Nathalie Jacobs

Nathalie Jacobs
University of Liège | ulg · Department of Biomedical and Preclinic Sciences

PhD

About

74
Publications
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2,204
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Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Neutralising antibodies against the cytokine interleukin (IL)-5 have become widely used for the control of severe eosinophilic asthma. Remarkably, patients receiving neutralising anti-IL5 biological therapies retain a very stable population of residual blood eosinophils. Whether these residual eosinophils are endowed with particular biological acti...
Article
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Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are oncogenic viruses causing most cervical cancers. Highly prevalent in young, sexually active women, only a minority of HPV infections persist. To better characterize the immuno-modulatory impact of early HPV infections, we measured changes in a panel of 20 cytokines in cervicovaginal samples collected from young wom...
Preprint
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Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the most oncogenic viruses known to human, causing nearly all cervical cancers worldwide. Highly prevalent in young, sexually active women, most HPV infections are cleared within 3 years, and only a minority of those infections persist and lead to cancer later in life. To better characterize the immuno-modulatory i...
Article
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Objective Follicular granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a new biomarker of oocyte quality and embryo implantation in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Its role in reproduction is poorly understood. Our study aimed to investigate the mechanisms and cells responsible for G-CSF production in the preovulatory follicle. Design Laborato...
Article
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Background: Virus-like particle (VLP) platform represents a promising approach for the generation of efficient and immunogenic subunit vaccines. Here, the feasibility of using grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) VLPs as a new carrier for the presentation of human papillomavirus (HPV) L2 epitope was studied. To achieve this goal, a model of the HPV L2 e...
Article
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Introduction Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are responsible for one-third of all cancers caused by infections. Most HPV studies focus on chronic infections and cancers, and we know little about the early stages of the infection. Our main objective is to better understand the course and natural history of cervical HPV infections in healthy, unvaccin...
Article
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Introduction Pregnancy is an immune paradox. While the immune system is required for embryo implantation, placental development and progression of gestation, excessive inflammation is associated with pregnancy failure. Similarly, the cytokine IL‐17A plays an important role in defence against extracellular pathogens, but its dysregulation can lead t...
Article
It has been shown that γδ T cells protect against the formation of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in several models. However, the role of γδ T cells in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated uterine cervical SCC, the third-leading cause of death by cancer in women, is unknown. Here, we investigated the impact of γδ T cells in a transgenic mouse model...
Article
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) for HPV-VLP quantitation is a very interesting alternative technique compared to those currently used in viral analysis, such as SDS-PAGE, Western blot or protein assay that are destructive and semi-quantitative or non specific. In this study, the quantitative performance of the CE method was evaluated. A main issue i...
Article
Virus-like particles of human papillomavirus (HPV-VLP), resulting from the self-assembly of the capsid proteins (L1 or L1 and L2), have been widely used to study HPV as they are similar to the native virion. Moreover, two prophylactic vaccines, Gardasil(®) and Cervarix(®) , are based on HPV-VLP L1. Analytical techniques currently used to characteri...
Article
Virus-like particles (VLPs) of human papillomavirus (HPV) are used as a vaccine against HPV-induced cancer, and recently we have shown that these VLPs are able to activate natural killer (NK) cells. Since NK cells collaborate with dendritic cells (DCs) to induce an immune response against viral infections and tumors, we studied the impact of this c...
Article
Human papillomavirus associated uterine cervical cancer is an important public health problem since it is classified as the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide with more than 500,000 recorded cases. This review is focused on where and why HPV infection induces cervical cancers and how this virus avoids the host immune response. Immunologic...
Article
High-risk human papillomavirus infection is the etiological agent of cervical cancer, the third cause of cancer-associated death in women worldwide. Gamma delta T cells (γδ T cells) represent a small population of T cells expressing a T cell receptor (TCR) composed of gamma and delta chains. Their role in the context of HPV-induced lesions was not...
Article
Recent data indicated that natural killer (NK) cells and chemokines could play a pivotal role in nasal inflammation. CX3CR1, the only receptor for fractalkine/CX3CL1, is abundantly expressed by NK cells, and was recently shown to also be a receptor for eotaxin-3/CCL26. However, no reports explored the NK cells-CX3CL1-CCL26 axis via CX3CR1 in allerg...
