Nicholas Holt

Nicholas Holt
The University of Calgary | HBI

PhD

About

194
Publications
176,485
Reads
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8,349
Citations
Citations since 2017
55 Research Items
4799 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
Additional affiliations
July 2004 - present
University of Alberta
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (194)
Article
Full-text available
Background Pediatric obesity management can be successful, but some families discontinue care prematurely (i.e., attrition), limiting treatment impact. Attrition is often a consequence of barriers and constraints that limit families’ access to obesity management. Family Navigation (FN) can improve access, satisfaction with care, and treatment outco...
Article
Flourishing is a conceptualisation of mental health that considers an individual’s emotional, psychological, and social well-being. Research has indicated that coaches and student-athletes may impact each other’s flourishing, but the process through which this may happen is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate how coaches and athle...
Article
Motivational interviewing (MI) is an evidence‐based counseling approach that can help individuals make positive behavioral and cognitive changes for managing obesity. We conducted a scoping review to summarize evidence on fidelity and key elements of MI‐based interventions for managing adolescent obesity and examine the reporting of these intervent...
Preprint
BACKGROUND : Pediatric obesity management can be successful, but some families discontinue care prematurely ( i.e., attrition), limiting treatment impact. Attrition is often a consequence of barriers and constraints that limit families’ access to obesity management. Family Navigation (FN) can improve access, satisfaction with care, and treatment ou...
Article
Background: Obesity interventions for parents of children with obesity can improve children's weight and health. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated whether a parent-based intervention based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) principles was superior to a parent-based intervention based on a psychoeducation program (PEP) in improving...
Article
The main objective of this study was to examine Portuguese and Brazilian coaches' and researchers' perceptions of the factors that influence the knowledge translation processes in sport. Data were collected via focus groups with 36 coaches and 25 researchers from both countries. Results of a reflexive thematic analysis were captured by the themes:...
Article
The purposes of this paper were to (a) describe and assess the use of grounded theory methodology (GTM) in sport psychology over the past 11 years and (b) provide some guidance for best practices moving forward. Following a brief summary of the history of GTM, we present the results of a rapid review of seven sport psychology journals from 2009 to...
Article
The objectives of this study were to explore life skills development and learning contexts among members of the China women's national soccer teams. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 members of the China women's national soccer teams. Data were subjected to inductive and deductive analytic procedures. Data pertaining to life skills...
Article
Full-text available
Mental health is a state of well-being that allows individuals to navigate the challenges of their work and function productively in their daily life (WHO, 2018). Due to the stressors and challenges coaches face, it is important to understand how coaches who are mentally healthy (i.e., flourishing; Keyes, 2002) protect and promote their mental heal...
Article
The purposes of this study were to (a) examine coaches’ perspectives on contribution through sport and (b) obtain their feedback on a previously established definition of contribution. Data were collected via focus groups with 13 coaches from a variety of individual and team sports (M age = 33 years, SD = 11.1). Focus group transcripts were analyse...
Article
Background Stakeholders can provide valuable input to improve scheduling pediatric ambulatory clinic appointments, a complex process that requires effective planning and communication between parents, administrative staff, and clinicians. The purpose of our study was to characterize recommendations from parents, administrative staff, and clinicians...
Article
Mental health is an important resource for student-athletes. Flourishing (Keyes, 2002) may be a useful concept for examining aspects of mental health. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate mental health protective factors among flourishing Canadian university student-athletes over the course of their sport season. Initially, 36 Ca...
Article
Objective Scheduling ambulatory clinic appointments includes a complex set of factors and diverse stakeholders. Families, administrative staff and clinicians may have varied experiences with scheduling clinic appointments. The objective of our study was to understand stakeholders’ perceptions and experiences with scheduling pediatric ambulatory cli...
Article
The acquisition of psychological skills and characteristics (PSCs) is an important aspect of career development in sport. PSCs may equip athletes with resources they need to navigate career transitions. Little attention has been paid to the development of PSCs in the careers of professional ice hockey players. Therefore, the purpose of this study w...
