Nathan Levin

Nathan Levin
Renal Research Institute · Research

MD

About

726
Publications
71,422
Reads
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33,058
Citations
Citations since 2016
62 Research Items
10146 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - September 2014
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Position
  • PROFESSOR OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
January 1997 - October 2014
Renal Research Institite
Position
  • Founder of RRI ,1997 Medical and Research Director until 2012. Professor of Clinical medicine Albert Einstein College of Medicine
August 1988 - August 1997
Beth Israel Medical Center
Position
  • division head

Publications

Publications (726)
Article
Diagnosis of fluid overload (FO) in early stage is essential to manage chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients' fluid balance and to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, identification of fluid status in CKD patient is largely dependent on physician's clinical acumen. The ratio of fluid overload to extracellular volume (FO/ECV) has been use...
Article
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Introduction: Post-dialysis recovery time (DRT) has an important relationship to quality of life and survival, as identified in studies of ESRD patients on conventional dialysis. ESRD patients are often discharged from hospitals to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) where on-site treatment using home hemodialysis technology is increasingly offered,...
Article
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The provision of clean water to remote communities is a major goal of both the World Health Organization and the United Nations. We report on the long-term sustainability of filter-sterilizing polluted water in remote villages in Ghana that lack electricity. Contaminated water pumped several times a week via a gasoline pump into a 1000 L elevated t...
Article
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The key message from the 1958 Edelman study states that combinations of external gains or losses of sodium, potassium and water leading to an increase of the fraction (total body sodium plus total body potassium) over total body water will raise the serum sodium concentration ([Na] S ), while external gains or losses leading to a decrease in this f...
Article
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Introduction: The Frequent Hemodialysis Network (FHN) Daily and Nocturnal trials aimed to compare the effects of hemodialysis (HD) given 6 versus 3 times per week. More frequent in-center HD significantly reduced left-ventricular mass (LVM), with more pronounced effects in patients with low urine volumes. In this study, we aimed to explore another...
Article
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Introduction Dialysis patients are often discharged from hospitals to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), but little has been published about their natural history. Methods Using electronic medical record data, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of nursing home patients treated with in-SNF hemodialysis from January 1, 2018 through June 20, 2...
Article
Background: Hypertension in dialysis patients is common. In daily practice, it is not always clear whether adjustment of dry weight or vasodilatory medication should be administered and treatment strategy is often based on clinical impression. We used a whole-body bio-impedance based, non-invasive, hemodynamics monitoring technology to acquire hem...
Article
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Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasingly encountered in community settings and contributes to morbidity, mortality, and increased resource utilization worldwide. In low-resource settings, lack of awareness of and limited access to diagnostic and therapeutic interventions likely influence patient management. We evaluated the feasibility...
Article
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Given the need for treating polluted drinking water, our NGO Easy Water for Everyone has produced pure water in remote villages without power and achieved health benefits. With the goal of reaching more needy populations we report our experience and successful implementation in Ghana. In 20 villages polluted water is pumped every few days to an ele...
Article
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There is a huge gap between the number of patients worldwide requiring versus those actually receiving safe, sustainable, and equitable care for kidney failure. To address this, the International Society of Nephrology coordinated the development of a Strategic Plan for Integrated Care of Patients with Kidney Failure. Implementation of the plan will...
Article
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In rural regions with limited resources, the provision of clean water remains challenging. The resulting high incidence of diarrhea can lead to acute kidney injury and death, particularly in the young and the old. Membrane filtration using recycled hemodialyzers allows water purification. This study quantifies the public health effects. Between 02/...
Article
Background and Aims The aim of this study was to investigate relationship of glucose gradient dynamics with change in intraperitoneal volume (IPV) measured by segmental bioimpedance analysis (SBIA). Method Ten PD patients (age 59±8.8 years, 7 females, 5 Blacks, weight 69.8±12.4 kg) were studied during standard peritoneal equilibrium test (PET). Di...
Article
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Substantial heterogeneity in practice patterns around the world has resulted in wide variations in the quality and type of dialysis care delivered. This is particularly so in countries without universal standards of care and governmental (or other organizational) oversight. Most high-income countries have developed such oversight based on documenta...
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Achievement of equity in health requires development of a health system in which everyone has a fair opportunity to attain their full health potential. The current, large country-level variation in the reported incidence and prevalence of treated end-stage kidney disease indicates the existence of system-level inequities. Equitable implementation o...
Article
Full-text available
