Najma Malik

Najma Malik
University of Sargodha | UOS · Department of Psychology

PhD Psychology

About

89
Publications
166,119
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342
Citations
Introduction
Interested in Teaching and Research Related to the Issues of social, cognitive, developmental, educational, organizational, gender issues, clinical & counseling practice
Education
September 2006 - July 2010
Quaid-i-Azam University
Field of study
  • developmental and educational psychology

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
Introduction During the COVID-19 pandemic various degrees of lockdown were applied by countries around the world. It is considered that such measures have an adverse effect on mental health but the relationship of measure intensity with the mental health effect has not been thoroughly studied. Here we report data from the larger COMET-G study perta...
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This study accesses the impact of lady health worker (LHWs) visits in the community and distance to a healthcare facility on the nutritional status of under-five children. Additionally, it explores the perceptions and attitudes of the community about the performance of LHWs. A self-administered instrument was applied to gather data on different par...
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Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is a serious public health problem in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Therapeutic programs are often considered the most effective solution to this problem. However, multiple social and structural factors challenge the social inclusion, sustainability, and effectiveness of such programs. In this articl...
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This study aimed to examine the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Anxiety Towards Mathematics Scale across four continents. We adopted and translated the original Spanish version of the 24-item Anxiety Towards Mathematics Scale (ATMS-24; Muñoz, Mato-Vazquez, 2007) to collect 4,338 responses from Egypt, and United Arab Emirates. Al...
Article
Anxiety associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and home confinement has been associated with adverse health behaviors, such as unhealthy eating, smoking, and drinking. However, most studies have been limited by regional sampling, which precludes the examination of behavioral consequences associated with the pandemic at a global level. Further, few s...
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Inadequate feeding is one of the most critical underlying determinants of child malnutrition. In this study, we explore infant young child feeding (IYCF) and deconstruct breastfeeding barriers in mothers of severely malnourished children in one of the most marginalized districts of Punjab province of Pakistan. Using purposive sampling, 20 lactating...
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Purpose: The current study was designed to examine the relationship between health anxiety, cyberchondria (its constructs), and metacognitive beliefs. In addition, it also evaluated the moderating role of metacognitive beliefs in this relationship. Design and method: The present study used the purposive sampling technique to acquire a sample of...
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Objectives The sudden COVID-19 crisis required a determined effort on the part of the healthcare workers (HCWs) and excessive workload increased the risk of depressive and anxious symptoms in frontliners. The aim of the study was to assess anxiety and depression levels among HCWs during times of pandemic and its potential aggravating factors. Mate...
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Vaccine hesitancy is considered as one of the greatest challenges to control the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Arelatedchallenge is theunwillingness of the general publicto pay for vaccination. The objective of this study was to determine willingness-to-pay (WTP) for COVID-19 vaccine among individuals from ten low-middle-inc...
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Background: Risk perceptions of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are considered important as they impact community health behaviors. The aim of this study was to determine the perceived risk of infection and death due to COVID-19 and to assess the factors associated with such risk perceptions among community members in low- and middle-income cou...
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The present paper examines longitudinally how subjective perceptions about COVID-19, one’s community, and the government predict adherence to public health measures to reduce the spread of the virus. Using an international survey ( N = 3040), we test how infection risk perception, trust in the governmental response and communications about COVID-19...
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COVID-19 has been a source of fear around the world. We asked whether the measurement of this fear is trustworthy and comparable across countries. In particular, we explored the measurement invariance and cross-cultural replicability of the widely-used Fear of COVID-19 (the FCV-19S) scale, testing community samples from 48 countries (N = 14,558). T...
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Before vaccines for COVID-19 became available, a set of infection prevention behaviors constituted the primary means to mitigate the virus spread. Our study aimed to identify important predictors of this set of behaviors. Whereas social and health psychological theories suggest a limited set of predictors, machine learning analyses can identify cor...
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Full-text available
Anxiety associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and home confinement has been associated with adverse health behaviors, such as unhealthy eating, smoking, and drinking. However, most studies have been limited by regional sampling, which precludes the examination of behavioral consequences associated with the pandemic at a global level. Further, few s...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Social distancing and wearing a face mask are highly recommended to mitigate the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the success of these strategies relies on individuals’ adherence and public compliance. This study was conducted to assess the level of belief in social distancing and face mask practices in co...
