Nathalie Brack

Nathalie Brack
Université Libre de Bruxelles | ULB · Center for the Study of Politics (CEVIPOL)

PhD

About

69
Publications
22,098
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
519
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2013 - September 2014
University of Oxford
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2013 - June 2014
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Position
  • Part-time Lecturer
October 2007 - September 2013
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
October 2007 - January 2013
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Field of study
  • Political science
September 2005 - June 2006
College of Europe
Field of study
  • European administrative and political studies
September 2003 - June 2005
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Field of study
  • Political science

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary conflicts of sovereignty in Europe have gone beyond the clash between national and supranational sovereignty. Sovereignty conflicts are increasingly occurring within member states. This paper develops a conceptual framework that distinguishes between foundational, institutional and territorial conflicts of sovereignty, elaborating on t...
Article
Full-text available
Deep constitutional, political and social conflicts have marked the aftermath of the UK’s vote to leave the European Union. Sovereignty has been one of the sites of these conflicts. British Euroscepticism has traditionally mobilized national sovereignty against the EU’s supranational institutions. Since the referendum, the focus has shifted to the...
Chapter
Euroscepticism has become a persistent phenomenon in European politics and particularly in the EP. It is therefore crucial to understand how Eurosceptic MEPs behave within an institution they criticise or even totally oppose and how the differences between Eurosceptics can be explained. This contribution aims to shed light on these questions by ana...
Chapter
The conclusion summarizes the findings of this edited volume and answers two main questions addressed in the book. First, in light of the findings of individual chapters, it seeks to answer whether classical integration theories and more recent approaches to European integration are effective or not at explaining and understanding the decade of cri...
Book
Full-text available
This book examines the relevance of integration theories for studying and analsing the crisis situations faced by the EU since 2009. Ten years on from the start of the ‘age of crisis’, it critically analyses the impact of the multiple crises’ context on the EU polity and questions the utility of integration theories for grasping the peculiarities...
Chapter
Full-text available
This introductory chapter summarises the aims, scope and rationale behind the edited volume. More specifically, it examines whether the decade of crisis was exceptional or whether crisis is a permanent feature of the integration process. It then brings a conceptual clarification to the concept of crisis by defining what the crisis means in this boo...
Article
Full-text available
RESUME Les élections européennes ont largement déjoué les pronostics. La campagne électorale, les résultats du scrutin, ses suites au Parlement européen (PE) et le choix de la nouvelle Commission ont mis en lumière les dynamiques changeantes qui traversent le système politique de l'Union et le rendent imprévisible. Pour les éclairer, cet article ch...
Article
Full-text available
In the post-Maastricht era, member states of the European Union (EU) have proved increasingly reluctant to transfer further competences to the supranational level and are willing to safeguard their sovereignty. Though the responses to the contemporary multiple crises – related to economic and monetary policy, borders and migrations, or democracy an...
Article
The multiple crises that the EU has faced over the last decade have provided fertile ground for the emergence of new political movements, often labelled as ‘anti-system’, ‘populist’ and ‘Eurosceptics’. One defining characteristic of these parties is their claim to represent ‘the people’ and their reliance on the idea of sovereignty. This article ai...
Article
Often presented as a threat, Eurosceptic MEPs and their strategies have been comparatively understudied so far. At a time when the EU is facing a deep crisis and citizens’ discontent has led to a significant increase in the Eurosceptics’ share of EP seats, it is crucial to analyse empirically whether Eurosceptic MEPs behave in a manner that endange...
Chapter
This chapter explores the territorial dimension and its recent evolutions during the current European Parliament’s mandate. This territorial dimension is generally considered to be central to the process of representation at the national level but has been relatively neglected in the EP to date. Rather than assuming an electoral disconnection betwe...
Article
Full-text available
This introductory article discusses the rationale and the aim of this special issue on the European Parliament. Examining the ongoing multidimensional crisis the EU is facing, it emphasizes how the current content has reduced the EU output legitimacy. It also argues that the Parliament has been affected by the recent developments. On the one hand,...
Article
While an extensive (US) literature stresses the importance of procedural rules in the evolution of parliaments as well as in the legislative process, very few studies have focused on the European Parliament (EP) rules. Whereas the EP's empowerment was significantly influenced by its rules of procedure, the reforms of these rules and their consequen...
Chapter
The 2014 European Parliament (EP) elections saw unprecedented support for eurosceptic parties. This chapter aims to examine what message voters intended to send by voting for radical parties in Belgium. Drawing on the literature on citizens’ attitudes toward Europe, we analyze to what extent this surge of support for eurosceptic parties was about E...
Book
Full-text available
