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Nchanji Eileen Bogweh

Nchanji Eileen Bogweh
The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT

Doctor of Philosophy
Dr. Eileen Bogweh Nchanji is a Gender and Social Inclusion Expert at the Alliance of Bioversity & CIAT under PABRA

About

63
Publications
19,814
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179
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Eileen Bogweh Nchanji is a gender expert with the Alliance of Bioversity International & CIAT under the Pan Africa Bean Research Alliance. Eileen leads strategic gender research on seed, breeding, entrepreneurship, climate, and nutrition across 31 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. She works with a multidisciplinary team, public-private sector partners to identify and build the capacity of women, men, and youth farmers and entrepreneurs. She is a feminist to the core.

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
Common bean forms a significant part of the diet in Africa and hence plays a critical role in human nutrition. In order to promote it, this study was designed to investigate the effects of fully substituting eggs with bean milk on the physical, nutritional and organoleptic properties of biscuits made with cassava flour. Replacement of egg by bean m...
Technical Report
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Gender is an integral part of bean breeding initiatives and provides the platform through which plant breeding should be implemented. Gender-sensitive breeding offers a clear focus on addressing gender gap in agriculture by considering different traits preferred by both men and women (Nchanji et al., 2021b). Through the gender lens, critical elemen...
Technical Report
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Agricultural technology and innovation are seldom, if ever, neutral. They may further entrench or help challenge unequal gender norms and relations. However, while studies demonstrate the ways in which agricultural technologies can benefit women, women have often not been consulted during technological innovation. Consequently, their voices, needs...
Chapter
The past decades have seen the implementation of several multi-national maize and common bean cultivar development projects in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, the impacts of these projects on income generation and food and nutrition security have not been adequately interrogated and documented. This chapter provides a synthesis of some of the pa...
Chapter
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Seed is critical to food security as the first link in the food value chain (Galiè 2013) and can be a powerful agent of change (Reddy et al. 2007). Similarly, women’s empowerment and gender equality are key to food and nutrition security (Agarwal 2018). The interplay between the two is becoming increasingly important: socioeconomic and gender diffe...
Article
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Participatory variety selection (PVS) is the selection of new varieties among fixed lines by farmers under different target environments. It is increasingly being used to select and promote new crop breeding materials in most African countries. A gender-responsive PVS tool was piloted in Embu and Nakuru in the first and second cropping seasons of 2...
Article
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The common bean is a nutrient-dense food empirically known to have beneficial effects on human health. Many studies have looked at the effects of “pulses” on different health issues, providing general overviews of the importance of each pulse in health studies. This study systematically reviews and provides meta-analyses of the effect of bean extra...
Technical Report
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The pandemic has disrupted input supply systems in almost all countries studied, causing low use of yield enhancing techologies such as improved seed and inorganic fertilizer. Measures put in place to curb transmission of the deadly virus have created labour shortages of workers at farm level and business level leading to higher labour prices. The...
Chapter
The COVID 19 pandemic was a two-edged sword; it exacerbated the already inefficient agri-food system but, in doing that, made us reflect, rethink possible and sustainable solutions to address SDG’s 1, 2, 11, and 5. A lot has been written on the immediate effect of the pandemic on different crops/animals and nodes of the value chain. In this chapter...
Article
Full-text available
Concerns about the implications of COVID-19 on agriculture and food security in Sub-Saharan Africa abound. Containment measures in response to the pandemic have markedly different outcomes depending on the degree of enforcement of the measures and the existing vulnerabilities pre-COVID. In this descriptive study, we document the possible impacts of...
Article
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The CGIAR crop improvement (CI) programs, unlike commercial CI programs, which are mainly geared to profit though meeting farmers' needs, are charged with meeting multiple objectives with target populations that include both farmers and the community at large. We compiled the opinions from more than thirty experts in the private and public sector o...
Article
Full-text available
Background The notion of leisure became pronounced more than 20 years ago when women who worked on or out of the farm came home to a “second shift,” which entailed domestic work and childcare. This gap continues today not only between men and women but also among women and men. Women's challenges in terms of their leisure arise out of or are shaped...
Article
Full-text available
Despite fears that sub-Sahara Africa would be severely impacted by COVID-19, the implications of the pandemic on sustainable production and consumption have not been studied in detail. Notwithstanding, implications vary depending on country, region, and strictness of coronavirus containment measures. Thus, the impact of COVID-19 on food and nutriti...
Article
Full-text available
We highlight how integrating gender in our breeding activities is important for participatory varietal selection. It was developed with information collected during participatory varietal selection, especially those conducted for the different NUA bean varieties released. Information from stakeholder meetings with grain traders, seed companies, and...
Article
Full-text available
Precooked bean products have the potential of bridging the common bean demand and consumption gap in Kenya. However, sensory evaluation of novel precooked processed products has been inadequate in determining acceptability. This study assessed the sensory evaluation of precooked bean snacks by 269 rural consumers in Machakos County of Kenya. Descri...
Article
Full-text available
Background Navy bean is an important legume crop in Zimbabwe. Although its production in Zimbabwe is limited by multiple constraints including biotic, abiotic and socio-economic, there is no documented evidence. Thus, this study aimed at identifying farmers’ production constraints, preferred traits and cultivars of navy bean, and strategies used to...