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Maternal nutritional awareness might reduce the risk of malnutrition in children. This study assesses the impact of mothers' nutritional and health awareness (MNHA) on the nutritional status of preschool children in rural South Punjab. Using a proportionate purposive simple random sampling technique we collect data with the help of a self-administe...
Article
Understanding the determinants of COVID-19 vaccine uptake is important to inform policy decisions and plan vaccination campaigns. The aims of this research were to: (1) explore the individual- and country-level determinants of intentions to be vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2, and (2) examine worldwide variation in vaccination intentions. This cross-s...
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Introduction: There are few published empirical data on the effects of COVID‐19 on mental health, and until now, there is no large international study. Material and Methods: During the COVID-19 pandemic, an online questionnaire gathered data from 55,589 participants from 40 countries (64.85% females aged 35.80 ±13.61; 34.05% males aged 34.90±13.29...
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Vaccine hesitancy, defined as the reluctance or rejection in receiving a vaccine despite its availability, represents a major challenge to global health efforts aiming to control the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding the possible factors correlated with COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy using a refined well-informed approach can be helpful to addre...
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Tightening social norms is thought to be adaptive for dealing with collective threat yet it may have negative consequences for increasing prejudice. The present research investigated the role of desire for cultural tightness, triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, in increasing negative attitudes towards immigrants. We used participant-level data from...
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Introduction: Aside from personal beliefs, young adults’ intention to uptake the COVID-19 vaccine can be influenced by their fear of COVID-19 and perceived infectability of COVID-19. The present study incorporated fear of COVID-19 and perceived infectability with the theory of planned behavior to form an expanded theory of planned behavior (TBP) to...
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Background The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the lives of many people, including medical students. The present study explored internet addiction and changes in sleep patterns among medical students during the pandemic and assessed the relationship between them. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out in seven countries, t...
Article
During the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, U.S. conservative politicians and the media downplayed the risk of both contracting COVID-19 and the effectiveness of recommended health behaviors. Health behavior theories suggest perceived vulnerability to a health threat and perceived effectiveness of recommended health-protective behaviors dete...
Article
The present study was aimed to translate and adapt the Revised Identity Style Inventory (ISI-5) developed by Berzonsky et al. (2013) in an indigenous setting. A sample of 600 adolescents was selected from public and private schools in Punjab. The standard procedure of the back-translation method recommended by Water’s et al. (2006) was used to tran...
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Purpose of the study: This study explored how opening up mosques amid the COVID-19 pandemic may have increased the spread chances of disease and estimated how many individuals, attending mosques post-pandemic had experienced COVID-19 related symptoms in the study area. Furthermore, it evaluated how successful were the governmental Standard Operatin...
Article
Background: Depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are often co-morbid mental health issues in older adults. The current study explored the prospective mediating role of loneliness in the relationship between depression and the quality of life in elderly with MCI. A second aim was to examine differences in depression, loneliness, and the qu...
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Purpose of the study: The present study aims at measuring the effect of traumatic events on social behavior among university students. Methodology: Purposive sample of n=200 students was selected from various universities of Punjab, Pakistan. Impact of events scale-revised (Weiss, 2007), and Texas social behavior inventory (Helmreich & Stapp, 1974)...
Article
Purpose: The vulnerability and prevalence of common psychiatric illnesses, that is, anxiety and depression are very high at the time of pregnancy in the socio-cultural context of Southeast Asian low- middle-income countries' pregnant women. However, the issue remains poorly understood despite the fact that pregnancy can be stressful for women, the...
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Vaccine hesitancy is considered one of the greatest threats to the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination programs. Lack of trust in vaccine benefits, along with concerns about side effects of the newly developed COVID-19 vaccine, might significantly contribute to COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. The objective of this study was to deter...
Article
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This paper examines whether compliance with COVID-19 mitigation measures is motivated by wanting to save lives or save the economy (or both), and which implications this carries to fight the pandemic. National representative samples were collected from 24 countries (N = 25,435). The main predictors were (1) perceived risk to contract coronavirus, (...