Article
Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) may experience stress in physical activity contexts due to emphasis on their poor motor skills. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of children at risk for DCD in physical education in order to develop a deeper understanding about what they experience as stress and h...
Article
Positive Youth Development (PYD) is an asset‐building approach to youth development research and practice that emphasizes enhancing strengths and developing potential in all youth. This chapter explains how PYD emerged and the ways in which it has been applied to sport. It details the origins of PYD, and discusses conceptual approaches to PYD and a...
Chapter
Originating in the field of developmental psychology, positive youth development (PYD) is an asset-building approach to youth development research and practice that emphasizes enhancing strengths and developing potential in all youth (Lerner, 2017). Extracurricular programmes designed to promote PYD typically include (a) positive and sustained rela...
Article
The purpose of this study was to identify and examine how sport parents engage in autonomy-supportive parenting in the family home setting. A total of 44 parents and children from 19 families were initially interviewed. Data from these families were profiled to identify seven families that adopted a highly autonomy-supportive parenting style. The s...
Article
Purpose: The financial costs associated with organized sport and recreation programs can act as salient barriers to child and youth participation. Programs that provide financial assistance to parents to support engagement may help alleviate these barriers, however little is known about how these programs actually impact families. This study examin...
Article
The overall purpose of this study was to explore athletes’ perceptions of pragmatic leadership in award-winning Canadian youth football coaches. Using a qualitative description methodology, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 men who had been coached by 5 award-winning youth football coaches. The coaches were classified as pragmatic l...
Poster
Full-text available
PURPOSE to identify the properties of contribution and establish a theoretical definition of contribution through sport.
Poster
Full-text available
The overall purpose of this study was to examine the “inner lives” of indoor youth soccer parents throughout the course of a season. The term inner lives refers to the aspects of being a sport parent that occurred not just at sporting events but also in the family home, in car rides, and during other interactions in the family setting. Data were co...
Poster
Full-text available
The purpose of this research was to explore how National Hockey League (NHL) players developed mental skills over the course of their careers. Retrospective semi-structured interviews were conducted with six current or former NHL players. Participants had 1-13 seasons of NHL experience (M years of NHL experience = 9, SD = 4). Interview transcripts...
Article
The purpose of this three-year, multi-phase community-based participatory research (CBPR) programme was to explore how to support Indigenous youth activity programmes and programme planners in Alberta, Canada. This CBPR programme was comprised of five phases: (1) Identifying mutual interests and learning how to partner, (2) Building culturally-rele...
Article
The purposes of this study were to identify and explore (a) the life skills learning contexts experienced by Canadian junior national team biathletes and (b) the ways in which they learned life skills in these contexts. Nine members of the Canadian junior national biathlon team participated in individual semi-structured interviews. Results of thema...
Article
Different types of evidence can be used to inform organisational decision making. The purpose of this study was to identify types of evidence used in sport organisations. Data were collected via interviews with 60 Canadian Provincial Sport Organisation representatives from five provinces. A qualitative description approach was used and data were su...
Article
The purpose of this study was to explore female athletes' experiences of positive growth following deselection from provincial sport teams. Interviews were conducted with 18 women (Mage = 22.45 years, SD = 1.38) who were deselected from provincial soccer, ice hockey, and volleyball teams as adolescents. Interpretative phenomenological analysis meth...
Article
This study examined how exemplary youth sport parents support their daughters in competitive team sport. Individual interviews were first conducted with eight coaches (three women and five men). Coaches were then invited to nominate exemplary youth sport parents. Interviews were subsequently conducted with 10 nominated parents (seven mothers and th...
Article
The overall purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of parents' coping strategies on the relationship between parents' emotional intelligence and sideline verbal behaviors during their children's soccer games. Participants were 232 parents (120 mothers and 110 fathers) of youth soccer players age 9-13 years. Observations in situ...
