Nicholas S Hopkinson

Nicholas S Hopkinson
Imperial College London | Imperial · National Heart and Lung Institute

MA PhD FRCP

About

452
Publications
45,464
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12,640
Citations
Additional affiliations
Imperial College London
Position
  • Professor of Respiratory Medicine

Publications

Publications (452)
Article
Background Oscillatory positive expiratory pressure (OPEP) devices are intended to facilitate sputum clearance and reduce cough, but there is limited evidence for their effectiveness in COPD, or to guide patient selection. We aimed to assess the impact of OPEP therapy on quality of life and objective measures of cough and sleep disturbance in patie...
Article
(275 words) Background Lung cancer screening programs provide an opportunity to support people who smoke to quit, but the most appropriate model for delivery remains to be determined. Immediate face to face smoking cessation support for people undergoing screening can increase quit rates, but it is not known whether remote delivery of immediate sm...
Preprint
INTRODUCTION Although e-cigarettes can be an effective form of nicotine substitution for adults attempting to quit smoking, their use among children and young people is a concern. Accurate data about this are needed to inform debates over policy and regulation in the UK and elsewhere. METHODS Using data from an online survey of 2,613 people aged 1...
Article
Full-text available
Background Understanding the factors driving acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is key to reducing their impact on human health and well-being. Methods 5997 people with COPD, mean 66 years, 64% female, completed an online survey between December 2020 and May 2021 about living with COPD, developed by the charity Ast...
Preprint
Background The development of optimal strategies to treat impaired mobility related to ageing and chronic disease requires better ways to detect and measure it. Digital health technology, including body worn sensors, has the potential to directly and accurately capture real-world mobility. Mobilise-D consists of 34 partners from 13 countries who ar...
Preprint
Background Most smokers take up their habit in adolescence. Risk factors for smoking are changing over time as demographics shift, and technologies such as social media create new avenues for the tobacco industry to recruit smokers. We assessed risk factors associated with smoking uptake among a representative cohort of UK adolescents. Methods Dat...
Preprint
Understanding the factors driving acute exacerbations of COPD is key to reducing their impact on human health and wellbeing. 5997 patients, mean 66 years, 64% female, completed an online survey between December 2020 and May 2021 about living with COPD developed by the charity Asthma+Lung UK. The 3731(62.2%) reporting frequent(≥2/year) exacerbations...
Preprint
Background Lung cancer screening programs provide an opportunity to support smokers to quit, but the most appropriate model for delivery remains to be determined. Immediate face to face smoking cessation support for people undergoing screening can increase quit rates, but it is not known whether remote delivery of immediate smoking cessation counse...
Article
Full-text available
Background There are few evidence-based interventions for long COVID; however, holistic approaches supporting recovery are advocated. We assessed whether an online breathing and wellbeing programme improves health related quality-of-life (HRQoL) in people with persisting breathlessness following COVID-19. Methods We conducted a parallel-group, sin...
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Background Smoking is often colloquially considered “social”. However, the actual relationship of smoking with current and future social isolation and loneliness is unclear. We therefore examined these relationships over a 12-year follow-up. Methods In this cohort study, we used a nationally representative sample of community dwelling adults aged...
Article
Objectives: Lung cancer screening programmes offer an opportunity to address tobacco dependence in current smokers. The effectiveness of different approaches to smoking cessation in this context has not yet been established. We investigated if immediate smoking cessation support, including pharmacotherapy, offered as part of a lung cancer screenin...
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Introduction The impact of acute COVID-19 on people with asthma appears complex, being moderated by multiple interacting disease-specific, demographic and environmental factors. Research regarding longer-term effects in this group is limited. We aimed to assess impacts of COVID-19 and predictors of persistent symptoms, in people with asthma. Metho...
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Background Risk factors for severe COVID-19 include older age, male sex, obesity, black or Asian ethnicity and underlying medical conditions. Whether these factors also influence susceptibility to developing COVID-19 is uncertain. Methods We undertook a prospective, population-based cohort study (COVIDENCE UK) from 1 May 2020 to 5 February 2021. B...
Article
Rationale Dietary nitrate supplementation improves skeletal muscle oxygen utilisation and vascular endothelial function. We hypothesised that these effects might be sufficient to improve exercise performance in patients with COPD and hypoxia severe enough to require supplemental oxygen. Methods We conducted a single-centre, double-blind, placebo-c...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To investigate the experience of people who continue to be unwell after acute COVID-19, often referred to as ‘long COVID’, both in terms of their symptoms and their interactions with healthcare. Design We conducted a mixed-methods analysis of responses to a survey accessed through a UK online post-COVID-19 support and information hub, b...
Article
Full-text available
Singing is an increasingly popular activity for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Research to date suggests that ‘Singing for Lung Health’ may improve various health measures, including health-related quality-of-life. Singing and breathing are closely linked processes affecting one another. In this narrative review, we explo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reporting participant ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) in clinical research is needed for interpretation and to inform discussion around health inequalities. We assessed the frequency of reporting of ethnicity (or ‘race’) and SES indicators in a sample of 100 research articles, in which participant level are reported, published in the 10 hi...
