, can now help target electrode implantation for restoring function. Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) have the potential to restore upper-limb motor control to paralyzed patients but require accurate placement of recording and stimulating...
Preprint
Full-text available
Electrophysiological signals in the human motor system may change in different ways after deafferentation, with some studies emphasizing reorganization while others propose retained physiology. Understanding whether motor electrophysiology is retained over longer periods of time can be invaluable for patients with paralysis (e.g. ALS or brainstem s...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have been proposed as an assistive technology (AT) allowing people with locked-in syndrome (LIS) to use neural signals to communicate. To design a communication BCI (cBCI) that is fully accepted by the users, their opinion should be taken into consideration during the research and development process....
Article
Many American and Dutch adolescents use marijuana regularly. There is concern that such use may impair cognitive function more in adolescents than adults. We examined effects of regular marijuana use on long-term memory and perseveration among American and Dutch adolescents. We administered Buschke's Selective Reminding Test (BSRT) to assess long-t...
Preprint
Full-text available
In electrocorticography (ECoG), the physical characteristics of the electrode grid determine which aspect of the neurophysiology is measured. For particular cases, the ECoG grid may be tailored to capture specific features, such as in the development and use of brain-computer-interfaces (BCI). Neural representations of hand movement are increasingl...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeFunctional MRI is not routinely used for neurosurgical planning despite potential important advantages, due to difficulty of determining quality. We introduce a novel method for objective evaluation of fMRI scan quality, based on activation maps. A template matching analysis (TMA) is presented and tested on data from two clinical fMRI protoc...
Article
Full-text available
The above article was published online with an incorrect affiliation.
Article
Asynchronous motor Brain Computer Interfacing (BCI) is characterized by the continuous decoding of intended muscular activity from brain signals. Such applications have gained widespread interest for enabling users to issue commands volitionally. In conventional motor BCIs features extracted from brain signals are concatenated into vector- or matri...
Preprint
Full-text available
For cortical motor activity, the relationships between different body part representations is unknown. Through reciprocal body part relationships, functionality of cortical motor areas with respect to whole body motor control can be characterized. In the current study, we investigate the relationship between body part representations within individ...
Article
Full-text available
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a usable technique to determine hemispheric dominance of language function, but high-quality fMRI images are difficult to acquire in young children. Here we aimed to develop and validate an fMRI approach to reliably determine hemispheric language dominance in young children. We designed two new tasks...
Article
Full-text available
During binocular rivalry, perception spontaneously changes without any alteration to the visual stimulus. What neural events bring about this illusion that a constant stimulus is changing? We recorded from intracra- nial electrodes placed on the occipital and posterior temporal cortex of two patients with epilepsy while they experienced illusory ch...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of using the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex as a signal source for brain-computer interface control in people with severe motor impairment. We implanted two individuals with locked-in syndrome with a chronic brain-computer interface designed to restore independent communication. The implanted...
Article
Full-text available
Background The main goal of this functional MRI (fMRI) study was to examine whether cognitive deficits in glioma patients prior to treatment are associated with abnormal brain activity in either the central executive network (CEN) or default mode network (DMN). Methods Forty-six glioma patients, and 23 group-matched healthy controls (HC) participa...
Article
Full-text available
There is ongoing debate regarding the extent to which human cortices are specialized for processing a given sensory input versus a given type of information, independently of the sensory source. Many neuroimaging and electrophysiological studies have reported that primary and extrastriate visual cortices respond to tactile and auditory stimulation,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Many brain tumor patients suffer from fatigue which severely affects their quality of life. There is a lack of objective measurements for fatigue in brain tumor patients. We aimed to find a neurophysiological correlate for fatigue in brain tumor patients. For this purpose, we correlated brain activity associated with phasic alertness wit...
Article
Full-text available
Various brain regions are implicated in speech processing, and the specific function of some of them is better understood than others. In particular, involvement of the dorsal precentral cortex (dPCC) in speech perception remains debated, and attribution of the function of this region is more or less restricted to motor processing. In this study, w...
Article
Full-text available
Research on how the human brain extracts meaning from sensory input relies in principle on methodological reductionism. In the present study, we adopt a more holistic approach by modeling the cortical responses to semantic information that was extracted from the visual stream of a feature film, employing artificial neural network models. Advances i...
Preprint
Defining eloquent cortex intraoperatively, traditionally performed by neurosurgeons to preserve patient function, can now help target electrode implantation for restoring function. Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) have the potential to restore upper-limb motor control to paralyzed patients but require accurate placement of recording and stimulating...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how the human brain processes auditory input remains a challenge. Traditionally, a distinction between lower- and higher-level sound features is made, but their definition depends on a specific theoretical framework and might not match the neural representation of sound. Here, we postulate that constructing a data-driven neural model...
