Nicholas J. Hogarth

Nicholas J. Hogarth
University of Helsinki | HY · Department of Forest Sciences

PhD
Forests, Livelihoods, & Restoration Professional

About

46
Publications
22,370
Reads
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1,520
Citations
Introduction
I am a multidisciplinary researcher & project manager with more than 15 years’ of international research, development, & capacity-building experience in the field of Forests, Livelihoods, & Restoration. I have significant expertise on the environmental, social, & economic dimensions of forestry, including its contributions to poverty reduction, food security & nutrition. I have in-depth experience working on a range of systems in the context of forest-farm mosaic landscapes.
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - present
University of Helsinki
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • Conducting multidisciplinary research, teaching & capacity building on the contribution of forests & trees to environmental & socioeconomic outcomes in developing countries, with emphasis on planted forests & restoration.
January 2016 - June 2020
University of Helsinki
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • My main activities were conducting fieldwork to collect primary data, data management & analysis, publishing scientific articles, new project development/fundraising, capacity building, teaching, post-graduate student supervision, & project management. Projects included: 1. Measuring the contribution of forest & environmental resources to rural livelihoods & SDGs in the Global South. 2. Global Comparative Study on the role of smallholder tree cultivation & management in the Global South
October 2015 - October 2016
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Position
  • Consultant
Education
June 2006 - May 2015
Charles Darwin University
Field of study
  • Forests & Livelihoods

