Navindra P Seeram

Navindra P Seeram
University of Rhode Island | URI · Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Ph.D.

About

298
Publications
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19,383
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2007 - present
University of Rhode Island
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (298)
Article
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We previously reported that the structural modifications of pentacyclic triterpenoids including oleanolic acid resulted in enhanced hyaluronidase inhibitory activity but whether this applies to other pentacyclic triterpenoids such as betulinic acid (BA) is unknown. Herein, we synthesized BA derivatives with an α,β-unsaturated ketene moiety and eval...
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Introduction: Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) are two cholinergic enzymes catalyzing the reaction of cleaving acetylcholine into acetate and choline at the neuromuscular junction. Abnormal hyperactivity of AChE and BChE can lead to cholinergic deficiency, which is associated with several neurological disorders includin...
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A cannabidiol (CBD) oral solution (Epidiolex®) has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration to treat seizure conditions. However, the biomedical and pharmaceutical applications of CBD are hindered partially due to a limited understanding of CBD’s pharmacokinetic behaviors, such as its interactions with plasma proteins. Herein...
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Objective Cannabidiol (CBD) has been reported to have anti-diabetic effects in pre-clinical and clinical studies but its inhibitory effects on α -glucosidase, a carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzyme, remain unknown. Herein, we evaluated CBD’s inhibitory effects on α -glucosidase using in vitro assays and computational studies. Methods CBD’s inhibitory e...
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Oleanolic acid (OA) is a natural cosmeceutical compound with various skin beneficial activities including inhibitory effect on hyaluronidase but the anti-hyaluronidase activity and mechanisms of action of its synthetic analogues remain unclear. Herein, a series of OA derivatives were synthesised and evaluated for their inhibitory effects on hyaluro...
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Oleuropein (OLE) and hydroxytyrosol (HT) are dietary polyphenols with skin beneficial effects but their effects on skin-ageing-related enzymes are not clear. Herein, we evaluated their inhibitory effects on elastase and collagenase. OLE and HT (62.5-1 000 μM) showed moderate anti-elastase and anti-collagenase effects (5.1-26.3%, 5.8-12.2% and 12.6-...
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) main protease (Mpro) inhibitors are considered as potential treatments for coronavirus disease 2019, and dietary polyphenols show promise in SARS-CoV-2 Mpro inhibition based on in silico studies. In the present study, we utilize a combination of biochemical-, surface plasmon resonance-, and...
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Pomegranate extract (PE) and its polyphenols have been reported to show skin protective effects but their cytoprotective effects against methylglyoxal (MGO)-induced DNA damage and cell dysfunctions are unclear. Herein, we evaluated whether PE, punicalagin (PA), ellagic acid (EA), and urolithin A (UA), can alleviate MGO-induced DNA damage in human k...
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Preclinical and clinical studies support cannabidiol (CBD)'s antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, which are linked to its skin protective effects, but there have been limited mechanistic studies reported. Herein we evaluated CBD's protective effects against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress in human keratinocyte HaCaT cells an...
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Programmed death-1/programmed death ligand-1 (PD-1/PD-L1) based immunotherapy is a revolutionary cancer therapy with great clinical success. The majority of clinically used PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors are monoclonal antibodies but their applications are limited due to their poor oral bioavailability and immune-related adverse effects (irAEs). In contrast...
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Emerging data support that plant food based isoflavones have ameliorating effects on a variety of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson’s disease (PD). Our previous investigation revealed that dietary isoflavones including genistein (GEN), daidzein (DAI), and equol (EQL; a gut microbial metabolite of DAI) showed promising blood–brain barri...
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Proteins that regulate the coagulation cascade, including thrombin, are elevated in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. While studies using amyloid-based AD transgenic mouse models have implicated thrombin as a protein of interest, the role of thrombin in tau-based animal models has not been explored. The current study aims to determin...
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Diets rich in fats are linked to elevated systemic inflammation, which augments the progression of inflammatory-related disorders including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and neuro-degenerative diseases. A phenolic-enriched pomegranate fruit extract (PE) was investigated for its hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects in male C57B...
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Glucitol-core containing gallotannins (GCGs) from the red maple (Acer rubrum) species have been reported to exhibit skin beneficial activities but their inhibitory effects on elastase remain unclear. Herein, we evaluated a series of GCGs for their anti-elastase activity, skin permeability, and cytoprotective effects in human keratino-cytes HaCaT ce...
