Narottam Prasad Sahu

Narottam Prasad Sahu
Central Institute of Fisheries Education | CIFE · Division of Fish Nutrition, Biochemistry and Physiology

M.V.Sc, Ph.D (Fish Nutrition)
Acting as Director of Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Versova, Mumbai from 3rd November, 2021.

About

360
Publications
98,188
Reads
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6,761
Citations
Citations since 2016
143 Research Items
4309 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
Additional affiliations
December 2013 - December 2019
Central Institute of Fisheries Education
Position
  • Head of Department
Description
  • Current area of interest is nutraceuticals for immunity and growth of carp and nutrigenomic approach for the genes linked tgo growth, immunity and flesh quality of fish and shrimp.
December 2013 - present
Central Institute of Fisheries Education
Position
  • Head of Department
Description
  • Area of interest is Nutraceuticals and nutrigenomic approach for the genes linked to immunity and growth of fish and shrimp.
August 1999 - August 2002
Indian Veterinary Research Institute
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
August 1999 - August 2002
Indian Veterinary Research Institute
Field of study
  • Animal Nutrition

Publications

Publications (360)
Article
Full-text available
A 60-day feeding trial was carried out to determine the effect of dietary lipid levels on growth and physiometabolic responses to optimize the dietary lipid requirement for maximizing the growth of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) juveniles reared in inland ground saline water (IGSW) of medium salinity (15ppt). Formulation and preparation...
Article
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the optimum dietary lipid level in terms of growth performance, digestive enzymes and hemato-biochemical parameters of white-leg shrimp, Penaeus vannamei juveniles in inland ground saline water (IGSW) of 15 ppt salinity. The shrimps (avg. wt., 4.04±0.03g) were randomly distributed in six groups in tr...
Article
Full-text available
Various single leaf meal can substitute costly de-oiled rice bran (DORB) in farm made feed for carps. However, the use of mixed leaf meal (LM) in fish feed is not reported yet. Therefore, Vigna mungo, Ipomoea aquatica and Hygrophila spinosa leaf meals were blended in an equal proportion to prepare LM. DORB was the major energy source in control die...
Article
A 60-days feeding trial was conducted to study the effect of varying levels of dietary protein on growth metrics, hemato-biochemical status and metabolic responses of GIFT tilapia juveniles reared in inland ground saline water (IGSW) of 15 g/l. Random distribution of 315 number of acclimated fish (avg. wt. 4.01 ± 0.01g, stocking density 15 fish/tan...
Article
Protein-sparing by lipid helps in conserving protein exclusively for growth with minimal inevitable protein breakage. It will subsequently reduce feed cost and nitrogenous pollutants in the habitat. In this context, an experiment of 60 days period was conducted to study the protein-sparing effect of lipid in the diet of Genetically Improved Farmed...
Article
A 60‐day feeding trial was conducted to illustrate the effect of suboptimal crude protein (CP) levels on growth and physio‐metabolic status of Anabas testudineus fingerlings reared in inland saline water (ISW) at 8 g/L salinity. Six isoenergetic (16 MJ/kg) and isolipidic (60 g/kg) diets with 240 (T24), 260 (T26), 280 (T28), 300 (T30), 320 (T32) and...
Article
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to determine the impact of dietary phytoestrogen, genistein on inducing vitellogenesis in reproductively active male Cyprinus carpio. Adult male C. carpio were fed with graded levels of genistein, namely, 0 (Control), 1 (Gen-1), 3 (Gen-3), 6 (Gen-6) and 9 (Gen-9) mg/100 g in fish feed. Serum levels of cholestero...
Article
Full-text available
A feeding trial was conducted for 4 months to study the effect of a nutraceutical conglomerate at different levels (0, 0.1, and 0.5%) on stress-exposed (high stocking density, H and feed restriction, R) Labeo rohita fingerlings. Six isonitrogenous diets with a crude protein of 35% were prepared for the different treatments, viz. THR0, THR1, THR5, T...
Article
Surging demand of fish production for nutritional and livelihood security manifested with irrational use of synthetic growth enhancer and immunostimulants which are fostering the awful health concerned to human being and negatively affecting the beneficial micro-biota in aquatic ecosystem. The need of hour is to use environment friendly herbal ther...