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents results from a comparative analysis of environmental income from approximately 8000 households in 24 developing countries collected by research partners in CIFOR’s Poverty Environment Network (PEN). Environmental income accounts for 28% of total household income, 77% of which comes from natural forests. Environmental income shar...
Article
Full-text available
Quarterly socioeconomic data from 240 households are used to study the links between forest-related income and rural livelihoods in southern China. Results show average forest-related income shares of 31.5%, which was predominantly derived from cultivated non-timber sources. Forest-related income was important to households at all income levels, al...
Article
Full-text available
China's Conversion of Cropland to Forests Program (CCFP) is the world's largest afforestation-based Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) program, having retired and afforested over 24 million ha involving 32 million rural households. Prior research has primarily focused on the CCFP's rural welfare impacts, with few studies on program-induced envir...
Article
Full-text available
Despite becoming one of China's fastest expanding and most valuable forest land uses, bamboo's role in livelihoods and rural development is poorly understood. Detailed quantitative data from 240 households were used to study the contribution of bamboo to household income and rural livelihoods in 12 remote and mountainous villages in southern China....
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to analyse the current situation of access to energy (in relation to SDG 7) and energy usage behaviour in households in two provinces in Cambodia, namely Pursat and Kampong Cham. The analytical framework is based on the energy ladder model and the energy stacking model as a starting point for assessing the current househo...
Article
Full-text available
Rural-urban labour migration has the potential to significantly transform forest owners’ forestry management strategies and influence the forest resources in the long term. This study examined the effects of rural-urban labour migration on household forestland exit decisions (i.e. forestland abandonment and forestland transfer), investment decision...
Article
Implementing another round of massive collective forest tenure reform in China since in 2008 has not materialized the government's expectation on small-scale timber forestry–improved management practices and resource quality. One underlying cause to this outcome is farmer's risk-averse attitude, which has thus far garnered little research attention...
Article
Full-text available
A green economy that simultaneously promotes environmental sustainability, social inclusiveness, and economic growth is expected to benefit the heavily resource-dependent least developed countries. Yet, internationally, there is very little empirically based research on how the “green development” agenda translates into natural resource management...
Article
Full-text available
Smallholder farming is considered one of the most vulnerable sectors to the impacts of climate change, variability, and extremes, especially in the developing world. This high vulnerability is due to the socioeconomic limitations and high environmental sensitivity which affect the biophysical and socioeconomic components of their farming systems. T...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyses the impact of policy, legal and market conditions and specific incentives on smallholders’ interest and success in tree growing between 1990-2015 in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Laos, Lao PDR). A review of previous studies and policy papers established the framework for this study, with primary data then collected from smal...
Article
Full-text available
A novel ‘Sustainability Window’ (SuWi) approach is applied for simultaneous analysis of the pillars of sustainable development; social, environmental and economic, of Lao PDR. This new method employs a variety of indicators for a comprehensive and holistic analysis of sustainable development and green inclusive economy. The analysis is grounded in...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid expansion of hybrid maize in the uplands of northern Laos is viewed by the government as meeting policy aims related to green economic development. Yet, growing evidence of negative consequences of maize expansion are emerging. Based on farmers' perceptions, we study: (1) farmers' reasons for adopting and abandoning maize, and; (2) implic...
Article
Full-text available
Since their widespread introduction in the 1980s, large-scale tree plantations have seen contestations over their socioeconomic impacts. With the establishment of new plantations on the rise, a review of the literature examining their impacts on local communities is needed to inform policies and practices. In this systematic review, we followed an...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the plethora of discourse about how sustainable development should be pursued, the production of agricultural commodities is held responsible for driving c. 80% of global deforestation. Partially as a response, the private sector has made commitments to eliminate deforestation, but it is not yet clear what factors these commitments should t...
Book
Full-text available
Los bosques y los árboles contribuyen de muchas formas a reducir la inseguridad alimentaria, apoyando medios de vida sostenibles y mitigando la pobreza. En el informe de la FAO sobre el Estado de los bosques del mundo 2014 (SOFO 2014; FAO, 2014a) se subraya que, para casi un tercio de la población mundial, la madera es la principal fuente de energí...
Article
Full-text available
Smallholder farming constitutes an important but marginalized sector, responsible for most of the world’s agricultural production. This has a significant influence in the land use/cover change process and agrobiodiversity conservation, especially in mountainous regions of the developing world. Thus, the maintenance of sustainable smallholder farmin...
Article
Full-text available
China’s ‘Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program’ (CCFP) is one of the world’s largest national ‘Payment for Ecosystem Services’ (PES) programs, with over 32 million rural households enrolled and 28 million ha converted to forest since 1999. Given the scale of the program and emerging interest in forest landscape restoration, the structure and fun...
Article
Full-text available
View-only access here http://rdcu.be/vmYQ. After decades of intense academic andpolicy debate, a shared understanding of the term ‘plantation’is still missing. More consistent terminology and plantationtypologies are needed to enable comparability between plan-tation types and related ecological and socio-economicoutcomes. Previous research has pr...
Article
Full-text available
China’s ‘Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program’ (CCFP) is one of the world’s largest national ‘Payment for Ecosystem Services’ (PES) programs, with over 32 million rural households enrolled and 28 million ha converted to forest since 1999. Given the scale of the program and emerging interest in forest landscape restoration, the structure and fun...
