Nabin Baral

Nabin Baral
University of Washington Seattle | UW · School of Environmental and Forest Sciences

PhD

About

50
Publications
53,117
Reads
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1,465
Citations
Citations since 2017
12 Research Items
774 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
University of Washington Seattle
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
Conservation Enterprise is increasingly promoted to support the conservation of species and landscapes through incentives, such as ecotourism, including in the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA), Nepal. Yet the elusive behaviour of snow leopards here limits opportunities for conservation enterprise, particularly those linked to conventional ecotouri...
Article
Full-text available
Community-based conservation in the developing world generally puts more emphasis on voluntary commitments and compliance rather than enforcement of formal laws and regulations for the governance of protected areas. However, as with other forms of organizational management, once institutions are established, they are required to comply with all rel...
Chapter
Full-text available
We review the history, over the past half-century, of biodiversity conservation legislation and programs in Nepal. We especially consider how they have evolved in light of some earlier concerns resulting from, for example, the strict "fines and fences" conservation approaches first implemented in the 1970s, to pressing issues that emerged over time...
Chapter
Full-text available
We review the history, over the past half-century, of biodiversity conservation legislation and programs in Nepal. We especially consider how they have evolved in light of some earlier concerns resulting from, for example, the strict "fines and fences" conservation approaches first implemented in the 1970s, to pressing issues that emerged over time...
Article
Wildlife tourism is increasingly important for the conservation of threatened species such as snow leopards. However, what tourists know or value about snow leopards, and to what extent they support the conservation of this species, has received limited empirical attention. This paper investigates tourist knowledge about snow leopards, beliefs and...
Article
Participatory social impact assessments (PSIAs) are most accurate reflections of social impacts. But, effective integration of PSIAs into Environmental Impact Assessments, decision-making and project implementation present drawbacks. Because of its qualitative content, PSIAs outcomes are termed non-technical—allegedly defying reliable and valid qua...
Article
The assessment of people's knowledge on biofuels is sporadic mainly due to a lack of an objective knowledge scale. We conducted large-scale mail surveys to fill the gap and assess people's knowledge of biofuels and the social-demographic characteristics related to this. We sent out mail surveys to 4733 valid addresses and received 1376 completed su...
Article
The Vulnerable snow leopard Panthera uncia experiences persecution across its habitat in Central Asia, particularly from herders because of livestock losses. Given the popularity of snow leopards worldwide, transferring some of the value attributed by the international community to these predators may secure funds and support for their conservation...
Article
World Heritage sites must exhibit outstanding universal value, integrity, and authenticity. Based on this context, this study examined whether visitors to Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park, Nepal (World Heritage Site inscribed under criteria vii in 1979) recognized it for its exceptional beauty and aesthetics. This study explored the basic con...
Article
Full-text available
This paper estimates the economic value of World Heritage Site (WHS) designation for the Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park, Nepal. In 2012 entrance fees were $30 per international visitor; lower fees apply to South Asian visitors, and no fees to domestic visitors. We surveyed 522 international visitors to the Park in 2011 to elicit their wil...
Article
Full-text available
This study’s goal was to analyze the contents of the S&P 500 companies’ mission, vision, and values statements to measure the extent to which they reflect the concept of sustainability. Data were collected from public domains (reports and websites) between April and June, 2013. Using inductive methods, we assessed corporations to reflect sustainabi...
Article
Full-text available
We replicated the study conducted by Wielgus and Peebles (2014) on the effect of wolf mortality on livestock depredations in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho states in the US. Their best models were found to be misspecified due to the omission of the time index and incorrect functional form. When we respecified the models, this replication failed to conf...
Data
Temporal variation in livestock killed. (DOCX)
Data
Residual plots of the models. (DOCX)
Data
R codes used in replication. (TXT)
Data
Misspecification tests. (DOCX)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lack of effective financial institutions is one reason for the poor management of protected areas in the developing world. We explored the burning question – what are the entrepreneurial opportunities to change the situation? We conducted the contingent valuation surveys of 401 international visitors in the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) in Nepa...
Article
Full-text available
Organizational learning has attracted both scholars and practitioners for decades, but the public sector has rarely been the focus for empirical investigation. We conducted a summative evaluation of the Social Security Act Title IV-E program to take stock of organizational learning in local level public sector service organizations in Virginia. We...
Article
Full-text available
Developing scales is a critical step in monitoring and evaluating ecotourism to ensure sustainability. Replicating studies to test if scales are enduring in evaluating visitors’ assessments of ecotourism is also essential to ensure reliability and credibility, and to track changes. This paper reports on a sample of 404 international visitors in Nep...
Article
Full-text available
Ecotourism has been promoted to reconcile seemingly conflicting goals of tourism development and nature conservation. Given its importance, how has ecotourism fared in the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) and how resilient was it to the Maoist insurgency in Nepal (1996-2006)? Drawing upon more than 10 months of field research, participant observat...
Article
Full-text available
More than a decade has passed since the catastrophic population decline in Gyps species was reported from South Asia, but much uncertainty remains about quantifying their short-term extinction risk. To estimate the future extinction risk of the white-rumped vulture Gyps bengalensis in Nepal, we conducted counts at 7 nesting colonies between 2002 an...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation Area Management Committees (CAMCs)-the functional decision-making units consisting entirely of local villagers-are grassroots organizations legally established to manage the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) in Nepal. These committees suffered due to the decade-long Maoist insurgency, but they survived. The paper attempts to test what...