Article
Aim: The present study was conducted to optimize the dietary protein level in the diet of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia reared in inland ground saline water (IGSW) of 15 ppt ambient salinity. Methodology: Seven iso-caloric (400 kcal digestible energy, DE/100g), iso-lipidic (6%) and hetero-nitrogenous (20-50% crude protein, CP) purified die...
Article
A feeding trial was performed for 60 days to determine the dietary lipid requirement of Penaeus vannamei juveniles reared in inland saline water (ISW) of 10 g/L salinity. Six iso-nitrogenous (360 g/kg crude protein) and heterocaloric (15.4–17.6 KJ DE/g) semi-purified diets were prepared with graded level of lipid viz., 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 g...
Preprint
Four month feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of a vitamin-mineral based nutraceutical conglomerateon Labeorohita fingerlings (Hamilton, 1822) exposed to different stressors like crowding (normal stocking density NSD,10 number of fish in 75 Lwater or high stocking density, HSD, 20 number of fish in 75 L water) and feed restriction(s...
Article
The indiscriminate use of chemicals and antibiotics has prompted the search for an alternative in the form of herbal therapy. An attempt was made to assess the efficacy of serially fractionated solvent extracts of Terminalia arjuna (Roxb) against significant aquaculture microbes. The solvent extracts were designated as Br1-Br7, F1-F7, and L1-L7, an...
Article
Four month feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of a vitamin-mineral based nutraceutical conglomerate on Labeo rohita fingerlings (Hamilton, 1822) exposed to different stressors like crowding (normal stocking density NSD, 10 number of fish in 75 L water or high stocking density, HSD, 20 number of fish in 75 L water) and feed restricti...
Article
Bioenergy generated from plants is one of the best potential energy supplies. Recently, the non-edible Jatropha curcas has been considered one of the world’s most sustainable biofuel crops. Protein rich defatted Jatropha curcas kernel meal (DJKM) is toxic which contains phorbol esters (PEs, 1307 μg g⁻¹) as a major toxic component, therefore it was...
Article
A 90-day feeding trial was conducted to study the effect of neem oil and or nonylphenol on gonadal and somatic growth performance in active reproductive phase of Labeo bata. Two hundred twenty-five L. bata (avge. wt., 48.47±1.09 g) adults were randomly distributed in five treatments following completely randomized design in triplicates. Five iso-ni...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Chronic diseases have been treated using the phytochemical concepts of ethnomedicinal plant-derived herbal products. Terminalia arjuna, a significant ethnomedicinal plant, was revisited and reconnoitred for antioxidant, free radical scavenging, and DNA nicking inhibiting activity under H2O2 conditions using 21 solvent extracts. Ferric redu...
Article
A 45-day feeding trial was conducted to screen the effective combinations of some commonly used phytogenic feed additives (turmeric, ginger, and garlic) on growth, body composition, digestive, metabolic, antioxidant enzyme activity and innate immune functions of Labeo rohita fingerlings. Five experimental diets were formulated viz., Control (no phy...
Article
Full-text available
Highlights: • Mobile Feed Mill (MFM) could be a transit step between farm-made feed and commercial feed based aquaculture. • Employment generation and entrepreneurship development through MFM. • Production of nutritionally balanced feeds for fish using locally available ingredients. • Great opportunity to utilize the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada...
Article
Full-text available
Present study aimed to compare the morphometric features of sperm and seminal protein profile of four cyprinid species viz. Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822), Labeo fimbriatus (Bloch, 1795), Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) and Puntius carnaticus (Jerdon, 1849) in order to elucidate quantitative characteristics of sperm morphology and seminal protein p...
Article
The outbreak of diseases leading to substantial loss is a major bottleneck in aquaculture. Over the last decades, the concept of using feed probiotics was more in focus to address the growth and health of cultivable aquatic organisms. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the distinct functionality of archaea from conventional p...
Article
Full-text available
A 60-day feeding experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary chromium (Cr) on carbohydrate utilization and growth performance of Labeo rohita fingerlings. Fishes were fed with four high carbohydrate (53%), isonitrogenous (crude protein 35%), and isocaloric (415 Kcal, 100 gm−1) experimental diets containing different levels of dietar...
Article
A 15‐day trial was conducted to determine the effect of dietary potassium on the requirement of aqueous potassium in P. vannamei under inland saline water (ISW). Two experimental diets viz. control (C) and control with 1% KCl (K) were fed to P. vannamei as six treatments viz. FW (reared in freshwater and fed on C), ASW (reared in artificial seawate...
