Naama Goren-Inbar

Naama Goren-Inbar
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Institute of Archaeology

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123
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January 1968 - December 2012
Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Publications

Publications (123)
Article
Full-text available
The research of the Kaizer Hill site (the Hilltop and its Terraces), recognized as a Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) quarry site, involved studies of the rock damage associated with the quarrying activities as well as of the recovered material remains, mostly chipped stone artifacts. We present here the results of our on-site explorations (excavatio...
Article
Full-text available
The site of ‘Ubeidiya is one of the earliest and best-known manifestations of the Acheulian Technocomplex outside Africa. Through the archaeological remains excavated in its numerous layers, it provides a wealth of information about the technological tradition and behavior of its occupants. This study applies a morpho-technological methodological a...
Article
Full-text available
The chrono-cultural scheme of the Acheulian Technocomplex in the Levant, developed in the 1970's on the basis of handaxe typological variability, still serves as the main framework for the description of this cultural entity and as a benchmark for the classification of new Acheulian assemblages. It consists of a tripartite division into Early, Midd...
Article
Full-text available
Handaxes and cleavers are among the most iconic stone tool types of the Acheulian Technocomplex. As they share several morphological and technological traits, they are considered to belong to the wider category of “bifaces” or “large cutting tools.” Concurrently, each of these types presents substantial morphological and technological variability a...
Article
Kaizer Hill is a Pre-Pottery Neolithic A flint and limestone quarry site situated in central Israel. During systematic collection and excavation at the site, a large quantity of limestone wedges was recovered. This study reports the results of a detailed morphological, technological and functional attribute analysis conducted on these artifacts. Th...
Data
https://osf.io/yz7k3/ Link to project page on the Open Science Framework repository. The page contains a technolgical attribute list and 3D models in *.3dl format of the artifacts used in the analysis of several articles published in the framework of the project. The 3dl models can be opened and converted to other formats using the AGMT3-D software...
Article
Full-text available
The range of evidence at the archaeological site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov (GBY) provides a window into the minds of 800,000-year-old Acheulian ho-minins. Detailed action sequences used in stone tool manufacture, and in the exploitation of animals (over 70 taxa) and plants (over 130 taxa) are recon-structed, suggesting hierarchically organized decisi...
Article
Full-text available
The appearance of art as a constant component of human culture is attributed to several Upper Paleolithic traditions. The record of earlier artistic manifestations is rather scanty and chronogeographically varied, although crucial for studies of human behavioral evolution. Here we describe an engraved bone from the Middle Paleolithic site of Quneit...
Article
The question of Paleolithic group size has been addressed by scholars in many disciplines applying different methods. In our study we apply a novel analytical approach in an attempt to assess the group size of hominins that occupied the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel (GBY). Within this framework, we subjected the handaxe assemblages...
Article
The Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov (GBY) and the Mousterian site of Nahal Mahanayeem Outlet (NMO) are open-air sites situated on the bank of the Upper Jordan River at its southern estuary in the Hula Valley, Israel. Both sites were deposited on the shore of a paleo-Lake Hula, a shallow body of water that persisted throughout a considerable...
Chapter
Chapter 6 aims to provide a comprehensive description of the flint assemblages, a major component of the archaeological horizons of Gesher Benot Yaʻaqov. Analyses consist of taphonomic, morphological, technological, and typological observations, which enable characterization and reconstruction of the operational sequences of flint. Both cores and c...
Chapter
Chapter 3 is concerned with the geography, geology, stratigraphy, and chronology of the site of Gesher Benot Yaʻaqov. The geographical landmarks of the study area are presented in detail and the structural, morphotectonical, and geomorphological processes of the area are discussed. The different exposures of the Benot Yaʻakov Formation, in which th...
Chapter
Chapter 4 presents a detailed account of the field and laboratory methodologies used at Gesher Benot Yaʻaqov. It provides a comprehensive description of the excavation methods and techniques pertaining to the grid, elevations, coordinates, sieving, sediment sampling, drafting of maps and cross-sections, and conservation. Laboratory methods include...