Article
During binocular rivalry, perception spontaneously changes without any alteration to the visual stimulus. What neural events bring about this illusion that a constant stimulus is changing? We recorded from intracranial electrodes placed on the occipital and posterior temporal cortex of two patients with epilepsy while they experienced illusory chan...
Preprint
The restoration of cutaneous sensation to fingers and fingertips is critical to achieving dexterous prosthesis control for individuals with sensorimotor dysfunction. However, localized and reproducible fingertip sensations in humans have not been reported via intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) in humans. Here, we show that ICMS in a human partic...
Article
Full-text available
For some experimental approaches in brain imaging, the existing normalization techniques are not always sufficient. This may be the case if the anatomical shape of the region of interest varies substantially across subjects, or if one needs to compare the left and right hemisphere in the same subject. Here we propose a new standard representation,...
Article
In this study we used fMRI to examine whether defining a stimulus as a target affects brain activation associated with a verbal working memory task. Seventeen healthy right-handed volunteers performed a Sternberg task with 3 consonants as memory set. We performed a region of interest based fMRI analysis to examine differences in brain activity patt...
Article
Full-text available
The Brain Imaging Data Structure (BIDS) is a community-driven specification for organizing neuroscience data and metadata with the aim to make datasets more transparent, reusable, and reproducible. Intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) data offer a unique combination of high spatial and temporal resolution measurements of the living human brai...
Article
Full-text available
For people suffering from severe paralysis, communication can be difficult or nearly impossible. Technology systems called brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are being developed to assist these people with communication by using their brain activity to control a computer without any muscle activity. To benefit the development of BCIs that employ neur...
Article
Full-text available
The sensorimotor cortex is a frequently targeted brain area for the development of Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) for communication in people with severe paralysis and communication problems (locked-in syndrome; LIS). It is widely acknowledged that this area displays an increase in high-frequency band (HFB) power and a decrease in the power of th...
Preprint
Full-text available
The folding of the human cortex complicates extraction of position information and recognition of patterns across the cortical surface. As straight lines correspond better to our intuitions in spatial orientation, we developed an approach for imposing Cartesian grids on portions of the cortical surface, which can then be represented in a rectangula...
Article
A required response forces the brain to react overtly on a stimulus. This may be a factor that influences cognitive activity during a task, as it could facilitate for instance alertness, especially in tasks that are relatively easy. In the current article, we therefore tested the hypothesis that response frequency affects cognitive brain activity i...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research shows that people can use a cue to mentally prepare for a cognitive challenge. The response to a cue has been defined as phasic alertness which is reflected in faster responses and increased activity in frontal, parietal, thalamic, and visual brain regions. We examine if and how phasic alertness can be tuned to the expected diffic...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are being developed to restore reach and grasping movements of paralyzed individuals. Recent studies have shown that the kinetics of grasping movement, such as grasp force, can be successfully decoded from electrocorticography (ECoG) signals, and that the high-frequency band (HFB) power changes provide d...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: We investigated the long-term functional stability and home use of a fully implanted electrocorticography (ECoG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) for communication by an individual with late-stage Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Methods: Data recorded from the cortical surface of the motor and prefrontal cortex with an implan...
Article
Cannabis produces a broad range of acute, dose-dependent psychotropic effects. Only a limited number of neuroimaging studies have mapped these effects by examining the impact of cannabis on resting state brain neurophysiology. Moreover, how genetic variation influences the acute effects of cannabis on resting state brain function is unknown. Here w...
Article
Full-text available
For severely paralyzed people, Brain‐Computer Interfaces (BCIs) can potentially replace lost motor output and provide a brain‐based control signal for augmentative and alternative communication devices or neuroprosthetics. Many BCIs focus on neuronal signals acquired from the hand area of the sensorimotor cortex, employing changes in the patterns o...
Article
Full-text available
The sensorimotor cortex is responsible for the generation of movements and interest in the ability to use this area for decoding speech by brain–computer interfaces has increased recently. Speech decoding is challenging however, since the relationship between neural activity and motor actions is not completely understood. Non-linearity between neur...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) data offer a unique combination of high spatial and temporal resolution measures of the living human brain. However, data collection is limited to highly specialized clinical environments. To improve internal (re)use and external sharing of these unique data, we present a structure for storing and sharing...
Article
Background Brain tumor patients often have cognitive deficits, which can greatly affect their socio-professional life. Previous studies have shown that a healthy brain already shows changes in activation before it has to perform a task, so called ‘phasic alertness’. In this study we examined if brain tumor patients show abnormal brain activity asso...
Article
Background Working memory (WM) is an essential brain function that is involved in many cognitive tasks. Previous functional MRI studies in healthy subjects have shown that WM load correlates with activation in the central executive network (CEN), and deactivation in the default mode network (DMN). Brain tumor patients often have cognitive deficits,...