Nancy Fresco

Nancy Fresco
University of Alaska System · International Arctic Research Center

Doctor of Philosophy, Biology

About

30
Publications
8,899
Reads
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1,093
Citations
Citations since 2016
10 Research Items
436 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220204060
Introduction
Nancy Fresco currently works at the International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Nancy does research in Climatology, Biogeography and Geography. Their most recent publication is 'ADAPTATION ACTIONS FOR A CHANGING ARCTIC (AACA) - BERING/CHUKCHI/BEAUFORT REGION'.
Additional affiliations
May 2007 - May 2016
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Position
  • Network Coordinator, Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Flooding from extreme precipitation can have major impacts on society in Alaska. Understanding how these extremes may change in the future is needed for better planning under climate change. Data on future changes in extreme precipitation over Alaska from dynamically downscaled output of two global climate models (GFDL and CCSM) were employed in th...
Article
Full-text available
Ongoing climate change and associated food security concerns are pressing issues globally, and are of particular concern in the far north where warming is accelerated and markets are remote. The objective of this research was to model current and projected climate conditions pertinent to gardeners and farmers in Alaska. Research commenced with info...
Article
Full-text available
Alaska is globally significant for its large tracts of intact habitats, which support complete wildlife assemblages and many of the world’s healthiest wild fisheries, while also storing significant amounts of carbon. Alaska has 1/3 of United States federal lands, the bulk of the United States’ intact and wild lands, and over half of the country’s t...
Article
Full-text available
Scenario planning is a flexible tool used to assess a broad range of plausible, relevant, divergent, and challenging futures, for short-term responses and long-term planning. Scenario planning has gained popularity in natural resource management for addressing uncertainties associated with climate change, but the literature contains few retrospecti...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A number of biophysical and socio-economic drivers will have a significant influence on future vulnerability, risk, resilience, and adaptation planning in the Bering-Chuckchi-Beaufort (BCB) region ( Chapters 4-7). The trajectories of some of those drivers are amenable to modeling, forecasting, or projection. However, the future is inherently uncert...
Chapter
A number of biophysical and socio-economic drivers will have a significant influence on future vulnerability, risk, resilience, and adaptation planning in the Bering-Chuckchi-Beaufort (BCB) region ( Chapters 4-7). The trajectories of some of those drivers are amenable to modeling, forecasting, or projection. However, the future is inherently uncert...
Chapter
Full-text available
The full Arctic Resilience Report 2016 can be downloaded from https://www.sei-international.org/publications?pid=3047. Key Messages • The Arctic Council can build upon its activities that strengthen resilience, and ensure that resilience monitoring, policies and practices take an integrated social-ecological approach. Deeper and more frequent inte...
Chapter
Communicating about climate change is a serious challenge. There is an urgent need to develop effective processes at the local level to engage, inform, and support decision-makers in their efforts to plan for the impacts of climate change. This is particularly urgent in Alaska, where the impacts of climate change are already being felt. The Scenari...
Chapter
This edited volume emphasizes risk and crisis communication principles and practices within the up-to the minute context of new technologies, a new focus on resiliency, and global environmental change. It includes contributions from experts from around the globe whose research, advocacy, teaching, work, or service in the natural or social sciences...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change challenges the traditional goals and conservation strategies of protected areas, necessitating adaptation to changing conditions. Denali National Park and Preserve (Denali) in south central Alaska, USA, is a vast landscape that is responding to climate change in ways that will impact both ecological resources and local communities. L...
Article
Full-text available
Scenario studies have emerged as a powerful approach for synthesizing diverse forms of research and for articulating and evaluating alternative socioecological futures. Unlike predictive modeling, scenarios do not attempt to forecast the precise or probable state of any variable at a given point in the future. Instead, comparisons among a set of co...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT In rural Alaskan communities, high economic, social, and ecological costs are associated with fossil fuel use for power generation. Local concerns regarding fuel prices, environmental contamination, and the effects ofglobal climate change have resulted in increased interest in renewable energy sources. In this study we assessed the feasibi...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Wolken, J. M., et al. 2011. Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems. Ecosphere 2(11):124. Abstract. The structure and function of Alaska's forests have changed significantly in response to a changing climate, including alterations in species composition and climate feedbacks (e.g., ca...
Article
Full-text available
Subsistence harvesting and wild food production by Athabascan peoples is part of an integrated social–ecological system of interior Alaska. We describe effects of recent trends and future climate change projections on the boreal ecosystem of interior Alaska and relate changes in ecosystem services to Athabascan subsistence. We focus primarily on mo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Connecting Alaska Landscapes into the Future project (Connectivity Project) was a collaborative proof-of-concept effort that used selected species to identify areas of Alaska that may become important in maintaining landscape-level connectivity, given climate change. Project results and data presented in this preliminary report are intended to...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Sustaining and enhancing landscape-level connectivity will be critical for facilitating fish and wildlife adaptation to accelerated climate change. In early 2008, we initiated a multi-partner project to examine landscape connectivity in Alaska under different climate change scenarios. Our goals were to identify lands and...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores whether fundamental differences exist between urban and rural vulnerability to climate-induced changes in the fire regime of interior Alaska. We further examine how communities and fire managers have responded to these changes and what additional adaptations could be put in place. We engage a variety of social science methods, i...
Article
Full-text available
Recent global environmental and social changes have created a set of “wicked problems” for which there are no optimal solutions. In this article, we illustrate the wicked nature of such problems by describing the effects of global warming on the wildfire regime and indigenous communities in Alaska, and we suggest an approach for minimizing negative...
Article
Projected warming in Sweden and other Fennoscandian countries will probably increase growth rates of forest trees near their northern limits, increase the probability of new pest outbreaks, and foster northerly migration of both native and exotic species. The greatest challenges for sustainable forestry are to restore and enhance the ecological and...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we extend the theory of community prediction by presenting seven hypotheses for predicting community structure in a directionally changing world. The first three address well-studied community responses to environmental and ecological change: ecological communities are most likely to exhibit threshold changes in structure when pertu...
Article
In this article we extend the theory of community prediction by presenting seven hypotheses for predicting community structure in a directionally changing world. The first three address well‐studied community responses to environmental and ecological change: ecological communities are most likely to exhibit threshold changes in structure when pertu...
Article
Full-text available
"Northern ecosystems and those who rely upon them are facing a time of unprecedented rapid change. Global boreal forests will play an important role in the feedback loop between climate, ecosystems, and society. In this thesis, I examine forest carbon dynamics and the potential for carbon management in Interior boreal Alaska in three distinct frame...
Article
Full-text available
The arctic tundra and boreal forest were once considered the last frontiers on earth because of their vast expanses remote from agricultural land-use change and industrial development. These regions are now, however, experiencing environmental and social changes that are as rapid as those occurring anywhere on earth. This paper summarizes the role...
Article
Full-text available
Across the circumpolar North large disparities in the distribution of renewable and nonrenewable resources, human population density, capital investments, and basic residential and transportation infrastructure combine to create recognizable hotspots of recent and foreseeable change. Northern Fennoscandia exemplifies a relatively benign situation d...
Article
5 The development of policies that promote ecological, economic, and cultural sustainability requires collabo- ration between natural and social scientists. We present a modeling approach to facilitate this communica- tion and illustrate its application to studies of wildfire in the interior of Alaska. We distill the essence of com- plex fire-veget...
Article
The development of policies that promote ecological, economic, and cultural sustainability requires collaboration between natural and social scientists. We present a modeling approach to facilitate this communication and illustrate its application to studies of wildfire in the interior of Alaska. We distill the essence of complex fire-vegetation in...

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