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Black cumin (Nigella sativa) seed extract has been shown to improve dermatological conditions, yet its beneficial effects for skin are not fully elucidated. Herein, Thymocid®, a chemically standardized black cumin seed extract, was investigated for its cosmeceutical potential including anti-aging properties associated with modulation of glycation,...
Article
Two unusual di-isopentenyl guanidine alkaloids, named celosiadines A (1) and B (2), were isolated from Iresine diffusa aerial parts. The structures of the compounds were elucidated from extensive spectroscopic analyses including HRMS, NMR and ECD. Celosiadines A and B showed favorable binding affinity to the androgen receptor (AR) in silico and wer...
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Glucitol-core containing gallotannins (GCGs) are characteristic constituents of the red maple (Acer rubrum) species. To pursue the development of red maple for nutraceutical applications, GCGs-enriched red maple leaves extract (MLE) was evaluated for its effects on obesity, gut dysbiosis and short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production. Our results d...
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Introduction: Published preclinical and clinical studies support the anti-inflammatory activity of CBD, but the molecular targets (e.g., genes and proteins) that are involved in its mechanisms of action remain unclear. Herein, a network-based pharmacology analysis was performed to aid in the identification of potential molecular targets for CBD's a...
Article
Five new 19-acetoxyingols were isolated from the aerial parts of Euphorbia saudiarabica. They included two uncommon pentacyclic acetoxyingols (1, 2) and two 2,3-diepimers (3, 4), representing the first report of 19-acetoxyingols epimers. Their structures were determined by analysis of extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data. The absolute configu...
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Cannabidiol (CBD), a phytocannabinoid, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects associated with NLRP3 inflammasome activation, but its mechanism of anti-inflammasome action remains unclear. Herein, we report CBD's effect on NLRP3 inflammasome activation and its modulation of P2X7, an inflammasome activation-related receptor, in human THP...
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Introduction Reactive carbonyl species including methylglyoxal (MGO) are oxidation metabolites of glucose and precursors of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). They are important mediators of cellular oxidative stress and exacerbate skin complications. Published data supports that certain phenolic compounds can exert cellular protective effects...
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a complex neurodegenerative disease characterized by the presence of tremors, loss of dopaminergic neurons and accumulation of α-synuclein. While there is no single direct cause of PD, genetic mutations, exposure to pesticides, diet and traumatic brain injury have been identified as risk factors. Increasing evidence sugg...
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Phytochemicals from functional foods are common ingredients in dietary supplements and cosmetic products for anti-skin aging effects due to their antioxidant activities. A proprietary red maple (Acer rubrum) leaves extract (MaplifaTM) and its major phenolic compound, ginnalin A (GA), have been reported to show antioxidant, anti-melanogenesis, and a...
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Thujone (1), thujol (2), and aromatic thujol esters (3–9) were evaluated for their ability to induce cell death in human cervical (HeLa), melanoma (A375), and colon (HCT-116) cancer cell lines, using etoposide as a positive control. The compounds showed dose-dependent activity at concentrations ranging from 50–400 μg/mL. Etoposide exhibited an IC50...
Article
Fourteen heterocyclic sulfide derivatives (4–17) containing a thymol moiety and oxadiazole, thiadiazole, triazole, oxazole, thiazole, imidazole, pyridine or purine heterocycles were synthesized in three steps. The cupric, Cu(II), ion reducing antioxidant capacity of the compounds was examined, and molecular docking studies were performed to determi...
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Aggregation of misfolded amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides into neurotoxic oligomers and fibrils has been implicated as a key event in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Ginnalin A (GA), a polyphenolic compound isolated from the red maple (Acer rubrum), has been found to possess anticancer, anti-glycation, and anti-oxidation properties. Usi...
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Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Escherichia coli create a large burden on healthcare and frequently lead to recurrent infections. Part of the success of E. coli as an uropathogenic bacterium can be attributed to its ability to form quiescent intracellular reservoirs in bladder cells and its persistence after antibiotic treatment. Cranberr...
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Four new barringtogenol C-type triterpenoid saponins, namely acerplatanosides A – D (1–4), along with 22 known compounds (5–26), were isolated from the stem bark of Norway maple (Acer platanoides). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and chemical hydrolysis. This is the first report of triterpenoid...
