Nasser M Al-Daghri

Nasser M Al-Daghri
King Saud University | KKUH · Department of Biochemistry

PhD

About

486
Publications
96,535
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11,200
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1986 - present
King Saud University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 1986 - present
King Saud University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (486)
Article
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A prospective hospital-based survey in representative regions of Saudi Arabia determined the incidence of fractures at the hip. The hip fracture rates were used to create a FRAX® model to facilitate fracture risk assessment in Saudi Arabia. Objective This paper describes the incidence of hip fracture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that was used to...
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Several studies have found a correlation between inflammatory markers and sarcopenia; however, limited research has been conducted on the Arabic population. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the value of inflammatory parameters in Saudi elderly women with sarcopenia. In this cross-sectional study, 76 elderly Saudi women (>65 years) were st...
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This study aims to investigate the association of vitamin D (VD) knowledge, behavior, and attitude with BMI status among Saudi adults. This cross-sectional online survey included a total of 774 participants (M/F: 239/535). Knowledge about the overall sources of VD was highest in OB participants in correctly identifying sunlight (95.1%; p < 0.001) w...
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Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common and disabling medical conditions. In the case of moderate to severe pain, a single intervention may not be sufficient to allay symptoms and improve quality of life. Examples include first-line, background therapy with symptomatic slow-acting drugs for OA (SYSADOAs) or non-steroidal anti-inflammator...
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Background and objective: There is limited information as to the association of several key bone markers with bone mineral density (BMD) in understudied ethnic groups. This study investigated the relationship between circulating levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL) with BMD in Arab postmeno...
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Objective: We aimed to evaluate and compare the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on lifestyle changes and other common related effects of the lockdown in Saudi adults with diabetes mellitus (DM), both type 1 (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods: 265 T1D and 285 T2D individuals were included in this cross-sectional survey during lockdown using an onl...
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a multifactorial non-communicable disease that is characterized by insulin resistance and chronic sub-clinical inflammation. Among the emerging inflammatory markers observed to be associated with β-cell damage is interleukin 1β (IL1β), a proinflammatory cytokine that modulates important metabolic processes includi...
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0123456789();: Renal phosphate wasting syndromes comprise a hetero geneous group of diseases with multiple causes that manifest biochemically as hypophosphataemia. The differential diagnoses of hypophosphataemia are many and the first step is to check whether reduced serum levels of phosphate are due to decreased renal tubular reabsorption of phosp...
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Background Childhood obesity and pediatric metabolic syndrome (MetS) have steadily increased during the last decade in Saudi Arabia. Intervention programs to prevent cardiometabolic disorders in Arab youth are needed.Objective In this multi-school intervention study which was disrupted by COVID-19-imposed lockdowns (September 2019–April 2021), a 12...
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Purpose Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common cause of hypercalcemia and remains understudied within the Arabian population. The present study, the largest of its kind within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, aims to determine the demographics and clinical presentation of PHPT in Saudi Arabia. Methods In this multi-center retr...
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Existing literature on the association between influenza vaccination and COVID-19 infection/outcomes is conflicting. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between influenza vaccination and COVID-19 outcomes in a large cohort of adults who participated in the SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe). Information regard...
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Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of NAFLD among Saudi patients with T2DM using transient elastography. Methods: A total of 490 patients with T2DM who attended diabetes and primary care clinics were recruited....
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The present study aims to investigate the association of the serum levels of Fetuin-A and Fetuin-B with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in obese Saudi patients and explore the mechanism that links obesity and T2DM in Saudi patients. In this study, a total of 240 adult Saudis (116 men and 124 women) in the age group of 42.7±11.6 years were divided i...
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Observational studies have overwhelmingly demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) infection and severity. However, serum 25(OH)D may act as a negative acute phase reactant and therefore an unreliable marker for vitamin D status post-inflammatory insult. This study evaluated the serum levels of 2...