Article
Interventions to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 have been associated with substantial reductions in exacerbations of airways diseases, likely through reduced transmission of other respiratory viruses. We surveyed 4442 people with airways disease (asthma=3627, bronchiectasis=258, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease=557) to gauge attitudes and in...
Article
Full-text available
Physical mobility is essential to health, and patients often rate it as a high-priority clinical outcome. Digital mobility outcomes (DMOs), such as real-world gait speed or step count, show promise as clinical measures in many medical conditions. However, current research is nascent and fragmented by discipline. This scoping review maps existing ev...
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The takeover of Vectura, a healthcare company specialising in inhaled medication, by Philip Morris International raises serious ethical concerns. The European Respiratory Society notes that "health professionals will avoid prescribing drugs from any company that enriches the tobacco industry due to the ethical implications". People with chronic obs...
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Full-text available
Background Dietary nitrate supplementation, usually in the form of beetroot juice, may improve exercise performance and endothelial function. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to establish whether this approach has beneficial effects in people with respiratory disease. Methods A systematic search of records up to March 2021 was pe...
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Full-text available
Introduction Music and dance are increasingly used as adjunctive arts-in-health interventions in high-income settings, with a growing body of research suggesting biopsychosocial benefits. Such low-cost, low-resource interventions may have application in low-resource settings such as Uganda. However, research on perceptions of patients and healthcar...
Article
Physical activity (PA) is of key importance for health among healthy persons and individuals with COPD. PA has multiple dimensions that can be assessed and quantified objectively using activity monitors. Moreover, as shown in the published literature, variable methodologies have been used to date to quantify PA among individuals with COPD, precludi...
Article
Studies assessing exercise ventilatory responses during real-life exercise in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) which include patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease are scarce. We assessed the ventilatory response to stairclimbing in patients with idiopathic PAH (IPAH) and congenital heart disease-associated PAH with Eisenmenger (EIS)...
Article
Background: Reduced physical activity is common in COPD and is associated with poor outcomes. Physical activity is therefore a worthy target for intervention in clinical trials, however, trials evaluating physical activity have used heterogeneous methodologies. Research question: What is the available evidence on the efficacy and/or effectivenes...
Article
Full-text available
Ationale Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and smoking are characterised by pulmonary inflammation. ¹⁸ F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) imaging may improve knowledge of pulmonary inflammation in COPD patients and aid early development of novel therapies as an imaging biomarker. Objective...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Participating in singing is considered to have a range of social and psychological benefits. However, the physiological demands of singing and its intensity as a physical activity are not well understood. Methods We compared cardiorespiratory parameters while completing components of Singing for Lung Health sessions, with treadmill wa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Music and dance are increasingly used as adjunctive arts-in-health interventions in high-income settings, with a growing body of research suggesting biopsychosocial benefits. Such low-cost, low-resource interventions may have application in low-resource settings such as Uganda. However, research on perceptions of patients and healthca...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: There has been a substantial reduction in admissions to hospital with exacerbations of airways diseases during the COVID19 pandemic, likely because measures introduced to prevent the spread of SARSCoV2 also reduced transmission of other respiratory viruses. The acceptability to patients of continuing such interventions beyond the pand...
Article
Full-text available
An individual's experience of COPD is determined by many factors in addition to the pathological features of chronic bronchitis and emphysema and the symptoms that derive directly from them. Multimorbidity is the norm rather than the exception, so most people with COPD are living with a range of other medical problems which can decrease overall qua...
Article
Full-text available
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) following hospitalisations for acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) is associated with improved exercise capacity and quality of life, and reduced readmissions. However, referral for, and uptake of, post-hospitalisation PR are low. In this prospective cohort study of 291 consecutive hospitalisations for AECOPD, COPD dis...
Article
Introduction Although mean physical activity in COPD patients declines by 400•500 steps/day annually, it is unknown whether the natural progression is the same for all patients. We aimed to identify distinct physical activity progression patterns using a hypothesis-free approach and to assess their determinants. Methods We pooled data from two coh...
Conference Paper
Background The COVID-19 pandemic is having profound psychological impacts on populations globally, with increasing levels of stress, anxiety, and depression being reported, especially in people with pre-existing medical conditions who appear to be particularly vulnerable. There are limited data on the specific concerns people have about COVID-19 an...