Article
This study addressed the question: How and why has the good parenting ideal changed in relation to active free play (AFP) during middle childhood? Twenty-eight middle class and predominantly white adults (14 grandparent-parent dyads) completed individual semi-structured interviews. Data were subjected to a thematic analysis. Two themes (changing ex...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of leadership styles in model youth football coaches. Six award-winning youth football coaches participated, and each was interviewed twice. Within a qualitative descriptive framework, deductive analysis was completed to identify the coaches' leadership styles, using the charismatic, ideological,...
Article
This urban ethnography explores how a group of low-income (often homeless) men performed a range of masculinities through a sport-for-development program in the Western Canadian city of Edmonton, Alberta. For more than two decades, weekly floor hockey games have been organized by local health workers as part of a broader sport-based intervention/co...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The overall purpose of this study was to examine Canadian Provincial Sport Organization representatives' research priorities in order to provide directions for future research and knowledge translation initiatives in youth sport. Design Qualitative description methodology. Method Interviews were conducted with 60 representatives of Can...
Article
Full-text available
Participation in sport and recreation may contribute to various holistic benefits among Indigenous youth in Canada. However, there is a need for a consolidated evidence base to support the development of sport and recreation opportunities that could facilitate such holistic benefits. The purpose of this research was to produce a meta-study of quali...
Article
Objective: To explore parents’ recommendations to enhance enrollment in multidisciplinary clinical care for man- aging pediatric obesity. Study design: Data for this interpretative description study were collected through individual, semistructured interviews that were audiorecorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed thematically. Parents (n = 79)...
Article
Full-text available
Generating a common understanding of knowledge translation among stakeholders is a key issue for increasing the use of research evidence in practice. The purpose of this article is to create a better understanding of knowledge translation in youth sport by providing a framework and guidelines for facilitating knowledge translation. We present PYDSp...
Article
Full-text available
Background Severe obesity (SO) in Canadian children remains poorly understood. However, based on international data, the prevalence of SO appears to be increasing and is associated with a number of psychosocial, bio-mechanical, and cardiometabolic health risks. The purpose of our national Team to Address Bariatric Care in Canadian Children (Team AB...
Article
Aim: Home visits have successfully been used to deliver various health services, but what role could they play in paediatric weight management? Low treatment initiation and high attrition prompted our multidisciplinary paediatric weight management clinic to investigate how families perceived the benefits and barriers of home visits. Methods: We...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with the use of research evidence in Canadian National Sport Organisations (NSOs). Data were collected via individual semi-structured interviews with 21 representatives from Canadian NSOs. A qualitative description approach was used. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and subjected to an...
Article
The purposes of this study were to (a) document the frequency and types of disciplinary incidents directed toward men’s soccer referees and (b) examine stakeholders’ perceptions of factors that contributed to such incidents. A two phase sequential mixed methods approach was used. In phase one, a provincial soccer organization’s disciplinary files f...
Article
Full-text available
Background Experts recommend that clinicians assess motivational factors before initiating care for pediatric obesity. Currently, there are no well-established clinical tools available for assessing motivation in youth with obesity or their families. This represents an important gap in knowledge since motivation-related information may shed light o...
Article
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine how female adolescent athletes and their parents cope with deselection from provincial sport teams using a communal coping perspective. Method Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 female adolescent athletes (M age = 15.0 years; SD = 1.4) and 14 of their parents (5 fathers, 9...
Article
Full-text available
The overall purpose of this study was to create a model of positive youth development (PYD) through sport grounded in the extant qualitative literature. More specifically, the first objective was to review and evaluate qualitative studies of PYD in sport. The second objective was to analyze and synthesize findings from these studies. Following reco...
Article
Purpose/Objectives: To examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an eight-week supervised climbing intervention for gynecologic cancer survivors (GCSs). Design: A pilot randomized, controlled trial. Setting: The Wilson Climbing Center in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Sample: 35 GCSs who had completed cancer therapy. Methods: GCSs were random...
