Negar Asdaghi

Negar Asdaghi
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine | UM

MD MSc FRCPC

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127
Publications
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Publications

Publications (127)
Article
There are many unknowns when it comes to the role of sex in the pathophysiology and management of acute ischemic stroke. This is particularly true for endovascular treatment (EVT). It has only recently been established as standard of care; therefore, data are even more scarce and conflicting compared with other areas of acute stroke. Assessing the...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with premorbid disability or dementia have generally been excluded from randomized controlled trials of reperfusion therapies such as thrombolysis and endovascular therapy for acute ischemic stroke. Consequently, stroke physicians face treatment dilemmas in caring for such patients. In this scientific statement, we review the literature on...
Article
Objectives: Early consciousness disorder (ECD) after acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is understudied. ECD may influence outcomes and the decision to withdraw life-sustaining treatment (WOLST). Methods: We studied patients with AIS from 2010-2019 across 122 Florida Hospitals participating in the Florida Stroke Registry. We studied the effect of ECD o...
Article
Background and Purpose Early neurological deterioration occurs in one-third of mild strokes primarily due to the presence of a relevant intracranial occlusion. We studied vascular occlusive patterns, thrombus characteristics, and recanalization rates in these patients. Methods Among patients enrolled in INTERRSeCT (Identifying New Approaches to Op...
Article
Background and Purpose Impaired level of consciousness (LOC) on presentation at hospital admission in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) may affect outcomes and the decision to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatment (WOLST). Methods Patients with ICH were included across 121 Florida hospitals participating in the Florida Stroke R...
Article
Background and Purpose Mild ischemic stroke patients enrolled in randomized controlled trials of thrombolysis may have a different symptom severity distribution than those treated in routine clinical practice. Methods We compared the distribution of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, neurological symptoms/severity among...
Article
Importance Patients with ischemic stroke attributed to large- or small-vessel disease are not considered at high risk for atrial fibrillation (AF), and the AF incidence rate in this population is unknown. Objectives To determine whether long-term cardiac monitoring is more effective than usual care for AF detection in patients with stroke attribut...
Article
Background Less than 40% of acute stroke patients have computed tomography (CT) imaging performed within 25 minutes of hospital arrival. We aimed to examine the race‐ethnic and sex differences in door‐to‐CT (DTCT) ≤25 minutes in the FSR (Florida Stroke Registry). Methods and Results Data were collected from 2010 to 2018 for 63 265 patients with ac...
Article
Objectives How race/ethnic disparities in acute stroke care contribute to disparities in outcomes is not well-understood. We examined the relationship between acute stroke care measures with mortality within the first year and 30-day hospital readmission by race/ethnicity. Materials and methods The study included fee-for-service Medicare beneficia...
Article
Background: Impaired level of consciousness (LOC) on presentation after acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may affect outcomes and the decision to withdraw life-sustaining treatment (WLST). We aim to investigate the outcomes and their trends after AISby the LOC on stroke presentation. Methods: We studied 238,989 cases with AIS in the Florida Stroke Regist...
Article
Introduction: Characterizing the population of ischemic stroke (IS) patients presenting in the delayed reperfusion window is important to ensure equitable implementation of recently updated acute IS treatment guidelines. Methods: Florida Stroke Registry (FSR) data from Jan 2010 - Jan 2020, provided a complete dataset of 98,372 IS cases presenting w...
Article
Introduction: Prior literature has reported differences in outcomes following stroke by race/ethnicity. While more attention has been focused on ischemic stroke, we sought to identify race/ethnic disparities in hospital outcomes at discharge following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods: Data were obtained from the Florida Stroke Registry (FSR)...
Article
Background: Impaired level of consciousness (LOC) on presentation after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) may affect outcomes and the decision to withdraw life-sustaining treatment (WLST). We aim to investigate the outcomes and trends after ICH by the LOC status on presentation. Methods: We studied 37,613 cases with ICH in the Florida Stroke Registry...
Article
Background: Access to endovascular therapy (EVT) should be equitable to all eligible ischemic stroke patients presenting within the treatment time window. In the Florida Stroke Registry (FSR) we sought to determine sex, race/ethnic, hospital and regional disparities in the delivery of EVT. Methods: From January 2010 to January 2020, a total of 99,0...