Conference Paper
Objectives To assess the experience of people with long-term respiratory conditions regarding the impact of measures to reduce risk of COVID-19. Design Analysis of data (n=9,515) from the Asthma UK and British Lung Foundation partnership COVID-19 survey collected online between 1st and 8th of April 2020. Setting Community Participants 9,515 peop...
Conference Paper
Background Lung volume reduction (LVR) can transform the lives of patients with severe emphysema. Patient selection is predicated by the quantification of emphysema distribution using computed tomography (CT) and lobar perfusion using single photon emission CT perfusion scintigraphy (SPECTPS). We hypothesize contrast-enhanced dual energy CT (DECT)...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Daily-PROactive and Clinical visit-PROactive Physical Activity (D-PPAC and C-PPAC) instruments in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) combines questionnaire with activity monitor data to measure patients’ experience of physical activity. Their amount, difficulty and total scores range from 0 (worst) to 100 (best) but require...
Article
Background: Smokers without airflow obstruction have reduced exercise capacity, but the underlying physiological mechanisms are not fully understood. Aim: To compare quadriceps function assessed using non-volitional measures, and ventilatory requirements during exercise, between smokers without airway obstruction and never-smoker controls. Stud...
Article
Background The association between current tobacco smoking, the risk of developing symptomatic COVID-19 and the severity of illness is an important information gap. Methods UK users of the Zoe COVID-19 Symptom Study app provided baseline data including demographics, anthropometrics, smoking status and medical conditions, and were asked to log thei...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic is having profound psychological impacts on populations globally, with increasing levels of stress, anxiety, and depression being reported, especially in people with pre-existing medical conditions who appear to be particularly vulnerable. There are limited data on the specific concerns people have about COVID-19 an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Participating in singing is considered to have a range of social and psychological benefits. However, the physiological demands of singing, whether it can be considered exercise, and its intensity as a physical activity are not well understood. We therefore compared cardiorespiratory parameters while completing components of Singing for Lung Health...
Preprint
Full-text available
Participating in singing is considered to have a range of social and psychological benefits. However, the physiological demands of singing, whether it can be considered exercise, and its intensity as a physical activity are not well understood. We therefore compared cardiorespiratory parameters while completing components of Singing for Lung Health...
Article
Full-text available
Background Many trials supporting the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) have used specialist exercise equipment, such as treadmills and cycle ergometers. However, access to specialist equipment may not be feasible in some settings. There is growing interest in delivering PR programmes with minimal, low-cost equipment, but uncertainty remain...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Singing for lung health (SLH) is a popular arts-in-health activity for people with long-term respiratory conditions. Participants report biopsychosocial benefits, however, research on impact is limited. The ‘SLH: Improving Experiences of Lung Disease trial’, a randomised controlled, single (assessor) blind, trial of 12 weeks SLH versus...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To establish what proportion of patients completing a UK pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programme meet the 2018 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) guideline (NG115) criteria to have a respiratory review to establish whether referral to a lung volume reduction multidiscipli...
Conference Paper
Background: Spirometry is necessary to diagnose patients with COPD. However, additional physiological testing is used to identify patients with gas trapping (high residual volume (RV)) who may benefit from lung volume reduction (LVR) therapy. These tests are costly and technically demanding. Aim: To evaluate a previously reported model to predict...
Article
Full-text available
Standardised packaging of tobacco products is intended to reduce the appeal of smoking, but the tobacco industry claims this increases illicit trade. We examined the percentage of people reporting being offered illicit cigarettes before and after full implementation of standardised packaging in the UK, Ireland and France and compared this to other...
Article
Introduction Although mean physical activity in COPD patients declines by 400–500 steps/day annually, it is unknown whether the natural progression is the same for all patients. We aimed to identify distinct physical activity progression patterns using a hypothesis-free approach and to assess their determinants. Methods We pooled data from two coh...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To explore the experiences and perceived impact on health and well-being related to participation in a dance group for people with chronic respiratory disease (CRD). Design An exploratory qualitative study using thematic analysis of semistructured interviews. Setting A community dance group in a UK health centre. Participants Convenie...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To assess the experience of people with long-term respiratory conditions regarding the impact of measures to reduce risk of COVID-19. Design: Analysis of data (n=9515) from the Asthma UK and British Lung Foundation partnership COVID-19 survey collected online between 1 and 8 April 2020. Setting: Community. Participants: 9515 peop...
Preprint
Full-text available
Standardised packaging of tobacco products is intended to reduce the appeal of smoking, but the tobacco industry claims this increases illicit trade. We examined the percentage of people reporting being regularly offered illicit cigarettes before and after implementation of standardised packaging in the United Kingdom, Ireland and France and compar...