Chapter
In-depth study of Acheulian limestone artifacts from Gesher Benot Yaʻaqov (0.79 Ma) has revealed that limestone nodules procured from fluvial deposits were transported to the lake margin and exploited throughout the occupational sequence (ca. 50 ka). Analyses of the limestone assemblages show that individual artifacts went through several use-stage...
Chapter
Chapter 2 presents the history of the archaeological discoveries and excavations at Gesher Benot Yaʻaqov, from as early as the 1930s to very recently. Throughout these years, the area of the site was subjected to recurrent activities of construction, destruction, and drainage. The chapter provides a detailed account of the history of research on Ge...
Chapter
Chapter 7 aims to provide a comprehensive description of the basalt assemblages, a major component of the archaeological horizons of Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov. Analyses consist of taphonomic, morphological, technological, and typological observations, which enable characterization and reconstruction of the operational sequences of basalt. These involve...
Chapter
This chapter summarizes the results of the analyses of the lithic assemblages of Gesher Benot Yaʻaqov and their behavioral, social, and cognitive implications. We discuss the place of these lithic assemblages within the Acheulian record and present a summary of the reduction sequences of each of the raw materials. We provide a comparative view of t...
Chapter
Chapter 5 presents a detailed account of the excavated archaeological layers at Gesher Benot Yaʻaqov. It provides data on the location and stratigraphic position of each excavated unit in the study area, as well as details of the surface exposed, thickness and volume of the layers, and their sedimentological characteristics. When available, the res...
Book
This manuscript is the 4th Volume of the Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY) monograph sub-series. The goal of the book is to publish the lithic assemblages originating in the excavations of the Acheulian site at Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY), Israel. The authors provide the readers with detailed descriptions of the lithic assemblages, illustrations (maps, pho...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript presents an attempt to evaluate the intensity of fire through spatial patterning and thermoluminescence methodology. Previous studies of Layer II-6 Level 2 at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov suggested that hominins differentiated their activities across space, including multiple activities around a hearth reconstructed on...
Article
Full-text available
Stone cleavers are one of the most distinctive components of the Acheulian toolkit. These tools were produced as part of a long and complex reduction sequence and they provide indications for planning and remarkable knapping skill. These aspects hold implications regarding the cognitive complexity and abilities of their makers and users. In this st...
Data
Blank and dorsal-distal modification type for each of the artifacts included in the analysis. (DOCX)
Article
The Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov (GBY) in the Upper Jordan Valley revealed important data on environment and material culture, as well as evidence for hominin behavioural and cognitive patterns documented at the margins of the Hula Palaeo-lake. A 50m long core (GBY#2) drilled at the archaeological site has provided a long Pleistocene geol...
Article
The following study presents a novel method for computerized 3D geometric morphometric shape analysis of archaeological artifacts. It consists of a newly developed tool for automated positioning of 3D digital models and the following placement of 3D homologous landmarks for geometric morphometric analysis. It provides a quick and easy method for ac...
Article
Full-text available
Diet is central for understanding hominin evolution, adaptation, and environmental exploitation, but Paleolithic plant remains are scarce. A unique macrobotanical assemblage of 55 food plant taxa from the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel includes seeds, fruits, nuts, vegetables, and plants producing underground storage organs. The foo...
Article
This article presents an experimental approach to examining the effects of different heating temperatures (300-900 °C) on the survivorship of cranial skeletal elements and pharyngeal teeth in modern black carp. In addition to the traditional visual inspection of the taphonomy of skeletal remains, we examined the potential use of SEM and powder X-ra...
Data
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Article
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This study focuses on Kaizer Hill, a quarry site located in the vicinity of the city of Modiin where remains of a single prehistoric cultural entity assigned to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A were discovered. A systematic survey revealed that large-scale quarrying activities have left damage markings on the bedrock of the Hilltop and its slopes. We ai...