Article
Participant-based sport events like ultramarathons are becoming increasingly popular but little is known about how they influence key stakeholders’ understandings of place and how these understandings fit into the tourism discourse on sustainability. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to gain insight into the sustainability of this type of a...
Article
Objectives: To determine the feasibility and preliminary impact of an electronic health (eHealth) screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) delivered in primary care to help parents prevent childhood obesity. Methods: Parents of children (5-17 years) were recruited from a primary care clinic. Children's measured height and...
Article
Introduction: Attrition in pediatric weight management is a substantial problem. This study examined factors associated with short- and long-term attrition from a lifestyle and behavioral intervention for parents of children with overweight or obesity. Method: Fifty-two families with children ages 6 to 12 years old and body mass index at or abov...
Article
Objective: To explore parents' reasons for discontinuing tertiary-level care for paediatric weight management. Methods: Participants were parents of 10-17year olds (body mass index [BMI] ≥85th percentile) who were referred for paediatric weight management. Parents were recruited from three Canadian sites (Vancouver, BC; Edmonton, AB; Hamilton, O...
Article
Full-text available
As a result of a rapidly changing global political economy, deindustrialization, and neoliberalism, a new form of racialized urban poverty has become concentrated in the inner cities of innumerable North American urban centres. In response to these changing material conditions, various non-profit organizations, corporate-sponsored initiatives, and...
Article
Full-text available
Background Children’s engagement in active free play has declined across recent generations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of intergenerational changes in active free play among families from rural areas. We addressed two research questions: (1) How has active free play changed across three generations? (2) What su...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Almost all exercise guidelines recommend both aerobic and strength exercise, however, few studies have simultaneously examined the correlates of meeting both exercise guidelines. Here, we propose a new paradigm that calls on researchers to examine not only the correlates of meeting the various exercise guidelines versus no guideline but a...
Article
Full-text available
The overall purpose of this study was to examine coaches' views on deselecting athletes from competitive female adolescent sport teams. Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with 22 head coaches of Canadian provincial level soccer, basketball, volleyball, and ice hockey teams. Interpretive description methodology (Thorne, 2008) was us...
Article
Objective: Although parents are uniquely positioned to offer first-hand insights that can be used to improve health services for managing pediatric obesity, their perspective is under explored. Our objective was to characterize parents' recommendations for enhancing tertiary-level health services for managing pediatric obesity in Canada. Methods:...
Article
Objective: We examined the demographic, medical and behavioral correlates of participation and interest in extreme sport/adventure activities (ESAA) in gynecologic cancer survivors. Methods: A random sample of 621 gynecologic cancer survivors in Alberta, Canada, completed a mailed self-report questionnaire assessing medical, demographic, and beh...
Article
RÉSUMÉ Cette étude a identifié les facteurs qui influencent la participation à l’activité physique (AP) chez les adultes âgés de milieu rural en Nouvelle-Écosse, et a étudié comment le contexte rural peut influer sur la participation et la promotion de l’AP. Les données ont été recueillies au moyen d’entrevues semi-structurées individuelles avec 2...
Article
Background: Few children with obesity who are referred for weight management end up enroled in treatment. Factors enabling enrolment are poorly understood. Our purpose was to explore reasons for and facilitators of enrolment in paediatric weight management from the parental perspective. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with par...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of a sport program in the lives of homeless men with severe mental illnesses and addictions. Interviews were conducted with eight men who attended a floor hockey program, and data examined using categorical-content narrative methodology. Five themes captured the role of the floor hockey program in t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Nearly one-third of Canadian children can be categorized as overweight or obese. There is a growing interest in applying e-health approaches to prevent unhealthy weight gain in children, especially in settings that families access regularly. Our objective was to develop and refine an e-health screening, brief intervention, and referral...
