Neville A Stanton

Neville A Stanton
University of Southampton · Faculty of Engineering and the Environment

PhD and DSc in Human Factors Engineering

About

965
Publications
409,903
Reads
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24,506
Citations
Introduction
Professor Neville Stanton, PhD, is a Chartered Psychologist, a Chartered Ergonomist, and a Chartered Engineer and holds the Chair in Human Factors Engineering at the University of Southampton. His research interests include modelling, predicting and analysing human performance in systems as well as designing the interfaces between humans and technology. The University of Southampton have awarded him a DSc in 2014 for his sustained contribution to the development and validation of Human Factors methods. He has published 40 books and over 300 journal papers on Ergonomics and Human Factors.
Additional affiliations
February 2009 - present
University of Southampton
Position
  • Professor
August 1999 - January 2009
Brunel University London
Position
  • Professor of Human Factors
September 1993 - June 1999
Education
July 1993 - July 2014
University of Southampton
Field of study
  • Human Factors Engineering
September 1990 - July 1993
Aston University
Field of study
  • Human Factors Engineering

Publications

Publications (965)
Article
Full-text available
Future visions of transport systems include both a drive towards automated vehicles and the need for sustainable, active, modes of travel. The combination of these requirements needs careful consideration to ensure the integration of automated vehicles does not compromise vulnerable road users. Transport networks need to be resilient to automation...
Article
Human performance and physiology undergo circadian changes. The safety of driving tends to decrease at night and during the afternoon, and these changes cannot be solely addressed to the decreased visibility. Previous literature reported that circadian rhythmicity plays a role in these changes. A similar phenomenon might occur in semi-automated dri...
Article
Automation is already on our roads, and advanced automated vehicles are anticipated to become a common feature in road transport systems in the near future. While this represents a new era for road systems, automation has existed in other transport systems for decades. The aim of this paper was to analyse accidents involving automated technologies...
Article
Vehicles with SAE Level 2 automated features are already in active use on the road, and vehicles with Level 3 or 4 will be with us soon. Although the vehicles provide support for longitudinal and lateral control, partially automated driving experience is sometimes more demanding than manual driving. However, the effects of automated driving on work...
Article
The systems thinking tenets were developed based on a synthesis of contemporary accident causation theory, models and approaches and encapsulate 15 features of complex systems that interact to create both safety and adverse events. Whilst initial testing provided supportive evidence, the tenets have not yet been subject to formal validation. This a...
Article
Full-text available
Design of appropriate interaction and human–machine interfaces for the handover of control between vehicle automation and human driver is critical to the success of automated vehicles. Problems in this interfacing between the vehicle and driver have led, in some cases, to collisions and fatalities. In this project, Operator Event Sequence Diagrams...
Article
Despite both the environmental and financial benefits of eco-driving being well known, the psychological impact of engaging in eco-driving behaviours has received less attention within the literature. It was anticipated that being asked to engage in eco-driving behaviours not only has an impact on vehicle fuel usage, but also on the driver, both in...
Article
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Engine damage as a consequence of foreign object debris (FOD) during flight is frequently caused by birds. One approach to minimising disruption caused by this damage is to provide flight crew with accurate information relating to the continuing operational status of the aircraft's engines. Before designing such avionic systems however, understandi...
Article
This state of the science review brings together the disparate literature of effective strategies for enhancing and accelerating team performance. The review evaluates and synthesises models and proposes recommended avenues for future research. The two major models of the Input-Mediator-Output-Input (IMOI) framework and the Big Five dimensions of t...
Article
Systems-based methods such as AcciMap, STAMP-CAST and more recently AcciNet, are used to uncover the multifactorial cause of accidents within complex systems to support the development of new safety interventions. Despite this, there has been a lack of research that has formally examined the reliability and validity of systems-based accident analys...
Article
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Recently, ergonomics and safety researchers have turned their attention towards applying combinations of sociotechnical methods rather than using single methods in isolation. In the current research, a mixed-method approach combining two systems-based methods, Accimaps and the Systems Theoretic Accident Model and Process-Causal Analysis using Syste...
Article
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Previous research has shown that co-location of operators dependent on each other for task relevant information can relieve the previously identified bottleneck of information between the Sonar Control (SOC) and Operations Officer (OPSO) in submarine sound and control rooms. This research aimed to examine the impact of a novel inwards facing circul...
Article
The continuing advancement of technology means that sociotechnical systems are primed for revolutionary changes to ways of working that can increase capability. It is critical to consider the unintended impact technology can have on human operators particularly regarding information flow and interactions within teams. Previous research revealed tha...
Article
The delegation of tasks to a non-human agent in a sociotechnical system can extend human capabilities and performance. Effective performance is, however, reliant on a successful relationship between human operators and automation. Optronics is a partially automated system which has replaced periscope on board some modern submarine platforms, operat...