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Sarcopenia is the loss of skeletal muscle mass, and is most common in older people. The present multi-center cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and possible risk factors among Arab elderly females. A total of 131 ambulatory Saudi elderly females aged 60–85 years (mean age 65.9 ± 5.5 years) were recruited to partic...
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X-linked hypophosphataemia (XLH) is the most frequent cause of hypophosphataemia-associated rickets of genetic origin and is associated with high levels of the phosphaturic hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). In addition to rickets and osteomalacia, patients with XLH have a heavy disease burden with enthesopathies, osteoarthritis, pseudofr...
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This 12-month school-based intervention study investigated the effects of hybrid educational lifestyle modifications on glycemic control among Saudi youth with different glycemic statuses. A total of 2600 Arab adolescents aged 12–18 years were recruited from 60 randomly selected schools. Anthropometrics, blood glucose, and HbA1c were measured pre-...
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It is known that influenza, herpes zoster, pneumococcal and pertussis infections may increase morbidity and mortality in older people. Vaccinations against these pathogens are effective in older adults. Frailty seems to be an important determinant of vaccination rates, yet data supporting this association are still missing. Therefore, we aimed to i...
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Osteoporosis care has evolved markedly over the last 50 years, such that there are now an established clinical definition, validated methods of fracture risk assessment and a range of effective pharmacological agents. Currently, bone-forming (anabolic) agents, in many countries, are used in those patients who have continued to lose bone mineral den...
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Objective To compare and define the associations of circulating trace minerals with vitamin D among Arab adults with either vitamin D deficiency or optimum vitamin D levels. Methods This cross-sectional study involved 199 (101 males and 98 females) adult Saudi participants aged 47.7 ± 15.6 years divided into two groups [N=120 with vitamin D defici...
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Epidemiological studies suggest that the Zinc-α-2-glycoprotein (ZAG) plays significant physiological roles. In this study we investigate whether ZAG could be considered as a clinical biomarker in the diagnosis and prognosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Saudi population. As such insights urgently required for management of MetS. Thus, we have det...
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Lipocalin (Lcn2) acts as a mediator of several inflammatory processes. However, evidence on the role of Lcn2 in regulating adiposity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is scarce. Therefore, our study aimed to evaluate the associations between Lcn2 and cardiometabolic parameters among Arab adults with varying degrees of adiposity and insulin resist...
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There are limited studies on the association of endotoxin, a potent mediator of gut-derived inflammation and telomere length (TL). We investigated (1) the influence of adiposity on endotoxin and TL amongst Saudi adults according to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) status and (2) the influence vitamin D may have on TL attrition. Anthropometric data a...
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Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a serious health condition that is becoming extremely threatening in Saudi Arabia. The link between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and maternal MetS has been observed in several ethnic groups, but is yet to be clarified in the Arabian population. This study aims to investigate the relationship between the F...
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Background and Objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the link between common -2548G>A (rs7799039) promoter variant of the human leptin gene (LEP) with leptin and serum glucose leptin levels in obese Saudi patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 206 Saudi adults (80 obese normotensive nondiabetics, 76 obese hypertensive with Type 2...
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Angiogenin (ANG), a multifunctional protein known to induce blood vessel formation, is a potential biomarker for cardiovascular diseases; however, whether it is affected by vitamin D supplementation is not known. This interventional study in vitamin D-deficient Saudi adults was designed to investigate it. A total of 100 vitamin D-deficient Saudi ad...
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Background In the wake of the warning by WHO that the prevalence of dementia may have a rise of 125% in the Middle East by 2050, identification of the genetic risk factors in Arab populations is urgent. Objective To investigate the association of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in apolipoprotein E (ApoE), clusterin (CLU), tumor necrotic fac...
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This cross-sectional online survey aimed to determine the awareness of Arab adults on the benefits of consuming nutrient-dense foods, such as kale. A total of 1200 respondents completed the survey. The questionnaire included questions related to socio-economic information, e.g., whether the participants have consumed kale, if they observed any heal...