Depuis le milieu des années 1960, l’intégration européenne a été régulièrement décrite comme étant en crise. Les experts et responsables ayant souvent dramatisé ses difficultés, le mot a été galvaudé. Désormais, il fait pleinement sens : après avoir peiné à modifier ses traités dans les années 2000, puis affronté une crise financière qui a failli a...
Article
Full-text available
Political representation – the core of modern democracies – essentially refers to a relationship between a representative and those represented by him or her. Therefore, the linkage between citizens and political decision makers is one of the most important topics in the study of democratic political systems. However, the literature on parliamentar...
Article
Full-text available
This article summarizes the contributions of this special issue on MPs’ local work in Belgium, France and Germany. In so doing, it highlights four elements to be taken into account when studying constituency representation: the MPs’ incentives related to personal vote and the electoral system but also other motivations; the content of the MPs’ acti...
Article
This article introduces the special issue on constituency representation in France, Belgium and Germany. First, it proposes a brief state of the art to show that the literature on European parliamentary systems concentrates on the legislators’ activities in the house but it remains comparatively limited regarding their activities outside Parliament...
Book
Full-text available
过去的20年间,欧盟经历了一系列的动荡,它的领土构成、运作模式、权能以及宪政框架都受到了影响。与此同时,一个在一体化过程中从未被顾及的问题——欧盟与公民的关系——突然冒了出来,欧盟条约的改革及其日常运行都因此变得纷繁复杂。两位作者用一种简单,且带有启发意义的方式来解读欧盟的运作:既承认其中的复杂性,又未将其过分夸大。随着本书的展开,欧洲一体化的一些关键问题将被一一剖析:民主赤字、政治化、成员国的作用、欧洲化、体制危机以及利益方代表等。
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter aims at exploring the role of EP political groups in fostering interparliamentary cooperation. While their importance is uneven across the political spectrum, large groups can be expected to be involved in an informal but significant coordination between the national and EU levels in order to increase their influence through political...
Article
Full-text available
The integration process has now entered a new and more difficult phase characterised by mass Euroscepticism and the rise of radical and populist parties. Against the backdrop of the economic crisis, Euroscepticism has become increasingly mainstreamed in the sense that it has become increasingly more legitimate and salient, and in many ways less con...
Article
Full-text available
With the advent of the Eurozone crisis, Euroscepticism has become increasingly mainstreamed. This is discernible across Europe at the level of public opinion, among political parties and civil society groups, within the EU institutions themselves and in terms of changing and more challenging media discourses. Against the backdrop of the 2014 Europe...
Article
Full-text available
The 2014 European elections demonstrated the scale and success of the EU’s opponents. Radical and populist parties topped the polls in some countries while others gained parliamentary representation for the first time. At the same time, Euroscepticism has entered the mainstream, with an increase of anti-EU rhetoric among government parties and the...
Article
Full-text available
Book review of : 1) Van Ingelgom Virginie, Integrating indifference. A comparative, qualitative and quantitative approach to the legitimacy of European integration, Colchester, ECPR Press, 2014. 2) Hobolt Sara B. and Tilley James, Blaming Europe ? Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the role of the organization of parliamentary work on the empowerment of the European Parliament. Relying on the insights of the governing theory, we argue that the procedural reforms in the EP are the result of MEPs efforts to strengthen the role of the institution in the European decision-making process, through an improveme...
Data
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the Front National in the context of the EU elections of May 2014.
Article
Full-text available
http://www.cairn.info/revue-politique-europeenne-2014-2-page-183.htm
Book
Full-text available
The European Union is facing a profound crisis and is confronted with multiple challenges. Over the last two decades, it has experienced a series of dramatic changes to its powers, its institutional design, its constitutional framework and its borders. At the same time, the uneasy relationship between European citizens and elites has complicated bo...
Book
Au cours de ces deux dernières décennies, l’Union européenne a connu une série de bouleversements qui ont affecté tout à la fois sa composition territoriale, son mode de fonctionnement, ses compétences et son cadre constitutionnel. Dans le même temps, la question de ses rapports avec les citoyens, qui était jusqu’alors un impensé de la construction...
Book
The European Union is facing a profound crisis and is confronted with multiple challenges. Over the last two decades, it has experienced a series of dramatic changes to its powers, its institutional design, its constitutional framework and its borders. At the same time, the uneasy relationship between European citizens and elites has complicated bo...
Article
Full-text available
Even though the territorial dimension of the European representative mandate may be a key element for European Union's legitimization, it remains overlooked in academic literature. This article explores this statement by analysing the EP's French delegation, which includes several interesting features with regard to territorial representation. The...
Article
For the last 20 years, Euroscepticism has become a stable component of European politics and has attracted much attention. European elections have provided Eurosceptic parties with an opportunity to get parliamentary representation. While there is a burgeoning literature on the Eurosceptic stances of these parties, there remains relatively little r...
Chapter
Full-text available