Article
Full-text available
This study takes a qualitative approach to exploring the experiences (and differences therein) of individuals using either their car, bicycle, or motorcycle to navigate a ∼10.5 km urban route in a provincial UK city, with the aim of contributing to our understanding of the needs and requirements of different road users. Forty-six individuals provid...
Article
Commercial airline pilots are required to make efficient, justifiable, and safety‐critical decisions when faced with adverse events such as engine failures. Although these are rare events, the consequences are severe, and the pilot response is critical. This paper reviews pilot decision‐making when faced with a dual engine failure on take‐off using...
Article
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Pedestrians are the most vulnerable road users in low-and middle-income countries, hence understanding their attitudes towards traffic safety and the pedestrian behaviours associated with those attitudes is vital. The current study identifies the factor structure of a self-report questionnaire on pedestrian behaviours and road safety attitudes and...
Article
There have been a number of high-profile collisions involving Automated Vehicles on the road. Although car manufacturers are making considerable investments into the development of Automated Vehicles, these collisions may deter the public from purchasing and using them. Therefore, solutions need to be developed to prevent these collisions from occu...
Article
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SAE level 2 and 3 semi-autonomous vehicles are widely available but, due to the nature of automation, their in-vehicle displays are required to communicate more complex information to the driver. Examination of interfaces from a variety of manufacturers revealed a clear lack of consistency in the way key information is displayed. Different manufact...
Article
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This research aims to show the effectiveness of Operator Event Sequence Diagrams (OESDs) in the normative modelling of vehicle automation to human drivers’ handovers and validate the models with observations from a study in a driving simulator. The handover of control from automation to human operators has proved problematic, and in the most extrem...
Book
Full-text available
This text presents a four-step approach for applying communicative concepts to driving automation, including: scoping, piloting, designing, and testing. It further provides experimental data on how practical human-human communication strategies can be applied to interaction in automated vehicles. The book explores the role of communication and the...
Article
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Artificial General intelligence (AGI) offers enormous benefits for humanity, yet it also poses great risk. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the peer reviewed literature on the risks associated with AGI. The review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Sixteen articles...
Article
Full-text available
Fatalities due to road crashes are rising globally, with the situation being particularly severe in low‐income countries. Traditional investigation methods have reached a ceiling in terms of reducing road traffic fatalities, hence safety researchers have begun to explore systems‐based approaches. In this study, two bus‐pedestrian collisions occurri...
Article
There is growing interest in the use of systems-based risk assessment methods in Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE). The purpose of this study was to test the intra-rater reliability and criterion-referenced concurrent validity of three systems-based risk assessment approaches: (i) the Systems-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA) method; (ii) the Even...
Article
Full-text available
Submarine control room layouts have remained similar across decades of operation, despite the introduction of new technologies that allow for the co-location of the sound and control room. Operation of an inwards, rather than outwards, facing ring control room configuration was examined in three scenarios: Return to Periscope Depth, Inshore Operati...
Article
Full-text available
Eco-driving assistance systems that encourage drivers to engage in fuel-saving behavior are effective at improving energy-efficiency, with recent research directed towards incorporating predictive models of energy losses in these systems to optimize recommendations. In this article, we evaluate a predictive eco-driving assistance system on three po...
Article
Following a thriving delivery business and constantly improving road infrastructure and vehicle technologies, electric bicycles (e‐bikes) are becoming one of the most popular modes of road transport in China. Although e‐bikes are flexible and cost efficient, they contribute significantly to on‐road collisions in China. Therefore, this study focuses...
Article
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Although the physical and environmental factors contributing to road traffic collisions are often the most straightforward to identify, they may not necessarily be the most useful in terms of guiding road safety intervention design. From a sociotechnical systems perspective, it is the higher system factors that, if addressed, would provide the wide...
Article
Full-text available
Technological advancement brings opportunities for enhanced information, support, and functionality within the flight deck. Whilst this has many benefits to the pilot and the overall safety of the aircraft, the practical integration of new technologies needs to be carefully considered throughout the entirety of the design process. The application o...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to cast users of railway level crossings as flexible and adaptive decision-makers, and to apply a cognitive systems engineering approach to discover new behaviour-based insights for improving safety. Collisions between trains and road vehicles at railway level crossings/grade crossings remain a global issue. It is sti...
Chapter