Article
The present study aimed to understand titanium dioxide nanoparticle (TiO2-NPs) induced changes in selected hormones of hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid/gonad axis in adult females of Labeo rohita, as well as the possible ameliorative role of dietary vitamin E and folic acid. Firstly, adult females of Labeo rohita were injected intraperitoneally with...
Article
Green pea, Pisum sativum leaf meal (PSLM) was evaluated by conducting a 60‐day feeding trial in the diet of Labeo rohita fingerlings. Six iso‐nitrogenous (310 g CP/kg) and isocaloric (14 MJ DE/kg) diets viz. Control (0 g PSLM/kg), LM150 (150 g PSLM/kg), LM300 (300 g PSLM/kg), CCX (control + 1 g cellulase and xylanase, CX mixture/kg), LM150CX (LM150...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to delineate the effect of exogenous enzyme supplementation of fermented or non-fermented de-oiled rice bran (DORB) on haematology, histology and expression of IGF I gene expression of Labeo rohita. Four test diets, namely, T1 (DORB), T2 (fermented DORB), T3 (DORB+exogenous enzyme) and T4 (fermented DORB+exogenous enzyme) wer...
Article
A 75‐day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the nutritional implication of feeding diets containing graded levels of sundried cassava leaf meal (SCLM) to Labeo rohita fingerlings. Four isonitrogenous (300 g/kg crude protein) and isoenergetic (18 MJ/kg) diets were prepared by replacing de‐oiled rice bran (DORB) with 0 (diet 1), 130 (diet 2), 26...
Article
A 60‐day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate growth response, digestive enzyme activities, digestibility and amylase gene expression of Labeo rohita fingerling fed with Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) meal (SWM) by gradually replacing de‐oiled rice bran (DORB). One hundred and eighty fingerlings were randomly distributed into four distinct expe...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was an attempt to perform functional screening and evaluating the effects of solvent extracts of Terminalia arjuna against Argulus bengalensis. Solvent extracts were used at 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 mg/L, at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 hours and 12, 24, 36,48 and 60 hours under in-vitro and in-vivo conditions, respectively in moderately parasi...
Article
The prime demand for expansion of feed-based aquaculture is the quest for new protein-rich ingredients to accomplish the global food and nutritional securities. Simultaneously, consistent production of agro-industrial wastes and their disposal is a major issue, although, the better nutritional profile of these wastes fostering a way forward to valo...
Article
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary protein level on growth, digestive enzymes and hemato-biochemical responses of Penaeus vannamei juveniles in inland ground saline water (IGSW) of 15 ppt salinity. The acclimated shrimp (avge. wt., 4.03±0.05g) were randomly distributed in seven group viz., TCP20, TCP25, TCP30, TC...
Article
Full-text available
The present experiment was undertaken to compare digestive, metabolic, antioxidant enzyme activities and immuno-biochemical responses in Labeo rohita fingerlings to some commonly used phytogenic feed additives. Eleven experimental diets were prepared by supplementing fennel, coriander, cumin, fenugreek seed, turmeric, black pepper, peeled ginger, b...
Article
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to determine the effects of dietary crude protein (CP) on growth, metabolism and growth-related gene expression in genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT), Oreochromis niloticus juveniles reared in low inland saline water (ISW) of 5 g/l salinity. Three hundred and fifteen fish (initial weight 2.68 ± 0.01 g) w...
Article
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to illustrate the effect of dietary protein levels on the growth and physio-metabolic responses of juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei reared in inland saline water (ISW). Six isoenergetic (15 MJ/kg) and isolipidic (60 g/kg) diets with graded level of crude protein viz., 240 (T240), 260 (T260), 280 (T280), 300 (T300),...
Article
Full-text available
A feeding trial was conducted to explore the effect of dietary Houttuynia cordata leaf extract (HCLE) and leaf meal (HCLM) on immunological responses and expression of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) gene in Labeo rohita fingerlings. Six isonitrogenous (350 g/kg CP) and isocaloric (17 MJ/kg DE) purified experimenta...
Article
Full-text available
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the thermal tolerance limit and oxygen consumption rates of Labeo gonius (6.23±0.19 g) fingerlings acclimated to four different temperatures (27, 30, 33 and 36 °C) for a period of 60 days. Critical thermal maxima, CTmax (40.97±0.05, 41.89±0.05, 42.69±0.04 and 43.05±0.05) and critical thermal minima, CTmin (12...
