Neil K Gibbs

Neil K Gibbs
The University of Manchester · Institute of Inflammation and Repair

BSc (Hons), B'ham; MPhil, PhD, London FRSB

About

125
Publications
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Publications

Publications (125)
Article
Full-text available
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an incurable, inflammatory skin condition that is prevalent (∼20%) in young children. There is an unmet clinical need, particularly in children, for safe interventions that target the etiology of the disease. Deficiencies in the skin barrier protein, filaggrin (FLG) have been identified as major predisposing factors in AD....
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Full-text available
Photodamage in chronically sun-exposed skin manifests clinically as deep wrinkles and histologically as extensive remodelling of the dermal extracellular matrix (ECM) and in particular, the elastic fibre system. We have shown previously that loss of fibrillin microfibrils, a key elastic fibre component, is a hallmark of early photodamage and that t...
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Full-text available
Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as eczema, is one of the most common chronic skin conditions worldwide, affecting up to 16% of children and 10% of adults. It is incurable and has significant psychosocial and economic impacts on the affected individuals. AD etiology has been linked to deficiencies in the skin barrier protein, filaggrin. In mammal...
Article
Langerhans cells (LC) are sentinels of skin's immune system, their loss from epidermis contributing to UVR-suppression of cell mediated immunity (CMI). Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids show potential to abrogate UVR-suppression of CMI in mice and humans, potentially through modulation of LC migration. Our objectives were to examine if eicosapent...
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Excessive ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure of the skin is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Although both exogenous sunscreens and endogenous tissue components (including melanins and tryptophan-derived compounds) reduce UVR penetration, the role of endogenous proteins in absorbing environmental UV wavelengths is poorly defined. Having...
Article
Skin cancer is a major public health concern and the primary aetiological factor in the majority of skin cancers is UVR exposure. Ultraviolet radiation not only induces potentially mutagenic DNA damage, but also suppresses cell mediated immunity (CMI), allowing cancerous cells to escape destruction and progress to tumours. A considerable proportion...
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Full-text available
Significance: Chronic exposure to environmental ultraviolet radiation (UVR) plays a key role in both photocarcinogenesis and induction of accelerated skin aging. Although the spatiotemporal consequences of UVR exposure for the composition and architecture of the dermal extracellular matrix (ECM) are well characterized, the pathogenesis of photoagi...
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Exposure to ultraviolet radiation can lead to suppression of many adaptive immune responses, both to antigens encountered within a short period of the irradiation (primary) and to antigens previously encountered (memory). The pathways involved are complex and not completely elucidated. This brief review summarizes the information available currentl...
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Background: Skin cancer is a major public health concern, and the majority of cases are caused by solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure, which suppresses skin immunity. Omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs protect against photoimmunosuppression and skin cancer in mice, but the impact in humans is unknown. Objectives: We hypothesized that EPA-rich n-3 PUFA w...
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Human skin, in common with other organs, ages as a consequence of the passage of time, but in areas exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation, the effects of this intrinsic ageing process are exacerbated. In particular, both the severity and speed of onset of age-related changes, such as wrinkle formation and loss of elasticity, are enhanced in photoa...
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Located in the stratum corneum, urocanic acid is a major epidermal chromophore for UVR. This simple molecule has attracted a great deal of research interest over the past half century, initially as a putative "natural sunscreen" and later as a mediator of photoimmunosuppression with a consequent role in photocarcinogenesis. For the first time, Barr...
Article
Photoageing of human skin due to chronic exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is characterized histologically by extensive remodelling of the dermal elastic fibre system. Whilst enzymatic pathways are thought to play a major role in mediating extracellular matrix (ECM) degeneration in UV-exposed skin, the substrate specificity of UVR-up-regulate...