Article
Introduction: SSRIs, the most commonly prescribed antidepressants (AD) in the US, are linked to an increased intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) risk possibly related to impaired platelet function. In the Florida Stroke Registry (FSR), we studied the proportion of cases presenting with ICH amongst AD users and the rate of SSRI prescription amongst strok...
Article
Background and purpose: There is interest in what happens over time to the thrombus after intravenous alteplase. We study the effect of alteplase on thrombus structure and its impact on clinical outcome in patients with acute stroke. Methods: Intravenous alteplase treated stroke patients with intracranial internal carotid artery or middle cerebral...
Article
Objective: To describe sex differences in the presentation, diagnosis, and revision of diagnosis after early brain MRI in patients who present with acute transient or minor neurological events. Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of a prospective multicenter cohort study of patients referred to neurology between 2010 and 2016 with a possibl...
Article
Background Endovascular therapy (EVT) for patients with mild ischemic stroke (NIHSS ≤5) and visible intracranial occlusion remains controversial, including within 6 hours of symptom onset. We conducted a survey to evaluate global practice patterns of EVT in this population. Methods Vascular stroke clinicians and neurointerventionalists were invite...
Article
Objectives: Carotid plaque ulcers confer an increased risk for stroke/ transient ischemic attacks in both symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Little is known about the healing rates of ulcers or the development of new ulcers. Carotid Duplex studies are noninvasive and easily repeatable tests to monitor progression of carotid sten...
Article
Endovascular treatment is a highly effective therapy for acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion and has recently revolutionized stroke care. Oftentimes, ischemic core extent on baseline imaging is used to determine endovascular treatment-eligibility. There are, however, 2 fundamental issues with the core concept: First, computed tomogr...
Article
Objective The study was conducted to test the hypothesis that nitroglycerin (NTG) increases cerebral perfusion focally and globally in acute ischemic stroke patients, using serial perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) magnetic resonance imaging measurements. Patients and methods Thirty-five patients underwent PWI immediately before and 72 h after admin...
Article
Background and Purpose The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2), now named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), may change the risk of stroke through an enhanced systemic inflammatory response, hypercoagulable state, and endothelial damage in the cerebrovascular system. Moreover, due to the current pandemic, some count...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To compare the association of different measures of intracranial thrombus permeability on non-contrast computerized tomography (NCCT) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) with recanalization with or without intravenous alteplase. Methods Patients with anterior circulation occlusion from the INTERRSeCT study were included. Thrombus per...
Article
Background: Endovascular therapy (EVT ) is the only available reperfusion treatment in acute ischemic patients on prior oral anticoagulants (OACs). We evaluated the practice patterns, safety, and outcomes of EVT in patients on OAC therapy. Methods: From 2010 to 2019, 84,346 ischemic stroke patients presenting within 24 hours of symptoms across 107h...
Article
Introduction: Identification of race/ethnic disparities in stroke outcomes is essential in achieving equity of patient care across demographic subgroups. We sought to identify disparities by race/ethnicity in patient outcomes following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Methods: Records obtained from the Florida Stroke Registry (FSR), a multi-hospital...
Article
Introduction: It is unclear whether the outcomes of late presenting patients (6-24 hrs from symptom onset) receiving endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in routine clinical practice parallels the favorable results of recently completed randomized trials. We evaluated characteristics and outcomes of EVT utilization, over the past decade, for late and ea...
Article
Background: Approximately 1 in 7 patients with mild ischemic stroke (NIHSS ≤5) have large vessel occlusion (LVO). These patients were excluded from randomized trials of endovascular therapies (EVT). We conducted a survey to evaluate global practice patterns of EVT in mild stroke with LVO. Methods: International vascular stroke clinicians and interv...
Article
Introduction: There is no definitive evidence currently to guide the choice between general anesthesia (GA) over conscious sedation (CS) for patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy (MT). As MT outcomes are highly time-sensitive especially in the early time window, we aim to evaluate work-flow metrics and outcome differences between the two appr...
Article
Background: Early neurological deterioration occurs in one third of mild ischemic strokes primarily due to the presence of a visible intracranial vessel occlusion. We studied the clinical and vascular occlusive patterns, thrombus characteristics and recanalization rates in patients with mild ischemic stroke and a visible intracranial vessel occlusi...
Article
Background: The Florida Stroke Act set criteria for comprehensive stroke centers (CSC). Hospitals could be certified by a national agency (The Joint Commission (TJC), Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Healthcare Facilities Accreditation Program (HFAP)) or could self-attest as fulfilling CSC criteria. This study aimed to evaluate whether nationally certifie...