Chapter
Full-text available
When we eat a delicious piece of chocolate, do we have any idea of the journey it undertook to get to us, or the potential harm it has caused to people and the planet? This article discusses the potential and actual sustainability of cocoa and chocolate, from farmer to consumer. This round-the-world journey follows cocoa production from the tree al...
Article
Systematic comparisons of human dependence on forests and environmental resources have been challenging, as a result of heterogeneous methodologies. Specialized Forestry Modules have been developed, with the goal of filling current information gaps concerning the economic importance of forest and wild products in household welfare and rural livelih...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Farming on sloping lands has historically led to forest loss and degradation in China, which coupled with unsustainable timber extraction activities, was deemed responsible for catastrophic flooding events in the late 1990s. These events led to the introduction of forest policies targeting ecological conservation and rural development i...
Article
Full-text available
Forested areas of Kalimantan, Indonesia, are often inhabited by swiddeners, and are also targeted by a range of interventions related to development and forest conservation, including REDD+. Whether these interventions are adopted, adapted or rejected by the local people is linked to the varying degrees of access to information that different types...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the methods used, key results, and recommendations coming from the first of three rounds of field-based pilot-testing of a prototype forestry module and sourcebook. This first pilot was conducted in Indonesia; the others were carried out in Tanzania and Nepal. The forestry module and sourcebook were designed by a steering group...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agricultural activities on sloping lands have historically led to forest loss and degradation in China; a process heavily implicated in contributing to chronic flooding and soil erosion. Following a catastrophic sequence of droughts and floods in the late 1990s, China's forestry policies shifted towards forest cover expansion, conservation and rura...
Article
Full-text available
Background Agricultural activities on sloping lands have historically led to forest loss and degradation in China which, coupled with industrial pressures on the environment, were deemed responsible for catastrophic flooding events in the late 1990s. After these events, China’s forest policy underwent a significant reorientation towards ecological...
Thesis
Full-text available
A distinct lack of understanding about household-level forest-livelihood interactions represents a significant barrier to effectively incorporate forestry into China’s poverty alleviation strategy. This thesis aims to improve understanding of household-level forest-livelihood interactions using a case-study focused on smallholder production of bamb...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an empirical analysis of the links between smallholder bamboo shoot management practices, productivity, and livelihoods in a mountainous and impoverished county in southern China. The analysis was based on primary socioeconomic data from 240 households combined with farmer management surveys and biophysical plantation data. Mana...
Article
Full-text available
The clumping growth form of tropical bamboos suggests a consolidator strategy in the face of intense competition rather than an ability to exploit disturbance. We investigated the annual growth and culm demographic responses to disturbance by fire and flood of vegetatively mature clumps of a riparian stand of Bambusa arnhemica. Linear-mixed models...
Article
Full-text available
Culms and culm shoots harvested from bamboo are the primary products of multi-generational sequences of clonal parents and offspring. However, very little is known about the contribution of clonal parent–offspring relationships to productivity. We investigated age and size relationships and the impact of disturbance on clonal parent–offspring relat...
Article
Full-text available
Culm recruitment by semelparous bamboos has been reported to be severely depressed in the year prior to flowering, providing forewarning of flowering and subsequent die-off. However, supporting data are scant. We monitored productivity in 30 clumps in a wild stand of the riparian bamboo Bambusa arnhemica for four years, following which the clumps f...
Article
Full-text available
Seed dormancy may be disadvantageous for gregariously semelparous plants because it disrupts the high levels of reproductive synchrony necessary for success. Alternately, it may provide a bet-hedging option for an otherwise ‘all eggs in the one basket’ reproductive strategy. Rapid germination of seeds upon hydration has been demonstrated for a rang...
Thesis
Full-text available
In this study, I aim to provide fundamental demographic knowledge about the dynamics of culm recruitment and clump development for the Top End bamboo, Bambusa arnhemica in its natural habitat. A draft management program dealing with shoot harvest and other issues is developed, with the aim that the program be adopted under the Territory Parks and W...
Thesis
Full-text available
This thesis examines the gross morphology, aboveground biomass allocation, water use, ecophysiology and hydraulic architecture of Bambusa arnhemica F. Muell. (Top End Bamboo) growing in the Mary River Region of the Northern Territory. The principle objective of this research was to increase understanding of the ecophysiological adaptations to water...

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Projects

Projects (9)
Project
This project aims to investigate the trade-offs between giant panda habitat restoration and local livelihoods in the context of a slowly panda population and the associated habitat expansion needs. The project is going to explore the relationship between giant panda habitat restoration and local livelihoods from three perspective, which are the effects of habitat expansion on panda conservation, the effects of habitat expansion on local livelihoods, and ways to maintain a harmonious relationship between pandas and the local community. The project will comprehensively use biophysical and socioeconomic methods to identify panda habitat that would benefit from habitat restoration and areas suitable for expansion, and to explore impacts of habitat expansion on local livelihoods. Research conclusions drawn from the project will find the long term harmonious ways of conservation and development related to panda habitats
Archived project
To strengthen forestry higher education and research performance in Laos and Myanmar with the aim to build capacity of professionals and academics in the forest sector of the Mekong region. This will involve international exchange, curriculum revision, teaching material production, and introduction of e-learning teaching methods. http://blogs.helsinki.fi/vitriblog/education-studies/ongoing-education-projects/hei-ici-parform/