Naomi J Ellis

Naomi J Ellis
Staffordshire University | SU · Centre for Health and Development

PhD in Exercise and Mental Health

About

56
Publications
15,110
Reads
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1,343
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2004 - present
Staffordshire University
Position
  • Senior Lecturer in Physical Activity and Health

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
To review the existing evidence examining effectiveness of exercise as an adjunct therapy for psychosis. A search of databases including Pub Med, Psych Info, Cochrane Library, Cinahl, Sports Discus and Web of Knowledge was conducted to identify studies investigating the psychological changes following exercise interventions in people with psychosis...
Article
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Objective The aim of the present review was to examine epidemiological evidence to determine if there is strong evidence of a positive gradient of increasing physical activity across the socio-economic strata, and how relationships are affected by socio-economic measurement. Design Systematic review. Method A search of major databases was conducted...
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Background: Despite the large number of studies on beneficial effects of the natural outdoor environment (NOE) on health, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Objective: This study explored the relations between amount, quality, use and experience of the NOE; and physical activity, social contacts and mental well-being. Methods:...
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Exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) has been shown in population-level studies to reduce anxiety and psychological distress. This study investigated how exposure to one's everyday natural outdoor environments over one week influenced mood among residents of four European cities including Barcelona (Spain), Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom)...
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Background As part of a multifaceted approach to patient and public involvement and engagement (PPIE), alongside traditional methods, a closed Facebook group was established to facilitate PPIE feedback on various aspects of a project that used video-recording to examine risk communication in NHS Health Checks between June 2017 and July 2019. Objec...
Article
This is an inclusive systematic review and meta-analysis to understand the health impact of Housing First. Sixty articles relating to HF programmes in America, Australia and Canada were included. Evidence was reviewed using a novel biopsychosocial typology. Collectively, findings suggest that Housing First could play a wider role in customer’s heal...
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The importance of natural environments in supporting health and wellbeing has been well evidenced in supporting positive mental and physical health outcomes, including during periods of crisis and stress. Given the disproportionate impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have been greatest for those who are most vulnerable, understanding the role of natur...
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Aims: To explore key influences of decisions in participants from a socioeconomically deprived area to attend the Healthier You: NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHSDPP). The NHSDPP is a lifestyle behaviour change programme for adults with prediabetes living in England. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 35 participants wh...
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Background: The NHS Health Check is a national cardiovascular disease prevention programme. There is a lack of evidence on how health checks are conducted, how cardiovascular disease risk is communicated to foster risk-reducing intentions or behaviour, and the impact on communication of using different cardiovascular disease risk calculators. Obj...
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Background NHS Health Check (NHSHC) is a national programme to identify and manage cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Practitioners delivering the programme should be competent in discussing CVD risk, but there is evidence of limited understanding of the recommended 10 year/centage CVD risk scores. Lifetime CVD risk calculators might improve unders...
Article
The ‘dose’ of nature required for health benefits, and whether repeat visits to the same environment consistently confer health benefits, is unclear. We sought to provide proof of concept for testing this. Data were collected on repeated visits to either a natural or pleasant urban environment from 41 adults on three days, and at one follow-up asse...
Article
Evidence suggests that surrounding greenness is associated with multiple health-related benefits, including better cognitive functioning. Underlying mechanisms of the relationship between exposure to natural environments and cognitive functioning have not been widely researched. This study aimed to analyse the relationship between surrounding green...
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Background The aim of the study was to explore practitioner-patient interactions and patient responses when using QRISK®2 or JBS3 cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators. Data were from video-recorded NHS Health Check (NHSHC) consultations captured as part of the UK RIsk COmmunication (RICO) study; a qualitative study of video-recorded NHSHC...
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Objectives Quantitatively examine the content of National Health Service Health Check (NHSHC), patient–practitioner communication balance and differences when using QRISK2 versus JBS3 cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators. Design RIsk COmmunication in NHSHC was a qualitative study with quantitative process evaluation, comparing NHSHC using...
Article
Background Many countries worldwide have developed diabetes prevention programmes (DPPs) that involve lifestyle modification. Research has shown that uptake and retention of DPPs are important and by exploring recruitment strategies and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used, factors that are most effective in promoting uptake and retention can be...
Article
Objective: To develop and test training to improve practitioners’ confidence and perceived understanding when communicating cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using novel tools and metrics. Methods: A CVD risk communication training workshop was developed through interviews with patients and practitioners delivering Health Checks, a literature revie...
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Background NHS Health Check is a primary prevention programme offering cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment to adults in England aged 40–74. Uptake remains a challenge and invitation method is a strong predictor of uptake. There is evidence of low uptake when using invitation letters. Telephone invitations might increase uptake, but are not...
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Background NHS Health Check is a national cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment programme for 40–74 year olds in England, in which practitioners should assess and communicate CVD risk, supported by appropriate risk-management advice and goal-setting. This requires effective communication, to equip patients with knowledge and intention to act...
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Within the NHS health check (NHSHC) programme, there is evidence of marked inconsistencies and challenges in practice-level self-reporting of uptake. Consequently, we explored the perceptions of those involved in commissioning of NHSHC to better understand the implications for local and national monitoring and evaluation of programme uptake. Semi-s...
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Health inequalities are a major concern in the UK. Power imbalances are associated with health inequalities and should be challenged through health promotion and empowering strategies, enabling individuals who feel powerless to take control over their own life and act on the determinants of health (Green and Tones, 2010). This study aimed to explor...
Article
Objectives: We present findings from a national online survey of uptake and implementation of the National Health Service Health Check (NHSHC) programme. The research aimed to understand national variation in implementation of NHSHCs and to explore the relationship between uptake and different components of implementation. Study design: The stud...
