Nadin Beckmann

Nadin Beckmann
Durham University | DU · School of Education

PhD

About

39
Publications
17,481
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Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
The study aimed to investigate the status of within-person state variability in neuroticism and conscientiousness as individual differences constructs by exploring their (a) temporal stability, (b) cross-context consistency, (c) empirical links to selected antecedents, and (d) empirical links to longer-term trait variability. Employing a sample of...
Chapter
The study of dynamic within-person personality responses using repeated measurement designs is emerging as a new focus in the study of personality at work and offers great potential to build on and extend the large body of work on traits conducted by organizational researchers. In this chapter we provide a definition and discussion of dynamic perso...
Article
This study focuses on intra-individual variability in personality at work, and how it relates to job performance. 288 professionals completed contextualised adjective-based personality assessments in work and non-work contexts, and a non-contextualised personality measure. Ratings of their personality were also obtained from colleagues, family memb...
Article
Full-text available
The burgeoning increase in the importance given to non-cognitive factors in complex decisions making, has led to calls to question intelligence as the primary explanatory model of success. Features of a business microworld simulation were experimentally manipulated to investigate the incremental value of 20 cognitive and non-cognitive predictors of...
Article
Negative emotions are related to poor performance in between-person analyses but facilitate performance in within-person analyses, under certain conditions. We examine the effect of situation contingent negative emotions (SCE) on performance, and trait neuroticism as a moderator of that relationship. SCE modelled negative emotions as responses to p...
Article
Full-text available
Background The array of availability of diverse digital reading applications, the mixed results emerging from small-scale experimental studies, as well as the long-standing tradition and range of known positive developmental outcomes gained from adult-child storybook reading warrant an investigation into electronic storybooks (e-books) by performin...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers rely on psychometric principles when trying to gain understanding of unobservable psychological phenomena disconfounded from the methods used. Psychometric models provide us with tools to support this endeavour, but they are agnostic to the meaning researchers intend to attribute to the data. We define method effects as resulting from a...
Article
Full-text available
The review looks to synthesise a large body of evidence focusing on the impact of study abroad on improvising linguistic outcomes (e.g., oral, listening etc.). This review gives particular attention to experimental designs and the European literature.
Article
Chinese students are frequently seen as passive learners because of their apparent reluctance to speak, particularly in English classrooms. However, this impression seems to reflect a stereotype which is likely to confound willingness to communicate (WTC) and communication behaviour. In this article we argue for more attention to be paid to individ...
Conference Paper
Historically, understanding intelligence has been a decidedly be- tween-subjects endeavour. Yet, knowing what intelligence is correlated with tell us little about its basis. In this talk we reflect on insights gained by within-subject experimental manipulations designed to investigate a process-oriented approach to human intellect. Study 1 (N=142 s...
Conference Paper
We test an integrative conceptualisation of personality, i.e. a per- spective that acknowledges both stable inter-individual differences and dynamic intra-individual variability. The focus is on intra-individual variability in personality at work, and how it relates to job perfor- mance. 288 professionals completed contextualised adjective-based as...
Article
Willingness to communicate (WTC) used to be studied as a relatively stable, trait-like predisposition; however, recently attention has shifted to the more dynamic, state-like components of WTC. This research investigates variability and stability in state WTC, particularly focusing on within-person variability, which may lead to stable between-pers...
Chapter
The historical perspective of intelligence is a decidedly between-subjects affair. This is reflected in the dominance of factor analysis as both a psychometric tool for validation and as the cornerstone of the theoretical conceptualisation of intelligence as a hierarchically structured human attribute (Thurston 1938, Horn and Cattell 1966, Carroll...
Article
Conscientiousness and neuroticism were studied as situation contingencies in a sample of 124 managers. Experience sampling measures of situational characteristics, state conscientiousness and state neuroticism were collected before, during and after the performance of a range of tasks completed in an executive training program of five 3-day session...
Article
Willingness to communicate (WTC) used to be seen as a stable, trait-like communicative tendency; however, in the field of second language acquisition (SLA), attention has recently shifted to its more dynamic, state-like components. This article systematically reviews the literature on the situational antecedents that might contribute to variation i...
Article
Organisational researchers have recently begun to focus on the more dynamic aspects of personality in the workplace. The present study examines individual differences in the affective processes that underlie one such dynamic construct, task-contingent conscientiousness. Using experience sampling data collected over three weeks from 201 managers, we...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents findings from a comparative study of peer- and teacher-led Sex and Relationship Education (SRE). One lesson delivered by a peer educator, and one lesson delivered by a teacher was observed with the aim of exploring the communicative process between educators and students within SRE. It is claimed that open communication between...