Research
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Biofortification is a process through which the nutritional value – vitamins or minerals of a food crop is enhanced through conventional breeding. Through biofortification, vitamins and minerals such as iron, zinc, provitamin A etc. are enhanced. Eleven high iron and zinc beans have been released in Cameroon after a recent nutritional screening of...
Article
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The outbreak of coronavirus was expected to adversely affect African countries more than any other region in the world. This assertion was based on the existing conditions in sub-Saharan Africa that exposed the region to the dire consequences of the pandemic. Previously existing underlying conditions that affected the food system include a high dep...
Article
Full-text available
This work examined the determinants of the adoption of improved Irish potato technologies by farmers in three divisions of the Western Region of Cameroon. Data were collected from 170 farmers from 14 villages in our study area using a mixed-method approach—structured questionnaires, focus group discussion, key informant interviews, and participator...
Article
Full-text available
Although agriculture is the backbone of the African economy, it has faced considerable challenges in the past sixty years. Africa has moved from being a self-sufficiency continent before the 1960s, to net food importers, with a handful of countries facing severe food shortages from drought, desertifica- tion, climate change and wars. In this articl...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the extent of the productivity gap between male and female bean producers, its discriminatory nature and implications for the policymakers in agriculture in Tanza-nia. Generally, women are distinctively "invisible" in agriculture, due to social norms and even from the national agricultural policy perspective. Their discriminatio...
Article
Full-text available
Africa's agriculture and food systems were already grappling with challenges such as climate change and weather variability, pests and disease, and regional conflicts. With rising new cases of COVID 19 propelling various African governments to enforce strict restrictions of varying degrees to curb the spread. Thus, the pandemic posed unprecedented...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Navy bean is an important legume crop in Zimbabwe. Its production is limited by multiple constraints including biotic, abiotic and socio-economic. However, there is no documented participatory research on production status, biotic stress management strategies, farmers’ perceived production, and marketing constraints, and cultivar trait...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Navy bean is an important legume crop in Zimbabwe. Its production is limited by multiple constraints including biotic, abiotic and socio-economic. However, in the major navy bean-production regions of Zimbabwe, there is no recent study documenting biotic stress management strategies, farmers’ perceived production, and marketing constrai...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of improved varieties of haricot bean has been viewed as a strategy to increase haricot bean production. Thus, recognising the perception of men and women of these varieties can contribute to increase production. The study sought to analyse farmers' perception of improved haricot bean varieties in the West region of Cameroon. A mix...
Article
Full-text available
Men and women farmer participation and choice of variety could guide breeding and drive the adoption of different haricot bean varieties. Thus, understanding how gender influences participation and choice of bean cultivation and marketing is fundamental. The study sought to analyse how socio-cultural norms determine women and men, participation and...
Chapter
Food systems are integral to a city’s functioning, and the importance of stakeholder participation in urban planning at various scales is increasingly recognised. This chapter therefore analyses the role of participatory processes in urban food system planning. We draw upon data from an ongoing multi-stakeholder planning process in Tamale, Northern...
Technical Report
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Food crop production in Cameroon is mainly rain-fed and highly dependent on the climate which has been changing over several decades. Evidence has shown define climatic change taking place in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), manifested in a slow but steady rise in temperatures and a general decline in rainfall. Thus, posing threats to agricultural product...
Poster
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The call for a bean transformative agenda is led by the Pan-African Bean Alliance (PABRA). It aims to position common bean as a commercial crop, though it is still grown for home consumption. They have designed and put in place gender sensitive interventions aimed at increasing women and youths access to innovative technology, support services, cre...
Poster
Full-text available
The socio-cultural, economic and political environment over time has shaped and is still re-shaping gender roles, participation, decision making and benefit sharing in farming households in Africa. The pictures below are a reflection of the labour division by women, men and youths on farm and at the household. Identifying the different roles played...
Poster
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Common bean, (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) generally grown as a subsistence crop for home consumption is fast becoming a commercial crop sold by farmers for income. The call for bean transformation comes at a time when the population is increasing and the demand for bean grains and bean products is at its highest, especially as it’s being considered a “p...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetable production is practiced in urban and peri-urban settings in many countries, where agricultural lands are decreasing. Farmers need to understand how to manage pests when production is in close proximity to people, especially since they have adopted intensive agricultural practices where more synthetic chemicals are used to control pests. O...
Article
This article uses the example of Tamale, Ghana, to examine urban food system governance, with a focus on food production. Urban and peri-urban agriculture is common in West Africa, and supports food security and livelihoods globally. The analysis is grounded in the notion of everyday governance as a process co-performed by governors and subjects. I...
Article
Full-text available
In sub-Saharan Africa, farming largely takes place on land that is mainly owned and controlled by men. Women have access to land largely through kinship relations that are guided by socio-cultural institutions such as inheritance, marriage, as well as community allocation. Even though agriculture in Africa has often been referred to as a woman’s ac...
Article
Full-text available