Article
Full-text available
Sardar, P., Shamna, N., and Sahu, N.P. 2020. Acidifiers in aquafeed as an alternate growth promoter: A short review. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 20: 353-366. Optimum nutrient utilization is the key for accelerating the growth of fish and augmenting the production potential. Consumer preference for the antibiotic-free fish and fish product...
Article
One thousand and eighty rohu fingerlings with an average size of 8.5 ± 0.5 g were randomly distributed in 6 distinct experimental groups in triplicates, where the first three groups were exposed to high stocking density (HSD; 20 nos/ 75 L water) with restricted feeding (RF), viz. THR0 (HSD, RF, 0% nutraceutical), THR1 (HSD, RF, 0.1% nutraceutical)...
Article
Full-text available
In hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha), pseudobranch comprises a row of parallel filaments bear numerous leaf-like lamellae arranged on both sides throughout its length. The purpose of this study was to elucidate involvement of pseudobranchial Na⁺, K⁺-ATPase (NKA) 1 α-subunit, and carbonic anhydrase (CA) in concert with H⁺-ATPase (HAT) compared to their branc...
Article
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted on Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) juveniles in inland saline water (ISW) of 10 ppt salinity. Seven isoenergetic (400 kcal DE/100 g), isolipidic (6%) and hetero‑nitrogenous (20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50% CP) experimental diets were formulated and prepared using purified ingredients. Three hundred and...
Article
A 60 days feeding trial was conducted to illustrate the effect of graded levels of protein on the growth and metabolic enzymes of grey mullet (Mugil cephalus L.) fin-gerlings reared in inland saline water (ISW). Six isoenergetic (16 MJ/kg) and isolipidic (60 g/kg) diets containing 240, 260, 280, 300, 320 and 340 g crude protein (CP)/kg diet were fo...
Article
Full-text available
Present experiment was conducted to evaluate and establish the effects of processing/pre-treatment on biochemical composition, mineral profiling and yield (%) of selected solvent extract of Terminalia arjuna (Arjuna). Analyses revealed that maximum yield (%) was ascertained in ethanolic bark extract for both fractions, individual (23.6±0.026%), and...
Article
An in-vitro toxicity study was undertaken for the validation, laydown the standards, supplement some of the information on assessment and define the nature of toxicity of different solvent extracts of Terminalia arjuna considering Artemia salina model, as a case study. In the present study, experimental conditions such as yellow color light of 100...
Article
Full-text available
A 60-day experiment was conducted to evaluate the nutritional potential of fermented sweet potato leaf meal (FSPLM) in the diet of Labeo rohita fingerlings. Solid-state fermentation of SPLM with fungus, Chaetomium globosum was was exhibited an increase in the crude protein of SPLM from 21.47% to 31.20% concomitant with decreased crude fibre content...
Article
Full-text available
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted with six experimental diets containing 260 g/kg crude protein and 70 g/kg lipid with varying level of de-oiled rice bran (DORB), viz., 33 (T33), 38 (T38), 43 (T43), 48 (T48), 53 (T53) and 58% (T58) to assess the digestive, metabolic and haematological responses in Labeo rohita. One hundred and eighty (180) finge...
Article
Full-text available
An in-vitro toxicity study was undertaken for the validation, laydown the standards, supplement some of the information on assessment and define the nature of toxicity of different solvent extracts of Terminalia arjuna considering Artemia salina model, as a case study. In the present study, experimental conditions such as yellow color light of 100...
Article
Full-text available
A protein isolate was prepared from karanj seed (KPI) with 921.2 g protein/kg seed, which contained a negligible amount of anti-nutritional factors and a balanced amino acid composition, especially rich in methionine. For 60-day feeding trial, five isonitrogenous (300 g/kg CP) and isocaloric (15 MJ DE/kg) diets were formulated by replacing soybean...
Conference Paper
The aquaculture sector has witnessed tremendous growth during the last decade and found to have great potential to feed quality protein of the future global population. Though the sector is growing at a faster rate it has to pass through many challenges. The biggest challenger in front of the aquafeed industry is sustainable aquafeed production. Av...
