Natalia Shartova

Natalia Shartova
National Research University Higher School of Economics | HSE

About

59
Publications
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217
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
198 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
The registered cases of trichinosis among the population of four federal entities of the south of the Far East (Amur Region, Jewish Autonomous Region, Transbaikal Territory and Khabarovsk Territory) in 2000-2020 were considered. A spatial analysis, mapping and visualization was carried out on the basis of data derived from state reports of the Rosp...
Article
Full-text available
Global climate changes give us the important task of obtaining information about the spatial distribution of bioclimatic comfort indicators at the global or continental level. One of the most applicable tools can be based on reanalysis data (meteorological gridded data with global coverage). This issue is fully relevant for the territory of Norther...
Chapter
The chapter is devoted to the types, distribution, and application of mud spring. Depending on their physicochemical properties and formation conditions, the description of medicinal mud includes sulfide silt mud, sapropel, peat mud, and mud volcanic breccia. Deposits of medicinal mud in Russia are shown on the series of maps.
Chapter
The chapter presents the classification of types of mineral waters based on their physical and chemical characteristics. Such parameters of mineral waters as mineralization, ionic and gas compositions, biologically active substances, temperature, and acidity (pH) are considered. Maps of the distribution of different types of mineral waters suppleme...
Chapter
In this chapter, the characteristics and original maps of healing springs sites in some regions of Russia are given. The Caucasus represents the world-famous healing springs and occupies a special place due to its nature. The Transbaikal region is one of the largest regions of global significance in its reserves and potential resources of mineral w...
Chapter
The chapter presents historical information about the development of balneology in Russia and the traditions of mineral waters and mud applications. The history of water spring studies can be traced from the time of Peter the Great to the present day. Additionally, the issues of the cartographic study of mineral waters and mud are considered.
Chapter
The chapter provides a general description of the health resort complex in Russia. Health-improving areas and resorts in the country have almost all the types of healing mineral water, therapeutic mud, and other natural healing resources known in the world. Selected descriptions of the resorts, their history, and the current state are presented. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Southern Russia remains affected by West Nile virus (WNV). In the current study, we identified the spatial determinants of WNV distribution in an area with endemic virus transmission, with special reference to the urban settings, by mapping probable points of human infection acquisition and points of virus detection in mosquitoes, ticks, birds, and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Update: Recently published in ERL https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/ac7fa9 The new way to learn climatology of different thermal indices for the territory of Northern Eurasia in Earth sciences. Here we describe a new database of 5 thermal indices (PET, UTCI, HI, HUM and WCT ) with horizontal resolution of 0.75° x0.75 ° and time...
Article
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Background The capacity for health comparisons, including the accurate comparison of indicators, is necessary for a comprehensive evaluation of well-being in places where people live. An important issue is the assessment of within-country heterogeneity for geographically extensive countries. The aim of this study was to assess the spatial and tempo...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the achieved success in the fight against tuberculosis, the disease remains an immediate problem for a number of countries including Russia. To a large extent, the reasons for the high incidence and mortality of the population are not only medical but also social in nature, which leads to the emergence of geographical patterns in the spread...
Chapter
This study presents a medical-geographical analysis of the SARS CoV-2 pandemic development in the Russian Federation as by August 31, 2020. In general, the initial course of pandemicPandemicin RussiaRussia was characterized by a basic reproductive ratioBasic reproductive ratio (R0) of 2.41 (2.22–2.60), which is relatively low as compared to most af...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of the study is the assessment of modern bioclimatic conditions (1966-2015) for determining the level of comfort in large Russian cities based on the observations at the meteorological stations, including Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) for the main extent of thermal comfort. According to the distribution of thermal stress...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the current paper is to evaluate spatial and temporal characteristics of the distribution of bi-oclimatic comfort within the Arkhangelsk region (Russian Federation) with two modern indices of thermal comfort: PET and UTCI. Its average values calculated for the modern climatic period (1981-2010) in the monthly mean give a clear picture of...
Article
Full-text available
The problem of the high mortality rate, in comparison with countries with similar living standards, is extremely urgent in Russia. It is especially noticeable at the regional level, where differences in mortality and its structure are enormous. The regions of Russia are at different stages of epidemiological transition. This is expressed in differe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on various aspects of the urban heat island (UHI) of the Moscow megacity – its spatial and temporal variability and linkages with human thermal comfort. Firstly, we analyze long-term trends of air temperature, UHI intensity and thermal stress indices based on meteorological observations over the period 1977-2018. We show that the...