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Objectives: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a growing global health crisis exacerbated by increasing life span and an aging demographic. Convergent lines of evidence, including genome-wide association studies, strongly implicate neuroinflammation in the pathogenesis of AD. Several dietary agents, including phenolic-rich foods, show promise for the prev...
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Sixteen β-keto sulfide derivatives of carvacrol (4-19) incorporating phenyl or N, O and S heterocyclic moieties were synthesized in three steps. The relationships between heterocyclic structure and cupric, Cu(II), ion reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) were examined. Nine of the compounds (8-9 and 13-19) showed better CUPRAC activity than trolo...
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Hydrolysable tannins are a class of polyphenolic compounds commonly found in natural products. In this work, we studied the in vitro inhibitory mechanism of six molecules in this class on ALKBH2, an Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent DNA repair enzyme in the AlkB family. We determined the IC50 values of these compounds on the repair of 3-methylcytosi...
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Increasing evidence supports the beneficial effects of polyphenol-rich diets, including the traditional Mediterranean diet, for the management of cardiovascular disease, obesity and neurodegenerative diseases. However, a common concern when discussing the protective effects of polyphenol-rich diets against diseases is whether these compounds are pr...
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Pomegranate phenolics have been reported to exert skin beneficial effects but their mechanisms of action remain unclear. Herein, we investigated a standardized commercial pomegranate extract (PE; Pomella®) and its phenolics including punicalagin (PA), ellagic acid (EA), and urolithin A (UA) for their protective effects against hydrogen peroxide (H2...
Article
Scope : Published data support that gut microbiota play an important role in the pathological process of obesity and related metabolic disorders. In the current study, we investigated whether a standardized extract from Jamun (Eugenia jambolana), a widely consumed tropical fruit, could alleviate obesity and alter gut microbial community in high‐fat...
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The glycation of human serum albumin (HSA) plays a critical role in the development of many disorders. Herein, the anti-glycation effects of several natural dietary anthraquinone derivatives including aloin, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, emodin, physcion, and rhein were evaluated. The anthraquinones at 100 μM reduced fructose-, methylglyoxal-, and gly...
Article
Carvacrol (1) and thymol (2) were converted to their alkyl 4-oxobutanoate derivatives (7–20) in three steps, and evaluated for tyrosinase inhibitory activity. The compounds showed structure-dependent activity, with all alkyl 4-oxobutanoates, except 7 and 20, showing better inhibitory activity than the precursor 4-oxobutanoic acids (5 and 6). In gen...
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Mucuna pruriens (Mucuna) has been prescribed in Ayurveda for various brain ailments including ‘kampavata’ (tremors) or Parkinson’s disease (PD). While Mucuna is a well-known natural source of levodopa (L-dopa), published studies suggest that other bioactive compounds may also be responsible for its anti-PD effects. To investigate this hypothesis, a...
Article
J Sep Sci 2018, 41, 3022–3033 DOI: 10.1002/jssc.201800480 The cover picture shows the total ion chromatograms of two pomegranate (Punica granatum) extracts used as ingredients in botanical dietary supplements, functional foods and cosmeceuticals, namely, Pomellaò, a patented commercial pomegranate fruit extract (produced by Verdure Sciences, Nobles...
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Published data suggest that dietary-derived phenolics exert beneficial effects against hyperglycemia-mediated diseases, such as diabetes, through inhibiting the formation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzyme activities. In the course of our investigation on the edible berry, Eugenia jambolana (known as Jamun)...
Article
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) fruit and flower extracts, which are rich sources of bioactive phenolics, are widely utilized as ingredients in botanical dietary supplements. While the phenolic characterization of extracts of pomegranate fruit have been previously studied by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry, there is lack of sim...
Article
The edible berries of Eugenia jambolana Lam. (known as Jamun) are consumed in various parts of the world. Our previous studies revealed that a triterpenoid-enriched Jamun fruit extract (TJFE) showed beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis in non-diabetic mice. Herein, the anti-diabetic effects of TJFE (100 mg kg⁻¹ by oral gavage for ten days) wer...
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Glycation is associated with several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), where it potentiates the aggregation and toxicity of proteins such as β-amyloid (Aβ). Published studies support the anti-glycation and neuroprotective effects of several polyphenol-rich fruits, including berries, which are rich in anthocyanins. Her...
