## About

107

Publications

13,477

Reads

**How we measure 'reads'**

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more

1,326

Citations

Citations since 2017

Introduction

Additional affiliations

July 2010 - December 2012

## Publications

Publications (107)

Background:
Pacemakers (PMs) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) increasingly automatically record and remotely transmit non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) episodes which may reveal ventricular oversensing.
Objectives:
We aimed to develop and validate a machine learning algorithm which accurately classifies NSVT episodes...

Electrocardiographic Imaging (ECGI) is a promising tool to non-invasively map the electrical activity of the heart using body surface potentials (BSPs) combined with the patient specific anatomical data. In this work, we assess two ECGI algorithms used in commercial ECGI systems to solve the inverse problem; the Method of Fundamental Solutions (MFS...

In this paper, we consider an inverse problem of determining two space dependent ionic parameters of a strongly coupled parabolic-elliptic reaction-diﬀusion system arising in cardiac electrophysiology modeling when simulating drugs action with multi-electrode array/human induced pluripotent stem cells-cardiomyocytes (MEA/hiPSC-CM) assays. We use th...

The tremendous advancement of cardiac imaging methods, the substantial progress in predictive modelling, along with the amount of new investigative multimodalities, challenge the current technologies in the cardiology field. Innovative, robust and multimodal tools need to be created in order to fuse imaging data (e.g., MR, CT) with mapped electrica...

Background: Deep brain stimulation is an efficacious treatment for refractory essential tremor, though targeting the intra-thalamic nuclei remains challenging.
Objectives: We sought to develop an inverse approach to retrieve the position of the leads in a cohort of patients operated on with optimal clinical outcomes from anatomical landmarks identi...

Segmentation of cardiac images is a variable component of many patient specific computational pipelines, yet its impact on simulated results are still not fully understood. A hurdle to to exploring the impact of the segmentation variability is the technical challenge of building a statistical shape model of the ventricles. In this study, we improve...

One of the essential diagnostic tools of cardiac arrhythmia is activation mapping. Noninvasive current mapping procedures include electrocardiographic imaging. It allows reconstructing heart surface potentials from measured body surface potentials. Then, activation maps are generated using the heart surface potentials. Recently, a study suggests to...

In this paper, we prove a stability estimate of the conductivity parameters identification problem in cardiac electrophysiology. The propagation of the electrical wave in the heart is described by the monodomain model coupled to an elliptic equation describing the diffusion of the electrical wave in the whole body. Our result concerns both heart an...

Despite advances in many of the techniques used in Electrocardiographic Imaging (ECGI), uncertainty remains insufficiently quantified for many aspects of the pipeline. The effect of geometric uncertainty, particularly due to segmentation variability, may be the least explored to date. We use statistical shape modeling and uncertainty quantification...

Aim: Computer models enabled the study of the fundamental mechanisms responsible for arrhythmias and have the potential of optimizing the clinical procedure for an individual patients pathology. The model complexity and the computational costs affecting computer models hamper their application on a routinely performed procedure. In this work, we ai...

In this work, we present an optimal control formulation for the bidomain model in order to estimate maximal conductance parameters in cardiac electrophysiology multi-scale modelling. We consider a general Hodgkin-Huxley formalism to describe the ionic exchanges at the microscopic level. We treat the desired parameters as control variables in a cost...

Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has proved its efficiency in improving patient diagnosis. In this paper, we consider a 2D reconstructed left coronary tree with two artificial lesions of different degrees. We use a generalized fluid model with a Carreau law and use a coupled multidomain method to implement Windkessel boundary conditions at the outlets...

Objective: The purpose of this paper is to investigate computationally the influence of sodium ion channel blockage on cardiac electro-mechanics. Methods: To do so, we implement a myofiber orientation dependent passive stress model (Holzapfel-Ogden) in the multiphysics solver Chaste to simulate an imaged physiological model of the human ventricles....

In this paper, we obtain a result of existence of weak periodic solution of the model of monodomain for the electrical activity of an isolated ventricle considering that it is activated periodically. In this regard, this periodic solution has the same period of the activation. We use the Faedo-Galerkin scheme to approximate the periodic solution an...

The ECGI inverse problem is still a common area of research. Since the results in the state of the art are not yet satisfactory, exploring new methods for the resolution of the inverse problem of electrocardiography is the main goal of this paper. To this purpose, we suggest to use temporal and spatial constraints to solve the inverse problem using...

In this work, we present an optimal control formulation for the bidomain model in order to estimate maximal conductances parameters in the physiological ionic model. We consider a general Hodgkin-Huxley formalism to describe the ionic exchanges at the microcopic level. We consider the parameters as control variables to minimize the mismatch between...