Article
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represent the sixth most common malignancy diagnosed worldwide. Patient's survival is low due the high frequency of tumor recurrence. Inflammation promotes carcinogenesis as well as the formation of metastasis. Indeed, proinflammatory mediators are known to stimulate the expression of specific transcrip...
Article
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Historically, the name of natural killer (NK) cells came from their natural ability to kill tumor cells in vitro. From the 1970s to date, accumulating data highlighted the importance of NK cells in host immune response against cancer and in therapy-induced antitumor response. The recognition and the lysis of tumor cells by NK cells are regulated by...
Article
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections account for more than 50% of infection-linked cancers in women worldwide. The immune system controls, at least partially, viral infection and around 90% of HPV-infected women clear the virus within two years. However, it remains unclear which immune cells are implicated in this process and no study has evaluate...
Article
The cover shows a modified electron microscopic image of HPV16-virus-like particle (HPV16-VLP)-internalization by NK cells. The colour added to the cover image is purely for aesthetic purposes and has no biological significance. The original, unmodified image is from Renoux et al. (pp. 3240-3252) in which the authors demonstrate that HPV16-VLPs are...
Article
Angiogenesis, extracellular matrix remodeling and cell migration are associated with cancer progression and involve at least, the plasminogen activating system and its main physiological inhibitor, the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). Considering the recognized importance of PAI-1 in the regulation of tumor angiogenesis and invasion in mu...
Article
Quantitative alterations of antigen-presenting cells (APC) in (pre)neoplastic lesions of the uterine cervix associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection suggest a diminished capacity to capture viral antigens and to induce a protective immune response. To test whether a cervical application of GM-CSF could restore an immune response against...
Chapter
Dendritic cell (DC) is the generic name of different professional antigen presenting cell sub-populations, which are responsible for the initiation of specific immune responses. Recently, DC have been involved in supporting innate immunity by interacting with various innate lymphocytes, such as natural killer (NK), NKT or T (T cells expressing T ce...
Article
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The vaccinia virus (VACV) N1 protein is an intracellular virulence factor that has a Bcl-2-like structure and inhibits both apoptosis and signalling from the interleukin 1 receptor, leading to nuclear factor kappa B activation. Here, we investigated the immune response to intranasal infection with a virus lacking the N1L gene (vDeltaN1L) compared w...
Article
Many physiopathological events such as phagocytosis, pathogen invasion, cellular adhesion and chemotaxis governed by actin-based cytoskeleton are often accompanied by nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation and expression of pro-inflammatory genes. In the present study, we demonstrated that reorganization of actin cytoskeleton induced by Cytoc...
Article
Dendritic cells (DC) are specialized in the presentation of antigens and the initiation of specific immune responses. They have been involved recently in supporting innate immunity by interacting with various innate lymphocytes, such as natural killer (NK), NK T or T cell receptor (TCR)-gammadelta cells. The functional links between innate lymphocy...
Article
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Immune responses against pathogens require fine regulation to avoid excessive inflammation, which could be harmful to the host. Moreover, the immune system must be tolerant to nonpathogenic antigens to prevent allergy, autoimmunity, and transplant rejection. There is accumulating evidence that interactions between dendritic cells (DC) and regulator...
Article
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Camelpox virus (CMLV) gene 176R encodes a protein with sequence similarity to murine schlafen (m-slfn) proteins. In vivo, short and long members of the m-slfn family inhibited T-cell development, whereas in vitro, only short m-slfns caused arrest of fibroblast growth. CMLV 176 protein (v-slfn) is most closely related to short m-slfns; however, when...
Article
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Dendritic cells (DC) are well known for their capacity to induce immune responses and there is also accumulat-ing evidence of their ability to interact with various cell types of the innate system, such as NK, NKT or TCR cells. These interactions are bi-directional, mediated by soluble or cell surface molecules and have been mainly described in the...
Article
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The CD94/NKG2A heterodimer is a natural killer receptor (NKR), which inhibits cell-mediated cytotoxicity upon interaction with MHC class I gene products. It is expressed by NK cells and by a small fraction of activated CD8+ T lymphocytes. Abnormal upregulation of the CD94/NKG2A inhibitory NKR on cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) could be responsible for a f...