Article
Introduction: Previous studies have yielded inconsistent results on whether weekend admission impacts the utilization of EVT and IV-rtPA. There is limited data available of whether age groups difference affects on use of IV-rtPA and EVT admitted during the off-hours. Our study aimed to investigate whether admission during the off-hours has any effe...
Article
Susac syndrome is a rare, immune-mediated disease characterized by encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and hearing loss. Herein, we describe the electron microscopic findings of three brain biopsies and two brain autopsies performed on five patients whose working clinical diagnosis was Susac syndrome. In all five cases, the key finding...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) is a systematic method of assessing extent of early ischemic change on Non-Contrast CT (NCCT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Our objective was to validate an automated ASPECTS scoring method we recently developed on a large dataset. Materials and Methods: We retrospecti...
Article
Importance Early treatment of patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) reduces the risk of stroke. However, many patients present with symptoms that have an uncertain diagnosis. Patients with motor, speech, or prolonged symptoms are at the highest risk for recurrent stroke and the most likely to undergo comprehensive investigations. Lower-risk...
Article
Background and Purpose— We aimed to evaluate the current practice patterns, safety and outcomes of patients who receive endovascular therapy (EVT) having mild neurological symptoms. Methods— From Jan 2010 to Jan 2018, 127,794 ischemic stroke patients were enrolled in the Florida-Puerto Rico Stroke Registry. Patients presenting within 24 hours of s...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Intracranial hemorrhage is a known complication following endovascular thrombectomy. The radiologic characteristics of a CT scan may assist with hemorrhage risk stratification. We assessed the radiologic predictors of intracranial hemorrhage following endovascular therapy using data from the INTERRSeCT (Identifying New Appr...
Article
Introduction: There is interest in understanding thrombus dynamics from IV TPA prior to endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) given the possible dichotomy amongst sites of occlusion for IV TPA benefit/harm. Kaesmacher et al reported beneficial 5+% rates of early TICI > 2a reperfusion in distal M1 or M2 MCA occlusions with IV TPA. However in more proximal...
Article
Full-text available
The therapeutic window for acute ischemic stroke with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV rt-PA) is brief and crucial. The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Target: Stroke Best Practice Strategies (TSBPS) aim to improve intravenous thrombolysis door-to-needle (DTN) time. We assessed the efficacy of implemen...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Combination antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin may reduce the rate of recurrent stroke during the first 3 months after a minor ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). A trial of combination antiplatelet therapy in a Chinese population has shown a reduction in the risk of recurrent stroke. We tested this combin...
Conference Paper
Background Patients with proximal arterial M2-segment of the Middle Cerebral Artery (M2-MCA) occlusions were largely excluded from endovascular stroke trials. Current American Stroke guidelines are conservative in recommending thrombectomy for such patients. We sought to assess the natural history of medically- treated M2-MCA occlusion patients. M...
Article
The effect of blood pressure (BP) reduction on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in acute ischemic stroke is unknown. We measured regional CBF with perfusion-weighted MRI before and after BP treatment in a three-armed non-randomized prospective controlled trial. Treatment arm assignment was based on acute mean arterial pressure (MAP). Patients with (MAP) >...
Article
Purpose: To report a case of acute macular neuroretinopathy in a patient with Susac syndrome. Methods: Case report. Results: A 39-year-old male patient presented with severe headache, photopsias, and a sudden onset of hearing loss in the right ear. Fluorescein angiography of the right eye revealed multiple branch retinal artery occlusions. Cli...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Mild stroke is the most common cause for thrombolysis exclusion in patients acutely presenting to the hospital. Thrombolysis administration in this subgroup is highly variable among different clinicians and institutions. We aim to study the predictors of thrombolysis in patients with mild ischemic stroke in the FL-PR CReSD...
Poster
Full-text available
Objectives: I. To determine whether Clot Burden Score (CBS) can predict final infarct volume (FIV)? II. To determine whether Residual Flow Grade (RFG) can predict final infarct volume (FIV)? Conclusions: Residual flow grade and clot burden score are fast and practical techniques for practitioners treating acute ischemic stroke patients. Favorable...