We consider the identification problem of the conductivity coefficient for an elliptic operator using an incomplete over specified measures on the surface. Our purpose is to introduce an original method based on a game theory approach, and design a new algorithm for the simultaneous identification of conductivity coefficient and data completion pro...

In this paper, we consider an inverse problem of determining multiple ionic parameters of a 2 × 2 strongly coupled parabolic-elliptic reaction-diffusion system arising in cardiac electrophysiology modeling. We use the bidomain model coupled to an ordinary differential equation (ODE) system and we consider a general formalism of physiologically deta...

ECG imaging (ECGI) is the process of calculating electrical cardiac activity from body surface recordings from the geometry and conductivity of the torso volume. A key first step to create geometric models for ECGI and a possible source of considerable variability is to segment the surface of the heart. We hypothesize that this variation in cardiac...

The Purkinje network is the specialized conduction system in the heart. It ensures the physiological spread of the electrical wave in the ventricles. In this work, in an insulated heart framework, we model the free running Purkinje system, using the monodomain equation. The intra-myocardium part of the Purkinje fiber is coupled to the ventricular t...

The electrocardiographic imaging inverse problem is ill-posed. Regularization has to be applied to stabilize the problem and solve for a realistic solution. Here, we assess different regularization methods for solving the inverse problem. In this study, we assess (i) zero order Tikhonov regularization (ZOT) in conjunction with the Method of Fundame...

In this paper, we consider the inverse problem of space dependent multiple ionic parameters identification in cardiac electrophysiology modelling from a set of observations. We use the monodomain system known as a state-of-the-art model in cardiac electrophysiology and we consider a general Hodgkin-Huxley formalism to describe the ionic exchanges a...

We propose a mathematical approach for the analysis of drugs effects on the electrical activity of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) based on multi-electrode array (MEA) experiments. Our goal is to produce an in silico tool able to simulate drugs action in MEA/hiPSC-CM assays. The mathematical model takes into a...

In this work, we analyze the influence of adding a body surface missing data on the solution of the electrocardiographic imaging inverse problem. The difficulty comes from the fact that the measured Cauchy data is provided only on a part of the body surface and thus a missing data boundary is adjacent to a measured boundary. In order to construct t...

This study investigates the effects of the input parameter uncertainties (organ conductivities, boundary data, etc.) on the electrocardiography (ECG) imaging problem. These inputs are very important for the construction of the torso potential for the forward problem and for the non-invasive electrical potential on the heart surface in the case of t...

We consider the identification problem of the conductivity coefficient for an elliptic operator using an incomplete over specified measures on the surface. Our purpose is to introduce an original method based on a game theory approach, and design a new algorithm for the simultaneous identification of conductivity coefficient and data completion pro...

The fractional flow reserve (FFR) provides an efficient quantitative assessment of the severity of a coronary lesion. Our aim is to address the problem of computing non-invasive virtual fractional flow reserve (VFFR). In this paper, we present a preliminary study of the main features of flow over a stenosed coronary arterial portion, in order to en...

Computational models of heart electrophysiology achieved a considerable interest in the medical community as they represent a novel framework for the study of the mechanisms underpinning heart pathologies. The high demand of computational resources and the long computational time required to evaluate the model solution hamper the use of detailed co...

The Purkinje network is the rapid conduction system in the heart. It ensures the physiological spread of the electrical wave in the ventricles. In this work, we consider a problem that models the coupling between the Purkinje network and the myocardium. We first prove the stability of the space semi-discretized problem. Then we present four differe...

Objective:
Multi Electrodes Arrays (MEAs) combined with cardiomyocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC-CMs) can enable high- or medium-throughput drug screening in safety pharmacology. This technology has recently attracted a lot of attention, in particular from an international initiative named CiPA. But it is currently l...

It has been suggested that the spatiotemporal characteristics of complex cardiac arrhythmias can be extracted from the spectrum of cardiac signals. However, the analysis of simple bioelectric models indicates that the spectrum of cardiac signals can be affected by the spatial resolution of the electrode system. In this study, we derive exact measur...

Aims: To investigate how variability in activation sequence and passive conduction properties translates into clinical variability in QRS biomarkers, and gain novel physiological knowledge on the information contained in the human QRS complex.
Methods and results: Multiscale bidomain simulations using a detailed heart-torso human anatomical model...

In this paper we prove a stability estimate of the parameter identification problem in cardiac electrophysiology modeling. We use the monodomain model which is a reaction diffusion parabolic equation where the reaction term is obtained by solving an ordinary differential equation (ODE). We are interested in proving the stability of the identificati...

This study presents an empirical approach to optimize conductivities within a torso model given simultaneous epicardial and body surface potential recordings. The conductivities of the lungs, skeletal muscle and torso cavity were estimated within a forward model by minimizing the relative error between computed and reference torso potentials using...

