Neil H Spencer

Neil H Spencer
University of Hertfordshire | UH · Hertfordshire Business School

PhD in Applied Statistics

About

73
Publications
16,904
Reads
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984
Citations
Introduction
Professor of Applied Statistics, collaborating with researchers from a range of disciplines on various projects, from labour disputes to the platform economy to robotic prostatectomies to academic English. Current major research projects include the Horizon 2020 PLUS (Platform Labour in Urban Spaces) project and the Eurofound funded report on analysis of collective labour disputes in the EU.
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
November 2019 - present
University of Hertfordshire
Position
  • Professor
July 2013 - October 2019
University of Hertfordshire
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2003 - June 2013
University of Hertfordshire
Position
  • Principal Lecturer in Statistics
Education
October 1991 - August 1994
Lancaster University
Field of study
  • Applied Statistics
October 1990 - September 1991
University of Southampton
Field of study
  • Social Statistics
October 1987 - May 1990
University of Reading
Field of study
  • Statistics

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Due to concerns that respondents to online surveys are different from populations of interest, parallel offline surveys can be undertaken and results compared. In this article we create a set of principles to compare results from online surveys with those from surveys using other survey modes. Rather than just comparing estimates and confidence int...
Article
Introducing this volume, this article reflects on recent changes that brought to the editors’ attention the need for this special issue on the methodological and ethical challenges facing those who research precarious, virtual and clandestine labour in the 21st century. An exponential spread of algorithmically managed platform labour, just-in-time...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To report the United Kingdom’s largest single centre experience of robotically assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomies (RALP), using the neurovascular structure -adjacent frozen-section (NeuroSAFE) technique. We describe its’ efficacy on histopathological and functional outcomes, to be a reference to Units in their early stages of...
Article
Objective • To measure the proportion of aspirated material used to make direct slides for ROSE at EBUS and EUS in suspected thoracic malignancy • To correlate pass weights with ROSE category and needle size. Method All EBUS and EUS cases for possible thoracic malignancy October 2018 ‐ May 2019 were included. All material from each pass was expel...
Article
Introduction The learning curves analysed to date for robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy are based on arbitrary cut-offs of the total cases. Methods We analysed a large dataset of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomies from a single centre between 2008 and 2019 for assessment of the learning curve for perioperative outcomes with respec...
Article
The “surgical learning curve”, a period of time in which surgeon’s perspective for the particular procedure changes from a novice to a competent, would be the arbitrary timeline in which the overall efficiency may be less with possible higher rates of complications until superseded by adequate experience. [1, 2] After the inception, the field of mi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents data from the 2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in England. HBSC is an international study conducted in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). The study captures data on young people’s health, health behaviours and social environment. In 2018, 3398 young people in England took part in t...
Article
Full-text available
Socioeconomic deprivation has been linked to food consumption practices, but studies investigating the food environment around schools provide mixed findings. Peer influence and marketing cues are considered important influencers of young people’s behaviors. This study used a tribal theory lens to investigate the factors affecting pupils’ purchasin...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Foundation for European Progressive Studies, UNI Global Union and University of Hertfordshire.
Article
Our study contributes to the current research on tourism and quality-of-life (QOL) by investigating Memorable Event Experiences (MEE), as a primary resource for familial bonding and memory creation. A mixed methods approach (focus groups and questionnaires) is used to explore the QOL indicators of: physical well-being, psychological/emotional well-...
Article
Over the last decade, cyberbullying has emerged as a public health concern among young people. Cyberbullying refers to intentional harmful behaviors and communication carried out repeatedly using electronic media. Considerable research has demonstrated the detrimental and long-lasting effects of cyberbullying involvement. This article draws on a so...
Article
Full-text available
Background The broad nature of young people’s development is internationally acknowledged, which includes physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social elements. In England, schools have a legal obligation to promote spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) development. It has been suggested that personal, social, health and economic (PSHE) edu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Polypharmacy is common among older adults, with increasing numbers also using prescription drugs with herbal medicinal products (HMPs) and dietary supplements. There is no reliable evidence from the UK on concurrent use of HMPs and dietary supplements with prescription drugs in older adults. Aim: To establish prevalence of concurrent...
Article
Full-text available