Article
Background and Aims: TIA and minor stroke offer a massive opportunity for stroke prevention. Patients with motor or speech symptoms have a higher risk of early recurrent stroke. Many patients with transient or mild neurological deficits do not have high-risk features (eg sensory symptoms). The aim of the DOUBT study was to assess what proportion of...
Article
Introduction: Multiple studies have correlated larger final infarct volume (FIV) with worse clinical outcomes. In INTERRSeCT , an international multicenter prospective cohort study, we sought to determine the favorable intracranial clot characteristics predicting smaller infarct volumes. Methods: FIV was measured (24 ±12 hours after baseline imagin...
Article
Background: Patients with minor ischemic stroke were largely excluded from the randomized trials of endovascular therapy (EVT) in stroke. In the Florida-Puerto Rico Registry we sought to determine the utilization of EVT in this population. Methods: From January 2010 to March 2017, 57,750 acute ischemic stroke patients within 24 hours of symptom ons...
Article
Background: While recent endovascular therapy trials have had a minimal number of adverse events, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) still occurs. The predictors of ICH with endovascular therapy remain unclear. We assessed predictors of hemorrhage following endovascular thrombectomy using data from the prospectively collected, multicenter INTERRSeCT st...
Article
Background: After endovascular therapy (EVT) became standard of care for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in 2015, emergency medical services (EMS) in 3 urban southeast Florida counties modified their transport protocols for suspected AIS. In 2015, Broward (BC) and Palm Beach counties (PBC) phased in EMS transport of all stroke alerts to state-attested...
Article
Full-text available
Susac syndrome is an immune-mediated, pauci-inflammatory, ischemia-producing, occlusive microvascular endotheliopathy/basement membranopathy that affects the brain, retina, and inner ear. Treatment of Susac syndrome is particularly challenging. The organs involved can easily become irreversibly damaged, and the window of opportunity to protect them...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: In the United States, about half of acute ischemic stroke patients treated with tPA (tissue-type plasminogen activator) receive treatment within 60 minutes of hospital arrival. We aimed to determine the proportion of patients receiving tPA within 60 minutes (door-to-needle time [DTNT] ≤60) and 45 minutes (DTNT ≤45) of hospi...
Conference Paper
Background and Aims: To compare different methods of intracranial thrombus perviousness measurements on NCCT and CTA with respect to their ability to predict early recanalization. Method: Patients with anterior circulation occlusion from the INTERRSeCT study were included. Thrombus perviousness was measured using the following methods: Method 1¼Mea...
Conference Paper
Background and Aims: The modified arterial occlusive lesion (mAOL) represents the standard scale for non-invasive evaluation of recanalization. The mAOL does not distinguish between major and minor persistent branch occlusions which could have significant differences in clinical outcome. In this study, we assess reliability and content validity of...
Conference Paper
Objective: To discuss the acute neuroimaging findings of stroke like episodes (SLEs) in patients with MELAS syndrome (Mitochondrial myopathy, Encephalopathy, Lactic acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes). Background: The pathophysiology, neuroimaging and treatment of SLEs are thought to be different from that of arterial ischemic stroke in patients w...
Article
Full-text available
Background Racial‐ethnic disparities in acute stroke care can contribute to inequality in stroke outcomes. We examined race‐ethnic disparities in acute stroke performance metrics in a voluntary stroke registry among Florida and Puerto Rico Get With the Guidelines‐Stroke hospitals. Methods and ResultsSeventy‐five sites in the Florida Puerto Rico Str...
Article
Introduction: Decisions to transport patients from primary to comprehensive stroke centre would be influenced by info on likelihood/timing of spontaneous or IV tPA recanalization (recan). We examined recan rates by time for a wide range of occlusion sites in the INTERRSeCT multicenter prospective cohort study. Methods: Acute stroke patients consent...
Article
Introduction: Thrombolytic window for acute ischemic stroke is brief and crucial. The AHA/ASA Target: Stroke Best Practice Strategies (TSBPS) aim to help hospitals improve thrombolysis door-to-needle (DTN) time. We assessed long-term efficacy of TSBPS to reduce DTN in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: We initiated a quality improvement program acr...
Article
Background and Purpose: Endovascular thrombectomy improves functional outcome in select ischemic stroke patients. In the NINDS-funded CReSD Registry we sought to determine the clinical, hospital and regional characteristics associated with use of this therapy in patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Ischemic stroke patients withi...