Article
Full-text available
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to study the optimum dietary inclusion of Hygrophila spinosa leaf meal (HSLM) as a replacer of de-oiled rice bran (DORB) in the diet of Labeo rohita (rohu) fingerlings. Eight iso-nitrogenous (31% crude protein) and iso-caloric (330 Kcal DE/100 g) experimental diets were prepared with inclusion of graded level of...
Article
Full-text available
Fucoidan-rich seaweed extract (FRSE) was prepared from Sargassum wightii by modified alcohol-water extraction method. A 45-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the individual and combined effect of fucoidan-rich seaweed extract (FRSE—20 g kg⁻¹) and exogenous α-amylase (100 mg kg⁻¹) on the growth response, metabolic enzymes, immune parameters...
Article
Full-text available
Trifolium alexandrinum is commonly called as Berseem. It has been used to prepare berseem leaf meal (BLM) and leaf protein concentrate (BLPC). Proximate analysis revealed that the crude protein level in BLM and BLPC were 23.98% and 41.67% respectively. Level of anti-nutritional factor especially saponin content in BLM and BLPC was found to be 0.91%...
Article
A study was conducted to examine the changes in biochemical composition consisting moisture, protein, lipid, carbohydrate, ash content and mineral composition of Indian shad, hilsa (T. ilisha) during upstream migration for spawning from off-shore of the Bay of Bengal to the Bhagirathi-Hooghly zones of the Ganga river system in India. Adult hilsa fi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tilapia is the most suitable species which can fulfill the global need. Intensive production of these species is increasing day by day, but concrete data about nutritional requirement in different culture system is limited. Nevertheless, a considerable amount of data has been accumulated in recent years, and the purpose of this paper is to review t...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted to examine the changes in biochemical composition consisting moisture, protein, lipid, carbohydrate, ash content and mineral composition of Indian shad, hilsa (T. ilisha) during upstream migration for spawning from off-shore of the Bay of Bengal to the Bhagirathi-Hooghly zones of the Ganga river system in India. Adult hilsa fi...
Article
A 60-days feeding experiment was conducted to evaluate the utilisation of sweet potato leaf meal (SPLM) for replacement of de-oiled rice bran (DORB) in the diets of rohu Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822) fingerlings. SPLM has good protein content (22.12%) and digestible energy content (11.81 MJ kg-1). Five iso-nitrogenous (30%) and iso-caloric diets (1...
Article
Full-text available
A 60‐day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding Houttuynia cordata leaf meal and extract on the growth performance, nutrient utilization and expression of insulin‐like growth factor‐I (IGF‐I) in Labeo rohita fingerlings. Two hundred seventy fingerlings were randomly distributed in six experimental groups in triplicates. Six...
Research
Full-text available
To assess the apparent protein, lipid and energy digestibility coefficients of commonly used feed ingredients, viz. fish meal, groundnut oil cake, soybean meal, sunflower oil cake, sesame oil cake, mustard oil cake, rice bran, maize meal, black gram husk, green gram husk and wheat bran, a 50-day trial was conducted for Puntius gonionotus fingerling...
Article
An experiment was conducted to study the effect of solid state fermentation of de-oiled rice bran (DORB) with Rhizopus oryzae on in vitro protein digestibility, anti-nutritional factors and fatty acid profile. The fermentation of DORB with Rhizopus oryzae significantly reduced the in vitro protein digestibility of DORB (p < .05). The fermentation o...
Article
A 60‐day feeding trial was conducted to optimize the inclusion level of de‐oiled rice bran (DORB) in the diet of Labeo rohita fingerlings. Six iso‐nitrogenous (260g/kg), iso‐lipidic (70g/kg) and iso‐energetic (15 MJ/Kg) diets were prepared with different inclusion level of DORB viz., T33, T38, T43, T48, T53 and T58. One hundred and eighty fingerlin...
Article
Full-text available
A 45-day experiment was conducted to assess the immuno-physiological response of Litopenaeus vannamei in oil palm kernel meal based biofloc systems. L. vannamei of average weight (0.82±0.02 g) were stocked in tanks at a stocking density of 300 PL/m 3. Biofloc-based treatment obtained significantly better growth performance at the end of the experim...
Article
Full-text available
Leaf extracts of guava and mango were selected for this study after in vitro antioxidant screening test, and a feeding trial was conducted to examine their effects on growth, antioxidant and metabolic enzymes activities in Labeo rohita (rohu) fingerlings. Six diets were formulated containing either 0 (Control), 0.5%, or 1 % leaf extracts of guava o...