Article
Zemtsova S., Shartova N., Varentsov M., Konstantinov P., Kidyaeva V., Shchure A., Timonin S., Grischchenko M. Intraurban social risk and mortality patterns during extreme heat events: A case study of Moscow, 2010-2017 // Health & Place. 2020. Volume 66. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102429 ||| There is currently an increase in the number of heat...
Article
Full-text available
Земцов С.П., Шартова Н.В., Константинов П.И., Варенцов М.И., Кидяева В.М. Уязвимость населения районов Москвы к опасным природным явлениям // Вестник Московского университета. Серия 5: География, 2020, № 4, с. 3-13 ||| В России и за рубежом наблюдается рост повторяемости опасных природных явлений, в том числе пиковых термических условий, эпидемий,...
Article
Full-text available
The assessment of bioclimatic conditions at the national scale remains a highly relevant task. It might be one of the main parts of the national strategy for the sustainable development of different regions under changing climatic conditions. This study evaluated the thermal comfort conditions and their changes in Russia according to gridded meteor...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Between 1999 and 2008 Russia experienced a flare-up of transmission of vivax malaria following its massive importation with more than 500 autochthonous cases in European Russia, the Moscow region being the most affected. The outbreak waned soon after a decrease in importation in mid-2000s and strengthening the control measures. Compare...
Article
Full-text available
The main threats to health are associated with the entry of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) into human bodies. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of the Zakamensk W-Mo deposit development on soil surface horizons and the health of the local population. The results of the geochemical survey of 2012 revealed the spatial distribution patt...
Article
Full-text available
Modern studies show significant inequalities in public health and mortality in many countries, and Russia is no exception. Moreover, according to some indicators, inequality in Russia is extremely high, both regionally and between different socio-economic groups. In this regard, a mathematical assessment of the main indicators of the causes of mort...
Article
Full-text available
Urban climate comfort is an indicator of a set of parameters, such as temperature, humidity, and solar radiation for a person’s sensation of being favorable to being outdoors or indoors. In this study, an attempt to develop a technology of real-time prediction of thermal comfort conditions in urban landscape is described (based on the example of Mo...
Article
Full-text available
Our research goal was to examine a response in mortality among population in Arkhangelsk caused by exposure to high and low temperatures. We determined the best available mortality predictor out of air temperature and Universal Thermal Climate Index that characterizes how people feel temperature and detected threshold temperatures depending on sex,...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents the results of a spatio-temporal analysis of the changes of the favorability of climatic conditions for the transmission of vivax malaria in the Moscow megacity and its surroundings during the period from 1977 to 2016. Using the historical temperature records at urban and rural weather stations, we calculated the key indicators...
Chapter
The aim of this paper is to discuss the possibility of creating software for the automated assessment of bioclimatic comfort in Russian cities. This research is relevant because 74% of the population in Russia live in cities, and these areas require the development of primarily standardized methods for the assessment of bioclimatic comfort. To sele...
Chapter
The chapter presents textual descriptions and maps that represent the distribution, long-term average annual morbidity rate for 85 administrative subjects of the Russian Federation, and the long-term dynamics of the major natural focal diseases found on Russian territory. The chapter contains information on the distribution of 23 nosological entiti...
Chapter
The chapter presents a brief characterization of the system of sanitary and epidemiological monitoring in the Russian Federation. Its work is aimed at ensuring epidemiological safety in the environment. A textual description of its structure is provided and illustrated with three maps, one of which reflects border control points that exert sanitary...
Chapter
This chapter examines the contemporary understanding of natural preconditions for disease as unique features of the environment that determine the emergence and function of host–parasite systems and the spread of natural foci.
Book
This book is the first scientific publication on diseases caused by agents circulating in natural environments independently from humans, covering the whole territory of the Russian Federation. It contains diverse and multifaceted information, both in textual and cartographic form. The book focuses on the historical and current distribution of natu...
Article
Full-text available
The authors studied the relative predictive powers of several bioclimatic indices as predictors of population mortality during heat waves. Daily mean and maximum values of air temperature, Humidex, apparent, and physiological equivalent temperatures (PETs) were examined. The numbers of daily deaths and daily meteorological data in Rostov-on-Don (so...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents the regional features of urban mortality in Russia by the example of 175 cities with a population of more than 100000. The spatial features of mortality due to main causes of death are defined for male and female separately. The more favorable situation is defined for urban population than rural for all-cause mortality. The excep...