Article
Exercise has been associated with posttraumatic growth in gynecologic cancer survivors (GCS) but the role of extreme/adventure activities has not been investigated. The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between extreme/adventure activities and posttraumatic growth in GCS. A Canadian provincial registry generated a rando...
Article
The purpose of this study was to explore the transfer of life skills among adults who participated in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Sixteen adults (19–54 years of age) completed individual semistructured interviews. Interview transcripts were subjected to thematic analysis. Participants thought their involvement in Brazilian jiu-jitsu had changed their live...
Article
To examine parents' and children's perceptions of and experiences related to a Parents as Agents of Change (PAC) intervention for managing pediatric obesity. Ten families were recruited from a PAC intervention. Participants were interviewed before (10 adults and 9 children), during (9 adults and 8 children), and after (8 adults) the intervention. B...
Article
Many families referred to specialized health services for managing paediatric obesity do not initiate treatment; however, reasons for noninitiation are poorly understood. To understand parents' reasons for declining tertiary-level health services for paediatric weight management. Interviews were conducted with 18 parents of children (10 to 17 years...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Parents play a central role in preventing childhood obesity. There is a need for innovative, scalable, and evidence-based interventions designed to enhance parents' motivation to support and sustain healthy lifestyle behaviors in their children, which can facilitate obesity prevention. Objective: (1) Develop an online screening, brie...
Article
There is critical need to better understand how to enhance sport participation among Indigenous youth and how to provide sporting opportunities in ways that contribute positively to health and wellness. The purpose of this paper is to describe our attempts to ‘deeply engage’ Indigenous youth in sport research via a community-based participatory res...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeTo produce a meta-study by completing a systematic review of qualitative research examining determinants of independent active free play in children.Method Following systematic electronic and manual searches and application of inclusion/exclusion criteria, 46 studies were retained and subjected to meta-method, method-theory, and meta-data an...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influenced childhood active free play. Participants were 13 young adults who resided in one western Canadian city. They took part in semi-structured and walk-along interviews during which they were asked about their memories and experiences of play. Analysis showed that, whereas parental restric...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background: A key challenge in managing pediatric obesity is the high degree of program attrition, which can reduce therapeutic benefits and contribute to inefficient health services delivery. Our aim was to document and characterize predictors of, and reasons for, attrition in pediatric obesity management. We searched literature published...
Article
The purpose of this study was to explore youth sport experiences of individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 6 males (mean age = 22.7 yr) with ADHD who had played 3 or more seasons in team sports during adolescence. Following interpretive phenomenological analysis methodology, each participant completed 2...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soccer is one of the world’s foremost sports with 265 million people actively playing soccer (FIFA, 2007), however only the few will make it to an elite level. Resulting from this, there has been growth in talent development literature (e.g., Gledhill & Harwood, 2014; Holt & Dunn, 2004; Holt & Mitchell, 2006) yet an interactional understanding of t...
Article
Full-text available
The overall purpose of this study was to examine parents' perspectives on the benefits of sport participation for their young children. Specifically, this study addressed two research questions: (1) What benefits do parents perceive their children gain through participation in organized youth sport programs? (2) How do parents think their children...
Article
Purpose Exercise improves numerous psychosocial outcomes in cancer survivors; however, few studies have examined posttraumatic growth. The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between exercise and posttraumatic growth in gynecologic cancer survivors (GCS). Methods Using the Alberta Cancer Registry, a random sample of en...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to determine if athletes with different perfectionist profiles (i.e., healthy and unhealthy perfectionism) differed with respect to how they coped with a performance slump. Female intercollegiate volleyball players (TV = 137; M age = 19.94 years) completed domain-specific measures of perfectionism and coping in sport....
Article
Full-text available
Background Minimizing sedentary behavior, in particular screen-based sedentary behavior, during the early years is important for healthy growth and development. Consequently, new Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for the Early Years (aged 0–4 years) were recently released. Researchers are unclear what messages should supplement the guidelines...