Ndjido A. Kane

Ndjido A. Kane
Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles | ISRA · CERAAS

PhD

About

98
Publications
21,765
Reads
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1,533
Citations
Citations since 2016
73 Research Items
1034 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
My research activities are using new molecular and genetic tools in order to better exploit genetic diversity in cereals and improve productivity under predicted climate changes.
Additional affiliations
June 2019 - June 2019
Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles
Position
  • Managing Director
May 2018 - June 2019
Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles
Position
  • Scientific Coordinator
January 2011 - May 2018
Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles
Position
  • Researcher
Education
September 2003 - October 2007
Université du Québec à Montréal
Field of study
  • Molecular characterization of MADS-box transcription factors in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Publications

Publications (98)
Article
Full-text available
Pearl millet is among the top three-cereal production in one of the most climate vulnerable regions, sub-Saharan Africa. Its Sahelian origin makes it adapted to grow in poor sandy soils under low soil water regimes. Pearl millet is thus considered today as one of the most interesting crops to face the global warming. Flowering time, a trait highly...
Article
Full-text available
The rhizosheath, the layer of soil that adheres strongly to roots, influences water and nutrients acquisition. Pearl millet is a cereal crop that plays a major role for food security in arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa and India. We previously showed that root-adhering soil mass is a heritable trait in pearl millet and that it correlates with cha...
Article
Full-text available
Severe price spikes of the major grain commodities and rapid expansion of cultivated area in the past two decades are symptoms of a severely stressed global food supply. Scientific discovery and improved agricultural productivity are needed and are enabled by unencumbered access to, and use of, genetic sequence data. In the same way the world witne...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In support of the implementation of the AICCRA project in Senegal, an analysis of dryland cereal and livestock value chains was conducted. The AICCRA project envisions to increase access among agriculture research and extension providers in Africa to knowledge, technologies, and decision-making tools for climate resilience. The analysis resulted in...
Article
Full-text available
Water deficit stress at the early stage of development is one of the main factors limiting pearl millet production. One practice to counteract this limitation would be to resort to the application of hormones to stimulate plant growth and development at critical stages. Exogenous methyl jasmonate (MeJA) can improve drought tolerance by modulating s...
Preprint
Full-text available
We assessed and optimized a capture protocol in 20 different species from 6 different plant genus using kits from 20,000 to 200,000 baits targeting from 300 to 32,000 genes. We evaluated both the effectiveness of the capture protocol and the fold enrichment in targeted sequences. We proposed a protocol with multiplexing up to 96 samples in a single...
Preprint
Full-text available
Water deficit stress at the early stage of development is one of the main factors limiting pearl millet production. A practice to cope with would be to apply hormones to stimulate plant growth and development. Exogenous methyl jasmonate (MeJA) can improve drought tolerance by modulating key pathways, therefore, we assumed that can occur in pearl mi...
Book
Full-text available
CID’2021. Adaptation et résilience des agricultures en Afrique de l’Ouest : innovations agroécologiques et intégration des territoires. Ed. Sc : Kane N (ISRA), Orange D (IRD), Brun-Diallo L (DyTAES), 3e Conférence Intensification Durable, 24-26 Novembre 2021, Dakar. Ed. ISRA-IRD-CIRAD-DyTAES. 172 p.
Preprint
Full-text available
The rhizosheath, the layer of soil that adheres strongly to roots, influences water and nutrients acquisition. Pearl millet is a cereal crop that plays a major role for food security in arid regions of sub Saharan Africa and India. We previously showed that root-adhering soil mass is a heritable trait in pearl millet and that it correlates with cha...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Techniques de production de semences de mil de variétés OPVs
Technical Report
Full-text available
Post COVID-19 Implications for Genetic Diversity and Genomics Research & Innovation: A Call for Governance and Research Capacity http://www.fao.org/3/cb5573en/cb5573en.pdf
Article
Full-text available
A deep understanding of the genetic control of drought tolerance and iron deficiency tolerance is essential to hasten the process of developing improved varieties with higher tolerance through genomics-assisted breeding. In this context, an improved genetic map with 1205 loci was developed spanning 2598.3 cM with an average 2.2 cM distance between...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative research practices in the field of plant genetic resources must follow the principles of fairness and equity as defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA). In this context the concepts of fairness and equity generally refer to th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pearl millet, a nutritious food for around 100 million people in Africa and India, displays extensive genetic diversity and a high degree of admixture with wild relatives. Two major morphotypes can be distinguished in Senegal: early-flowering Souna and late-flowering Sanio. Phenotypic variabilities related to flowering time play an impor...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is already affecting agro-ecosystems and threatening food security by reducing crop productivity and increasing harvest uncertainty. Mobilizing crop diversity could be an efficient way to mitigate its impact. We test this hypothesis in pearl millet, a nutritious staple cereal cultivated in arid and low-fertility soils in sub-Saharan...
Article
Full-text available
Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) plays a critical role in smallholder food security in sub-Saharan Africa. The production of pearl millet has, however, stagnated or even declined due to several factors. The objective of this study was to assess farmer perceptions on production constraints and varietal preferences in Senegal. A survey was conduc...
Article
Full-text available
