Neil Charness

Neil Charness
Florida State University | FSU · Department of Psychology

About

233
Publications
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Publications

Publications (233)
Article
Worldwide population aging and rapid diffusion of digital technology have converged to produce an age-related digital divide in the adoption of technology, as seen in use of the Internet and ownership of smartphones. Given the centrality of these technologies for full participation in modern society, reducing that gap is an important challenge for...
Article
Background and Objectives: Study recruitment and retention of older adults in research studies is a major challenge. Enhancing understanding of individual differences in motivations to participate, and predictors of motivators, can serve the dual aims of facilitating the recruitment and retention of older adults, benefiting study validity, economy,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Subtyping of Alzheimer's disease (AD) can facilitate diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and disease management. It can also support the testing of new prevention and treatment strategies through clinical trials. In this study, we employed spectral clustering to cluster 29,922 AD patients in the OneFlorida Data Trust using their longitudinal EHR data o...
Article
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Research has pointed to the potential of extended reality (XR), including virtual, mixed, and augmented reality, for broadly impactful benefits, including learning, physical activity and health, and psychosocial aspects such as increased empathy and reduced loneliness. More research is needed to evaluate the outcomes of XR in new populations of use...
Article
Full-text available
Digital (consumer) services, such as ticket machines, self-checkout, and online reservations, have become increasingly important in modern society. Studies on adoption of these services and openness to using future public digital services (e.g., online voting, online taxes, electronic patient records) have mostly focused on younger adults or nonrep...
Article
In the present study, we examined three experimental cognitive interventions, two targeted at training general cognitive abilities and one targeted at training specific instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) abilities, along with one active control group to compare benefits of these interventions beyond expectation effects, in a group of ol...
Article
Background and objectives: Numerous longitudinal studies suggest that technology use in late adulthood is associated with cognitive benefits. Using data from a randomized controlled trial, the current study examined whether computer use improves cognition in older adults with little to no previous computer experience. Research design and methods:...
Article
A cognitive intervention study was conducted with the purpose of exploring methods to improve adherence to a technology-based cognitive intervention and uncover individual differences that predict adherence (N = 120). The study was divided into two phases: Phase 1, in which participants were asked to follow a prescribed schedule of training that in...
Article
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Objective In the past few months, a large number of clinical studies on the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have been initiated worldwide to find effective therapeutics, vaccines, and preventive strategies for COVID-19. In this study, we aim to understand the landscape of COVID-19 clinical research and identify the issues that may cause recrui...
Article
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I describe the process of FSU becoming an Age-Friendly University (AFU). After hearing a presentation on AFU at the Age Directors meeting at GSA by Joann Montepare in November 2016, I judged that many of the ten principles of an AFU were already in operation at FSU. So, I decided to confer in December with VP for Faculty Development and Advancement...
Article
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Cognitive impairment (CI) refers to changes in cognition that result in difficulties remembering, learning new things, concentrating, making decisions important to everyday life, responding to environmental demands, or understanding social cues, and these difficulties can result in disability (limiting one or more major life activities). Existing a...
Article
Full-text available
The massive potential of cognitive training and longitudinal cognitive assessment to detect and prevent age-related cognitive decline and dementia will not be realized unless individuals are willing and able to engage with these protocols for an extended period of time. Unfortunately, similar to other health behaviors, adherence to home-based asses...
Article
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Older adults are at greater risk of death and serious injury in transportation crashes which have been increasing in older adult cohorts relative to younger cohorts. Can technology provide a safer road environment? Even if technology can mitigate crash risk, is it acceptable to older road users? We outline the results from several studies that test...
Article
Full-text available
Adherence to health behaviors is often poor, including adherence to at-home technology-based interventions. This study (N=120) explored adherence to a cognitive training intervention delivered via computer tablet, assessed adherence over a 4.5 month period, explored how individual difference factors shaped adherence, and tested the efficacy of mess...
Article
The Center for Research and Education on Aging and Technology Enhancement (CREATE) was founded in 1999 and is funded by the National Institute on Aging (National Institutes of Health; PO1 AG017211). This interdisciplinary team of psychologists and engineers focuses on design and deployment of technology with aging adults. In this panel session, we...
Chapter
The past few decades have seen a reversal in the trend toward earlier retirement that followed the introduction of public pension systems. Further, workers in the very large baby boom cohort have expressed a strong desire to continue working past traditional retirement ages. Workers, even those in the later decades (e.g., 70s), are choosing to stay...
