Narges Aslani

Narges Aslani
Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences | MAZUMS · Department of Parasitology and Mycology

PhD

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25
Publications
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297
Citations

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an opportunistic infection due to Candida species, one of the most common genital tract diseases among reproductive-age women. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of VVC among non-pregnant women and identify the epidemiology of the involved Candida species with the evaluat...
Article
Background: Voriconazole (VRC) is widely recommended as the first-line therapy for invasive aspergillosis. However, surveillance studies have demonstrated that there is an increase in the frequency of azole resistance among Aspergillus fumigates isolates. In recent years, more studies on effective synergisms between natural agents and antifungal d...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: The aim of the current study was to investigate the epidemiology of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and recurrent VVC (RVVC), as well as the antifungal susceptibility patterns of Candida species isolates. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 260 women suspected of VVC from February 2017 to Janu...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Incidence of fungal infections caused by opportunistic fungal pathogens, such as yeasts and yeast-like species, has undergone an increase in otherwise healthy individuals. These pathogens account for high mortality and show reduced susceptibility to the routine antifungal drugs. Accordingly, antifungal susceptibility testin...
Article
Background The overexpression of the efflux transporter genes is one of the important mechanisms of resistance in fungal pathogens such as Candida and Aspergillus species. Objective Here, the expression alterations of drug efflux transporter genes were evaluated in non-Cyp51A voriconazole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus isolates. Methods Six A. f...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Candida parapsilosis isolates usually have a low minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against azoles. Although Candida parapsilosis isolates usually have low MICs against azoles, recent studies candida invasive infections due to azole resistant-C. parapsilosis isolates . Regarding this, the main aim of this study was to d...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Although the mechanism of action for echinocandins is known, the physiological mechanisms by which these antifungal agents cause cell death via the classical apoptotic pathways are not well-defined yet. Regarding this, the present study aimed to evaluate the mechanisms of caspofungin-induced Candida glabrata cell death. Ma...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose The incidence of invasive fungal infections has been increased in recent years. The growing use of azole drugs for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes has resulted in the gradual emergence of azole-resistant species. Accordingly, the introduction of a new strategy to improve the management of Candida infections is an urgent...
Article
Aspergillus clavatus is a common environmental species known to cause occupational allergic disease in grain handlers. We have recently observed azole-resistant isolates of this fungus as a cause of onychomycosis. To further characterize the cause of resistance, the genes encoding 14 α-sterol demethylase enzyme (cyp51A and cyp51B) were characterize...
Article
The in vitro activity of tavaborole, a FDA approved antifungal drug, was compared to four antifungal agents against 170 clinical fungal isolates originating from patients with onychomycosis. Tavaborole had low activity against all isolates compared to itraconazole, terbinafine and fluconazole, the principal choices for the treatment of onychomycosi...
Article
Objective: The aim of the present study was to provide insight into the prevalence and susceptibility profiles of Candida species isolated from the dental plaque of Iranian immunocompetent patients. As a biofilm, Candida species are responsible for several disorders common to the oral cavity including gingivitis, dental caries, periodontitis, and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Opportunistic infections due to Candida species occur frequently in cancer patients because of their inherent immunosuppression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the epidemiology of yeast species from the oral cavity of patients during treatment for oncological and haematological malignancies. Methods: MALDI-TOF was perf...
Article
Opportunistic infections due to Candida species occur frequently especially in intensive care settings. We investigated the prevalence of Candida species among 65 clinical specimens obtained from 200 cancer patients by phenotypic and molecular (ITS sequencing and AFLP) methods. Among the 65 yeast isolates, Candida albicans was the most commonly iso...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental isolation of black yeasts potentially causing human disorders is essential for understanding ecology and routes of infection. Several Exophiala species show prevalence for man-made environments rich in monoaromatic compounds, such as creosote-treated or petroleum-stained railway sleepers. Ambient climatic conditions play a role in spe...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Nocardia species are described as opportunistic pathogens that mainly cause pulmonary nocardiosis in immunocompromised individuals, particularly in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), intravenous drug abusers, strongly burned victims, the Cushing syndrome, the ones underlying transplantation, and prolonged use of...
Article
Background and Purpose Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a frequent disease affecting approximately more than %75 of all childbearing women at least once in their lifetime by overgrowth of opportunistic Candida species. Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) is common in otherwise healthy individuals. Several risk factors were reported to contribute t...
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Full-text available
A collection of azole susceptible (n=141) and resistant (n=27) Aspergillus fumigatus was tested against seven antifungal drugs including the new imidazoles lanoconazole and luliconazole. The MIC90s of azole susceptible strains was 0.001 μg/ml and 0.008 μg/ml and 0.016 μg/ml and 0.032 μg/ml for resistant strains for luliconazole and lanoconazole res...
Article
Voriconazole is an antifungal triazole, approved for management of invasive fungal diseases in patients. It is absorbed during two hours and its serum levels will be above 90%, based on the underlying factors, when the drug is administered orally. Voriconazole shows a propotional increase in an area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC),...
Article
Aspergillus flavus is the second leading cause of invasive and non-invasive aspergillosis, as well as the most common cause of fungal sinusitis, cutaneous infections, and endophthalmitis in tropical countries. Since resistance to antifungal agents has been observed in patients, susceptibility testing is helpful in defining the activity spectrum of...
Article
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In the Eastern and ancient communities, use of fungi in treatment of diseases has a long history. However, this topic in the Western and modern societies has not been good known. Cancer is a life-threatening disease with a lot of side effects on patients. Cancer therapeutic failure and high mortality justifies taking advantage of the experimental m...
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Cutaneous anthrax has a mortality rate of 20% if no antibacterial treatment is applied. The clinical manifestations of cutaneous anthrax are obviously striking, but coinfection may produce atypical lesions and mask the clinical manifestations and proper laboratory diagnosis. Anthrax is known to be more common in the Middle East and Iran is one of t...
Article
Black yeast-like fungi and relatives as agents of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis are often encountered in human fatal brain abscesses and lead to almost 100% mortality despite the application of antifungal and surgical therapy. We report to our knowledge the first case of brain infection due to Rhinocladiella mackenziei in a 54-year-old immunocompetent...
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Full-text available
Airborne fungi are responsible for the majority of fungal infections in humans and animals. Outdoor air markedly influences the prevalence of fungal spore levels in indoor air and thus, it is the major source of fungal infections in indoor environments especially in hospitalized individuals. Using a settle plate method, air sampling (1092 air sampl...
Article
Full-text available
Candida species are medically significant yeast that can cause different infection ranging from mild mucosal to disseminated infection. Invasive and sever mucosal infections are often life threatening disorders, especially in immunocompromised hosts due to immunodeficiency either in adaptive or innate immunity which are susceptible to candidiasis....

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Projects (2)
Project
identification candida species that isolated from cancer patient determined their antifungul susceptibility pattern determined their PAFE on c. albicanc complexs evaluation mutation in Erg 11 in c. albicanc that were resistant to flu