This article questions whether the dominant policy discourse, in which a normative model of standard employment is counterposed to ‘non‐standard’ or ‘atypical’ employment, enables us to capture the diversity of fluid labour markets in which work is dynamically reshaped in an interaction between different kinds of employment status and work organisa...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the neuroscience that underpins the psychology of compassion as a competency. The authors explain why this cognitive competency is now taught and assessed on modules of different degree subjects in a UK university. Design/methodology/approach The paper is divided into first, an exploration of recen...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to explore the neuroscience that underpins the psychology of compassion as a competency. We explain why this cognitive competency is now taught and assessed on modules of different degree subjects in a UK university. The paper is divided into first, an exploration of recent psychology and neuroscience literature that il...
Research
Full-text available
There is much talk about the disruptive potential of digitalisation and the sharing economy on labour markets. But surprisingly little is known about the realities of ‘gig work’ and the new types of employment created by online platforms. Is it a liberating new form of self- employ- ment or a new form of exploitation? How many workers are doing it?...
Article
Background: Bullying is a public health concern for the school-aged population, however, the health outcomes associated with the subtype of relational bullying are less understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between relational bullying and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among young people. Methods: This study...
Article
Full-text available
Background Conducting research on the antecedents of teacher connectedness (TC) is key to inform intervention and policy that can leverage the public health potential of teachers for young people’s well-being. As part of the EU-funded Teacher Connectedness Project, this study aims to examine the contribution of a variety of school-level factors (in...
Article
In this paper, we present a method for sampling items that are checked on a pass/fail basis, with a view to a statement being made about the success/failure rate for the purposes of promoting an organisation’s product/service to potential clients/customers. Attention is paid to the appropriate use of statistical phrases for the statements and this...
Book
Full-text available
One of the most dramatic developments in European labour markets in recent years has been the introduction of online platforms to manage work, leading to an explosive growth in ‘crowd work’. Commissioned by FEPS and UNI-Europa from the University of Hertfordshire, this interim report reviews the existing evidence on the extent and characteristics o...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The aim of this paper was to examine if the multiple environments of the adolescent including family, peers, school and neighbourhood might function as protective health assets against self-harming behaviour during adolescence. Methods The present study utilised data collected from 1608 respondents aged 15 years as part of the England W...
Article
Full-text available
When undertaking quantitative hypothesis testing, social researchers need to decide whether the data with which they are working is suitable for parametric analyses to be used. When considering the relevant assumptions they can examine graphs and summary statistics but the decision making process is subjective and must also take into account the ro...
Article
Full-text available
The geographies of the current generation of young people are markedly distinct from previous generations by virtue of their access to a virtual playground. The vast majority of young people now engage in video gaming as a leisure activity. Drawing on findings from the 2009/2010 WHO Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study this paper set out...
Article
Full-text available
Across Europe and North America, few young people meet the recommended levels of physical activity (PA) of 1 hour of moderate to vigorous PA per day. However, the lives of young people cannot simply be polarised as either completely sedentary or active. Drawing on findings from the World Health Organization Health Behaviour in School-aged Children...
Book
Since most datasets contain a number of variables, multivariate methods are helpful in answering a variety of research questions. Accessible to students and researchers without a substantial background in statistics or mathematics, Essentials of Multivariate Data Analysis explains the usefulness of multivariate methods in applied research. Unlike m...
Article
Full-text available
Engagement in risk behaviours may pose a significant threat to health if involvement spans multiple behaviours. The asset model suggests that contextual aspects of young people's lives, such as factors related to family, school and community, serve as a protective function against health risk behaviours. A risk-taking index was created from the Eng...
Article
Six different supraglottic airway devices: Combitube™, laryngeal mask airway, intubating laryngeal mask airway (Fastrach™), i-gel™, Laryngeal Tube™ and Pro-Seal™ laryngeal mask airway were assessed by 58 paramedic students for speed and ease of insertion in a manikin, whilst wearing either chemical, biological, radiation, nuclear-personal protectiv...
Article
Respiratory failure following chemical exposure can be fatal and although supraglottic airway devices have been evaluated for use in the management of CBRN casualties' intubation remains the gold standard airway. This is a randomised cross-over study involving 66 paramedic students utilising the following intubating aids bougie, stylet, McCoy laryn...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: To see if the Airtraq™ paediatric laryngoscope is easier and faster for paramedic students to use than the traditional Miller (straight blade) laryngoscope. Methods: A randomised cross-over study involving 72 paramedic students. Each student intubated a Laerdal ALS baby™ manikin (Laerdal Medical Limited) representative of an 8 kg infa...
Article
Prompt airway management following a CBRN incident is linked to improved patient survival. However, responding rescuers will have to wear CBRN-PPE and treat patients positioned on the floor which will adversely impact on intubation skill performance. 48 final year paramedic students intubated manikin's positions in 4 different positions; on an ambu...
Article