Article
Using the coincidental timing of a national survey conducted in Japan before and after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in 2011, this study reports a rare natural experiment that explored how the experience of a nuclear disaster influenced technology adoption in middle-aged and older adults. We conducted path analyses assessing how technology...
Article
Full-text available
The addition of video game-like elements to non-game activities, known as gamification, holds promise with respect to encouraging engagement with, and adherence to, health behaviors and healthcare interventions. Elements of gamification include the introduction of points systems, leaderboards, achievement badges, stories and themes, rewards, progre...
Article
Full-text available
Technology presents opportunities to optimize whole person wellness and functioning. To understand tech readiness and the potential role of virtual (VR) and augmented reality (AR) to support optimal aging, we surveyed 604 participants from the nationally representative RAND American Life Panel. Participant age ranged from 50-90+, 51.5% were female,...
Article
Full-text available
Extended Reality (XR), which encompasses Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR), holds a great deal of promise for improving the health and well-being of older adults. These opportunities include providing rehabilitation, physical exercise, skills training, leisure opportunities, and support for instrumental activities of daily living. Fur...
Article
Objective This study assessed older drivers’ driving behavior when using longitudinal and lateral vehicle warning systems together. Background Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) can benefit drivers of all ages. Previous research with younger to middle-aged samples suggests that safety benefits are not necessarily additive with additional AD...
Article
This study examined the impact of use of a computer software application designed specifically for older people known as PRISM—a Personal Reminder Information and Social Management system—which was installed on a computer that was placed in the homes of adults aged 65 to 98 years, who were at risk for social isolation and had minimal or no computer...
Article
Full-text available
Technology can help support the goal of many older adults to live independently, though cognitive, attitudinal, and other barriers often result in a "digital divide" in which older adults use and adopt new technology at a lower rate compared to younger adults. Due to the many potential benefits of technology it is not surprising that interest in to...
Article
Age-related perceptual and cognitive declines are associated with difficulties performing everyday tasks required to remain independent. Encouraging improvements in cognitive abilities have been shown for various short-term interventions but there is little evidence for direct impact on independence. This project compares the effect of broad and di...
Article
Full-text available
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) hold considerable promise for maintaining aging adults’ mobility as they develop impairments in driving skill. Nonetheless, attitudes can be a significant barrier to adoption as has been shown for other technologies. We investigated how different introductions to AV, video with a driver in the front seat, the rear seat, an...
Article
With respect to designing for aging, a great deal of attention has been focused on design to support the performance of important everyday activities such as transportation, healthcare, and work. Design to support leisure activities, however, should not be neglected as these activities can help reduce stress, promote emotional and physical health,...
Presentation
Older drivers are at disproportionate risk for serious injuries and fatalities in traffic crashes, and US crashes have been rising in recent years. However, cessation of driving can lead to the loss of independence and is a significant risk factor for negative health outcomes such as depression. Technologies such as advanced driver assistance syste...
Article
InnoVenture Weekend at FSU, an AFU member institution, was a joint effort of the Institute for Successful Longevity (ISL), the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, and the Jim Moran School of Entrepreneurship. ISL worked with the organizing committee to set aging as the theme for the product design and business pitch event. ISL queried its participant...
Article
Work is increasingly being transformed in ways which will have important implications for the capability of older workers to continue to work and to be employable. Employment configurations that emphasize more contingent and part-time remote jobs, the dependence on virtual teams, and knowledge work that relies on converting information from one for...
Article
The term “aging-in-place” has become common in everyday language but what exactly does it mean? People used to think that they would want to continue to live in the family home forever – without ever having to relocate. However, changing norms for mobility and increasing options for living communities are likely going to have an influence. Accordin...
Article
The intersecting trends of population aging and the ubiquitous diffusion of technology, presents opportunities and challenges for older adults, researchers, and system designers. Optimizing technology interactions requires maximizing the fit between aging adults and technology systems. This talk will present a conceptual framework to illustrate the...
Article
Full-text available
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) are rapidly being introduced into new vehicles with each new model year, and their incorporation into the driving task stands to benefit drivers of all ages. However, evidence from studies with largely younger samples suggests that there might be attentional issues that arise when dealing with the alerts fr...
Article
Age-related perceptual and cognitive declines are associated with difficulties performing everyday tasks required to remain independent. Encouraging improvements in cognitive abilities have been shown for various short-term interventions (e.g., the ACTIVE trial, digital games, aerobic exercise) but there is little evidence for direct impact on inde...