Cultivated diversity is considered an insurance against major climatic variability. However, since the 1980s, several studies have shown that climate variability and agricultural changes may already have locally eroded crop genetic diversity. We studied pearl millet diversity in Senegal through a comparison of pearl millet landraces collected 40 ye...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable food production in the context of climate change necessitates diversification of agriculture and a more efficient utilization of plant genetic resources. Fonio millet (Digitaria exilis) is an orphan African cereal crop with a great potential for dryland agriculture. Here, we establish high-quality genomic resources to facilitate fonio i...
Article
Full-text available
Open access to genetic sequence data, often referred to as Digital Sequence Information, has been available since genome sequencing became possible and creates both monetary and nonmonetary value. Nonmonetary value is created when scientists access sequence data for discovery, collaboration, and innovation. Monetary value is created when genetic va...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Genetic improvement of pearl millet is lagging behind most of the major crops. Development of genomic resources is expected to expedite breeding for improved agronomic traits, stress tolerance, yield, and nutritional quality. Genotyping a breeding population with high throughput markers enables exploration of genetic diversity, populat...
Chapter
Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br., syn. Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone)], one of the major staple food for around 100 million people across Africa and India, is a so-called “orphan” crop. Recently, sequencing of its genome offers numerous possibilities to advance pearl millet conservation, management, and breeding to cope against clima...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Pearl millet, a dietary food for around 100 million people in Africa and in India, has a large diversity due to an extensive genetic diversity combined with a high degree of admixture with wild relatives. In Senegal, two major morphotypes are distinguished: early-flowering and late-flowering millets. The phenotypic variabilities accordin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Pearl millet, a dietary food for around 100 million people in Africa and in India, has a large diversity due to an extensive genetic diversity combined with a high degree of admixture with wild relatives. In Senegal, two major morphotypes are distinguished: early-flowering and late-flowering millets. The phenotypic variabilities accordi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Pearl millet, a nutritious food for around 100 million people in Africa and India, displays extensive genetic diversity and a high degree of admixture with wild relatives. Two major morphotypes can be distinguished in Senegal: early-flowering Souna and late-flowering Sanio. Phenotypic variabilities related to flowering time play an impo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Pearl millet, a nutritious food for around 100 million people in Africa and India, displays extensive genetic diversity and a high degree of admixture with wild relatives. Two major morphotypes can be distinguished in Senegal: early-flowering Souna and late-flowering Sanio. Phenotypic variabilities related to flowering time play an impo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sustainable food production in the context of climate change necessitates diversification of agriculture and a more efficient utilization of plant genetic resources. Fonio millet ( Digitaria exilis ) is an orphan African cereal crop with a great potential for dryland agriculture. Here, we established high-quality genomic resources to facilitate fon...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Genetic improvement of pearl millet is lagging behind most of the major crops. Development of genomic resources is expected to expedite breeding for improved agronomic traits, stress tolerance, yield, and nutritional quality. Genotyping a breeding population with high throughput markers enables exploration of genetic diversity, populati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Genetic improvement of pearl millet is lagging behind most of the major crops. Development of genomic resources is expected to expedite breeding for improved agronomic traits, stress tolerance, yield, and nutritional quality. Genotyping a breeding population with high throughput markers enables exploration of genetic diversity, populati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Genetic improvement of pearl millet is lagging behind most of the major crops. Development of genomic resources is expected to expedite breeding for improved agronomic traits, stress tolerance, yield, and nutritional quality. Genotyping a breeding population with high throughput markers enables exploration of genetic diversity, populati...
Presentation
Full-text available
L’IRD, le Cirad et l’Université Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD) ont organisé le 1er colloque international « Science ouverte au Sud : enjeux et perspectives pour une nouvelle dynamique» du 23 au 25 octobre à l’Institut Confucius de l’UCAD à Dakar. (Sénégal). Acteurs et professionnels de l’information scientifique et des données de la recherche, représentan...
Presentation
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Global environmental changes strongly impact wild and domesticated species biology and their associated ecosystem services. For crops, global warming has led to significant changes in terms of phenology and/or yield. To respond to the agricultural challenges of this century, there is a strong need for harnessing the genetic variability of crops and...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Objectives: Digitaria exilis Stapf (white fonio) is a staple crop in West Africa, mainly consumed during food shortage and highly associated to cultural events. The aim of this study was to test the transferability of microsatellite loci developed for D. exilis to other species of the genus Digitaria in order to further investigate the di...
Article
Full-text available
Digitaria exilis is an important indigenous cereal in West Africa. The first fonio reference transcriptome was released and became a key tool for developing new molecular markers contributing to a better understanding of its genetic diversity. A total of 126 new putative primer pairs were successfully designed in 37,327 unigenes from the D. exilis...
Article
Full-text available
