Nadia Cantin

Nadia Cantin
Université Bordeaux Montaigne | UB3 · Institute of Archaeomaterials Research (IRAMAT)

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58
Publications
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288
Citations

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
In this paper, we focus on the industrial production of porcelain in the Bordeaux area (France) in the 19th century. Our main objective is to assess the evolution of production technology of the same manufactory over a period of more than 40 years. A multi-analytical approach was used to investigate glazes and bodies of thirty-four sherds of biscui...
Article
The aim of this research is to investigate the influence of NaCl on the colours and chemical composition of Ca-rich ceramic bodies. The addition of salt to ceramics is a practice that has been observed in several potter communities where the addition of salt is explicitly intended to whiten ceramics. In order to conduct this research and characteri...
Article
Full-text available
Combined analysis methods such as optical microscopy (OM), cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy–energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM–EDX) have made it possible to obtain the first physico-chemical data of Dacian potsherds, exhumed at the archeological site of Ocnița-Buridava, Romania; t...
Article
In this paper, we focus on the industrial production of white earthenware in the Bordeaux area (France) in the 19th century. Our main objective is to assess the evolution of production technology. A multi-analytical approach was used to investigate bodies of 150 fragments found in archaeological context. The microstructural, chemical and mineralogi...
Article
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Dans le cadre du projet Peuplement humain et paléoenvironnement en Afrique, coordonné par l’un des auteurs (É.H.) et financé par le Fonds National Suisse de la recherche scientifique (FNS), la Fondation Suisse-Liechtenstein pour les Recherches Archéologiques à l’Étranger (SLSA), l’Agence Nationale de la Recherche française (ANR) et la Faculté des S...
Article
Neanderthal material culture patterning in Western Europe has been primarily approached from retouched stone tools and associated flake production methods. While considerable effort has been devoted over the past decade to better characterize Middle Palaeolithic lithic techno-complexes (LTCs) in this region, the extent to which they reflect cultura...
Article
Identifying the origin of marble used in antiquity brings back to light details of the economic, social and political organization of classical societies, and characterizing in depth the chemistry of marble is key to discovering its provenance. Beyond X‐ray diffraction, which could reveal the presence of discriminant secondary crystalline phases an...
Article
For an ethnoarchaeological study of the ceramic traditions in the Falémé Valley (eastern Senegal), we have developed an ethnoarchaeometric approach to describe the variability in the clayey materials used by the potters and to stimulate discussion of the connections between raw materials and finished products. The aim is to test archaeometric model...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with new strategies for dating the construction of ancient monuments, one of the most topical issues in archaeology. Our approach is demonstrated by the study of an emblematic early medieval Basilica Saint Seurin in Bordeaux whose oldest building phases have never been well-understood and dated before due to the lack of written sou...
Chapter
Cerámica: caracterización arqueológica y arqueométrica de alfarería, estudios de proveniencia y casos de estudio.
Article
Full-text available
He remains of bronze workshops discovered at SFI654 site in Beirut ofer a rare opportunity to investigate bronze casting during the roman period. These consist mainly of three casting pits dated to the 2nd-3rd century AD and located in an architectural complex that probably had a religious function and to which a bath was associated. The careful ex...
Poster
Full-text available
Asking about the nature of constraints present behind ceramic traditions is part of a pool of recurrent questions in archaeology. Are technological choices due to environment, physical characteristics of raw materials, pottery function, socio-cultural mechanisms or historical contingences? Since 2012, our study conducted in eastern Senegal in vario...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study shows how the unique combination of characterization techniques with the single grain OSL dating of mortar allows acquiring relatively complete information about the monument for which we miss the other, written or archaeological, source of information. Important differences in preparation technology of mortar are observed. The mortar app...
Article
The medieval pavement found in its original state and place at the Breton castle of Suscinio is an interesting case study for answering questions about the origin of the tin-glazed earthenware technique in France. Twenty-eight decorated tiles (with transparent and tin-opacified glazes) and eight clayey raw materials were examined using chemical and...
Poster
Full-text available
Our current research aims to increase our understanding of the production of ancient ceramics by applying archaeometric analyses to the study of the practices of contemporary potters. It therefore lies at the interface of ethnoarcheology and archaeometry. Ethnoarchaeological surveys have been carried out in the Falémé Valley in Senegal as part of a...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: From the 1st to the 3rd centuries A.D., the territory of Istria (present-day Croatia) was a prominent area of olive oil production. Archaeologists have identified the so-called Dressel 6B amphora as the main container used in the transport and trade of this oil. So far archaeology and epigraphy have helped identify probable sources of p...
Article
Diepkloof Rock Shelter offers an exceptional opportunity to study the onset and evolution of both Still Bay (SB) and Howiesons Poort (HP) techno-complexes. However, previous age estimates based on luminescence dating of burnt quartzites (Tribolo et al., 2009) and of sediments (Jacobs et al., 2008) were not in agreement. Here, we present new lumines...
Article
The castle of Suscinio presents the double particularity of having the vestiges of two medieval tiled floors which would have succeeded one another in decorating a chapel of the Dukes extra muros, among other attractions. In spite of their different technical and aesthetic conceptions, and despite some stylistic changes, both have plain and bi-colo...
Article
The fortified house at Brain-sur-Allonnes (Maine-et-Loire, France) was burnt down during the years 1360-1370. The excavation done on the site revealed the remains of tiles of two different compositions produced at the end of the 13th century or during the first half of the 14th century. The unexpected presence of tin-glazed earthenware tiles among...
Article
Haifa dozen of hearths had been discovered on the site of Gouillauds, situated on the beach. Some of them were attributed to the middle Neolithic (Pautreau et Robert, 1980 ; Robert, 1984). The dig undertaken in October 2000, at the bottom of the dune, revealed a shell-midden on a narrow strip of archeological soil. Pottery artefacts and flint indus...

