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Nancy Velchoff Williams

Nancy Velchoff Williams
Spokane Tribe of Indians · Department of Natural Resources

MPhil in Archaeology University of Exeter
Principal Investigator- helping to preserve & protect the Spokane Tribe of Indians Cultural Resources and Rich Heritage.


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Citations since 2017
10 Research Items
123 Citations
My specialization is flaked Stone and Bone tool technologies and how tools are linked to unique or discrete environments. The effect environments have on tool manufacture esp. expedient tools to subsistence behaviors. Other interests include geoarchaeology and dating methods to help address common preservation issues associated with reconstructing Late Pleistocene environments. Other interests include material sourcing, various dating methods, micro-wear, and microfossil recovery.
Additional affiliations
June 2021 - December 2021
Spokane Tribe of Indians
  • Project Archaeologist
  • Lead Archaeologist with The Spokane Tribe Preservation Program for projects related to BPA, NPS, and USBR undertakings and maintenance along the Spokane and Columbia Rivers in Eastern Washington State.
June 2019 - June 2021
University of Texas at Austin
  • Research Associate
  • Paleolithic Archaeologist, Specializing in Clovis Lithic Technology, Research development, Lithic Analyst, Illustrator, Instructor field methods and post-ex lab protocol, Public outreach and education
February 2012 - May 2019
Texas State University
  • Specialist, Research Archaeologist, Field/Lab
  • Archaeologist Project and Lab Manager, Lithic Analyst, Lithic Technologist Clovis Technology, Paleo, Archaic, Lt Prehistoric
October 2010 - February 2015
University of Exeter
Field of study
  • Archaeology


Publications (12)
Full-text available
Simple pebble tools, ephemeral cultural features, and the remains of maritime and terrestrial foods are present in undisturbed Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene deposits underneath a large human-made mound at Huaca Prieta and nearby sites on the Pacific coast of northern Peru. Radiocarbon ages indicate an intermittent human presence dated between...
Full-text available
American archeology has long been polarized over the issue of a human presence in the Western Hemisphere earlier than Clovis. As evidence of early sites across North and South America continues to emerge, stone tool assemblages appear more geographically and temporally diverse than traditionally assumed. Within this new framework, the prevailing mo...
Supporting Material SCIENCE ADVANCES Evidence of projectile point technology in North America at the Gault Site USA
Full-text available
This research examines the technology behind Clovis biface production from Clovis manufacturing areas at the Gault Site, Texas,(41BL323), with specific focus on flake striking platform preparation traits. Lithic analysts agree that platform bearing flakes retain clues into knapping technologies (Andrefsky 2005:86). Clovis experts agree that Clovis...
A post-mortem essay of the “Clovis First” Paradigm and new lessons learned in the Peopling of the Americas debate —written in Honor of Ruth Gruhn.
Chapter 8 is from People and Culture in Ice Age Americas: New Dimensions in Paleoamerican Archaeology by eds. Rafael Suárez, Ciprian Florin Ardelean University of Utah Press, Feb 8, 2019 - America - 268 pages This edited volume, which emerged from a symposium organized at the 2014 SAA meeting in Austin, Texas, covers recent Paleoamerican research...
Full-text available
Poster describing evidence for Older-Than-Clovis deposits and artifacts at the Gault Site,Texas
On August 19, 2016, selected Clovis artifacts from the Gault site (41BL323) were scanned in advance of a large collaborative research project. These data were collected using a NextEngineHD running ScanStudioHD Pro, and were post-processed in Geomagic Design X 2016.0.1. All data associated with this project have been made publicly available (open a...


Question (1)
When you hire an outside laboratory to run analysis.... then receive the results, all reports, and specimens are safely returned, and all bills paid in full, who owns the rights to publish the data?
Is anyone aware of or has anyone experienced an ethics problem with an independent lab? Does anyone know if ownership/rights of data obtained from an off-site sourced laboratory could be subject to dispute? So whose data is it? The lab who performed the analysis and received compensation or the research facility who supplied the specimens and paid for the service?


Cited By


Projects (4)
With non-essential research being shut down at UT Austin, and likely at other universities, and with the unprecedented cancellation of the 2020 SAAs, no doubt many of us have been scrambling to change research directions. We are all facing long-term unknowns, but we here at the PRP will not let that stop us from finishing up some stalled writing projects one of which has been in the works for several years and really needs no mention. There are some new sequestering-in-place writing projects coming up that are relevant to our research design on the earliest human occupations of the Americas and the American Paleolithic. More details soon. Everyone Stay Safe, Stay Home, and Stay Healthy!
Project is going HOME To University of Texas at Austin and Texas Archeological Research Lab. Check out the update !