Article
Introduction: Primary stroke center (PSC) and comprehensive stroke center (CSC) designation in Florida aims to improve delivery of care and outcomes for stroke patients. In line with the goals of the NINDS funded Florida-Puerto Rico Collaboration to Reduce Stroke Disparities (FL-PR CReSD) Study, we sought to compare ischemic stroke performance metr...
Article
Background and purpose: Sex-specific disparities in stroke care including thrombolytic therapy and early hospital admission are reported. In a large registry of Florida and Puerto Rico hospitals participating in the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke program, we sought to determine sex-specific differences in ischemic stroke performance metrics and ov...
Article
Background and purpose: Few studies have examined predictors of cognitive impairment after minor ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). We examined clinical and imaging features associated with worse cognitive performance at 90 days. Methods: TIA or patients with minor stroke underwent neuropsychological testing 90 days post event....
Article
Background: Sex is a contributing factor to inequalities in stroke care. In line with the aims of the FL-PR CReSD Study to assess Get With The Guidelines-Stroke (GWTG-S) quality improvement data, we sought to compare stroke performance metrics by sex among 9 GWTG-S participating Puerto Rico hospitals from 2010-2014. Methods: Age and NIHSS-adjusted...
Article
Background: It is unknown whether atrial fibrillation (AF) is responsible for increased morbidity and disability seen in women with ischemic stroke. We sought to determine whether patients with ischemic stroke and AF had poorer outcomes than ischemic stroke patients without AF and whether this effect is more pronounced among women. Methods: We anal...
Article
Background: Minor stroke/TIA is the most common cause for thrombolysis exclusion in patients acutely presenting to the hospital. Thrombolysis administration in this subgroup is highly variable amongst different clinicians and institutions. We aim to study the predictors of thrombolysis in patients with mild ischemic stroke in the FL-PR CReSD Study....
Article
Stroke recurrence is common in the early period after a cerebral ischemic event. Treatment with an antiplatelet agent is recommended to reduce recurrent stroke and death in patients with a non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. Compared to monotherapy, dual antiplatelet therapy has more robust inhibition of platelet activa...
Article
Full-text available
Acute statin therapy improves neurologic outcome and diminishes infarct growth in animal models of stroke. Clinical studies suggest that premorbid and early statin use is associated with improved outcome after major stroke. We studied the association between statin therapy and radiographic and clinical outcomes in patients with high-risk TIA and mi...
Conference Paper
Background: Hyper-acute treatment with the vasodilator glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) has been hypothesized to be beneficial in acute ischemic stroke, potentially via an increase in cerebral blood flow. We tested this hypothesis with serial perfusion-weighted MRI (PWI) in acute stroke patients. Methods: Thirty-five patients underwent PWI immediately bef...
Conference Paper
Background: Blood pressure (BP) reduction in acute ischemic stroke has been postulated to be harmful via reduced cerebral blood flow (CBF).We tested this hypothesis with stratified BP reduction in a 3-group nonrandomized prospective study of serial CBF measurements. Methods: Fifty-two patients underwent perfusion-weighted MRI(PWI) pre and 15 minute...
Article
Full-text available
Statin therapy has been associated with improved cerebral blood flow (CBF) and decreased perihematoma edema in animal models of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to assess the relationship between statin use and cerebral hemodynamics in ICH patients. A post hoc analysis of 73 ICH patients enrolled in the Intracerebral Hemorrhage Acutely Decr...
Article
There are limited data on the extent of blood-brain barrier (BBB) compromise in acute intracerebral hemorrhage patients. We tested the hypotheses that BBB compromise measured with permeability-surface area product (PS) is increased in the perihematoma region and predicts perihematoma edema growth in acute intracerebral hemorrhage patients. Patients...
Poster
Patients from the ongoing prospective multicenter INTERRSECT recanalization study with an M2 occlusion identified by baseline CTA were analyzed. M2 diameter was measured on baseline CTA at the most distal point of normal vessel upstream to the clot by consensus. Recanalization (modified AOL score 2-3) was assessed on 4 hour follow-up CTA. Infarct v...
Article
Minor stroke and transient ischemic attack with an intracranial occlusion are associated with neurological deterioration and disability. Tenecteplase (TNK-tissue-type plasminogen activator) compared with alteplase is easier to administer, has a longer half-life, higher fibrin specificity, possibly a lower rate of intracranial hemorrhage, and may be...