Narayan Khanal

Narayan Khanal
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center | CIMMYT · Socio Economic Program

phD

About

27
Publications
3,967
Reads
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161
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2013 - September 2014
Hiroshima University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 2004 - September 2010
FORWARD Nepal
Position
  • Senior Program Manager

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
With economic development agricultural systems in the Global South transform from subsistence farming to higher productivity with market integration and increase in rural income and food security. In Nepal, agriculture continues to provide livelihoods for two-thirds of the predominantly rural population, largely at a subsistence-level. Rice is the...
Article
Full-text available
Finance is vital for commercialising seed businesses and the Government of Nepal has launched a priority sector-lending plan (PSLP) for financing agriculture. This article assesses the use and role of finance and the challenges in accessing PSLP loans, using interviews with 197 farmer households and stakeholders. The results show that awareness abo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes smallholder farmers' willingness to pay (WTP) for the purchase of scale-appropriate farm mechanization in the hill ecologies of Nepal using the case of mini-tiller technology: a small, 5–7 horsepower two-wheel tractor primarily used for agricultural land preparation. Using primary survey data from 628 randomly-selected household...
Article
Full-text available
Plant breeding makes genetic gains over years, so growing newer varieties generally provides greater benefits than growing older ones. However, in low-altitude districts of Nepal, a few rice varieties covered 75% of the rice area and were more than 20 years old (first paper in this series). We test here if this slow rate of adoption of new varietie...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARY Farmers who continue to grow old and obsolete varieties do not gain the benefits they could get from growing newer ones. Given the potential large scale of these foregone benefits, relatively few studies have examined the age of varieties that farmers grow. In three surveys, members of over 3300 households were interviewed to find the rice...
Book
This book analyzes the sustainability of community seed production under a rice wheat farming system from microeconomic perspectives, considering how seed producers benefit from community seed production and how those benefits continue into the future. Seed producers performance in resource management, governance and marketing strategies indicates...
Chapter
Profit efficiency is a tool to measure the performance of economic agents in utilizing their resources. This chapter measures profit efficiency of seed producers in using chemical fertilizer, labor, animal manure and operational land in rice-wheat cropping system using stochastic frontier profit function. Data for this study was collected from 180...
Chapter
Measuring technical efficiency is a popular approach to understand farmers’ performance in seed production. This chapter measures farmers’ technical efficiency (TE) in utilizing seed, chemical fertilizer, labor, livestock, and operational land for producing rice and wheat seed using survey data collected from 180 households across the three Tarai d...
Chapter
Soil conservation practices harmonize economic, social, and environmental benefits for the rice-wheat farming system. This chapter analyzes the influence of socioeconomic factors on the adoption of existing soil conservation practices in community seed production. Potential environmental and social benefits are linked with economic gain as these be...
Chapter
In community seed production, farmers produce seed at the household level but sell it to markets through their organizations. To maximize benefit at marketing, farmers tend to sell the maximum proportion of the seed produced in a household, but this does not hold true in subsistence farming. This chapter analyzes the impacts of socioeconomic variab...
Chapter
The market has a significant role in the success of any economic intervention, including seed production. So, it is important to analyze the characteristics of potential consumers and their behavior in buying seed from markets while assessing the performance of community seed production. This chapter analyzes the impact of socioeconomic characteris...
Chapter
Community seed production is a local-level seed management system owned by farmers. This system is also called an integrated seed system as it combines formal and informal seed systems to enhance their impacts in farming communities. There are various modalities in implementing community seed production, but the capacity building of a farmers’ soci...
Chapter
Sustainability issues in community seed production have emerged from economic and environmental routes, but the first approach is more common. Concerns associated with the economic route are marginality, artificiality, and poor capacity. Marginality indicates that farmers involved in community seed production mostly reside in remote areas with poor...
Chapter
The rice-wheat (R-W) farming system supplies 45 % of the digestible energy and 30 % of the total protein requirements of the world. This system is popular in the Indo-Gangetic plain and is being extended to different parts of the world to address increasing food demands. This system also holds enormous potential for intensification and diversificat...
Chapter
Community seed production initiatives are being implemented in the form of projects, and lessons from these projects should be institutionalized in the programs and policies of corresponding stakeholders for enhancing their impacts for food security of the people. These stakeholders might not be able to adopt the project outputs quickly as technolo...
Chapter
Organizations are role-oriented institutions, and in the economic sense they tend to contribute in generating benefit to their members by minimizing costs in input and output marketing. This chapter intends to measure the organizational governance and to assess its linkage with household-level economic indicators. Household data were collected from...
Chapter
In community seed production, seed producers face various physical and financial risks, the impacts of which are reflected in profit from seed production. This chapter analyzes the profit risk incidence, risk gap, and risk severity of seed producers involved in rice and wheat seed production, using cross-sectional data collected from 180 households...
Chapter
Enhancing livelihoods through the promotion of appropriate technical and social means is the popular strategy being adopted by development projects in the developing countries. Riverbed vegetable farming is a pro-poor program intended to contribute on livelihoods of people, especially landless and victims of disasters. In partnership with Plan Nepa...
Article
Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L). Wilczek) is becoming an important grain legume in Nepal. It can be grown as an additional crop after harvesting winter crops such as winter wheat, winter legumes and oilseeds and before planting main season rice from the low-altitude Terai through to the middle hills of Nepal. Replacing short fallows in the spring, it p...
Article
Increasing cost of cultivation, declining soil organic matter and scarcity of water are the major challenges for the sustainability of rice-wheat system. Soil conservation practices contribute in sustaining the yield of these crops and maintaining environmental quality. This article analyzes the influence of socio-economic factors on the adoption o...
Article
Rice is the most important cereal crop of Nepal from the perspectives of food security and livelihood. In spite of this, its yield is quite low and there is still wide gap between potential and national average rice yields. One of the reasons for this is poor adoption of improved rice varieties in farming communities. In this chapter, we analyzed t...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of rice in food security and livelihoods of Nepalese people is well recognized but the seed supply system of this crop in the rural areas is poorly developed. To increase farmers' access to a wide range of rice varietal choices in a cost effective way, some farmers, organized in groups or cooperatives, have started producing and mark...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction, testing, promotion and release of a rice variety, BG 1442, in Nepal were examined in relation to existing policies governing these procedures and to how more participatory approaches could benefit food security. From 1998 to 2006, participatory varietal selection (PVS) was used to test BG 1442 and other candidate rice varieties in...

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