Article
Full-text available
Analyses of the flint assemblages of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov have provided new insights into the technological and typological characteristics of its Acheulian Technocomplex. As these assemblages are products of small flint nodules, the flakes and flake tools are small in size. Analysis of the striking platforms of these flakes showed that modificatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
In-depth study of Acheulean limestone artifacts from Gesher Benot Ya'aqov (0.79 Ma) has revealed that limestone nodules procured from fluvial deposits were transported to the lake margin and exploited throughout the occupational sequence (ca. 50 ka). Analyses of the limestone assemblages illustrate that individual artifacts go through several use-s...
Book
This volume introduces a model of the expansion of cultural capacity as a systemic approach with biological, historical and individual dimensions. It is contrasted with existing approaches from primatology and behavioural ecology; influential factors like differences in life history and demography are discussed; and the different stages of the deve...
Article
Full-text available
We report here on the identification and characterization of thin basalt anvils, a newly discovered component of the Acheulian lithic inventory of Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY). These tools are an addition to the array of percussive tools (percussors, pitted stones and anvils) made of basalt, flint and limestone. The thin anvils were selected from par...
Article
Full-text available
The notion that broken artifacts provide a good indication of the taphonomic history of lithic assemblages is commonly accepted in prehistoric archaeology. High frequencies of broken artifacts are frequently viewed as an indication of the possible role of post-depositional processes such as high-energy fluvial transportation, trampling or plowing....
Article
Full-text available
Remains of the highly nutritious aquatic plant Fox nut – Euryale ferox Salisb. (Nymphaeaceae) – were found at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel. Here, we present new evidence for complex cognitive strategies of hominins as seen in their exploitation of E. ferox nuts. We draw on excavated data and on parallels observed in traditiona...
Article
In this study we use fish remains recovered at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, dated to 0.78 Ma, to reconstruct for the first time the fish community of paleo-Lake Hula. From Area A at the site, we identified 13 species belonging to three of the five recent native families of freshwater fish: Cyprinidae (carps), Cichlidae (Tilapinii, St...
Article
This paper presents selected results of a detailed spatial analysis of lithic and paleontological assemblages from the Mousterian open-air site of Quneitra. The distinctive geoarchaeological site formation processes of Quneitra, the wealth of lithic and paleontological finds, and the high-resolution spatial data are rare in the very few excavated o...
Conference Paper
The human use of caves has its origins as far back as million years ago, when early humans began to use them as seasonal camp sites. At about 500,000 Ka the use of caves by these small groups of hunter-gatherers became a widespread phenomenon in Africa and Eurasia. In Israel alone (at an area of 8,800 km 2) there are about 40 prehistoric caves, dat...
Article
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[This corrects the article on p. e42213 in vol. 7.].
Article
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Cylindrical objects made usually of fired clay but sometimes of stone were found at the Yarmukian Pottery Neolithic sites of Sha'ar HaGolan and Munhata (first half of the 8(th) millennium BP) in the Jordan Valley. Similar objects have been reported from other Near Eastern Pottery Neolithic sites. Most scholars have interpreted them as cultic object...
Book
Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY) is located in the southern Hula Valley, which, in turn, is located in the northernmost segment of the Dead Sea Rift, part of the Great African Rift System. This region is an integral part of the “Levantine Corridor,” a land bridge connecting Africa and Europe, through which the diffusion and biotic exchange of many organi...
Chapter
This chapter aims to reconstruct the taphonomic processes that influenced the assemblages of Layers V-5 and V-6, as well as to identify the taphonomic role of particular agents that may have influenced the fossil bones and the stone artifacts deposited in these layers, and considers these results vis-à-vis other data, both from the site and experim...
Chapter
A set of experiments were initiated to gain qualitative insight into the processes of bone modification and to assess the timing of the biostratonomic chronology at Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY). Based on the results of the experiments, models for the internal operational sequence of an abrasional process due to water movement and trampling are presen...
Chapter
This chapter is dedicated to a detailed paleontological description of the medium- to large-sized mammal fauna discovered at Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY), taking into account previous paleontological studies undertaken in this sector of the Dead Sea Rift.