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Purpose of the study: This exploration was intended to check the link of generosity upon resilience, spirituality, and psychological adjustment among youth. Methodology: Purposive sample of volunteer Youth workers (N = 175) of welfare and charity organizations from three major Pakistani cities (age range 19 to 28 years both male and female) were pa...
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Abstract Every organization has a dark side indeed and the present study aimed to explore dark side behaviors in higher education institutes from the perspective of blame attribution, workplace bullying, and turnover intention which needed to be recognized. These behaviors considered being deviant behavior affects teachers both emotionally and phy...
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Mathematics anxiety (MA) has a debilitating impact on learning, achievement, mental health, and the future career life of students. Though MA is a popular research theme, there is little agreement among researchers regarding the cross-cultural effect of gender. The purpose of this paper was to explore the perceived MA differences among males and fe...
Conference Paper
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After the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak in China, many international students stuck there due to lockdown or quarantine. Their friends and family members got infected by the Corona virus and some died; which affected mental health by worry and ruminative thoughts. The present study was conducted to explore the impact of rumination and worry on the men...
Preprint
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The Coronavirus is highly infectious and potentially deadly. In the absence of a cure or a vaccine, the infection prevention behaviors recommended by the World Health Organization constitute the only measure that is presently available to combat the pandemic. The unprecedented impact of this pandemic calls for swift identification of factors most i...
Preprint
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In this work, we study how social contacts and feelings of solidarity shape experiences of loneliness during the COVID-19 lockdown in early 2020. We draw on cross-national data, collected across four time points between mid-March until early May 2020. We situate our work within the public debate on these issues and discuss to what extent the public...
Preprint
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According to health behavior theories, perceived vulnerability to a health threat and perceived effectiveness of recommended health-protective behaviors determine motivation to follow these recommendations. Because the U.S. President Trump and U.S. conservative politicians downplayed the risk and seriousness of contracting COVID-19 and the effectiv...
Article
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The PsyCorona collaboration is a research project to examine processes involved in the COVID-19 pandemic, such as behavior that curbs virus transmission, which may implicate social norms, cooperation, and self-regulation. The study also examines psychosocial consequences of physical distancing strategies and societal lockdown, such as frustration o...
Article
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Mapping the Moods of COVID-19: Global Study Uses Data Visualization to Track Psychological Responses, Identify Targets for Intervention
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper examines whether compliance with COVID-19 mitigation measures is motivated by wanting to save lives or save the economy (or both), and which implications this carries to fight the pandemic. National representative samples were collected from 24 countries (N=25,435). The main predictors were (i) perceived risk to contract coronavirus, (ii...
Preprint
Full-text available
Previous studies suggested that public trust in government is vital for implementations of social policies that rely on public's behavioural responses. This study examined associations of trust in government regarding COVID-19 control with recommended health behaviours and prosocial behaviours. Data from an international survey with representative...
Article
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Objective: To create a dependable scale on happiness. Methodology: Investigation was conceded at Department of Psychology, University of Gujrat from January 2nd to April 5th, 2019. Cross-sectional correlational research design was used. At first, pool of 67 items was created through rigorous review of literature and meetings to generate new ideas....
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Objective: To discover the predicting role of body esteem and narcissism for social physique anxiety among adolescents. Study Design: Correlational study. Place and Duration of Study: 06 Different educational institutes of Bhalwal and Sargodha city, from Jul 2018 to Nov 2018. Methodology: Body Esteem Scale (BES), Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS...
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Moderating Role of Trust for the Relationship of Machiavellianism and Marital Satisfaction
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The study was aimed at examining the role of job burnout in predicting counterproductive work behaviors (CWB) among high school teachers. Maslach Burnout Inventory-ES (Maslach, Jackson, & Leiter, 1996) and Counterproductive Work Behavior Checklist-32 (Spector, Fox, Penney, Bruursema, Goh, and Kessler, 2006) were used to measure the constructs. The...
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The present study was an endeavor to extend the literature of perceived organizational politics by examining its moderating role between the relationship of organizational citizenship behavior and production deviance. Organizational Citizenship Behavior Scale (Mackenzie, Podsakoff, & Paine, 1999), Production Deviance sub-scale of Counterproductive...