Article
Full-text available
Ecotourism has become a valuable industry in developing countries with a promise of reconciling nature conservation and economic development goals. A sample of 315 international visitors to the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA), Nepal was surveyed in April and May of 2006 to assess how they gathered information, evaluated ecotourism and rated their...
Article
Full-text available
Nepal's conservation areas and community forests are generally considered as successful community-based conservation models. The paper's goal is to investigate the factors that consistently predict the level of trust local governing bodies have on administering agencies in these models. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected through...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation areas (CAs) and community forests (CFs) are generally considered to be two successful community-based conservation (CBC) models in Nepal. Nepal’s two CAs are administered by a nongovernmental organization (NGO), and all of its CFs are administered by a government agency (GA). The goal of this research is to compare and contrast these t...
Article
Full-text available
We have undertaken empirical research to explore relationships between the stock of various capitals and the resilience of conservation area management committees (CAMCs)—the functional decision-making units of community-based conservation—within the Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. We surveyed 190 members of 30 CAMCs during the summer of 2007,...
Article
Full-text available
Community-based conservation institutions can be conceptualized as complex adaptive systems that pass through a cycle of growth, maturation, collapse, and reorganization. We test the applicability of this four-phase adaptive cycle in the institutional context of the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA), Nepal. We use the adaptive cycle to assess chang...
Article
Full-text available
Community-based conservation institutions can be conceptualized as complex adaptive systems that pass through a cycle of growth, maturation, collapse, and reorganization. We test the applicability of this four-phase adaptive cycle in the institutional context of the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA), Nepal. We use the adaptive cycle to assess chang...
Article
Full-text available
Diversifying governance models for protected areas serves as one strategy to address some of the challenges they are facing. This paper explores the potential of local communities to be the primary actor in the governance of the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) following its planned handover to them in 2012. In doing so, the paper serves as an imp...
Article
To determine willingness to pay (WTP) for candidate entry fees, contingent valuation surveys were administered to 315 foreign visitors to the Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal, during April and May of 2006. The results of logit regression showed that the bid amount, family size, visitors' satisfaction, the use of a guide, and group size were the m...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARY Park-people conflict is a serious challenge undermining the integrity of protected areas in developing countries. Developing effective human-carnivore conflict mitigation strategies requires an understanding of the spatio-temporal conflict patterns and the species involved. This study therefore aims to examine spatio-temporal variations in...
Article
Full-text available
Nepal formally embarked on decentralized participatory conservation programmes in 1990. To assess who participates in and benefits from such programmes, stratified random questionnaire surveys of 234 households and interviews with 29 user group chairs were conducted in the buffer zones of two protected areas of the Nepalese Terai: Bardia National P...
Article
Full-text available
The merits of integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs), which aim to provide development incentives to citizens in return for conservation behaviors, have long been debated in the literature. Some of the most common critiques suggest that conservation activities tend to be strongly overpowered by development activities. We studied t...
Article
Full-text available
We randomly selected 103 households and conducted a face-to-face interview in one of the Important Bird Areas of Nepal during the summer of 2004. We used referendum-type questions to elicit willingness-to-pay (WTP) for the conservation of the critically endangered White-rumped vulture, Gyps bengalensis. The Logit Regression Model was used to predic...
Article
Full-text available
Following the catastrophic decline in populations of three species of South Asian Gyps vultures, we conducted a study to explore socio-economic variables that could facilitate conservation efforts. A questionnaire survey was carried out in 103 randomly selected households in the Rampur valley, one of the Important Bird Areas of Nepal, during 2004....
Article
Full-text available
Various conservation models have been implemented in Nepal since 1973, however their impacts on resources use and conservation attitudes are scarcely known. To address the hypothesis that conservation attitudes should improve around protected areas (PAs) with more social and economic interventions, stratified random questionnaire surveys of 234 hou...
Article
Civil wars are frequent in lesser-developed nations, wherein is harbored a disproportionate share of the world's biodiversity. These wars have had serious detrimental effects, direct and indirect, on conservation programs. From 2001 to 2005, we conducted site visits, personal interviews, and document searches bearing upon this problem as exemplifie...
Article
Full-text available
Civil wars are frequent in lesser-developed nations, wherein is harbored a disproportionate share of the world's biodiversity. These wars have had serious detrimental effects, direct and indirect, on conservation programs. From 2001 to 2005, we conducted site visits, personal interviews, and document searches bearing upon this problem as exemplifie...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a survey of the Critically Endangered White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis in lowland Nepal from October 2002 to May 2003. Direct observations were made at roosting and nesting sites to assess the population size, breeding success and nest-tree availability. A questionnaire survey was conducted to assess carcass disposal methods, thre...
Article
Full-text available
Surveys for the Endangered Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis were carried out in three protected areas in the Nepal terai in 2000-2001 to determine the species's status and distribution. Most sightings were of males in flight, and in aerial and ground displays, whereas only three females were recorded during the survey. Altogether, 21-30 bird...
Article
Full-text available
A survey for the endangered Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) was carried out in April-May 2000 in some grassland sites of the Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal. A total of 5 floricans (3 males and 2 females) were counted in 11 days. All the males had distinct territories. Though limited suitable florican habitat was available, the populati...

