Neelam Panwar

Neelam Panwar
Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences | ARIES · Department of Astronomy

PhD

About

86
Publications
4,793
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921
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - June 2013
National Central University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
We present the design and performance of the TANSPEC, a medium-resolution 0.55 − 2.5 µm cryogenic spectrometer and imager, now in operation at the 3.6-m Devasthal Optical Telescope (DOT), Nainital, India. The TANSPEC provides three modes of operation which include, photometry with broad-and narrow-band filters, spectroscopy with short slits of 20 l...
Preprint
We present the design and performance of the TANSPEC, a medium-resolution $0.55-2.5~\mu$m cryogenic spectrometer and imager, now in operation at the 3.6-m Devasthal Optical Telescope (DOT), Nainital, India. The TANSPEC provides three modes of operation which include, photometry with broad- and narrow-band filters, spectroscopy with short slits of 2...
Article
Full-text available
Stars are formed by gravitational collapse, spontaneously or, in some cases under the constructive influence of nearby massive stars, out of molecular cloud cores. Here we present an observational diagnosis of such triggered formation processes in the prominent H ii region Sh 2-142, which is associated with the young star cluster NGC 7380, and with...
Article
Full-text available
Young star clusters consisting of massive stars are the ideal sites to study the star formation processes and influence of massive stars on the subsequent star formation. NGC 1893 is a young star cluster associated with the Hii region Sh2-236. It contains about five ‘O’-type stars and several early ‘B’-type stars. It is located at a moderate distan...
Preprint
Full-text available
Stars are formed by gravitational collapse, spontaneously or, in some cases under the constructive influence of nearby massive stars, out of molecular cloud cores. Here we present an observational diagnosis of such triggered formation processes in the prominent \ion{H}{2} region Sh\,2-142, which is associated with the young star cluster NGC\,7380,...
Article
Full-text available
We present a comprehensive multiwavelength investigation of a likely massive young cluster “IRAS 05100+3723” and its environment with the aim to understand its formation history and feedback effects. We find that IRAS 05100+3723 is a distant (∼3.2 kpc), moderate-mass (∼500 M ⊙ ), young (∼3 Myr) cluster with its most massive star being an O8.5V type...
Article
Full-text available
We present a multiwavelength study of the H ii region Sh 2-301 (S301) using deep optical data, near-infrared data, radio continuum data, and other archival data at longer wavelengths. A cluster of young stellar objects (YSOs) is identified in the northeast (NE) direction of S301. The H α and radio continuum images trace the distribution of the ioni...
Article
The Gaia Alert System issued an alert on 2020 August 28, on Gaia 20eae when its light curve showed a ∼4.25 magnitude outburst. We present multiwavelength photometric and spectroscopic follow-up observations of this source since 2020 August and identify it as the newest member of the FUor/EXor family of sources. We find that the present brightening...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Hubble UV Legacy Library of Young Stars as Essential Standards (ULLYSES) Director's Discretionary Program of low-mass pre-main-sequence stars, coupled with forthcoming data from ALMA and JWST, will provide the foundation to revolutionize our understanding of the relationship between young stars and their protoplanetary disks. A comprehensive ev...
Article
Full-text available
The Hubble UV Legacy Library of Young Stars as Essential Standards (ULLYSES) Director's Discretionary Program of low-mass pre-main-sequence stars, coupled with forthcoming data from ALMA and JWST, will provide the foundation to revolutionize our understanding of the relationship between young stars and their protoplanetary disks. A comprehensive ev...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Gaia Alert System issued an alert on 2020 August 28, on Gaia 20eae when its light curve showed a $\sim$4.25 magnitude outburst. We present multi-wavelength photometric and spectroscopic follow-up observations of this source since 2020 August and identify it as the newest member of the FUor/EXor family of sources. We find that the present bright...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a multiwavelength study of the H II region Sh 2-301 (S301) using deep optical data, near-infrared data, radio continuum data and other archival data at longer wavelengths. A cluster of young stellar objects (YSOs) is identified in the north-east (NE) direction of S301. The H{\alpha} and radio continuum images trace the distribution of th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Young star clusters consisting of massive stars are the ideal sites to study the star formation processes and influence of massive stars on the subsequent star formation. NGC 1893 is a young star cluster associated with the Hii region Sh2-236. It contains about five 'O'-type stars and several early 'B'-type stars. It is located at a moderate distan...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a comprehensive multiwavelength investigation of a likely massive young cluster `IRAS 05100+3723' and its environment with the aim to understand its formation history and feedback effects. We find that IRAS 05100+3723 is a distant ($\sim$3.2 kpc), moderate mass ($\sim$500 \msun), young ($\sim$3 Myr) cluster with its most massive star bei...
