Nadia Abdelouahab

Nadia Abdelouahab
Université de Sherbrooke | UdeS · Department of Pediatrics

PhD

About

43
Publications
3,648
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1,176
Citations

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Full-text available
Background Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) during pregnancy has been associated with multiple adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, the potential benefits of levothyroxine (LT4) supplementation remain controversial. Variations across studies in diagnostic criteria for SCH may, in part, explain the divergent findings on the subject. This...
Article
Background Prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs), widespread in North America, is associated with increased Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and may be a modifiable risk for ADHD phenotypes. However, the effects of moderate exposure to POPs on task-based inhibitory control performance, related brain funct...
Article
Full-text available
Animal studies have shown that developmental exposures to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) permanently affect blood/liver balance of lipids. No human study has evaluated associations between in utero exposures to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and later life lipid metabolism. In this pilot, maternal plasma levels of PBDEs (BDE-47, BDE-99...
Preprint
Animal studies have shown that developmental exposures to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) permanently affect blood/liver balance of lipids. No human study has evaluated associations between in utero exposures to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and later life lipid metabolism. In this pilot, maternal plasma levels of PBDEs (BDE-47, BDE-99...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies suggest a negative association between prenatal polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure and child cognitive and psychomotor development. However, the timing of the relationship between PBDE exposure and neurodevelopment is still unclear. We examined the association between PBDE concentration at two different prenatal times...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Childhood overweight and obesity (OWO) is a primary global health challenge. Childhood OWO prevention is now a public health priority in China. The Sino-Canadian Healthy Life Trajectories Initiative (SCHeLTI), one of four trials being undertaken by the international HeLTI consortium, aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted...
Preprint
BACKGROUND With the rapid development of eHealth technologies, the convenient exchange of health-related electronic data can promote interactive exchange of information between healthcare providers (HCPs) and patients, making the communication between doctors and patients more coordinated and transparent. The Sino-Canada Healthy Life Trajectories I...
Article
Three hexachloronorbornene-based flame retardants and five polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in 414 human plasma samples, (169 from children, 167 from mothers, and 78 from fathers), collected from 200 families between 2014 and 2016. The median concentration of ∑PBDEs (sum of BDE-47, -99, −100, −153 and −183) was 13.2 ng/g lipid f...
Article
Context Underlying mechanisms leading to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) are still under investigation and it is unclear whether the placenta plays a role in triggering glucose intolerance or if its functions are modified in response to the hyperglycemia. Circulating microRNAs are involved in placental development and function and are encapsula...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The gut microbiome is influenced by early-life exposures, but-despite potentially enormous implications for child health-is understudied in environmental epidemiology. This pilot study is one of the first to explore in utero exposures and long-term gut microbiome profiles. We examined the association between exposure to polybrominated...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood obesity is a predictor of adult obesity and has its roots in the pre-pregnancy or pregnancy period. This review presents an overview of the prenatal risk factors for childhood obesity, which were categorized into 2 groups: biological risk factors (maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, diabetes in pregnancy, and...
Article
Evaluating in utero exposure to inorganic and multiclass organic contaminants is critical to better evaluate potential harmful effects on prenatal and postnatal development. The analysis of meconium, the first bowel discharge of the newborn, has been proposed as a non-invasive way to assess cumulative prenatal exposure. The aim of this study was to...
Article
Full-text available
Acetaminophen is the only over-the-counter pain reliever that is not contraindicated during pregnancy, but recent studies have questioned whether acetaminophen is safe for the fetus, particularly the developing brain. This prospective birth cohort study probed the previously observed association between in utero exposure to acetaminophen and neurod...
Article
Full-text available
Previous surveys of neonatal medicine in China have not collected comprehensive information on workforce, investment, health care practice, and disease expenditure. The goal of the present study was to develop a national database of neonatal care units and compare present outcomes data in conjunction with health care practices and costs. We summari...
Data
List of participating hospitals. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The developing fetus and pregnant woman can be exposed to a variety of environmental chemicals that may adversely affect their health. Moreover, environmental exposure and risk disparities are associated with different social determinants, including socioeconomic status (SES) and demographic indicators. Our aim was to investigate wheth...
Article
Full-text available
Background Polybrominated diphenyl ethers are known endocrine disrupting environmental contaminants used as flame retardants. Their levels have increased in humans over the last ten years, raising concerns about their consequences on human health. Some animal studies suggest that PBDEs can affect fetal growth; however, the results of human studies...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for normal development; therefore, disruption of TH action by a number of industrial chemicals is critical to identify. Several chemicals including polychlorinated biphenyls are metabolized by the dioxin-inducible enzyme CYP1A1; some of their metabolites can interact with the TH receptor. In animals, this...