Article
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Natural environments (green and blue space) are associated with a range of health benefits, but their use is likely to be influenced by the presence of features, facilities and amenities and the condition/maintenance, or the natural environment quality. Most ‘quality’ assessment tools have focused on green spaces and their support for physical acti...
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This study investigated whether residential availability of natural outdoor environments (NOE) was associated with contact with NOE, overall physical activity and physical activity in NOE, in four different European cities using objective measures. A nested cross-sectional study was conducted in Barcelona (Spain); Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom); D...
Article
Introduction: Better mental health has been associated with exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE). However, comprehensive studies including several indicators of exposure and outcomes, potential effect modifiers and mediators are scarce. Objectives: We used novel, objective measures to explore the relationships between exposure to NOE (...
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Objectives: This study examines the relationship between neighbourhood green space, the neighbourhood social environment (social cohesion, neighbourhood attachment, social contacts), and mental health in four European cities. Methods: The PHENOTYPE study was carried out in 2013 in Barcelona (Spain), Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom), Doetinchem (T...
Article
Background: Urban residents may experience cognitive fatigue and little opportunity for mental restoration due to a lack of access to nature. Natural outdoor environments (NOE) are thought to be beneficial for cognitive functioning, but underlying mechanisms are not clear. Objectives: To investigate the long-term association between NOE and cogn...
Chapter
Clinical Exercise Science is an introduction to core principles and best practice in exercise science for students and practitioners working with clinical populations. Combining the latest scientific research with evidence-based, practitioner-led analysis, the book offers integrated coverage of the full clinical exercise curriculum, including: Pat...
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Much has been written about the importance of physical activity on psychological wellbeing (Carless, 2008; Carless & Douglas, 2008; Carless and Douglas, 2010) however, little research has been published which explores the impact of participating in a competitive team sport such as football on mental health, well-being and recovery. This paper explo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objective Health inequalities are a major concern in the UK and in the city of Stoke-on-Trent, which presents a health profile that compares poorly with national figures. The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion committed to tackle inequities in health and defined Health Promotion as ‘the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to i...
Article
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Improving uptake of NHS Health Checks has become a priority in England, but there is a lack of data on the perceptions of programme non-attenders. This study aimed to explore how non-attenders of NHS Health Checks perceive the programme, identify reasons for non-attendance and inform strategies to improve uptake. This qualitative study involved ind...
Article
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Background Uptake of NHS Health Checks remains below the national target. Better understanding of predictors of uptake can inform targeting and delivery. We explored invitation method and geographical proximity as predictors of uptake in deprived urban communities. Methods This observational cohort study used data from all 4855 individuals invited...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Health inequalities are the result of social inequalities and are a major concern in the UK. In Stoke-on-Trent there are relatively high levels of deprivation, a population health profile that compares poorly with national figures, and considerable health inequalities across the city. A number of large scale programmes have been commissioned to add...
Research
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The basis for the present evaluation is to improve understanding in Stoke-on-Trent around how to improve uptake of NHS HC, and how those who attend and are identified as ‘at risk’ of chronic disease, are followed-up.
Research
Full-text available
The Dove Service held a series of information and awareness workshops relating to employee mental health and wellbeing between November 2013 and January 2014.
Article
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Aim: To explore the effect of a single bout of exercise on mood and self-esteem in individuals with a clinical mental health diagnosis. Methods: Participants (n = 212) with a range of clinical mental health diagnoses completed a questionnaire assessing mood (profile of mood states) and self-esteem (Rosenberg self-esteem scale) before and after a fo...
Article
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Objectives: Research has highlighted the importance of regular exercise within the general population and mental health groups in regard to mood and self-esteem, as well as single bout exercise within the general population. However, research into single bout exercise in mental health population is lacking. This study investigated the impact of a s...
Research
Full-text available
This multifaceted evaluation of the Stoke-on-Trent Family Nurse Partnership (FNP) focused on the nature of Family Nurse (FN) caseload, the extent of infant safeguarding and workload implications. The aim was to improve understanding of programme delivery, with a specific focus on the extent and implications for FN time of infant safeguarding activi...
Article
Use of urban green space can confer a range of health benefits, but is thought to be quality dependent. Existing methods of quality assessment might not be appropriate for ‘neighbourhood’ green space as there are functional differences between these small sites that tend to serve only local residents and larger sites that people travel to visit. Ou...
Article
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Background. To maximize often limited resources for health promotion interventions, it is critical to identify and consult with the target population to inform program design and implementation. Objective. To highlight the value of scoping (identifying any barriers or limitations within a target population group) in the initial social marketing pha...
Article
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This paper presents qualitative baseline data from a mixed methods evaluation of a 12-month project to promote use of a small neighbourhood park in a deprived urban community in North Staffordshire, UK. Focus groups were conducted with adults (n = 35) and young people (n = 23) to explore perceptions of local green space, implications for use and po...
Research
Full-text available
Activity Works was developed in July 2009 to increase individuals’ participation in physical activity through promotion, and by providing reduced cost access to public leisure services via targeted workplaces. The offer comprises unlimited access to public leisure facilities at 50 per cent of the usual cost for eight weeks, with the opportunity for...
Research
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The Beth Johnson Mid-life Health Programme received funding from Stoke-on-Trent Primary Care Trust (PCT) for a period of 12 months to deliver community and work place based health checks to engage Stoke-on-Trent residents (aged 45+ years), through opportunistic health and lifestyle assessments, advice and support. This independent evaluation explor...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The Centre for Health and Development (CHAD) was established as an innovative partnership between Stoke-on-Trent City Council, Staffordshire County Council and Staffordshire University. Its purpose is to contribute to the reduction of health and social inequalities and improve the health and wellbeing of our local population through high quality translational research. https://www.chadresearch.co.uk/