Article
If human papillomavirus (HPV) is necessary for the development of (pre)neoplastic lesions of the uterine cervix, it is not sufficient. Among the cofactors involved in the malignant transformation of cells infected by HPV, sex hormones may facilitate the cervical carcinogenesis by different mechanisms, including the induction of squamous metaplasia...
Article
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The expression of Smad interacting protein-1 (SIP1; ZEB2) and the de novo expression of vimentin are frequently involved in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs) under both normal and pathological conditions. In the present study, we investigated the potential role of SIP1 in the regulation of vimentin during the EMT associated with breast t...
Article
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A characterization of the B14R gene from Vaccinia virus (VACV) strain Western Reserve (WR) is presented. Computational analyses of the B14R gene indicated high conservation in orthopoxviruses but no orthologues outside the Poxviridae. To characterize the B14 protein, the B14R gene was expressed in Escherichia coli and recombinant protein was purifi...
Article
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Although Vaccinia virus (VACV) was used to eradicate smallpox by dermal vaccination, there is little information available about the immune response induced at the vaccination site. Previously, an intradermal murine model that mimics smallpox vaccination was established. Here, this model was used to investigate which leukocytes are recruited to the...
Article
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Langerhans cells (LC), the immature dendritic cells (DC) that reside in epithelial tissues are among the first immune cells to encounter human papillomavirus (HPV) and are not activated by HPV virus-like particles (VLPs) in contrast to DC. The notion that the differences in response to HPV VLPs between LC and DC are associated with different types...
Article
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Hypoxia, a common feature of solid tumors, is a direct stress that triggers apoptosis in many cell types. Poor or irregular tumor vascularization also leads to a decreased drug diffusion and cancer cells distant from blood vessels (hypoxic cells) are exposed to low drug concentrations. In this report, we show that low daunomycin concentrations prot...
Article
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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment for cancer and several noncancerous proliferating cell diseases that depends on the uptake of a photosensitizing compound followed by selective irradiation with visible light. In the presence of oxygen, irradiation leads to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). A large production of ROS induces t...
Article
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Infection with oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV-16 in particular is a leading cause of anogenital neoplasia. High-grade intraepithelial lesions require treatment because of their potential to progress to invasive cancer. Numerous preclinical studies have demonstrated the therapeutic potential of E7-directed vaccination strategies in mic...
Article
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The oncoprotein HER-2/neu is a prosurvival factor, and its overexpression has been correlated with poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer. We report that HER-2 is a new substrate for caspase-8 and that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulation leads to an early caspase-8-dependent HER-2 cleavage in MCF7 A/Z breast adenocarcinoma ce...
Article
The reason why some cancers predominantly develop in specific sites of a given organ and, particularly in metaplastic mucosal surfaces, remains obscure. Although embryologic, microbial, chemical or hormonal factors are likely to have a pathogenic role, the local immune microenvironment might also facilitate tumour growth. We propose that metaplasia...
Article
Because sex hormones may be involved in tumor initiation and progression, we analyzed the presence of hormone receptors in the transformation zone of the uterine cervix where the majority of human papillomavirus infections and associated (pre)neoplastic lesions develop. By using 23 total hysterectomy samples from young women who underwent surgery f...
Article
Squamous cell cancer of the uterine cervix is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide and in Belgium. Its development is related to the infection by oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) types. Cervical cancer is preceded by dysplasic stages (squamous intraepithelial lesions) which can be detected by a Pap smear. The goal of this pa...
Article
Jacobs N, Renard I, Al-Saleh W, Hubert P, Doyen J, Kedzia W, Boniver J, Delvenne P. Distinct T cell subsets and Cytokine production in cultures derived from transformation zone and squamous intraepithelial lesion biopsies of the uterine cervix. AJRI 2003; 49:6–13 © Blackwell Munksgaard, 2003 PROBLEM: The characterization of lymphocytes issued from...
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The ubiquitous NF-kappaB transcription factor has been reported to inhibit apoptosis and to induce drug resistance in cancer cells. Drug resistance is the major reason for cancer therapy failure and neoplastic cells often develop multiple mechanisms of drug resistance during tumor progression. We observed that NF-kappaB or P-glycoprotein inhibition...