Achievement of equity in health requires development of a health system in which everyone has a fair opportunity to attain their full health potential. The current, large country-level variation in the reported incidence and prevalence of treated end-stage kidney disease indicates the existence of system-level inequities. Equitable implementation o...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Acute kidney injury in pediatric patients (pAKI) is common in developing countries and leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Most nephrology services in developing countries are only in larger cities and for that reason many cases remain undiagnosed. We evaluated the performance of a saliva urea nitrogen (SUN) dipstick to dia...
Article
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Background: Ultrafiltration failure and fluid overload are common in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Knowledge of intraperitoneal volume (IPV) and time to peak IPV during a dwell would permit improved PD prescription. This study aimed to utilize trunk segmental bioimpedance analysis (SBIA) to quasi-continuously monitor IPV (IPVSBIA) during the...
Preprint
Introduction: In rural communities in regions with limited resources the provision of clean water remains challenging. Fecal contamination of water is very common and results in a high incidence of diarrhea, subsequent acute kidney injury and mortality particularly in the very young and old. Membrane filtration is a practical solution to this probl...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Intradialytic blood pressure (BP) measurement is currently the main parameter used for monitoring hemodynamics during hemodialysis (HD). Since BP is dependent on cardiac output and total peripheral resistance, knowledge of these parameters throughout the HD treatment would potentially be valuable. Methods: The use of a novel non-inva...
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Background Reports on vitamin C in HD patients have shown effects of vitamin C deficiency in association with scurvy symptoms. Dialyzability of water soluble vitamins is high, and substantial losses in those who are dialyzed more frequently were hypothesized. The randomized FHN Daily Trial compared the effects of in-center HD six versus three times...
Article
Objective: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increased frequency of dialysis (FHD) on change in fluid status and body composition using segmental bioimpedance. Approach: Twelve stable HD patients were switched from 3 times/week to 6 times/week HD (FHD). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), body mass and body mass index (BMI)...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, the number of patients undergoing maintenance dialysis is increasing, yet throughout the world there is significant variability in the practice of initiating dialysis. Factors such as availability of resources, reasons for starting dialysis, timing of dialysis initiation, patient education and preparedness, dialysis modality and access, a...
Article
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Download here: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0085253819300055?via%3Dihub The global nephrology community recognizes the need for a cohesive strategy to address the growing problem of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). In March 2018, the International Society of Nephrology hosted a summit on integrated ESKD care, including 92 ind...
Article
Introduction: Small molecular weight toxin clearance is the main method of assessment of hemodialysis efficiency. Middle molecules including cystatin C (CysC) and Beta‐2 microglobulin (β2‐M) are understudied. We hypothesized that lowering of predialysis CysC and β2‐M serum concentrations would be affected by switching to more frequent hemodialysis....
Article
Background: Intradialytic hypotension is a clinically significant problem, however, the hemodynamics that underlie ultrafiltration and consequent hypotensive episodes has not been studied comprehensively. Methods: Intradialytic cardiac output, cardiac power and peripheral resistance changes from pretreatment measurements were evaluated using a n...
Article
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In developing countries with limited medical infrastructure, preservation and recovery of renal function following acute kidney injury (AKI) is difficult. In conjunction with clinical presentation, rapid measurement of renal function is essential for early diagnosis and management. Especially in low- and middle-income countries, simple intervention...
Article
Objective: This prospective study uses calf bioimpedance spectroscopy (cBIS) to guide the attainment of dry weight (DWcBIS) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether body composition is altered when fluid status is reduced to DWcBIS. Methods: Target post-HD weight was gradually reduced from base...
Data
Selected studies of laboratory-measured salivary urea, its correlation with serum urea, and its performance in the diagnosis of kidney disease.
Data
Reference pads (1−6) of the salivary urea nitrogen (SUN) dipstick, with increasing green color corresponding to increased urea nitrogen range. The change in color of the test pad is compared to these reference pads.
Data
Study inclusion criteria and definitions.
Data
Studies of dipstick-measured salivary urea, its correlation with serum urea, and its performance in the diagnosis of kidney disease.
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Obstetric related acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with adverse outcomes for mother and fetus, particularly in low-income countries. However, laboratory-independent tools to facilitate diagnosis are lacking. We assessed the diagnostic performance of a salivary urea nitrogen (SUN) dipstick to detect obstetric related acute kidney...
Conference Paper
This paper describes a method to estimate interstitial fluid volume and peripheral blood volume (BVP) in hemodialysis (HD) patients using whole body (wBIS) and calf (cBIS) bioimpedance spectroscopy techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the technique. Thirty five HD patients were studied pre and post HD. Extracellular v...
Article
Extracellular fluid volume overload and its inevitable consequence, hypertension, increases cardiovascular mortality in the long term by leading to left ventricular hypertrophy, heart failure, and ischemic heart disease in dialysis patients. Unlike antihypertensive medications, a strict volume control strategy provides optimal blood pressure contro...