Preprint
We present the results from our time-series imaging data taken with the 1.3m Devasthal fast optical telescope and 0.81m Tenagara telescope in $V$, $R_{c}$, $I_{c}$ bands covering an area of $\sim18^\prime.4\times 18^\prime.4$ towards the star-forming region Sh 2-190. This photometric data helped us to explore the nature of the variability of pre-ma...
Preprint
We identify 228 periodic variables in the region of young open cluster NGC 281 using time series photometry carried out from 1 m class ARIES telescopes, Nainital. The cluster membership of these identified variables is determined on the basis colour-magnitude, two colour diagrams and kinematic data. Eighty one variable stars are found to be members...
Article
We identify 228 periodic variables in the region of young open cluster NGC 281 using time series photometry carried out from 1 m class ARIES telescopes, Nainital. The cluster membership of these identified variables is determined on the basis colour-magnitude, two colour diagrams and kinematic data. Eighty one variable stars are found to be members...
Article
Full-text available
We present a multiwavelength study of the H ii region Sh 2-301 (S301) using deep optical data, near-infrared data, radio continuum data and other archival data at longer wavelengths. A cluster of young stellar objects (YSOs) is identified in the northeast (NE) direction of S301. The Hα and radio continuum images trace the distribution of the ionize...
Article
We report the observational findings of the Sh2-112 H ii region by using the multiwavelength data analysis ranging from optical to radio wavelengths. This region is powered by the massive O8V-type star BD +45 3216. The surface density distribution and minimum spanning tree analyses of the young stellar object (YSO) candidates in the region reveal t...
Article
The processes that regulate star formation within molecular clouds are still not well understood. Various star formation scaling relations have been proposed as an explanation, one of which is to formulate a relation between the star formation rate surface density $\rm \Sigma _{SFR}$ and the underlying gas surface density $\rm \Sigma _{gas}$. In th...
Preprint
We report the observational findings of the Sh2-112 H{\sc ii} region by using the multiwavelength data analysis ranging from optical to radio wavelengths. This region is powered by a massive O8V-type star BD +45 3216. The surface density distribution and minimum spanning tree analyses of the young stellar object (YSO) candidates in the region revea...
Article
Full-text available
The processes which regulate the star-formation within molecular clouds are still not well understood. Various star-formation scaling relations have been proposed to explain this issue by formulating a relation between star-formation rate surface density (Σ SFR) and the underlying gas surface density (Σ gas). In this work, we test various star form...
Article
Full-text available
We have performed a detailed analysis of the Czernik 3 (Cz3) open cluster by using deep near-infrared photometry taken with TIRCAM2 on 3.6m Devasthal optical telescope along with the recently available high quality proper motion data from the Gaia DR2 and deep photometric data from Pan-STARRS1. The cluster has a highly elongated morphology with fra...
Preprint
We have performed a detailed analysis of the Czernik 3 (Cz3) open cluster by using deep near-infrared photometry taken with TIRCAM2 on 3.6m Devasthal optical telescope along with the recently available high quality proper motion data from the {\it Gaia} DR2 and deep photometric data from Pan-STARRS1. The cluster has a highly elongated morphology wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep and wide-field optical photometric observations along with multiwavelength archival datasets have been employed to study the physical properties of the cluster NGC 6910. The study also examines the impact of massive stars to their environment. The age, distance and reddening of the cluster are estimated to be $\sim$4.5 Myr, $1.72\pm0.08$ kpc,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using our deep optical and near-infrared photometry along with multiwavelength archival data, we here present a detailed study of the Galactic H II region Sh 2-305, to understand the star/star-cluster formation. On the basis of excess infra-red emission, we have identified 116 young stellar objects (YSOs) within a field of view of ~ 18.5 arcminute...
Article
Full-text available
We present time-series photometry in the field of Stock 8 and identified 130 short-period variable stars. Twenty-eight main-sequence and 23 pre-main-sequence variables are found to be part of cluster Stock 8. The main-sequence variables are classified as slow pulsators of the B-type, β Cep, and δ Scuti stars. Fourteen main-sequence stars could be n...