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Current study was planned to construct a scale to measure psychological capital for Pakistani school adolescents. A sample of 400 adolescent (8 th to 10 th graders) was approached, through convenient sampling technique, from public sector schools of different districts. Study was conducted in four steps i.e. construct identification, item generatio...
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Objective: To examine the impact of social support on quality of life among orthopedically disabled and typical students. Methodology: Urdu version of WHO Quality of Life Scale (Brief version) (Khan, Akhter, Ayub, Alam, & Laghari, 2003) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (Batool, 2012) were administered in order to get the requi...
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The present study examining the relationship between spirituality and psychological well-being among Muslims and Christians adolescents and young adults. Daily Spiritual Experience Scale and Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale were used to examine the study variables. The present study was carried out on the sample of (N = 254) i.e. Muslims (...
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Objective: The study examines the relationship of psychological well-being and work motivation in a sample of Pakistani medical professionals. Design: Cross sectional comparative study. Place and duration of the study: The study was conducted in private (Alshifa International Hospital, Islamabad, and Islamabad Private Hospital) and public sector ho...
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A growing body of research explores that relationships are the significant part of our lives. The study examines important factors of attitude similarity and proximity working behind interpersonal attraction among same gender friends. The study was conducted on sample of 160 boy friends and girl friends (40 pairs in each) through purposive convenie...
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Present study was aimed of investigating the relationship between perceived social support, quality of life, depression, and anxiety among HIV Positive, HIV negative and HIV Non tested injecting drug users (IDUs). Sample was composed of HIV positive IDUs (n = 40), HIV negative IDUs (n = 40) and HIV never tested IDUs (n = 40). Urdu versions of Multi...
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Objective: To explore the impact of social acceptance on quality of life among orthopedically disabled students from special and inclusive institutes. Methodology: Sample composed of 150 orthopedically disabled students from special (n= 75) and inclusive institutes (n= 75) of Sargodha, Rawalpindi, Khushab and Jhelum districts from December, 2014 to...
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Objective: The purpose of present study was to study the impact of perceived stigma on three outcomes including self-concept, self-esteem and social isolation among people with epilepsy. Study Design: Purposive sampling technique. Duration: October 2014 to May 2015. Setting: Awan Clinic Sargodha, CDA Hospital Islamabad and Col. Masood's Psychiatric...
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Objective: Present study focused on the Effect of Insomnia and Distress on Emotional Intelligence and Coping Strategies among Medical College Students. Study Design: Cross-sectional, questionnaire based. Settings: Different medical colleges in Punjab, Pakistan. Period: October 2016-July 2017. Patients and methods: sample of medical students was pur...
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Job Embeddedness related to Organizational Justice: Role of Workplace Bullying among Higher Education Institutes Ms. Samrah Jamshaid 1 & Dr. Najma I. Malik 2 University of Sargodha, Pakistan The purpose of current study was to examine the job embeddedness in relation to organizational justice by exploring the role of workplace bulling. Convenience...
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The primary goal of the present study was to examine the moderating role of self-esteem in relationship between psychological well-being and loneliness among university hostels students. The sample (N = 330) was drawn conveniently from university hostel students. The age range of the sample was 18 to 30 years. Psychological Well-being Scale by Carl...
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Abstract Present research examined the effects of four forms of domestic violence (physical, psychological, economic and sexual violence) on psychological well-being of conveniently selected 100 violence survivor women (n= 25 for each form). Age range of the sample was 18-50 years and was selected from the Dar-ul-amaans (shelter homes) of Multan an...
Conference Paper
Abstract The aim of present study was to investigate the job embeddedness in relation to organizational justice by exploring the role of workplace bulling. Convenience sampling technique was used for collecting the sample of 120 teachers from different private and Govt. sector colleges and universities of Sargodha. Job Embeddedness Scale (Crossley...
Article
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The present cross-cultural study aimed to examine the moderating role of social support between sense of coherence and mental health outcomes among university students of individualistic culture and collectivistic culture. Sense of Coherence Scale (Antonovsky, 1987), Perceived Social Support Scale (Zimet, Dahlem, & Farley, 1988), Short Warwick Edin...