Article
Normal fluid status (dry weight) can be identified by hydration markers established in the healthy population. The general population average could be influenced by age with its accompanying physiological changes and/or illness. The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the effect of age and systolic blood pressure (SBP) on these markers; (2) to...
Article
Objective: Sleep and mood disorders are common in hemodialysis (HD) patients and the pathophysiology is still unclear. Tryptophan (TRP) and its metabolites may play a prominent role in neural pathways related to sleep, fatigue, and depression. Here, we sought to compare the levels of TRP and its metabolites between HD patients and healthy subjects...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often volume expanded and hypertensive. Few controlled studies have assessed the effects of a sodium-restricted diet (SRD) in CKD. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: We conducted a randomized crossover trial to evaluate the effect of SRD (target <2 g sodium per...
Article
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In hemodialysis patients extracellular fluid overload is a predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and a relation with inflammation has been reported in previous studies. The magnitude and nature of this interaction and the effects of moderate fluid overload and extracellular fluid depletion on survival are still unclear. We present th...
Article
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Background and objectives: The pathogenesis of anemia in hemodialysis (HD) patients is dependent on multiple factors, with decreased red blood cell life span (RBCLS) being a significant contributor. Although the impact of reduced RBCLS on anemia is recognized, it is still a subject that is not well researched. The objective of this study was to in...
Article
Background: Human plasma gelsolin (pGSN) is an actin-binding protein that is secreted into the extracellular fluid, with the skeletal muscle and myocardial tissues being its major source. Depletion of pGSN has been shown to be related to a variety of inflammatory and clinical conditions. Methods: pGSN levels were prospectively determined in prev...
Article
The Frequent Hemodialysis Network Daily Trial compared conventional three-times weekly treatment to more frequent treatment with a longer weekly treatment time in patients receiving in-center hemodialysis. Evaluation at one year showed favorable effects of more intensive treatment on left ventricular mass, blood pressure, and phosphate control, but...
Article
Background: Continuous intradialytic calf bioimpedance spectroscopy (cBIS) allows assessment of changes in calf extracellular fluid volume (ECV) to determine dry weight (DW) in hemodialysis patients. During dialysis, calf ECV decreases until excessive ECV has been removed and normalized resistivity ρN,5 rises to values comparable to those of a nor...
Article
Professional organizations, such as kidney foundations, have been active for over half a century in the field of nephrology, serving as the basic institutions for advocacy, disease education, prevention, and treatment. These organizations have focused efforts in four areas: supporting the training of clinical specialists, raising awareness about ki...
Article
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Background: High interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) is associated with adverse outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We identified temporal and regional trends in IDWG, predictors of IDWG, and associations of IDWG with clinical outcomes. Study design: Analysis 1: sequential cross-sections to identify facility- and patient-level predictors of IDW...
Article
Since the beginning of life of the first multicellular organisms, the preservation of a physiologic milieu for every cell in the organism has been a critical requirement. A particular range of osmolality of the body fluids is essential for the maintenance of cell volume. In humans the stability of electrolyte concentrations and their resulting osmo...
Article
Introduction: The achievement of erythropoiesis in hemodialysis (HD) patients is typically managed with erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents (ESA's) and intravenous iron (IV-iron). Using this treatment strategy, HD patients frequently show an elevated fraction of red blood cells (RBC) with hemoglobin (Hb) content per cell that is below the normal ran...
Article
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a growing global concern and often reversible. Saliva urea nitrogen (SUN) measured by a dipstick may allow rapid diagnosis. We studied longitudinal agreement between SUN and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and the diagnostic performance of both. Methods: Agreement between SUN and BUN and diagnostic performance...
Article
Full-text available
Background/objectives: Hyponatremia is a risk factor for mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. It is not well known to which extent the comorbidities, malnutrition, fluid status imbalance and inflammation are related to hyponatremia and affect outcomes. Subjects/methods: We studied 8883 patients from the European subset of the international M...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Epidemiological data for acute kidney injury are scarce, especially in low-income countries (LICs) and lower-middle-income countries (LMICs). We aimed to assess regional differences in acute kidney injury recognition, management, and outcomes. Methods: In this multinational cross-sectional study, 322 physicians from 289 centres in 72...
Article
Background: Increased mortality rate in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients is partly attributed to a chronic inflammatory state. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), defined as the neutrophil count divided by lymphocyte count, is increasingly recognized as a marker of systemic inflammation, but its prognostic value in HD patients is unknown. The aim...
Article
In previous reports of the Frequent Hemodialysis Network trials, frequent hemodialysis (HD) reduced extracellular fluid (ECF) and left ventricular mass (LVM), with more pronounced effects observed among patients with low urine volume (UVol). We analyzed the effect of frequent HD on interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) and a time-integrated estimate of...