Article
Full-text available
Context . Pre-main-sequence variability characteristics can be used to probe the physical processes leading to the formation and initial evolution of both stars and planets. Aims . The photometric variability of pre-main-sequence stars is studied at optical wavelengths to explore star–disk interactions, accretion, spots, and other physical mechanis...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present time series photometry in the field of Stock 8 and identified 130 short period variable stars. Twenty eight main-sequence and 23 pre-main-sequence variables are found to be part of cluster Stock 8. The main-sequence variables are classified as slow pulsator of the B type, $\beta$ Cep and $\delta$ Scuti stars. Fourteen main-sequence stars...
Preprint
Full-text available
We observed a field of $16'\times 16'$ in the star-forming region Pelican Nebula (IC 5070) at $BVRI$ wavelengths for 90 nights spread over one year in 2012-2013. More than 250 epochs in $VRI$-bands are used to identify and classify variables up to $V\sim 21$~mag. We present a catalogue of optical time-series photometry with periods, mean-magnitudes...
Article
It is well known that most of the stars form in rich clusters. However, recent Spitzer observations have shown that a significant number of stars also form in distributed mode, origin of which is not well understood. In this work, we aim to investigate clustered and distributed mode of star formation in the W4 complex. To do so, we identified and c...
Preprint
Full-text available
It is well known that most of the stars form in rich clusters. However, recent $Spitzer$ observations have shown that a significant number of stars also form in distributed mode, origin of which is not well understood. In this work, we aim to investigate clustered and distributed mode of star formation in the W4 complex. To do so, we identified and...
Article
The HII region/cluster complex has been a subject of numerous investigations to study the feedback effect of massive stars on their surroundings. Massive stars not only alter the morphology of the parental molecular clouds, but also influence star formation, circumstellar disks and the mass function of low-mass stars in their vicinity. However, mos...
Article
Full-text available
Berkeley 59 is a nearby ($\sim$1 kpc) young cluster associated with the Sh2-171 H{\sc ii} region. We present deep optical observations of the central $\sim$2.5$\times$2.5 pc$^2$ area of the cluster, obtained with the 3.58-m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo. The $V$/($V$-$I$) color-magnitude diagram manifests a clear pre-main-sequence (PMS) population d...
Article
Full-text available
We report on long-term multi-wavelength monitoring of blazar Mrk 421 by the GASP-WEBT collaboration and Steward Observatory, and by the Swift and Fermi satellites. We study the source behaviour in the period 2007–2015, characterized by several extreme flares. The ratio between the optical, X-ray, and γ-ray fluxes is very variable. The γ-ray flux va...
Article
Full-text available
W4 is a giant H{\sc ii} region ionized by the OB stars of the cluster IC~1805. The H{\sc ii} region/cluster complex has been a subject of numerous investigations as it is an excellent laboratory for studying the feedback effect of massive stars on the surrounding region. However, the low-mass stellar content of the cluster IC~1805 remains poorly st...
Article
We observed RZ LMi, which is renowned for the extremely (~19d) short supercycle and is a member of a small, unusual class of cataclysmic variables called ER UMa-type dwarf novae, in 2013 and 2016. In 2016, the supercycles of this object substantially lengthened in comparison to the previous measurements to 35, 32, 60d for three consecutive superout...
Article
Full-text available
We present time series photometry of 57 variable stars in the cluster region NGC 7380. The association of these variable stars with the cluster NGC 7380 has been established on the basis of two colour diagrams and colour–magnitude diagrams. 17 stars are found to be main-sequence variables, which are mainly B-type stars and are classified as slowly...
Article
Full-text available
We present an analysis of the multiwavelength behaviour of the blazar OJ 248 at z = 0.939 in the period 2006–2013. We use low-energy data (optical, near-infrared, and radio) obtained by 21 observatories participating in the Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST)-AGILE Support Program of the Whole Earth Blazar Telescope, as well as data from t...
Article
Full-text available
Aims. Amongst more than fifty blazars detected in very high energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) gamma rays, only three belong to the subclass of flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs). The detection of FSRQs in the VHE range is challenging, mainly because of their soft spectra in the GeV-TeV regime. MAGIC observed PKS 1510-089 (z = 0.36) starting 2012 February...
Article
We present CCD light curves of V710 Mon obtained in 2007 and 2013. By using the 2010 version of the W-D code, it is found that the star is a deep (59.5%–62.7%) contact binary system, with an extreme mass ratio (0.143–0.183). The period of the system increases with a rate dP/dt=+1.95(±0.06)×10-7dP/dt=+1.95(±0.06)×10-7 days/year. We propose that the...