Article
We have examined severalemerging brominated flame retardants (BFRs) including 2-ethyl-1-hexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate (TBB),bis(2-ethylhexyl)tetrabromophthalate (TBPH), 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy) ethane (BTBPE), 4,5,6,7-Tetrabromo-1,1,3-trimethyl-3-(2,3,4,5-tetrabromophenyl)-indane (OBIND), and decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) in paired huma...
Article
Five hexachloronorbornene-based flame retardants, Dechlorane Plus (DP), Dechlorane 602 (Dec 602), Dechlorane 603 (Dec 603), Dechlorane 604 (Dec 604) and hexachlorocyclopentadienyl-dibromocyclooctane (HCDBCO), were measured in human milk and maternal serum. Dec 602, Dec 603 and HCDBCO were detected in both sample matrices with detection frequencies...
Article
Abstract Objective: To compare the quality of the uterine scar with one or two layer closure after caesarean section by studying biomechanical and pathological properties of the scar. Methods: A randomized controlled trial performed on eight term pregnant ewes assigned into two groups during caesarean according to type of uterine closure: single-la...
Article
Full-text available
Thyroid hormones play a critical role in the growth of many organs, especially the brain. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) interact with the thyroid pathway and may disturb neurodevelopment. This prospective study was designed to examine associations between maternal blood PBDEs and PCBs in early pregnancy...
Article
Full-text available
Flame retardant dechlorane plus (DP) and several polybrominated diphenylether (PBDE) congeners have been measured in 87 human milk samples collected in two Canadian cities: Kingston and Sherbrooke. The levels of PBDEs in human milk (mean (median), ng g(-1) lipid weight=10 (5.9), 4.1 (2.8), 3.0 (1.6), 5.12 (1.6), and 15 (ND) for BDE-47, BDE-99, BDE-...
Article
The objective of the present study was to evaluate motor function in order to assess the effects of long-term, low-level environmental manganese (Mn) exposure in residents of an Ohio community where a large ferro- and silico-Mn smelter has been active for more than 50 years. One hundred residents from the Mn-exposed Ohio community were evaluated us...
Article
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers are known to be endocrine disruptors and may affect male reproduction. This exploratory study investigated semen parameters and serum thyroid hormones in relation to serum PBDE, PCBs and p-p' DDE in adult men. Fifty-two men were recruited in a fertility clinic. Semen counts were done for each participant. Serum thyroi...
Article
Background: Environmental prenatal exposure to potentially neurotoxic metals poses a particular challenge with regard to the study of early toxic effects. Monoamine oxidase activity, shown to be influenced by metals in experimental studies, could be a useful biomarker in humans. Objective: To examine the relationship between blood metal concentr...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) at levels reported for human populations affect the thyroid state in pregnant sheep and lambs. Pregnant sheep were exposed to vehicle or BDE-47 (0.2, 2 and 20 microg/kg b.w.) from the 5th to 15th week of gestation by intravenous injections weekly. Thyroid hormon...
Article
Many studies use the number of fish meals as an estimate of Hg intake, although fish Hg concentrations, even within the same species, can greatly vary. Furthermore, most freshwater advisories only refer to local catch, while market fish advisories only focus on market fish, although both can contribute to Hg body burden. The present study, carried...
Article
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) are a group of environmental contaminants increasing in North America. Few data are available on neurobehavioral effects at low-dose exposure. Our goal in the present study was to evaluate whether low-dose BDE-47, which is the most abundant PBDE in human samples, affects the neurobehavioral development of rats....
Article
Environmental chemicals can disrupt endocrine balance and in particular thyroid hormone (TH) homeostasis. However, studies differ with respect to thyroid profile changes and gender differences are rarely examined. This study investigated the THs, triodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), in relation to serum organ...
Article
Full-text available
Although high mercury concentrations in fish diets raise an alarm, fish can also be a healthy choice because it is the primary source of n-3 fatty acids (FAs). However, little information is available on the contribution of freshwater fish to serum FA concentrations. This study examined the FA pathway from fish to serum in 243 moderate consumers of...
Article
Platelet monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) has been considered a surrogate biochemical marker of neurotoxicity, as it may reflect changes in the monoaminergic system in the brain. Colour vision discrimination, in part a dopamine dependent process, has been used to identify early neurological effects of some environmental and industrial neurotoxicants. Th...
Article
Mercury (Hg) is a widespread neurotoxic compound that bio-accumulates in fish and marine mammals. Monoamine oxidase (MAO; EC 1.4.3.4) regulates biogenic amine concentration in the brain and peripheral tissue and has been shown to be a molecular target of Hg compounds in animal models. Blood platelet monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) activity may reflect...
Article
Up to now, there is no reliable non invasive biomarker for the concentration of manganese (Mn) in the brain after intoxication to this metal. The aim of the present experimental study was to determine the predictive value of the localized measurement of the proton NMR relaxation time T1 as a quantitative estimation of the concentration of Mn in bra...
Article
Le mercure (Hg) et les biphenylpolychlorés (BPC) sont des polluants ubiquitaires qui menacent la santé des écosystèmes et des humains par leur rémanence, leur mobilité, leur toxicité et leur capacité de se bioaccumuler dans la chaine trophique. Par conséquent, on peut retrouver des niveaux élevés de ces contaminants dans les poissons, particulièrem...

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