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The parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (PTHR1) plays a crucial role in calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. However, its genetic role in regulating bone turnover markers (BTMs) in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) remains unclear. Herein, we explored parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTHR gene variant susceptibility to osteoporosis and their associatio...
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Studies investigating the association of vitamin D on intelligence is limited. The present study therefore aims to determine the association of vitamin D status with the different domains of intelligence among Saudi Arabian adolescents. This study used relational survey method among 1864 Saudi adolescent, including 549 boys and 1315 girls (mean age...
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Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiometabolic disorders, mostly studied in adults with certain ethnic groups, such as Arabs with higher predisposition and heritability. In this time-series study, we tried to determine the prevalence of MetS in the Arabic pediatric population from 2010-2019 to gauge the need to intervene in...
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Assessment and treatment pathways based on age-specific intervention thresholds in Saudi Arabi can be used to identify patients at high risk of fracture and avoid unnecessary treatment in those at low fracture risk. Purpose: Intervention thresholds for the treatment of osteoporosis have historically been based on the measurement of bone mineral d...
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Recent literature suggests that sarcopenia, often represented by low lower limbs muscle mass and strength, can be considered a potential risk factor for knee osteoarthritis (OA), but the available literature is still limited. We therefore aimed to investigate whether sarcopenia is associated with a higher risk of radiographic (ROA) and symptomatic...
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Premature aging, as denoted by a reduced telomere length (TL), has been observed in several chronic inflammatory diseases, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, no study to date has addressed the potential inflammatory influence of the gut-derived Gram-negative bacterial fragments lipopolysaccharide, also referred to as endo...
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Objective: The role of lipid metabolism disorders in the pathogenesis of T2DM has been recognized. Lipid droplets (LDs) are dynamic organelles that store lipids. Perilipin 3 (PLIN3) is one of the five LD coat proteins that is relatively understudied as compared to other LDs. This study is aimed at determining levels of PLIN3 among adults with vary...
Article
Background Asprosin, a novel adipokine, has been implicated in glucose regulation, insulin production, and appetite stimulation. Hence, the current study explores circulating asprosin levels and their associations with insulin resistance (IR) and other parameters in obese and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) Saudi subjects. Methods A total of N=291...
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Post-menopausal osteoporosis (PMO) is a multifactorial bone disorder in elderly women. Various vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene variants have been studied and associated with osteoporosis in other populations, but not in a homogenous Arab ethnic group. Herein, the current study explores the association between VDR polymorphisms and susceptibility to o...
Chapter
Sarcopenia is an age-related muscle mass and strength loss, which, if accompanied by higher percentages of adipose tissue, constitutes a state known as sarcopenic obesity. Accumulating evidence suggests that at a global level, sarcopenic obesity among adults, especially the elderly, is increasing. Nevertheless, comparisons between epidemiologic stu...
Article
Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major health problem in the Saudi Arabian population. The aim of this study was to determine the status of antioxidant enzymes, liver enzymes, and intake of selected nutrients in subjects with MetS among Saudi adults in Taif city. Methods In this case-control study, a total of 104 subjects (76 with MetS an...
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Citation: Al-Daghri, N.M.; Wani, K.; AlHarthi, H.; Alghamdi, A.; Alnaami, A.M.; Yakout, S.M. Sex-Specific Signature in the Circulating NLRP3 Levels of Saudi Adults with Metabolic Syndrome. J. Clin. Med.
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Objective: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 severity. This multi-center randomized clinical trial aims to determine the effects of 5000 IU versus 1000 IU daily oral vitamin D3 supplementation in the recovery of symptoms and other clinical parameters among mild to moderate COVID-19 patients with sub-optima...
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Tristetraprolin (TTP) is an mRNA binding protein suggested to have a substantial role in regulating the mRNA expression of numerous inflammatory factors, but data on TTP and its association with metabolic syndrome (MetS), a chronic low-grade inflammatory disorder, are scarce. We hypothesize that TTP may modulate MetS and its components. A total of...