Automated shuttles are currently being trialed as a new transport solution however to date there has been a lack of studies investigating how other road users interact with these new types of vehicles. The aim of this study was to understand the situation awareness (SA) of road users (driver, cyclist, motorcyclist, pedestrian) interacting with an a...
Chapter
Full-text available
There is growing interest in the use of systems-based risk assessment (RA) methods in human factors and ergonomics (HFE). Despite this, there has been a lack of formal reliability and validity testing undertaken to determine whether systems-based RA methods have the capacity to reliably and accurately identify potential risks within complex systems...
Chapter
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The increasing complexity of interconnected systems, organizations and environmental instability open on one hand new functional features and unexpected levels of systemic efficiency, but on the other hand leads to great challenges to maintain a good level of usability. We assume that the complex systems should be adapted to human capacities and go...
Article
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The last decade has seen a surge of driving simulator research on automation-to-manual takeovers. In this commentary, we argue that most research within the takeover paradigm bears little resemblance to real automated driving. Furthermore, we claim that results within this paradigm could already be known based on published research from the previou...
Article
In sports, coaches and athletes consider the briefing function to be particularly important in promoting teamwork, achieving high performance and increasing expertize. Little is known about leadership briefing behaviors by Head Coaches (HCs) in elite sports in the fields of Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) and Sports Science. Although both domain...
Preprint
Full-text available
The last decade has seen a surge of driving simulator research on automation-to-manual takeovers. We argue that most research within the takeover paradigm bears little resemblance to real automated driving. Furthermore, we claim that results within this paradigm could already be known based on published research from the previous century. It is con...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Eco‐driving assistance systems incorporating predictive or feedforward information are a promising technique to increase energy‐efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions from road transportation. This work gives details of such a system that was recently developed by the authors, which uses real‐time data from GPS and automotive radar to perform...
Article
Full-text available
Road safety has become a worldwide public health concern. Although many factors contribute to collisions, pedestrian behaviors can strongly influence road safety outcomes. This paper presents results of a survey investigating the effects of age, gender, attitudes towards road safety, fatalistic beliefs and risk perceptions on self-reported pedestri...
Article
As flight deck touchscreen implementation continues to rise, more research is required to understand how task performance is impacted by turbulence. Previous work found that for basic dragging gestures on a touchscreen, performance and usability declined, and workload increased, with rising levels of turbulence. The current study extended on this w...
Article
Full-text available
Engine failure events during critical phases of flight are a rare yet very real possibility on commercial aircraft. The response of the pilots to these events is vital to minimizing possible adversity. New technologies are in development that provide enhanced information on the status of the aircraft engine after sustaining engine damage in order t...
Article
Full-text available
Automated driving research over the past decades has mostly focused on highway environments. Recent technological developments have drawn researchers and manufacturers to look ahead at introducing automated driving in cities. The current position paper examines this challenge from the viewpoint of scientific experts. Sixteen Human Factors researche...
Article
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, pedestrians remain the most neglected road user group in terms of research and safety measures, even though they are involved in nearly 50% of all fatal collisions. In the Dhaka metropolitan area, this statistic rises to around 65%. To reduce the recurrence of such collisions, it is necessary to understand the underlying thought proc...
Article
Full-text available
Predicting what drivers will do as vehicle control is handed over to them from automation is a relatively new challenge for the motor vehicle industry. Operator Event Sequence Diagrams (OESDs) offer a way of modeling the interactions between the driver and vehicle automation in the handover of control. In this paper, two studies are presented in wh...
Article
Full-text available
Collisions between trains and road vehicles at rail level crossings remain an intractable transport safety issue. This paper describes the application of Rasmussen’s ecological interface design (EID) principles to the development of a novel ‘passive’ rail level crossing prototype design and its evaluation using two driving simulator studies. Study...
Article
There is increasing interest in applying systems Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) methods in sport. Risk assessment (RA) methods can be used identify risks which may impact the performance of individual athletes, teams, and overall sports systems; however, they have not yet been tested in sport. This study sets out to apply and compare three syst...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work presents an overview of the Human Factors methodologies, and applications thereof, that can be utilised across the design lifecycle of new technologies entering future commercial aircrafts. As advances are made to the architecture of commercial aircraft cockpits, it is vitally important that these new interfaces are safely incorporated an...
Article
Full-text available
Road safety strategies adopted worldwide have made significant progress in reducing road trauma, but have stagnated more recently. The situation in low- and middle-income countries is even worse with no significant decrease in fatality rates. Safety researchers have argued that adopting sociotechnical systems approaches is necessary to make signifi...