Article
Background and objectives: There is growing evidence of the benefits of computers for older adults. Yet, adoption rates are lower compared with younger adults. Extant theoretical models of technology acceptance are limited in their application to older adults-studies on which these models are based included a limited sample of older adults or none...
Article
Background and objectives: Regardless of the increased deployment of technologies in everyday living domains, barriers remain that hamper technology adoption by older adults. Understanding barriers to adoption such as individual differences in attitudes toward computers is important to the design of strategies to reduce age-related digital dispari...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objective As part of the PRISM (Personal Reminder Information & Social Management) randomized field trial, a large group of older adults (N = 150) received a computer system in their home that presented them with the opportunity to play eleven different video games. While researchers have often assessed older adults’ gaming preferenc...
Article
This study examined how age, depressive symptoms, demographic variables, frailty, and health factors jointly influence episodic memory across the lifespan in two large, diverse samples. Hierarchical regression analyses from both samples showed that depressive symptoms negatively impacted episodic memory performance with the effect being more pronou...
Article
Objectives: The current study investigated baseline and longitudinal relationships between memory complaints, depressive symptoms, and cognition in older adults. Method: Using the sample from the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management trial, we generated path models predicting self-rated memory complaints measured by the Memory Func...
Article
Full-text available
The degree to which " brain training " can improve general cognition, resulting in improved performance on tasks dissimilar from the trained tasks (transfer of training), is a controversial topic. Here, we tested the degree to which cognitive training, in the form of gamified training activities that have demonstrated some degree of success in the...
Article
Objectives: Information and communication technology holds promise in terms of providing support and reducing isolation among older adults. We evaluated the impact of a specially designed computer system for older adults, the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) system. Design, setting, and participants: The trial was a mu...
Technical Report
Our objective was to provide empirically supported guidelines and templates for the design of tip cards and other public service transportation materials to educate aging road users on traffic control devices. Task 1 identified relevant theories and data concerning the design of public service materials. We used this literature review to provide gu...
Chapter
We review recent data and theory about technology adoption and acceptance by older adults, focusing on information and communications technology (ICT), digital gaming, and social networking sites. Representative data in developed countries indicate that older adult cohorts lag in ICT use, including Internet use, despite apparent benefits that some...
Article
Full-text available
In 2014, two groups of scientists published open letters on the efficacy of brain-training interventions, or “brain games,” for improving cognition. The first letter, a consensus statement from an international group of more than 70 scientists, claimed that brain games do not provide a scientifically grounded way to improve cognitive functioning or...
Article
Due to their disproportional representation in fatal crashes, younger and older drivers both stand to benefit from in-vehicle safety technologies, yet little is known about how they value such technologies, or their willingness to adopt them. The current study investigated older (aged 65 and greater; N=49) and younger (ages 18-23; N=40) adults' val...
Conference Paper
The personal vehicle is increasingly the preferred mode of travel for aging adults. There are greater numbers of older drivers on the roads driving more miles than ever before, and it is important to be aware of declines that might affect them. Existing technology adoption frameworks are reviewed and relevant issues surrounding older adults’ adopti...
Conference Paper
The aim of the PRISM trial was to examine the potential benefits of a Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) computer system on the well-being and perceived social support of an older adult sample at risk for social isolation. Participants (N = 300) were randomly assigned to receive the PRISM system, which was designed to suppo...
Conference Paper
Given the increased fatality risk of older pedestrians, and the large and growing older adult population in the United States and around the world, many countermeasures to ensure aging pedestrian safety have been explored (e.g., different types of crosswalk markings). The present study sought to investigate the potential of an experimental counterm...
Conference Paper
There has been recent excitement over the potential for commercial and custom digital games to reverse age-related perceptual and cognitive decline. The effectiveness of digital game-based brain training is controversial. However, a separate issue is, should digital game-based interventions prove effective, how best to design these interventions to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We may fail to notice things in our environment because our attention is directed somewhere else, a phenomenon called inattentional blindness. Our susceptibility to inattentional blindness increases as we age. We explored three potential moderators of the age and inattentional blindness relationship: (1) the spatial proximity of the unexpected obje...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As drivers and pedestrians, older adults face greater risk for serious injury and death resulting from a crash. Part of this increased risk can be attributed to increased fragility with age, but increased risk is also due in part to a mismatch between the demands of the driving/pedestrian task and the perceptual, cognitive, and motor abilities of t...