Urban farming takes advantage of its proximity to market, transport and other urban infrastructure to provide food for the city and sustain the livelihoods of urban and peri-urban dwellers. It is an agricultural activity which employs more than 50% of the local urban population with positive and negative impacts on local and national development. U...
Chapter
The objective of this volume is to bring together research that focuses on productive cultivation in urban spaces from around the world and to place these empirics in a theoretical context to provide cohesion. Despite the seeming convergence in practice, the literatures on urban agriculture in the Global North (GN) and the Global South (GS) remain...
Article
Full-text available
Urban vegetable production is an intensive agricultural strategy through which urban dwellers secure income and improve their livelihoods. An ethnographic study was conducted in Tamale, Northern Ghana, to understand whether vegetable gardening was a sustainable form of intensification. The study used an updated version of the Food and Agricultural...
Presentation
Full-text available
According to Zeeuw and Drechsel (2015) food systems comprise food production, processing, distribution, consumption and waste management. Food systems are dynamic due to the ever changing socio-political and economic environments in which they operate. This dynamic nature of food systems has led to the complexity and ambiguity of food governance sy...
Chapter
Purpose This chapter uses a feminist political ecology perspective to demonstrate how gender interacts with access to land as a re/productive resource in Tamale, a rapidly urbanizing city in West Africa. The study gives insight into the strategies that vulnerable groups employ to gain access to resources. Methodology/approach An ethnographic fiel...
Conference Paper
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Urban food system governance is especially complex, comprising of a dense configuration of heterogeneous interacting individuals, organisations and institutions. We conceptualise this governance as a process. Within it, multiple state, customary, civil society and vernacular institutions, with different objectives, interact as they attempt to exert...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: Non-governmental organizations (NGO) have become quite prominent in the field of international development in recent decades. Even though, NGO have taken the centre stage in the fight against poverty, social injustice and human rights most are considered weak due to their dependence on funding from government and international aid bodies....
Article
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The International Women’s Day Celebration started as a socialist political movement, which fought for women’s right to vote and better working conditions. Over the years this movement has fought for education, health, poverty, political integration, violence, armed conflict and the aspirations of the girl child.In Cameroon presently, the perception...
Conference Paper
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Urban and peri-urban agriculture are dynamic niche activities that take advantage of urban connectivity and a complex socio-political environment. It has been advocated by many researchers as a means to improve food security. Vegetable production, a strand of urban agriculture, doubles as a source of food and income for many urban dwellers, especia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Food insecurity is a global problem particularly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, urban agriculture has rarely been formalized and institutional conflict often threatens the possibilities for it to contribute to food security. Yet this case study finds that in Tamale, northern Ghana, conflict between institutions has inadvertently led to inno...
Data
the key role women play in generating extra revenue and buffer food crisis in view of enhancing household’s welfare is crucial and worthy of notice. Based on this, new technologies aimed at enhancing farming efficiency should be channeled to these groups. Though classified as vulnerable, women contribution to rural household livelihood cannot be ov...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Tamale, Northern Ghana, as in many West African cities, vegetable cultivation serves as means of income generation and food security. However, scarce resources mean urban vegetable farmers contest strategic assets, particularly the land that this paper focuses on. In urban Tamale, urbanization has accelerated land sales. Here, the traditional ru...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dry season vegetable cultivation provides urban dwellers in Tamale, with an opportunity to produce food and generate income. They have high profit margins due to close proximity to markets and transport. Farming is carried out in open spaces around lowlands were there are wells, gutters, dugouts, streams and drains. This paper explores why cabbage...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vegetable cultivation needs the combination of the hand and tools, and increasingly mechanization. This paper explores how this happens in urban agriculture in Tamale, Northern Ghana. Here, farmers grow vegetables such as okra, amaranthus, cabbage, jute mallow, lettuce, cowpea leaves and pepper for subsistence and/or commercial purposes. In this co...
Data
Farmers in the Northern Region of Ghana face the problem of severe soil degradation, which has led to a reduction of agricultural productivity and increased food insecurity. An absence of organic matter in the soil results in high vulnerability leading to soil erosion, poor nutrient retention in the soil and low water-holding capacity of the soil....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resilience is the ability to absorb shocks without an entire system change. Farmers develop adaption mechanisms that enhance their resilience to sudden changes that occur in their dynamic environment. We describe some examples of farmers’ practice that illustrate how they have developed resilience to climate variability. We focus on vegetable farme...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban farming in Tamale metropolis could potentially contribute to national development by improving food security and nutrition, developing local markets and generating income as a whole. However, farmers are constrained by infrastructural factors and poor governance. A qualitative ethnographic study is underway to investigate these constraints an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Africa is under the weight of variety of continuously rising disease burdens but which could be controlled by not only effective and efficient but impactful research by African Scientist themselves and preferably in the continent. The less privilege indigenous populations (victims) are the end-point of less costly scientific products (drugs and hea...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Development of biscuits and cookies in which animal proteins are substituted with vegetable proteins like bean milk and Cassava flour