Article
Full-text available
Bright-rimmed clouds (BRCs), illuminated and shaped by nearby OB stars, are potential sites of recent/ongoing star formation. Here we present an optical and infrared photometric study of three BRCs: BRC 5, BRC 7 and BRC 39 to obtain a census of the young stellar population, thereby inferring the star formation scenario, in these regions. In each BR...
Article
Full-text available
Membership identification is the first step in determining the properties of a star cluster. Low-mass members in particular could be used to trace the dynamical history, such as mass segregation, stellar evaporation, or tidal stripping, of a star cluster in its Galactic environment. We identified member candidates of the intermediate-age Praesepe c...
Article
Full-text available
Among more than fifty blazars detected in very high energy (VHE, E>100GeV) gamma-rays, only three belong to the subclass of Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs). MAGIC observed FSRQ PKS 1510-089 in February-April 2012 during a high activity state in the high energy (HE, E>100 MeV) gamma-ray band observed by AGILE and Fermi. MAGIC observations result...
Article
Full-text available
Since the launch of the Fermi satellite, BL Lacertae has been moderately active at γ-rays and optical frequencies until 2011 May, when the source started a series of strong flares. The exceptional optical sampling achieved by the GLAST-AGILE Support Program of the Whole Earth Blazar Telescope in collaboration with the Steward Observatory allows us...
Article
Full-text available
Our star-count analysis of the Two Micron All Sky Survey point sources resulted in an identification of the star cluster G144.9+0.4. The cluster was found, but not characterized, by Glushkova et al. We show that the cluster is physically associated with the Cam OB1 association at a distance of about 1 kpc and with an age of 1-2 Myr. Pre-main sequen...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper an extensive survey of the star forming complex Sh2-252 has been undertaken with an aim to explore its hidden young stellar population as well as to understand the structure and star formation history. This complex is composed of five embedded clusters associated with the sub-regions A, C, E, NGC 2175s and Teu 136. Using 2MASS-NIR and...
Article
Full-text available
We present optical spectroscopic/spectrophotometric monitoring of four active T Tauri stars (DG Tau, RY Tau, XZ Tau, RW Aur A) at high spectral resolution (R > 10^4) and wide spectral coverage (?10500Å) using CFHT-ESPaDOnS. The goal of the study is to investigate the correlation between time variable mass ejection seen in the jet/wind structure of...
Conference Paper
Open clusters are good laboratories to study stellar evolution and dynamical interaction among member stars. We are carrying out a program to identify uncharted clusters using sky-survey data. Our preliminary result is finding stellar density enhancement using the 2MASS Point Source Catalog in Galactic latitude |b| < 50 deg. One such density peak (...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, an extensive survey of the star-forming complex Sh2-252 has been undertaken with an aim to explore its hidden young stellar population as well as to understand the structure and star formation history for the first time. This complex is composed of five prominent embedded clusters associated with the subregions A, C, E, NGC 2175s and...
Article
Full-text available
We present optical spectrophotometric monitoring of four active T Tauri stars (DG Tau, RY Tau, XZ Tau, RW Aur A) at high spectral resolution ($R \ga 1 \times 10^4$), to investigate the correlation between time variable mass ejection seen in the jet/wind structure of the driving source and time variable mass accretion probed by optical emission line...
Article
n this paper we continued our efforts to understand the star formation scenario in and around the young cluster NGC 1893. We used a sample of the young stellar sources (YSOs) identified on the basis of multiwavelength data (optical, near-infrared (NIR), mid-infrared (MIR) and X-ray) to study the nature of YSOs associated with the region. The identi...
Article
Full-text available
We present the analyses of the stellar contents associated with the HII region Sh2-252 using UBVRI photometry, slit and slitless spectroscopy along with the NIR data from 2MASS for an area ~1 degree x 1 degree. We studied the sub-regions of Sh2-252 which includes four compact-HII (CHII) regions, namely A, B, C and E and two clusters NGC 2175s and T...
Article
Full-text available
We present optical photometric and polarimetric observations of stars toward NGC 1931 with the aim of deriving cluster parameters such as distance, reddening, age, and luminosity/mass function as well as understanding dust properties and star formation in the region. The distance to the cluster is found to be 2.3 ± 0.3 kpc and the reddening E(B - V...
Article
Available from the Minor Planet Center.
Article
We present results of multi-epoch (fourteen nights during 2007-2010) $V$-band photometry of the cluster NGC 1893 region to identify photometric variable stars in the cluster. The study identified a total of 53 stars showing photometric variability. The members associated with the region are identified on the basis of spectral energy distribution, $...