Article
Online instructional videos are becoming increasingly common within education. This study adopts a quasi-experimental 2 × 2 crossover design (control and experimental groups) to evaluate the efficacy of instructional videos to teach practical rehabilitation skills. The students performed practical sessions in class and were formatively assessed by...
Article
The Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM) test entails a 40-min contextualized interaction with a set of progressively difficult cognitive activities. Item-to-item experiences accumulate to total scores determined by, and reflective of, cognitive abilities. The current research is interested in what happens during those 40 min. Personality (Openness,...
Article
Full-text available
A Bayesian technique with analyses of within-person processes at the level of the individual is presented. The approach is used to examine whether the patterns of within-person responses on a 12-trial simulation task are consistent with the predictions of ITA theory (Dweck, 1999). ITA theory states that the performance of an individual with an enti...
Article
Whilst micro-worlds or simulations have increasingly been used in higher education settings, students do not always benefit as expected from these learning opportunities. By using an experimental-control group design we tested the effectiveness of structuring the task environment so as to encourage learners to approach simulations more systematical...
Article
The aim of this study was to further shed light on the relationship between neuroticism and performance by taking into account the situation-specific experience of neuroticism when undertaking cognitive tasks. A total of 121 high-performing professionals completed a state measure of neuroticism before solving a complex cognitive task. Indicators of...
Article
Full-text available
We predict real-time fluctuations in employees' positive and negative emotions from concurrent appraisals of the immediate task situation and individual differences in performance goal orientation. Task confidence, task importance, positive emotions, and negative emotions were assessed 5 times per day for 3 weeks in an experience sampling study of...
Article
Full-text available
Should managers deliberately employ humor to persuade and motivate staff? A framework is presented for analyzing the role of humor in managerial communications. The framework includes the presenter, recipient, message, and medium and elaborates cognitive and emotional reactions to humor by recipients. The framework is applied to analyses of the lik...
Chapter
Full-text available
Research on personality in the workplace has primarily focussed on differences between individuals in their typical thoughts, feelings and behaviours as represented in the five-factor model of personality (McCrae & Costa, 1999). We argue that a within-person conceptualisation of personality offers additional meaningful insights into the role of per...
Article
Research on personality structure has primarily focused on patterns of covariation between traits, and less emphasis has been put on the organization of relationships between thoughts, feelings and behaviors as they occur within individuals. Over several weeks 115 managers from large Australian companies were assessed multiple times a day employing...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined the viability of incorporating task-contingent units into the study of personality at work, using conscientiousness as an illustrative example. We used experience-sampling data from 123 managers to show that (a) momentary conscientiousness at work is contingent on the difficulty and urgency demands of the tasks people are...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The article focuses on contingent beliefs that can predict the within-person variations of personality which affect conscientiousness in the workplace. Evaluation is based three psychological aspects of job performance which are task importance, task difficulty, and task urgency. The research methods used in this study include the experience sampli...
Article
This study takes an individual differences' perspective on performance feedback effects in psychometric testing. A total of 105 students in a mainstream secondary school in North East England undertook a cognitive ability test on two occasions. In one condition, students received item-specific accuracy feedback while in the other (standard conditio...
Article
Full-text available
The authors review and critique the conduct and reporting of mediation analyses in 409 studies published in five leading organization studies journals over the past 25 years. The aim of the study is to learn from past practice and to use that knowledge to signal to researchers the importance of correctly applying mediation tests as well as to facil...
Chapter
Full-text available
The positive effects of humor have provided justification for the increasing use of humor interventions in customer services, leadership, problem solving, teams and coping with stress, to name a few applications. These prescriptions ignore the fact that much of the humor in organizational behavior is negative and likely to have detrimental effects...
Article
Cervone, Shadel, Smith, and Fiori (2006) outline an approach to the study of self-regulation that is consistent with but extends research on self-regulation and motivation within organisational psychology. At the same time, their model represents a new perspective for the study of personality processes within organisations and one that conflicts wi...
Article
Full-text available
In an experimental study, a set of 12 number series problems with open-answer format had to be solved by a sample of 120 eighth and ninth graders randomly assigned to one of two test conditions (standard condition: no feedback; feedback condition: correct/incorrect item-by-item feedback). Task-related self-confidence and worry was measured before a...
Article
Düsseldorf, Universiẗat, Diss., 2004 (Nicht für den Austausch).

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