Nate Breznau

Nate Breznau
Universität Bremen | Uni Bremen · Bremen International Graduate School of Social Science

PhD Sociology

About

32
Publications
7,566
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274
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - August 2017
August 2013 - July 2015
Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (32)
Preprint
The replication crisis in political science and other social and behavioral sciences spawned a credibility revolution, calling for new open science research practices that ensure greater transparency, including pre-registrations, open data and code and open access. Replications of published research are an important element in this revolution as pa...
Article
Machine learning and other computer-driven prediction models are one of the fastest growing trends in computational social science. These methods and approaches were developed in computer science and with different goals and epistemologies than those in social science. The most obvious difference being a focus on prediction versus explanation. Pred...
Chapter
Full-text available
Work-injury law often marks the beginning of the modern welfare state and as we argue this type of insurance is particularly important to nation-state building: it placates myriad social groups needs and demands while binding them symbiotically with the state. We analyze any first laws and the first instance of social insurance as outcomes in 151 s...
Preprint
Huntington claimed that today’s major conflicts are most likely to erupt between religiously defined ‘civilizations,’ in particular between Christianity and Islam. Using World Values Surveys from 86 nations, we examine differences between Christians and Muslims in preferences for religious political leaders. The results suggest a marked difference...
Preprint
Full-text available
The paper reports findings from a crowdsourced replication. Eighty-four replicator teams attempted to verify results reported in an original study by running the same models with the same data. The replication involved an experimental condition. A “transparent” group received the original study and code, and an “opaque” group received the same unde...
Presentation
Full-text available
The workshop highlights the opportunities and challenges offered by using replication as a didactical tool for empirical methods education. After a brief introduction of the concepts involved, the workshop offers a fishbowl discussion with workshop participants, followed by more in-depth discussions of the various methodological issues and tools in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Findings from 162 researchers in 73 teams testing the same hypothesis with the same data reveal a universe of unique analytical possibilities leading to a broad range of results and conclusions. Surprisingly, the outcome variance mostly cannot be explained by variations in researchers’ modeling decisions or prior beliefs. Each of the 1,261 test mod...
Presentation
The workshop highlights the opportunities and challenges offered by using replication as a didactical tool for empirical methods education. After a brief introduction of the concepts involved, the workshop offers a fishbowl discussion with workshop participants, followed by more in-depth discussions of the various methodological issues and tools in...
Article
Full-text available
The Novel Coronavirus Pandemic causes heightened risk perceptions, in particular related to health, mortality and economic security. In 'normal' times, these are risks covered by social welfare states via social insurance and protection policies. My research question is what role the welfare state plays in a global emergency - here the SARS-Cov-2 p...
Article
Full-text available
We provide an overview of the field of preferences for redistribution research, including divergent terminological and theoretical approaches. We review the different uses of public attitudes, policy preferences and public opinion. We outline the theoretical roles of material interests, values and opinion-policy endogeneity. We also introduce and s...
Article
Since the first International Social Survey Program’s Role of Government module, many scholars assumed the “ideal government responsibility role” battery measured effects of a single unobserved attitude across individuals and societies. Attempts to substantiate this assumption offer sparse confirmatory evidence. Therefore, this research brings the...
Article
We revisit a longstanding hypothesis that the public become more supportive of redistributive policy as income inequality rises. Previous tests of this hypothesis using various forms of general least squares regressions are inconclusive. We suggest improvements and alternatives to these tests. Using the World Inequality Data and International Socia...
Preprint
Full-text available
In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of sele...
Article
Does public opinion react to inequality, and if so, how? The social harms caused by increasing inequality should cause public opinion to ramp up demand for social welfare protections. However, the public may react to inequality differently depending on institutional context. Using ISSP and WID data (1980‒2006), we tested these claims. In liberal in...
Preprint
The intersection of group dynamics and socioeconomic status theories is applied as a framework for the puzzling relationship of immigration and support for the welfare state in Western Europe. Group dynamics theories suggest that how individuals define their group boundaries moderates the impact of immigration on support for the welfare state. Immi...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of research connects diversity to anti-welfare attitudes and lower levels of social welfare expenditure, yet most evidence comes from analyses of US states or comparisons of the United States to Europe. Comparative analyses of European nation-states, however, yield little evidence that immigration – measured at the country-level – re...
Article
Full-text available
The intersection of group dynamics and socioeconomic status theories is applied as a framework for the puzzling relationship of immigration and support for the welfare state in Western Europe. Group dynamics theories suggest that how individuals define their group boundaries moderates the impact of immigration on support for the welfare state. Immi...
Article
This paper reports the results of a replication of the work of Brooks and Manza, ‘Social Policy Responsiveness in Developed Democracies’ published in 2006 in the American Sociological Review. The paper finds that they utilized an interaction term but excluded the main effect of one of the interacted variables. This model specification has specific...
Article
In this paper, I extend the concept of observer effect into the realm of country-level secondary data analysis. When analyzing what appear to be the same secondary data using the same methods, macro-comparative researchers arrive at different results. I argue that this is a product of idiosyncratic variation directly or indirectly produced by the r...
Conference Paper
The emergence of the welfare state provided a countervailing force against the social ills of industrial production and capital markets, namely economic inequality. However, issues of legitimate pay and income inequality regularly spark bitter polarizations, debates and protests. In this paper, we investigate the possibility that these attitudinal...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives. Devise a better test of the predictions of social identity theory (SIT) that salience of group boundaries shapes anti-immigrant attitudes under increased immigration. Also, to better measure group boundaries (here national identity) in a comparative analysis of Europe.
Article
An investigation of public opinion and social policy. This dissertation looks at how attitudes toward social welfare policies are formed, and their reciprocal relationship with spending on welfare. The perspective is cross-national and looks at the most advanced democracies in the world, plus two formerly Communist countries. The dissertation utili...
Conference Paper
“Immigration and Welfare Attitudes in Western Europe”. Paper presented in the Welfare Policy panel at the American Sociological Association's Annual Conference in Denver, Colorado. August 17-22.
Article
Huntington claimed that today's major conflicts are most likely to erupt between religiously defined “civilizations,” in particular between Christianity and Islam. Using World Values Surveys from 86 nations, we examine differences between Christians and Muslims in preferences for religious political leaders. The results suggest a marked difference...
Article
Welfare policies are a common feature of many societies and often strongly favored by the public. Research abounds on welfare policy differences across nations yet scholars pay less attention to why and how the public formulate opinions on welfare policies. The following analysis shows evidence that the public are not merely self-interested in thei...
Article
Typological accounts are a primary feature of the literature on welfare states. These accounts trace the divergent pathways of welfare states in their levels and styles of social provisions. Public attitudes toward welfare also diverge along these institutional lines in a reflexive manner or feedback loop. Underlying the welfare provisions and atti...
Article
For over two hundred years, educational attainment in the United States has climbed, with the largest gains occurring recently from 1940 through 1980. Today the adult population is at or near its highest level ever with 88 to 89 percent high school graduates and close to 30 percent college graduates. But there are signs of change. Shortly after 200...
Article
Full-text available
Welfare policies are a common feature of many societies and often strongly favored by the public. Research abounds on welfare policy differences across nations yet scholars pay less attention to why and how the public formulate opinions on welfare policies. The following analysis shows evidence that the public are not merely self-interested in thei...
Article
Full-text available
Existing research suggests that the European Union (EU) has avoided the formal construction of a supranational culture. Theories in economic sociology predict that market building should entail the concomitant articulation of basic cultural material, above all of ontological and normative notions about the world. In this article we confirm that the...

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