Over the last 50 years, the European Union (EU) has been an incredible workshop for research. Scholars have produced numerous studies on both the European integration process and the EU. However, the main body of theoretical research has largely been focused on the Council, the Commission and the Court of Justice. Indeed, the Commission, a “hybrid”...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the attitudes of members of parliament towards representation. Based on the PARENEL project dataset, it takes an individual-level approach to examine the focus and style of representation of Belgian, French and Portuguese representatives. It shows that, given the complexity of the process of representation, MPs have various pr...
Article
Full-text available
Euroscepticism at the supranational level has remained largely overlooked by scholars. In an attempt to fill in this gap, this article focuses on the persistent minority of hard Eurosceptic MEPs. The objective is twofold. First, it aims to determine how Eurosceptic MEPs conceive and carry out their representative mandate. Second, it analyzes the im...
Article
Full-text available
This general introduction aims at explaining the rationale behind this special issue. EU institutions have long been seen as bastions for Europhile actors and they indeed seem to have, over time, promoted further European integration. This pro-integration bias is here examined through the analysis of three interrelated factors: ideas, interests and...
Book
Since its origins, there have been competing views concerning the nature, scope and objectives of the process of integration and of the European Union. Attitudes towards Europe and European integration, both among political elites and citizens, have been much studied over the last 15 years. But there is no comprehensive analysis of these competing...
Book
direction du numéro de la revue Journal of European Integration
Article
Full-text available
Despite the centrality of political opposition in democracy, few theoretical research has been led on this issue since the 1970s. However, the context in which the opposition had been conceptualized at the time has changed in some dramatic ways. Therefore, this article aims to offer a new perspective on political opposition in contemporary democrac...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the perceptions and practices that Eurosceptic MEPs, considered as anti-system actors, have of their representative mandate. The aim is first to determine to what extent hard Eurosceptics develop a unified vision of their mandate and similar behavioral characteristics or if a certain diversity is noticeable. Using the concept...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the centrality of political opposition in democracy, few theoretical researches have been led on this issue since the 1970s. However, the context in which the opposition had been conceptualized at the time has changed in some dramatic ways. Therefore, this article aims to offer a new perspective on political opposition in contemporary democ...
Book
A crise econômica mundial que se estende desde 2008 tem colocado desafios importantes à integração europeia. Depois de mais de uma década de governos liberais, a Europa se vê confrontada com a necessidade de uma regulação reforçada dos sistemas fiscal e financeiro. A questão é como fazê-lo: cada governo trabalhando separadamente pelo seu país e pri...
Article
Full-text available
Europe in electoral campaign : a cross-national analysis of the media By means of a analysis of newspapers from ten countries, this article analyzes the nature of electoral campaigns for the June 2009 European Election. It assesses the “second-order” character of these campaigns and the degree of Europeanization of the national public spheres. We d...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the political roles of Eurosceptic MEPs. Darwing on the definition of euroscepticism provided by Mudde et Kopecky, it proposes a typology of roles for Eurosceptic MEPs.
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the territorial dimension of the European representative mandate among French MEPs. Indeed, there have been relatively few empirical research on territorial representation in the context of the EP and French MEPs combines several interesting elements in that respect: seating in an institution that is supposed to represent EU cit...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
This is a call for applications for one full-time post-doctoral position that is part of a collaborative research project between the University of Cambridge and the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) funded by the Wiener-Anspach Foundation established in Brussels. The project investigates conflicts of sovereignty within the European Union, focusing on the manner in which traditional conflicts between supranational EU institutions and national sovereignty are increasingly being supplemented by conflicts at the national level between competing notions of sovereignty. Conflicts around sovereignty form the core of the scholarly and lay narratives on European integration. More integration at the EU level is associated with a transfer of sovereignty from nation states to supranational institutions. Resistance to ‘ever closer union’ is taken as evidence of a reassertion of national sovereignty. This project is premised upon the original hypothesis that the existential crisis faced by the EU over last decade cannot be reduced to a conflict between national sovereignty and supranational institutions but rather the result of conflicts at the national level between different conceptions of national sovereignty, specifically the struggle between popular and parliamentary visions of national sovereignty. This project will empirically test this hypothesis using three paradigmatic cases: constitutional reform in Poland regarding the rule of law, ratification of the EU Canada Comprehensive Trade Agreement (CETA) in Belgium and the UK’s decision to leave the EU (Brexit). The project will combine documentary research and process tracing with semi-structured elite interviews and a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the discourse over sovereignty articulated by the relevant parties.