Naomi Runnegar

Naomi Runnegar
Queensland Health

About

32
Publications
4,950
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543
Citations

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Background/aim: The objective of this study was to describe current surveillance platforms which support routine quality measurement in paediatric critical care. Method: Scoping review. The search strategy consisted of a traditional database and grey literature search as well as expert consultation. Surveillance platforms were eligible for inclu...
Article
Background: Prospective whole-genome sequencing (WGS)-based surveillance may be the optimal approach to rapidly identify transmission of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria in the healthcare setting. Materials/methods: We prospectively collected methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), carbapene...
Preprint
Background Prospective whole-genome sequencing (WGS)-based surveillance may be the optimal approach to rapidly identify transmission of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria in the healthcare setting. Materials/methods We prospectively collected methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), carbapenem-re...
Article
Full-text available
Background Carbapenems are recommended treatment for serious infections caused AmpC-producing gram-negative bacteria but can select for carbapenem resistance. Piperacillin-tazobactam may be a suitable alternative. Methods We enrolled adult patients with bloodstream infection due to chromosomal AmpC-producers in a multicenter randomized controlled...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are vital for the delivery of medical therapies, but up to 30% of PICCs are associated with complications such as deep vein thrombosis or infection. The integration of antimicrobial and hydrophobic catheter materials, and pressure-activated valves, into polyurethane PICCs are innovations...
Article
Background The optimal duration of infusion set use to prevent life-threatening catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is unclear. We aimed to compare the effectiveness and costs of 7-day (intervention) versus 4-day (control) infusion set replacement to prevent CRBSI in patients with central venous access devices (tunnelled cuffed, non-tunn...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To evaluate the feasibility of an efficacy trial comparing a hydrophobic polyurethane peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) with a standard polyurethane PICC. Methods: This pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted between May 2017 and February 2018. Adult participants (n = 111) were assigned to hydrophobic polyur...
Article
Importance Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia is associated with mortality of more than 20%. Combining standard therapy with a β-lactam antibiotic has been associated with reduced mortality, although adequately powered randomized clinical trials of this intervention have not been conducted. Objective To determine whether...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background OXA-48-like carbapenemases have become increasingly prevalent in healthcare settings worldwide. Their low-level activity against carbapenems makes them difficult to identify, causing problems for infection control. Here we present an outbreak of Escherichia coli producing OXA-181 (part of the OXA-48 family of carbapenemases) in a Queensl...
Article
Objective To establish the reliability of the application of National Health and Safety Network (NHSN) central-line–associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) criteria within established reporting systems internationally. Design Diagnostic-test accuracy systematic review. Methods We conducted a search of Medline, SCOPUS, the Cochrane Library, CINA...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) break the skin barrier, and preinsertion antiseptic disinfection and sterile dressings are used to reduce risk of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI). In this study, the impact of PIVC skin site colonization on tip colonization and the development of CRBSI was investigated. Methods:...
Article
Background: Two billion peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) are used globally each year, but optimal dressing and securement methods are not well established. We aimed to compare the efficacy and costs of three alternative approaches to standard non-bordered polyurethane dressings. Methods: We did a pragmatic, randomised controlled, paralle...
Article
Objectives: To characterize MDR Escherichia coli from bloodstream infections (BSIs) in Australia, New Zealand and Singapore. Methods: We collected third-generation cephalosporin-resistant (3GC-R) E. coli from blood cultures in patients enrolled in a randomized controlled trial from February 2014 to August 2015. WGS was used to characterize antib...
Article
Full-text available
Synopsis/Abstract Objectives To characterise multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli isolated from patients in Australia, New Zealand and Singapore with bloodstream infection (BSI). Methods We prospectively collected third-generation cephalosporin resistant (3GC-R) E. coli from blood cultures obtained from patients enrolled in a randomised controll...
Article
Full-text available
Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is one of the most serious complications in hospitalised patients, leading to increased hospitalisation, intensive care admissions, extensive antibiotic treatment and mortality. A greater understanding of these bacterial infections is needed to improve the prevention and the management of CRBSIs. We de...
Data
Comparing microbial communities on ACs and CVCs by a the Shannon index; b principal coordinate analysis
Data
Comparing microbial communities on IVCs from patients with and without antibiotic treatment by a the Shannon index; b principal coordinate analysis
Article
The clonal composition of Escherichia coli causing extra-intestinal infections includes ST131 and other common uropathogenic clones. Drivers for the spread of these clones and risks for their acquisition have been difficult to define. In this study, molecular epidemiology was combined with clinical data from 182 patients enrolled in a case-control...
Article
Background: Antimicrobial stewardship programmes aim to optimise use of antibiotics and are now mandatory in all Australian hospitals. Aim: We aimed to identify barriers to and enablers of appropriate antimicrobial prescribing among hospital doctors. Methods: Two paper-based and one web-based surveys were administered at three Australian unive...
Article
Full-text available
Background By global standards the prevalence of community onset expanded-spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli (ESC-R-EC) remains low in Australia and New Zealand. Of concern, our countries are in a unique position with high extramural resistance pressure from close population and trade links to Asia-Pacific neighbours with high ESC-R-...
Article
Full-text available
Acinetobacter baumannii is a multidrug-resistant pathogen associated with hospital outbreaks of infection across the globe, particularly in the intensive care unit. The ability of A. baumannii to survive in the hospital environment for long periods is linked to antibiotic resistance and its capacity to form biofilms. Here we studied the prevalence,...
Article
Full-text available
Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii is a worldwide nosocomial menace. We sought to better understand its behavior through studying the molecular epidemiology of this organism at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, over a 10-year period. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), semiautomated repetitive sequenc...
Article
We described two rare severe and fulminant clinical presentations of acute Q fever. The first patient had severe multiorgan failure. The second patient had fever and severe cholera-like diarrhoea. Coxiella burnetii polymerase chain reaction on blood or serum can be clinically useful in the diagnosis of acute Q fever before seroconversion.

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