Article
Local cellular immune defects have been described in several tumors including human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cervical cancer. This observation suggests the potential therapeutic benefit of immune manipulations that restore cellular immunity. Here, we evaluated the ability of bispecific monoclonal antibodies (bimAbs) to redirect T cells again...
Article
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Although human papillomavirus (HPV) antigens are expressed in a majority of (pre)neoplastic lesions (squamous intraepithelial lesions; SILs) of the uterine cervix, progression to invasive cancer may occur, which suggests that the presentation of viral antigens to the immune system is deficient in some SILs. To determine whether professional antigen...
Article
The purpose of this study is to develop a reliable in vitro human model to test new immunotherapeutic approaches for squamous cell carcinoma that develop on mucosal surfaces. The organotypic (raft) culture permits cells to proliferate and differentiate at an air–liquid interface on a dermal equivalent support. Normal keratinocytes stratify and full...
Article
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Constitutive NF-κB activity varies widely among cancer cell lines. In this report, we studied the expression and the role of different IκB inhibitors in adenocarcinoma cell lines. High constitutive NF-κB activity and low IκB-α expression was found in a number of these cell lines. Moreover, some of these cells showed a high p100 expression, responsi...
Article
In this study, we have developed a simple and efficient technique for the isolation of viable lymphocytes from the epithelium and stroma of small pre-neoplastic squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of the uterine cervix. Following the separation of the epithelium from the stroma using dispase II, both biopsy fragments were used to generate T lymp...
Article
The 37 LRP/p40 molecule is a bi-functional protein in which expression is increased in a large variety of cancers in association with their metastatic phenotype. Here we present the first data concerning the 37 LRP/p40 gene promoter activity and show that it is very active in a cervix carcinoma cell line. Interestingly, despite hallmarks of a house...
Article
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We have addressed the notion that the progression of cancer of the uterine cervix is associated with a preferential constraint on the development of a type 1 cellular mediated response, which is necessary to efficiently eliminate (pre)neoplastic cells. Based on the importance of cytokines in the regulation of an appropriate immune response, we have...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of our study was to establish the relevance of an in vitro model for analysing the ability of human lymphocytes to infiltrate human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated (pre)neoplastic lesions of the uterine cervix. To mimic these lesions, we have used the organotypic raft culture of HPV-transformed keratinocytes (SiHa). The SiHa organotypic raf...
Article
This study addressed the notion that the progression of cervical cancer is associated with a T-helper 2 (TH2) immunodeviation by analysing cytokine expression in 60 cervical biopsy specimens, spanning the spectrum from normal cervical tissue to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs). The biopsies were analysed by immunohistochemistry fo...
Article
It has been postulated that an impaired immune response may contribute to the progression of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated preneoplastic lesions. Based on this hypothesis, we evaluated the cytokine production in the blood of patients with squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of the uterine cervix. The levels of type-1 (interferon-gamma (I...
Article
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T cell triggering can be achieved by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for the CD3/TcR complex. In the presence of appropriate costimulation and/or progression factors, such triggering permits the generation of effector cells for immunotherapy protocols involving the redirection of T cell lysis against tumor cells by mAbs bispecific for anti-CD...
Article
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In this study we have specifically investigated the participation of T cells in the cytotoxic activity of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) activated by interleukin-2 (IL-2, 50 U/ml) alone or in combination with an anti-CD3 mAb (BMA030, 10 ng/ml, IgG2a). Purified CD3+ T cells, incubated in the presence of the anti-CD3 mAb for 4 days, mediated a cy...
Article
A visible-light, dual-laser, flow cytometric method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of intracellular ionized calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and three cell-surface markers (CD4, CD8, and Thy-1.2 antigens) by using the calcium probe fluo-3 and using R-phycoerythrin (PE), peridinin chlorophyll-α protein (PerCP), and allophycocyanin (APC)...
Article
This paper describes a rapid and efficient method for the sorting of in vitro activated cytolytic effectors cells. For cytotoxic assays, a large number of cells with conserved function must be rapidly obtained. Immunomagnetic sorting was chosen because it is faster than flow cytometry sorting. The MACS system requires the use of paramagnetic beads...