Questions

Questions (6)
Question
Hello Community Members,
I am not sure whether I read it somewhere or saw it during some presentations that the average response rate in household mail surveys is around 25% in the United States. Now I need to use this information and have searched for the source, but could not find. I am wondering whether anyone could direct me to the references that have done some meta-analysis on this issue. I greatly appreciate your help.
Thank you for your response.
Sincerely,
Nabin
Question
We have collected population growth data of a carnivore from five provinces and would like build a multiple linear regression model (OLS) with two explanatory variables. We have 7 observations each from two provinces, 22 observations each from two provinces, and 30 observations from one province, with the total sample size of 88. Data exploration shows a temporal trend in the growth rate so we need to include a time index in the model as a predictor to control its effect. We would like to explore the differences in growth rates across five provinces by including four dummies in the multiple regression model. But we are not sure whether that would really work because we have 7 observations in two states and there would be at least three predictors. Although we have enough samples at the aggregate level, we suspect that the sample size might be a limitation to do the analysis at the province level. We would highly appreciate your thoughts regarding the inclusion of four dummies to represent five provinces in the multiple regression model and how this will influence the estimates. We would greatly appreciate if you could direct us to the relevant literature on this issue.
Thank you for your suggestions.
Happy New Year!
Sincerely,
Nabin
Question
Hello All,
While exploring the relationship between the performance and diversity of grassroots conservation organizations, I found a nonlinear relationship between these two variables. The performance was lower in the organizations with the medium level of diversity than in the organizations that have low or high levels of diversity.
I am wresting with what could be the explanation for this relationship. I would greatly appreciate your help in directing me to the relevant resources.
Thank you in advance for your help.
Sincerely,
Nabin
Question
Hello Everyone,
I am running a multiple regression of y on x1, x2, x3, x4 and x5. In a bivariate analysis, I had a significant positive correlation between y and x1, which I expected. But in a multivariate analysis, the sign of the coefficient was reversed (beta was negative) which I didn’t expect and it also does not make sense substantially.
I ran all the diagnostics for a multiple linear regression and the assumptions appeared to be met. There was no issue of multicollinearity or functional form mis-specification. I am still figuring out what could have gone wrong in that model. I would greatly appreciate your thoughts and suggestions on this issue.
Thank you for your support.
Sincerely,
Nabin

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Project (1)
Project
To facilitate participatory identification of social impacts of bioenergy operations, explore social impacts as determinants of Social Acceptability and Social License to Operate bioenergy technologies