Nicholas Palmisano

Nicholas Palmisano
Stony Brook University | Stony Brook · Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

19
Publications
1,602
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237
Citations

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Angioblasts that form the major axial blood vessels of the dorsal aorta and cardinal vein migrate towards the embryonic midline from distant lateral positions. Little is known about what controls the precise timing of angioblast migration and their final destination at the midline. Using zebrafish, we found that midline angioblast migration require...
Article
Full-text available
Chromatin remodelers such as the SWI/SNF complex coordinate metazoan development through broad regulation of chromatin accessibility and transcription, ensuring normal cell cycle control and cellular differentiation in a lineage-specific and temporally restricted manner. Mutations in genes encoding the structural subunits of chromatin, such as hist...
Article
Full-text available
The helix-loop-helix transcription factor hlh-2 (E/Daughterless) has been shown to play an important role in regulating cell fate patterning, cell cycle, and basement membrane invasion in the context of the development of the C. elegans somatic gonad. Here, using CRISPR/Cas9 genome engineering, we generated a new hlh-2 allele (hlh-2(Δ-1303-702)) in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Chromatin remodelers such as the SWI/SNF complex coordinate metazoan development through broad regulation of chromatin accessibility and transcription, ensuring normal cell cycle control and cellular differentiation in a lineage-specific and temporally restricted manner. Mutations in genes encoding the structural subunits of chromatin, such as hist...
Article
Full-text available
The auxin-inducible degron (AID) system has emerged as a powerful tool to conditionally deplete proteins in a range of organisms and cell types. Here, we describe a toolkit to augment the use of the AID system in Caenorhabditis elegans. We have generated a set of single-copy, tissue-specific (germline, intestine, neuron, muscle, pharynx, hypodermis...
Article
Full-text available
Cell proliferation and quiescence are intimately coordinated during metazoan development. Here, we adapt a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) sensor to uncouple these key events of the cell cycle in C. elegans and zebrafish through live-cell imaging. The CDK sensor consists of a fluorescently tagged CDK substrate that steadily translocates from the nucl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Scientific research experiences are beneficial to students allowing them to gain laboratory and problem-solving skills, as well as foundational research skills in a team-based setting. We designed a laboratory module to provide a guided research experience to stimulate curiosity, introduce students to experimental techniques, and provide students w...
Preprint
Full-text available
The auxin-inducible degron (AID) system has emerged as a powerful tool to conditionally deplete proteins in a range of organisms and cell-types. Here, we describe a toolkit to augment the use of the AID system in Caenorhabditis elegans. We have generated a set of single-copy, tissue-specific (germline, intestine, neuron, muscle, hypodermis, seam ce...
Preprint
Full-text available
During organismal development, differential regulation of the cell cycle is critical to many cell biological processes, including cell fate specification and differentiation. While the mechanisms of cell cycle regulation are well studied, how control of the cell cycle is linked to differentiated cellular behavior remains poorly understood, mostly d...
Article
Full-text available
Cellular invasion is a key part of development, immunity, and disease. Using the in vivo model of C. elegans anchor cell invasion, we characterize the gene regulatory network that promotes cell invasion. The anchor cell is initially specified in a stochastic cell fate decision mediated by Notch signaling. Previous research has identified four conse...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cellular invasion is a key part of development, immunity, and disease. Using the in vivo model of C. elegans anchor cell invasion, we characterize the gene regulatory network that promotes invasive differentiation. The anchor cell is initially specified in a stochastic cell fate decision mediated by Notch signaling. Previous research has identified...
Article
Autophagy involves the sequestration of cytoplasmic contents in a double-membrane structure referred to as the autophagosome and the degradation of its contents upon delivery to lysosomes. Autophagy activity has a role in multiple biological processes during the development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Basal levels of autophagy are requi...
Article
Full-text available
Macroautophagy/autophagy involves the formation of an autophagosome, a double-membrane vesicle that delivers sequestered cytoplasmic cargo to lysosomes for degradation and recycling. Closely related, endocytosis mediates the sorting and transport of cargo throughout the cell, and both processes are important for cellular homeostasis. However, how e...
Article
A common way to measure the induction of autophagy in yeast and mammalian cells is to compare the amount of Atg8/LC3-I with that of Atg8-PE/LC3-II by using western blot analysis. This is because changes in the amount of LC3-II correlate closely with changes in the number of autophagosomes present in cells. Atg8/LC3 is initially synthesized as an un...
Article
RNA interference (RNAi) is a process that results in the sequence-specific silencing of endogenous mRNA through the introduction of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, RNA inactivation can be used at any specific developmental stage or during adulthood to inhibit a given target gene. Investigators can take advantage...
Article
Autophagy is a dynamic and catabolic process that results in the breakdown and recycling of cellular components through the autophagosomal-lysosomal pathway. Many autophagy genes identified in yeasts and mammals have orthologs in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. In recent years, gene inactivation by RNA interference (RNAi) and chromosomal mutat...
Article
Autophagy plays an active role during the early stages of embryogenesis in the nematode Caenorhab- ditis elegans. Although their exact function is unknown, P granules are ribonucleoprotein particles that play a role in germ cell specification. The localization of P granules is restricted to the germline precursor cells in wild-type embryos, as a re...
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy and endocytosis are dynamic and tightly regulated processes that contribute to many fundamental aspects of biology including survival, longevity, and development. However, the molecular links between autophagy and endocytosis are not well understood. Here, we report that BEC-1, the C. elegans ortholog of Atg6/Vps30/Beclin1, a key regulato...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
 I work with C. elegans and I am quantifying colocalization events in intestinal cells between two fluorescent reporters, one green and the other red. One of the reporters is an intergrated array, while the other is an extrachromosomal array. The extrachromosomal array is not expressed equally in the intestinal cells between all animals. I was planning to use a region of interest (ROI) to quantify the colocalization events, however, since the ROI's will vary between animals, I feel this will result in inconsistencies in the results. Does anyone have any suggestions as to how I may approach this problem? Thank you.

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