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Healthy diet and supplement use may prove as sustainable strategies to lower COVID-19 infection. Our study investigated the dietary changes before and during lockdown and observed dietary supplements (DS) use among residents in Saudi Arabia. This cross-sectional study collected data via an online electronic survey questionnaire among males (N = 921...
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Since their inception in the commercial market in the mid-twentieth century, sulfonylureas (SUs) have remained a therapeutic option in the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Despite their established glucose-lowering effects, there is no consensus among global experts and modern guidelines regarding the priority of SUs in relation to other therap...
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The homeostasis of trace elements were observed to contribute to certain diabetic outcomes. This cross-sectional study determined the differences and associations between serum levels of copper (Cu), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) in Saudi patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as well as those with prediabetes. Anthropometrics were mea...
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Purpose As the world continues to cautiously navigate its way through the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, several breakthroughs in therapies and vaccines are currently being developed and scrutinized. Consequently, alternative therapies for severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) prevention, such as vitamin D supplementati...
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Objective Widespread vitamin D deficiency (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D < 50 nmol/L) in Saudi Arabia (SA) has been documented, yet a time trend is needed to establish where the prevalence is headed. This study aims to fill this gap. Study Design and Setting This cross-sectional series (N = 7360) were conducted in the central region of SA from 2008-20...
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In this narrative review, the role of vitamin D deficiency in the pathophysiology, healing of fragility fractures, and rehabilitation is discussed. Vitamin D status can be assessed by measuring serum 25(OH)-vitamin D level with standardized assays. There is a high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency (25(OH)D < 50 nmol/l (i.e., 20 ng/mL)) or defic...
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Objectives Vitamin D status in patients with COVID-19 is an on-going controversial issue. This study aims to determine differences in the serum 25(OH)D concentrations of Arab Gulf adult residents screened for SARS-CoV-2 and its association with risk of COVID-19 infection together with other comorbidities. Methods In this multi-center, case–control...
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Studies have explored how vitamin B12 status affects sleep among elders and children, but this remains to be investigated among young adults. We used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) to assess the association between serum vitamin B12 and sleep among female college students in Saudi Arabia. In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 355 pa...
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Background This study aimed to assess the telomere length and plasma telomere repeat-binding factor 2 (TRF2) levels in addition to other inflammatory markers in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Methods We enrolled 106 children (90 SCD and 26 controls) aged 1–15 years from the Hematology unit of King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Saudi Arabia....
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Central adiposity is one of the significant determinants of obesity-related hypertension risk, which may arise because of the pathogenic inflammatory nature of the abdominal fat depot. Pro-inflammatory cytokine and adipokine upregulation through nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation in adipose tissue has been considered to have an important fun...
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Public health endorsements during the present COVID-19 pandemic has led the governments of largely affected countries to imply policies that restrict social mobility to slow COVID-19 spread. The study aimed to explore the effects of COVID-19 home quarantine on lifestyle and health behavior of Saudi residents. An online survey in Saudi Arabia was la...
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Objective Compelling evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies indicate that the disruption of circadian rhythm and decreased melatonin synthesis are risk factors for breast cancer. With the ever-increasing rate of breast cancer cases globally, there is a strong need for safer, effective, and alternate treatment strategies with lesser...
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Aims This six‐month interventional study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of different educational programs among Saudi females with prediabetes referred by primary care. Methods A total of 253 [100 GEP (Group Education Program), 84 WEP (WhatsApp Education Program) and 69 CG (Control Group)] eligible participants were invited to take part in...
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Abstract: The study aimed to explore the influence of the COVID-19 lockdown on the mental status and dietary intake of residents in Saudi Arabia. In this cross-sectional study, an online survey was conducted from 11 May to 6 June 2020 corresponding to almost two weeks during and after Ramadan (23 April–23 May 2020). The Patient Health Questionnaire...