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Project (1)
Project
Ce programme centré sur l’Éthiopie recoit le soutien de l’ANR DIFFCERAM (dir. V. Roux)), de la Fondation Fyssen, du programme franco-éthiopien financé par le Ministère des Affaires Étrangères Late Stone Age Sequence in Ethiopia (direction A. Dessie et F. Bon) et les soutiens scientifiques et logistiques de l’ARCCH (Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage ; Ethiopie, Ministry of Culture) et du Centre français des études éthiopiennes (CFEE IFRE 23 et USR 3137) Ce programme est à la croisée d’approches comportementale, ethnologique et archéologique. Comportementale, car à l’échelle de l’individu, il s’agit de caractériser l’apprentissage, de comprendre comment sont acquises des habilitées motrices et d’analyser la capacité de l’individu à modifier son savoir-faire une fois obtenu l’ensemble des habiletés requises. A l’échelle inter-individus, il s’agit d’étudier les modalités et la nature des transmissions et interactions. Ethnologique, car l’analyse des systèmes techniques développés dans les sociétés traditionnelles de la vallée du rift éthiopien permet d’accéder à l’organisation sociale des groupes humains et offre l’opportunité de réfléchir sur les structures de peuplement ou dépeuplement au sein de contextes socio-économiques et environnementaux variés. Archéologique, car la constitution de référentiels actualistes enrichit l’interprétation des faits archéologiques en Préhistoire, ici sur deux aspects : d’une part la constitution de modèles autour des mécanismes sous-jacents à l’emprunt et au non-emprunt de traits techniques et stylistiques entre groupes sociaux distincts ou au sein d’un même groupe social et de modèles autour des conditions à la diffusion de ces traits ; d’autre part la constitution de référentiels techniques sur les procédés de fabrication et d’utilisation de céramiques sans énergie cinétique rotative dans le but d’établir des banques de données, véritables « céramothèques » des macrotraces de fabrication et d’usage utilisables lors d’examen de collections archéologiques. En proposant de construire des référentiels interprétatifs, ces recherches en anthropologie renouvellent les problématiques autour des notions de transferts culturels et s’inscrivent dans les thématiques débattues aujourd’hui au niveau international sur les mécanismes à l’origine de l’évolution des sociétés.