Chapter
An important objective of the current research is the analysis of mammalian taphonomy in order to differentiate between biotic and non-biotic agents, and to thus reach a better understanding of the various processes that formed the Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY) assemblage. This has been achieved by a zooarchaeological analysis of the assemblage, which...
Chapter
Analysis of the animal bones from Area C and the JB entails taxonomic identification followed by morphometric, taphonomic, and surface-modification analyses. Emphasis was also placed on a series of experiments, whose methodology is described below.
Chapter
Taphonomic analysis of the fossil animal bones from two archaeological layers of Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY) has enabled a comprehensive interpretation of the archaeological remains and sheds light on site-formation processes. We were able to reconstruct the environmental nature of the early Middle Pleistocene layers and the ecological background of...
Chapter
This volume presents a study of site-formation processes at Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY), focusing on the qualitative and quantitative analyses of the faunal remains in order to shed light on the processes involved in the genesis of the site. The objective of this study is to obtain a better understanding of the different processes that caused variou...
Article
Full-text available
Cylindrical objects made usually of fired clay but sometimes of stone were found at the Yarmukian Pottery Neolithic sites of Sha'ar HaGolan and Munhata (first half of the 8 th millennium BP) in the Jordan Valley. Similar objects have been reported from other Near Eastern Pottery Neolithic sites. Most scholars have interpreted them as cultic objects...
Article
The reconstruction of past human use of fire is often based on the presence of fire in archaeological sites as evidenced by alterations of lithic material. Here, a simple test based on thermoluminescence (TL) methods is used as a verification tool for the macroscopic identification of burning damage on flint microartefacts from the Early and early...
Article
The Acheulian presence in the Dead Sea Rift and its environs is characterized by the discontinuity of its cultural manifestations. Nevertheless, the long stratigraphic sequences of the Acheulian Technocomplex provide a unique opportunity for synergetic examination along a temporal trajectory. Hominin cognitive and cultural behaviour are studied at...
Article
Full-text available
A red-stained flint crescent found in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (ca. 9000 BC) site of Gesher, Israel, provides us with a unique opportunity to study the hafting technology of a particular tool type in the Levant. We present here a reconstruction, based on chemical and mineralogical analyses, of the hafting technologies and materials employed in t...
Article
Full-text available
The Acheulian Technocomplex exhibits two phenomena: variability and conservatism. Variability is expressed in the composition and frequencies of tool types, particularly in the varying frequencies of bifaces (handaxes and cleavers). Conservatism is expressed in the continuous presence of bifaces along an immense time trajectory. The site of Gesher...
Chapter
The discussion in the previous chapter of the evidence for the early use of fire has demonstrated the complexities involved in identifying the early stages of human control over fire and emphasized the need for a comprehensive approach to their study. The presence of burned flint items at the site of GBY provides a unique opportunity to investigate...
Chapter
The previous chapter presented data on the presence and ­spatial distribution of burned flint items throughout the stratigraphic sequence at GBY. It demonstrated that, while burned flint occurs in all the studied archaeological horizons, the burned flint microartifacts are not evenly distributed throughout the excavated surface and denser concentra...
Chapter
This chapter integrates the data on the spatial distribution of burned flint items and the general lithic inventory of the different occupation levels in Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov. The analyzed assemblages are presented in chronological order, from the topmost (i.e., youngest) layer of the strati­graphic sequence to the lowermost (oldest) one.
Book
Th e manipulation of fire by early hominins was a turning point in our evolutionary history. Once “domesticated”, fire provided warmth, light and protection from predators, as well as enabling the exploitation of a new range of foods. Th is book presents the spatial analyses of burned and unburned fl int items which provide evidence for the control...
Chapter
The manipulation of fire was clearly a turning point for our ancient ancestors. Their ability to “domesticate” this powerful tool, lacking in any other creature, has provided us with the valuable gift of fire, whose possession has remained exclusively human ever since. As fire conferred varied advantages for early man, providing warmth and light, p...