Pearl millet plays a major role in food security in arid and semi-arid areas of Africa and India. However, it lags behind the other cereal crops in terms of genetic improvement. The recent sequencing of its genome opens the way to the use of modern genomic tools for breeding. Our study aimed at identifying genetic components involved in early droug...
Article
Full-text available
There have been intense debates over the geographic origin of African crops and agriculture. Here, we used whole-genome sequencing data to infer the domestication origin of pearl millet (Cenchrus americanus). Our results supported an origin in western Sahara, and we dated the onset of cultivated pearl millet expansion in Africa to 4,900 years ago....
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural diversification with neglected and underutilized species is a viable way to sustainably increase the productivity of agrosystems. Understanding the social, cultural, and ecological roles of these species is crucial for their promotion. White fonio ( Digitaria exilis ), a neglected cereal endemic to West African Sahelian countries, is r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Global environmental changes strongly impact wild and domesticated species biology and their associated ecosystem services. For crops, global warming has led to significant changes in terms of phenology or yield. To respond to the agricultural challenges of this century, there is a strong need for harnessing the genetic variability of crops and ada...
Preprint
Full-text available
Pearl millet plays a major role in food security in arid and semi-arid areas of Africa and India. However, it lags behind the other cereal crops in terms of genetic improvement. The recent sequencing of its genome opens the way to the use of modern genomic tools for breeding. Our study aimed at identifying genetic components involved in early droug...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we investigate changes in temperature and precipitation extremes over West and Central Africa (hereafter, WAF domain) as a function of global mean temperature with a focus on the implications of a global warming of 1.5°C and 2°C according the Paris Agreement. We applied a scaling approach to capture changes in climate extremes with i...
Article
Full-text available
Nat. Biotechnol. 35, 969–976 (2017); published online 18 September 2017; corrected after print 28 February 2018 In the version of this article initially published, in the HTML, the wrong Creative Commons Attribution license (cc-by-nc rather than cc-by) was inserted. The error has been corrected in the HTML version of the article.
Article
Full-text available
The cytosine DNA methylation and demethylation have a role in regulating plant responses to the environment by affecting the promoter regions of most plant defense-related genes through the CpG islands or the CCGG motifs. Salicylic acid, a defense and signaling plant hormone, is seen playing crucial role in the variation of the methylome. In this s...
Article
Full-text available
Pearl millet [Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone] is a staple food for more than 90 million farmers in arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa, India and South Asia. We report the ~1.79 Gb draft whole genome sequence of reference genotype Tift 23D2B1-P1-P5, which contains an estimated 38,579 genes. We highlight the substantial enrichment for...
Article
Full-text available
Cytosine DNA methylation is an epigenetic regulatory system used by plants to control gene expression. Methylation pattern always changes after abiotic stresses, pathogens and pest infections or after a treatment with salicylic acid (SA). The latter is a key player in plant development and defense against insect herbivores, pathogens, and abiotic s...
Article
Full-text available
Root exudation contributes to soil carbon allocation and also to microbial C and energy supply, which subsequently impacts soil aggregation around roots. Biologically-driven soil structural formation is an important driver of soil fertility. Plant genetic determinants of exudation and more generally of factors promoting rhizosphere soil aggregation...
Article
Full-text available
In a context of the global major changes, it is mandatory to enlarge the range of crops supporting food security and pay great attention to neglected and underutilized species. However, basic knowledge of the biology of many neglected and underutilized species is still lacking to increase their yields. In this study, the mating system of white foni...
Article
Full-text available
Sub-Saharan agriculture has been identified as vulnerable to ongoing climate change. Adaptation of agriculture has been suggested as a way to maintain productivity. Better knowledge of intra-specific diversity of varieties is prerequisites for the successful management of such adaptation. Among crops, root and tubers play important roles in food se...
Data
Principal component analysis to distinguish the villages according to climatic conditions based on BIOCLIM data values. The sampled village arearranged following the first axis according to a climatic gradient from the humid south (DANYI PEYEYEME) to the arid tropical north (GABONBONG) of Togo, followed by the Saharan climat of Senegal (DAGANA). (T...
Data
Passport data of the sweet potato samples used on the study. Field code, extraction code, genetic group, local name, village, latitude, longitude and country are shown. (PDF)
Data
Comparison of DAPC and STRUCTURE result for k = 5. The table reports the membership probability according to structure analyse of each individual and genetic group appurtenance as defined by DAPC results. (PDF)
Data
Kruskall-Wallis test between genetic group and agro-morphological traits. A total of 21 agro-morphological traits were used. The two datasets (initial dataset and second dataset) were used. The value corresponds to p-value of each traits. In grey significant traits p-value < 0.0024 (Bonferroni corrected p-value). The k-mean cluster, K from 3 to 5 f...
Data
DAPC representation of successive Ks. The method we used to choose the appropriate value of K, which explained our dataset well. The group subdivision obtained was clear when we moved from K = 3 to K = 4 and K = 5. But when K = 6 the groups were not clearly delimited in the two datasets. The two datasets showed approximately the same thing. (TIFF)
Data
Accessions linked based on DAPC analysis with SSR data. The diagram shows probable membership of the five groups (K1, K2, K3, K4 and K5) determined by the DAPC analysis. An individual is represented as a vertical bar. The colors correspond to the five groups (red: group one, yellow: group two, green: group three, blue: group four, and pink: group f...