Following a Chemical, Biological, Radiation, or Nuclear (CBRN) incident, the attending rescuers will be required to administer drugs while wearing the CBRN Personal Protective Equipment (CBRN-PPE). Little is known regarding the impact of the CBRN-PPE on the ability to speedily, safely, and accurately draw up drugs for subsequent administration. A r...
Chapter
This chapter concerns the use of individualised computer-assisted assessment carried out as part of a statistics module for first year undergraduate students at the University of Hertfordshire”s Business School studying for a degree in marketing. The module”s learning outcomes include: being able to apply appropriate quantitative techniques to mani...
Article
This article describes how a demonstration of statistical (or other) software can be recorded without expensive video equipment and saved as a presentation to be displayed with software such as Microsoft PowerPoint. Work carried out on a tablet PC, for example, can also be recorded in this fashion.
Article
The increasing impetus to provide an effective response to childhood obesity has generated a corresponding concern that weight management interventions may lead to emotional problems among young people, notably in relation to the development of a negative body image. However, currently the processes and factors that contribute to the acquisition of...
Article
Full-text available
  We propose a new method for overcoming the problem of adjusting for the multiple-testing problem in the context of testing random-number generators. We suggest that it is to be used in conjunction with an existing method. More generally, the method can be useful in other situations where the multiple-testing issue is encountered and the tests inv...
Article
This prospective observational study reports on 126 women from 25 UK centres with image-proven antenatal venous thromboembolism (VTE), 62% deep vein thrombosis and 38% pulmonary embolism. Thrombophilia screening was of limited benefit except to identify antithrombin deficiency. Sixteen (13%) patients had previous VTE, all but one was related to pre...
Article
Full-text available
Data often take the form of ordered categories. For instance, in education, test results are often reported as grades. Where a hierarchical structure exists for--the data, multilevel modelling of such ordered categorisations can be carried out using macros in MLwiN. The ordered categorisation can be seen as the--realisation of an unknown underlying...
Article
Most data that are collected are multivariate in nature, and much of them can he regarded as continuous. In the initial stages of analysis graphic displays can be used to explore the data but for multivariate data traditional histograms or two- or three-dimensional scatter plots may miss complex relationships that exist in the data set. A number of...
Article
Full-text available
Most data that are collected are multivariate in nature, and much of them can be regarded as continuous. In the initial stages of analysis, graphic displays can be used to explore the data, but for multivariate data, traditional histograms or two- or three-dimensional scatter plots may miss complex relationships that exist in the data set. A number...
Article
This paper combines two estimation procedures: Iterative Generalized Least Squares as used in the software MLwiN; Gibbs Sampling as employed in the software BUGS to produce a modelling strategy that respects the hierarchical nature of the Teaching Styles data and also allows for the endogeneity problems encountered when examining pupil progress.
Article
Full-text available
Modelling strategies for value-added multilevel models are examined. These types of models typically include an endogenous variable and this causes difficulties for the standard estimation techniques that are commonly used to analyse multilevel models. Two alternative estimation strategies are proposed: one using an instrumental variable approach a...
Article
Full-text available
It is far from unusual for a multilevel model to contain a regressor that can be regarded as an endogenous variable. The term endogeneity as opposed to exogeneity is a familiar term in econometrics. Often it manifests itself by explanatory variable being subject to the same influences as the response variable. It is thus not exogenous in the model...
Article
Full-text available
This paper combines two estimation procedures: Iterative Generalized Least Squares as used in the sofware MLwiN; Gibbs Sampling as employed in the software BUGS to Produce a modelling strategy that respects the hierachical nature of the Teaching Styles data and also allows for the endogeneity problems encountred when examining pupil progress.
Article
Modelling strategies for value-added multilevel models are examined. These types of models typically include an endogenous variable and this causes difficulties for the standard estimation techniques that are commonly used to analyse multilevel models. Two alternative estimation strategies are proposed: one using an instrumental variable approach a...
Article
Students often find the concepts of bias and consistency hard to understand intuitively. This article presnts means of demonstrating these concepts using a computer so that students, once they have seen them in action, can more readily grasp their meanings and imlications.
Article
In this paper we examine educational data whch has a cross-classified structure. A cross-classified value-added multilevel model is proposed for these data and the problem of estimation are discussed in relation to the probllem of an endogenous regressor.
Article
Full-text available
The estimation of parameters of lagged multilevel models is considered. This type of model is used in many application areas, including psychology and education, where changes in test results over time can be modelled. Standard estimation techniques are shown to give inconsistent results for this formulation of the multilevel model. For two simple...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Lancaster, 1995.

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Creating a typology of labour disputes based on data from Eurofound's Industrial Action Monitor (IAM).
Project
PLUS is a Horizon 2020 trans-national project exploring the impact of four disruptive platforms (AirBnb, Deliveroo, Helpling and Uber) on seven European cities (Barcelona, Berlin, Bologna, Lisbon, London, Paris, Tallinn).