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Full-text available
Urocanic acid (UCA), produced in the upper layers of mammalian skin, is a major absorber of ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Originally thought to be a 'natural sunscreen', studies conducted a quarter of a century ago proposed that UCA may be a chromophore for the immunosuppression that follows exposure to UVR. With its intriguing photochemistry, its r...
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Skin disease can cause psychologic difficulties, but information is lacking on the emotional impact of the common photosensitivity condition, polymorphous light eruption (PMLE). We sought to examine the emotional impact of PMLE, and its relationships with patients' beliefs about their PMLE and health-related variables. Patients with PMLE who had at...
Article
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation damages the cellular DNA of skin cells. In response, wild-type p53 protein accumulates in irradiated cells and the stabilized and transactivated protein can then induce genes involved in cell cycle arrest in G1, or in the initiation of apoptosis. Selenium protects cells from UVB-induced cell death and apoptosis by mechani...
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Full-text available
DLQI, Dermatology Life Quality Index; IQR, interquartile range; PLE, polymorphic light eruption; PLESS, PLE severity score; QOL, quality of life
Article
Journal of Investigative Dermatology (2005) 125, 853–853; doi:10.1111/j.0022-202X.2005.23877_2.x Lifetime prevalence and characteristics of photodermatoses in europe M Bock*, L Anastasopoulou†, C Antoniou†, F Aubin‡, T Bruckner*, B Faivre‡, NK Gibbs§, FR de Gruijl¶, C Jansen#, AS Jansens¶, TC Ling§, S Niemelä#, S Pavel¶, LE Rhodes§, CA Stratigos†...
Article
Urocanic acid (UCA) is present at millimolar concentrations in mammalian epidermis and undergoes photoisomerization from the naturally occurring trans-isomer to the cis-isomer on exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Cis-UCA causes downregulation of various immune responses in mouse and human experimental models and has been proposed as both a c...
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Ultraviolet (UV) exposure of mammalian skin induces local and systemic immunosuppression. In mice it has been proposed that systemic immunosuppression is mediated by an UV-induced cytokine cascade involving systemic interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 and a reduction in IL-12 activity. To investigate whether there was a parallel mechanism in humans we exa...
Article
Polymorphic light eruption (PLE) is a highly prevalent photosensitivity disorder, estimated to affect 11-21% people in temperate countries. Typically, PLE appears as a recurrent pruritic eruption comprising papules and/or vesicles and/or plaques, which occurs on photo-exposed skin sites following sun exposure, and which heals without scarring. Comm...
Article
Recent studies on the immunosuppressive effects of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and the related resistance to infections in rodents and humans are presented. The waveband dependency of trans-to-cis isomerisation of urocanic acid in the stratum corneum and the role of DNA damage in UVR-induced erythema and immunosuppression were investigated to furth...
Article
Drug-induced skin phototoxicity is a well recognised cause of abnormal skin photosensitivity. This chapter gives a general overview of the history, the range of drugs and the types of skin reactions associated with photoxicity. The fluoroquinolone antibiotics have become the most important group of pharmaceutical phototoxins of the last decade. The...
Article
The fluoroquinolone antibiotic, lomefloxacin, is phototoxic in human skin exposed to UVA radiation, photosensitises DNA strand breaks and pyrimidine dimers in human keratinocytes in vitro, and is phototumorigenic in mouse skin. The p53 tumour suppressor protein is activated by a variety of cellular insults including UV radiation, to become a transc...
Article
One aspect of bath photochemotherapy (PUVA) that requires clarification is the duration of psoralen-induced cutaneous photosensitisation under conditions simulating clinical use. Using a half back comparison study technique, we investigated the persistence of trimethylpsoralen (TMP)-induced photosensitivity in skin irradiated to simulate a first PU...
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Full-text available
High level activation of p53-dependent transcription occurs following cellular exposure to genotoxic damaging agents such as UV-C, while ionizing radiation damage does not induce a similarly potent induction of p53-dependent gene expression. Reasoning that one of the major differences between UV-C and ionizing radiation damage is that the latter do...
Article
