Nestor Hernandez Canales

Nestor Hernandez Canales
University of Coimbra | UC · Department of Life Sciences

Biological Anthropologist

About

3
Publications
723
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Introduction
I am an Anthropologist with a degree in Physical Anthropology. During my professional training I acquired general knowledge in Economic Anthropology, Political Anthropology, Archaeology and Prehistory of Chile, General and Linguistic Anthropology. The mention in Physical Anthropology gave me a specialized training in the area, focused on Human Osteology and its application in different contexts both current (forensic) and past (archaeological).
Additional affiliations
March 2016 - October 2016
University of Chile
Position
  • Laboratory Assistant
Description
  • Practica Profesional
March 2015 - January 2017
University of Concepción
Position
  • Laboratory Assistant
Description
  • - Antropología Forense - Morfología Funcional
Education
September 2019 - September 2022
University of Coimbra
Field of study
  • Biological Anthropology
September 2018 - July 2019
University of Coimbra
Field of study
  • Forensic Anthropology
March 2012 - March 2017
University of Concepción
Field of study
  • Anthropology

Publications

Publications (3)
Poster
Full-text available
Las caries son una de las condiciones orales más comunes. Según la organización de la Salud (OMS), afectan alrededor del 60 al 90% de los niños en edad escolar. El desarrollo de caries en la primera infancia (early childhood caries), se caracteriza por una carie rampante en dientes deciduos de niños menores de 71 meses, en regiones generalmente res...
Poster
Full-text available
Después de las enfermedades articulares degenerativas, los traumas óseos representan una de las condiciones patológicas más comunes que afectan a los esqueletos en diferentes muestras osteológicas, ya sean de colecciones provenientes de cementerios o arqueológicas (Walker, 2001; Ortner, 2003; Waldron, 2008). La labor del antropólogo forense es la d...
Chapter
Full-text available
Las lesiones o traumas nos ayudan a poder inferir ciertas actividades a las que se dedicaban las personas, así como sus patrones de comportamiento. Existen también, aspectos socioculturales como los sacrificios humanos, la alteración intencional de las estructuras corporales, la violencia interpersonal, las guerras y los procedimientos terapéuticos...

Network

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Of all the elements of the skeleton, the teeth are the most resistant and best preserved in the archaeological and paleontological record. Dental anthropology uses this resource to access cultural, ecological and biological aspects of individuals. Dental morphology allows us to obtain data on the population affinity of individuals, which makes it possible to establish patterns that deepen our knowledge of population dynamics. In Portugal, numerous historical sources describe several events during the medieval and modern periods that allow us to infer the existence of a strong influence of the Muslim communities in the territory, especially in the centre and south of the country, where the great conquests by these groups from North Africa and the Middle East began. Under this historical premise, this research aims to characterize the Muslim and Christian populations that inhabited Portugal during the Middle Ages (VII-XV) until the beginning of the Modern Age (XV-XVIII) through dental morphology. To this purpose, the methodology ASUDAS will be used and more two nonmetric traits, the hypotrophic roots of the upper central incisors and the mandibular molar pit-tubercle (MMPT) in approximately 600 individuals, 300 Christians and 300 Muslims, from 7 archaeological sites: Convento São Francisco (Santarém), Rua dos Barcos (Santarém), Largo Cândido dos Reis (Santarém), Tejo do Praio (Loulé), Cacela Velha (Vila Real de Santo António), Quinta da Boa Vista (Loulé) and Ribeira de São Domingos (Beja). As a result of this research, it is hoped to be able to characterize both populations, establish whether there are characteristics of the Muslim population that are different from those of the Christians, confirm a possible biological continuity in conjunction with a possible genetic exchange between these two groups, and demonstrate the importance that the various migration events of the Middle East and North Africa had in the past and that it seems to have contributed in some way to the genetics of the Portuguese people today.