Chapter
Climatic conditions play a major role among natural factors determining human’s existence. The factor of climate change is considered among other known risk factors to population health. In particular, climate leads to the changes in borders and structure of the areas of infectious and parasitic illnesses. The most serious climate changes are expec...
Article
The level of public health in the regions of Russia in the years 2002–2012 is characterized based on the indices of life expectancy of men and women, as well as infant mortality. The tendencies toward change as compared to 1990–2001 are determined. Five groups of regions with various levels of public health are identified and analyzed. The practica...
Article
The article presents the characteristics of the state of public health in the regions of Russia (in 2002-2012) based on male and female life expectancy and infant mortality. Changes in the state of public health have been identified as compared to 1990-2001 data. Five groups of regions with different state of public health have been determined and...
Book
Full-text available
Integral assessment of the environmental status of the urban territories (Eastern and Western administrative districts of Moscow) allows us to identify main environmental problems, analyse the environmental perception of citizens and the willingness of citizens to take part in solving environmental problems.
Article
Results of the retrospective analysis of changes of the health of population from the end of the 19th century till the beginning of the 21th century are discussed in the article. The aim of the study was more detailed and profound evaluation of modern medical-geographical situation in the Moscow region (beginning of the 21th century).
Article
The Faculty of Geography, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, is creating a "Natural Focal Diseases" medical and geographical atlas of Russia. The paper considers the possibilities of the atlas to monitor and assess the epidemiological situation of a number of diseases. The atlas allows one to define a spectrum of the most epidemically signific...
Article
The paper presents the characteristics of the status of public health in the regions of Russia in 2002–2012 conducted considering life expectancy of men and women, as well as infant mortality. Public health trends were identified in comparison with 1990–2001. Five groups of regions with specific status of public health were isolated and analyzed. C...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents the results obtained under the joint Russian-Chinese RFBR project № 12-05-91175-ГФЕН_а aimed at assessment of the state of the environment and health of the population in urban areas in Russia and China. The paper presents the authors' approach to a comprehensive evaluation of the impact of the environment on the population healt...
Article
Full-text available
Background Natural-focal diseases constitute a serious hazard for human health. Agents and vectors of such diseases belong to natural landscapes. The aim of this study is to identify the diversity and geography of natural-focal diseases in Russia and to develop cartographic approaches for their mapping, including mathematical-cartographical modelin...
Article
The paper presents the results obtained under the joint Russian-Chinese RFBR project № 12-05-91175-ГФЕН_а aimed at assessment of the state of the environment and health of the population in urban areas in Russia and China. The paper presents the authors’ approach to a comprehensive evaluation of the impact of the environment on the population healt...
Article
The paper discusses a mapping method for compilation of maps for a medical-geographical Atlas of Russia “Natural Focal Diseases” and potential that this Atlas presents for assessment and monitoring of the epidemiological situation in a number of diseases. A series of analytical, integrated, and synthetic maps shows disease incidence in the populati...
Article
The paper presents the results of a multiyear study of the health of the population from the end of the 19th to the beginning of the 21st centuries, as well as an estimate of the modern medical-geographic situation in the Moscow region. It is shown that the demographic indices and the level of morbidity over all pathologies have changed. In the his...
Article
An attempt was made to create a model for the tertian malaria situation in European Russia and Western Siberia. Prediction was done on the basis of the data of climate modeling within the CMIP3 project by the IPCC A2 scenario, which revealed that there would be better conditions for malaria pathogen development in the mid-21st century, suggesting a...
Article
The Atlas of Russia "Natural-foci (zoonotic) diseases" integrates diverse and multifaceted information with the aim to present a spatial pattern of the spread of zoonotic diseases within the RF territory. The concept of the Atlas, i.e. its scientific basis, its aims and methodological approaches, its content and mapping procedures are described. Tw...
Article
The purpose of this research is development of prognostic model of malaria risk for Russia in the 21st century according to climate scenario IPCC "А2". The following issues have been formulated to reach the goal of the research: - define the basic epidemiological parameters describing malaria situation and methods of data processing; - creating of...
Article
The purpose of this research is development of prognostic model of malaria risk for European part of Russia (EPR) in the 21st century according to climate scenario IPCC "A2". The following issues have been formulated to reach the goal of the research: define the basic epidemiological parameters describing malaria situation and methods of data proce...
Article
The article describes the medical-geographical situation in the Moscow region in the historical past and at present. The study is based on statistical data characterizing the population morbidity and public health services during 1865-1913 and 2001-2005. The structure of diseases has changed significantly due to the progress of medicine, preventive...

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