The calcium antagonist nifedipine absorbs ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation and readily photodegrades in vitro to a toxic nitroso-pyridine photoproduct. We examined whether whole body exposure of normal subjects to sunbed UVA radiation would affect the pharmacokinetics of nifedipine. Eight healthy, male, Caucasian volunteers (phototypes I-III) particip...
Article
Many therapeutic drugs induce phototoxic skin responses following exposure to solar or artificial ultraviolet radiation sources. Several in vitro model systems have been developed to predict drug phototoxicity but none have been conducted in parallel with controlled clinical phototoxicity studies on systemically administered pharmaceuticals. The in...
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The fluoroquinolone antibiotic lomefloxacin is phototoxic, photogenotoxic, photomutagenic and photosensitizes tumorigenesis in mouse skin. We have used T4 endonuclease V to demonstrate that lomefloxacin photosensitizes pyrimidine dimer formation in a human keratinocyte line (HaCaT). A possible mechanism for this effect would be triplet-triplet ener...
Article
We are exposed constantly to potentially harmful compounds and radiations. Complex adaptive protective responses have evolved to prevent such agents causing cellular damage, including potentially oncogenic mutation. The p53 tumour suppressor appears to have a role in co-ordinating such responses: it is activated by diverse insults and it acts as a...
Article
We are exposed constantly to potentially harmful compounds and radiations. Complex adaptive protective responses have evolved to prevent such agents causing cellular damage, including potentially oncogenic mutation. The p53 tumour suppressor appears to have a role in coordinating such responses: it is activated by diverse insults and it acts as a t...
Article
Exposure to UV light has, besides some beneficial effects (vitamin D production), many harmful effects on human health. UVB irradiation has been shown to suppress both systemic and local immune responses to a variety of antigens, including some microorganisms. However, it is still not known whether such immunomodulating effects may lead to an incre...
Article
The fluoroquinolone (FQ) antibiotics photosensitize human skin to solar UV radiation and are reported to photosensitize tumor formation in mouse skin. As tumor initiation will not occur without genotoxic insult, we examined the potential of ciprofloxacin, lomefloxacin, fleroxacin, BAYy3118 (a recently developed monofluorinated quinolone) and a nali...
Article
Ultraviolet is thought to induce skin tumors by its dual activity as a mutagenic agent and a suppressor of cell-mediated immunity. In the present study the effects of quercetin, a flavonoid-containing compound, on carcinogenesis and immunosuppression were studied in SKH hairless mice exposed to suberythemal doses of UV for up to 17 weeks. It was fo...
Article
Exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation results in the suppression of many cell-mediated immune responses, and recent studies mice and murine cells in vitro suggest a shift from a T-helper 1 (Th1) to a Th2 type of response on irradiation. Active psoriasis is considered to be a Th1-type disorder, chiefly on the basis of the cytokines produced by i...
Article
The phototoxic potential of several non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and quinolone antibiotics was assessed using the photohaemolysis assay. In this system, human erythrocytes are irradiated (UVA radiation 320-400 nm) from below in the presence of suspected photosensitizers. Photohaemolysis with ketoprofen, tiaprofenic acid or nalidixic acid w...
Article
Trans to cis photoisomerization of epidermal urocanic acid (UCA) has been proposed as a primary event in UV-induced immunosuppression. 8-Methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) in combination with UVA radiation (PUVA) is used for photochemotherapy of several immunologicaly based skin disorders, and PUVA is known to cause immunosuppression. We examined the photoint...
Article
Trans-urocanic acid (UCA) is found in the upper layer of the skin and UV irradiation induces its photoisomerization to cis-UCA. Cis-UCA mimics some of the immunosuppressive properties of UV exposure. The wavelength dependence for in vitro photoisomerization of trans-UCA (15 microM) over the spectral range 250 nm-340 nm (10 nm intervals) was determi...
Article
The numbers and function of circulating lymphocyte subsets are within normal ranges in patients with psoriasis and are not affected by 4 weeks of ultraviolet (UV) therapy, except for a suppression in natural killer (NK) cell activity. However, it is possible that immunomodulation might occur at the initiation of phototherapy with a return to contro...
Article
Cis-urocanic acid (UCA), formed in the epidermis by UV irradiation of trans-UCA, has been implicated as a mediator of the immunosuppression induced by UV exposure of the skin. This review covers recent work in which the wavelength dependence of cis-UCA formation, the interaction of UCA isomers with DNA, the effects of UCA isomers on the immune syst...