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Purposes: We previously showed that polyphenol-rich blackcurrant extract (BCE) showed a hypocholesterolemic effect in mice fed a high fat diet. As direct cholesterol removal from the body via the intestine has been recently appreciated, we investigated the effect of BCE on the modulation of genes involved in intestinal cholesterol transport using...
Article
Emerging data suggest that urolithins, gut microbiota metabolites of ellagitannins, contribute toward multiple health benefits attributed to ellagitannin-rich foods, including walnuts, red raspberry, strawberry, and pomegranate. However, there is limited data on whether the potential neuroprotective effects of these ellagitannin-rich foods are medi...
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Twenty four sesquiterpenoids, 1–24, including 11 new sesquiterpenoids, jambolanins A–K, and two new norsesquiterpenoids, jambolanes A and B, along with six known triterpenoids, were isolated from the seeds of Eugenia jambolana fruit. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR and MS spectrometry data analysis. Among the isolates, compound...
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Objectives: Urolithins, ellagitannin-gut microbial-derived metabolites, have been reported to mediate pomegranate's neuroprotective effects against Alzheimer's disease (AD), but there are limited data on their effects against neuroinflammation. Herein, we: (1) evaluated whether urolithins (urolithins A and B and their methylated derivatives) atten...
Article
Maple sap, collected from the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) tree, is boiled to produce the popular plant-derived sweetener, maple syrup, which can then be further evaporated to yield the traditional North American confectionery, maple sugar. While maple sap and maple syrup have been previously studied, the phytochemical constituents of maple sugar a...
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The red maple (Acer rubrum) is a rich source of phenolic compounds which possess galloyl groups attached to different positions of a 1,5-anhydro-d-glucitol core. While these glucitol-core containing gallotannins (GCGs) have reported anti-oxidant and anti-glycative effects, they have not yet been evaluated for their cosmetic applications. Herein, th...
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Prey have evolved a number of defenses against predation, and predators have developed means of countering these protective measures. Although caterpillars of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus L., are defended by cardenolides sequestered from their host plants, the Chinese mantid Tenodera sinensis Saussure guts the caterpillar before consumin...
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Fifteen new phloroglucinol derivatives, jamunones A-O (1-8 and 10-16, respectively), along with one known analogue spiralisone C (9), were isolated from Eugenia jambolana seeds. Their structures were elucidated by detailed nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry spectroscopic data interpretation. Compounds 1-9, 11, 12, and 14-16 inhibited...
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Oxidative stress and free radical generation accelerate the formation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) which are linked to several chronic diseases. Published data suggest that phenolic-rich plant foods, show promise as natural anti-AGEs agents due to their anti-oxidation capacities. A phenolic-enriched maple syrup extract (MSX) has previou...
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Four new pterosin sesquiterpenoids (1–4), a new ent-kaurane diterpenoid (17), and 18 known compounds were isolated from the aerial parts of Pteris cretica L. The structures of the isolates were elucidated based on spectroscopic data analysis, and their absolute configurations were determined by comparison of experimental and calculated electronic c...
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Three highly modified ent-rosane diterpenoids, euphomilones A (1) and B (2) and euphomianol A (3), were isolated from the aerial parts of Euphorbia milii. The structures were elucidated from physical, spectroscopic, and X-ray diffraction data, as well as experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) analysis. Plausible biogenetic...
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Published data supports the neuroprotective effects of several phenolic-containing natural products, including certain fruit, berries, spices, nuts, green tea, and olive oil. However, limited data are available for phenolic-containing plant-derived natural sweeteners including maple syrup. Herein, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of a ch...
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Medicinal plants are promising candidates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) research but there is lack of systematic algorithms and procedures to guide their selection and evaluation. Herein, we developed a Neuroprotective Potential Algorithm (NPA) by evaluating twenty-three standardized and chemically characterized Ayurvedic medicinal plant extracts in...
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Maple syrup is a widely consumed plant-derived natural sweetener produced by concentrating xylem sap collected from certain maple (Acer) species. During thermal evaporation of water, natural phytochemical components are concentrated in maple syrup. The polymeric components from maple syrup were isolated by ethanol precipitation, dialysis, and anion...