The purpose of this paper is to study the influence of errors and uncertainties of the input data, like the conductivity, on the electrocardiography imaging (ECGI) solution. In order to do that, we propose a new stochastic optimal control formulation, permitting to calculate the distribution of the electric potentiel on the heart from the measureme...

The mostly used mathematical formulation of the inverse problem in electrocardiography is based on a least method using a transfer matrix that maps the electrical potential on the heart to the body surface potential (BSP). This mathematical model is ill based and a lot of works have been concentrating on the regularization term without thinking of...

In this work we show the numerical stability of the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) reduced order method used in cardiac electrophysiology application. The difficulty of proving the stability comes from the fact that we are interested in the bidomain model, which is a system of degenerate parabolic equations coupled to a system of ODEs repres...

This study examines the effect of missing body surface potentials on inverse solutions, and determines if linear interpolation can regain information lost. Using simulated and experimental data, electrograms (EGMs) were reconstructed after 1) removing and 2) interpolating 'broken' signals. Results showed that torso potentials missing over the chest...

Slow conduction is a well-known pro-arrhythmic feature for tachycardia and fibrillation. Cardiac conduction velocity (CV) mapping can be extremely helpful for investigating unusual activation patterns. Although methods have been developed to estimate velocity vector field, from ex-vivo preparations (e.g. from optical mapping recordings), the estima...

The effect of torso conductivity heterogeneities on the electrocardiographic imaging (ECGI) inverse problem solution is still subject of debate. In this study we present a method to assess the effect of these heterogeneities. We use an anatomical model containing the heart the lungs the bones and the torso surfaces. We use the bidomain model and we...

The reconstruction of cardiac ischemic regions from body surface potential measurements (BSPMs) is usually performed at a single time instant which corresponds to the plateau or resting phase of the cardiac action potential. Using a different approach, we previously proposed a level set formulation that incorporates the knowledge of the cardiac exc...

Electrocardiography imaging (ECGI) is a new non invasive technology used for heart diagnosis. It allows to construct the electrical potential on the heart surface only from measurement on the body surface and some geometrical informations of the torso. The purpose of this work is twofold: First, we propose a new formulation to calculate the distrib...

The inverse problem of electrocardiography (IPE) has been formulated in different ways in order to non invasively obtain valuable informations about the heart condition. Most of the formulations solve the IPE neglecting the dynamic behavior of the electrical wave propagation in the heart. In this work we take into account this dynamic behavior by c...

The inverse problem in cardiology (IPC) has been formulated in different ways in order to non invasively obtain valuable infor-mations about the heart condition. Most of the formulations solve the IPC under a quasistatic assumption neglecting the dynamic behavior of the electrical wave propagation in the heart. In this work we take into account thi...

Improve ECGI inverse problem reconstruction Introduce new mathematical approches to the field of the ECGI inverse problem Compare the performance of the new mathematical approaches to the state-of-the-art methods, mainly the MFS method used in commercial devices. In silico validation of the new approches. Assessment of some simplification hypothesi...

We present a new mathematical approach for solving the inverse problem in electrocardiography. This approach is based on the factorization of boundary value problems method. In this paper we derive the mathematical equations and test this method on synthetical data generated on realistic heart and torso geometries using the state-of-the-art bidomai...

Computational modeling and simulation is extensively used to investigate diseases in cardiac electrophysiological activity and also drug effects, side effects and interactions. Human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CMs) have been recently considered as a promising tool in regenerative medicine: their major role in repairing damaged...

Aims: Class III and IV drugs affect cardiac human ether-a-go-go related gene (IKr) and L-type calcium (ICaL) channels, resulting in complex alterations in repolarization with both anti- and pro-arrhythmic consequences. Interpretation of their effects on cellular and electrocardiogram (ECG)-based biomarkers for risk stratification is challenging. As...

Solving the inverse problem in electrocardiography imaging (ECGI) is a challenging problem. In this work, we present an ECGI solver based on the iterative Kozlov-Maz'ya-Fomin (KMF) method. Because of the lack of gold standards data for this problem, we propose to test this method on synthetical data generated based on the bido-main state-of-the-art...

The electrocardiogram (ECG) is often used to diagnose myocardial infarction, but sensitivity and specificity are low. Here we present a computational framework for solving the bidomain equations over an image-based human geometry and simulating the 12 lead ECG. First, we demonstrate this approach by evaluating a population of eight models with vary...

Numerical simulation of cardiac electrophysiology is very time consuming. Reduced order method have been recently used in different fields including cardiac electro- physiology. In this paper we use a reduced order method based on the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), and we propose to evaluate the accuracy of this method while changing differ...

We present a new mathematical approach for solving the inverse problem in electrocardiography. This approach is based on the factorization of boundary value problems method. In this paper we derive the mathematical equations and test this method on synthetical data generated on realistic heart and torso geometries using the state-of-the-art bidomai...