N. Marta Díaz-Gómez

N. Marta Díaz-Gómez
Universidad de La Laguna | ULL · Department of Nursing

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47
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442
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
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Introduction Oral feeding of preterm newborns (PTNB) is hampered by their immaturity and intercurrent diseases, which can prolong their hospital stay. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a program that combines tactile, kinesthetic and oral stimulation (T + K + OS) compared to another intervention based on exclusively ora...
Article
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Short frenulum, or ankyloglossia, may lead to breastfeeding problems, with an impact on infant development, nipple damage, and early abandonment of breastfeeding. There are currently no homogeneous diagnostic criteria, thus leading to both overdiagnosis and underdiagnosis and associated clinical consequences. The challenge to approach this conditio...
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Resumen Introducción La alimentación oral de los recién nacidos pretérmino (RNPT) está dificultada por su inmadurez y enfermedades intercurrentes, lo que puede prolongar su estancia hospitalaria. El objetivo de este estudio fue valorar la efectividad de un programa que combina la estimulación táctil, kinestésica y oral (ET + K + O) frente a otro d...
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The impact of Covid-19 pandemic on breastfeeding and birth care. The importance of recovering good practices The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has had a major impact on birth care and lactation. The lack of knowledge regarding the transmission mechanisms and the potential risks for the mother and the newborn , even when the vertical transmission of the virus...
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The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has had a major impact on birth care and lactation. The lack of knowledge regarding the transmission mechanisms and the potential risks for the mother and the newborn, even when the vertical transmission of the virus has not been demonstrated, has led to the abandonment of practices such as skin-to-skin and the early initiat...
Article
Background The aim of this study was to measure the effectiveness on breast feeding rates by the program 'Supporting a First-time Mother', a web-based platform of interactionbetween first-time mothers and breastfeeding-experienced women who act as peer-supporters. Methods A randomized study with a control and intervention group was conducted betwe...
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ro, L. Sanfeliciano Martín Los autores declaran que no existe conflicto de intereses. RESUMEN El contacto piel con piel (CPP) entre la ma-dre y el recién nacido tras el nacimiento es considerado como uno de los indicadores de Buenas Prácticas Clínicas, ya que ofrece múl-tiples beneficios para ambos: reduce el nivel de estrés en la madre, facilita e...
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Introduction: Among the world's regions, the WHO European Region has the lowest rates of exclusive breastfeeding at age 6 months with around 25%. Low rates and early cessation of breastfeeding have important adverse health consequences for women, infants and young children. Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding are a public health prio...
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Smoking is one of the greatest threats to public health, being the first cause of death and preventable disease in the world. Health professionals play key role models in behaviours related to health, due to their social recognition. This study analyses the smoking habit in both professionals and future professionals (students) of nursing. The obje...
Article
Background: Maternal obesity is known to affect human milk composition. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are vital nutrients to the nervous system development and precursors of eicosanoids related to obesity (prostaglandin E2-PGE2-and leukotriene E4-LTE4). The aim of the present research was to study the lipid profiles, with particu...
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Objective: Breastfeeding constitutes a priority in Public Health due to the multiple benefits it offers. The decision to breastfeed is usually made before pregnancy, and therefore it is important to include adolescents in breastfeeding promotion programs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a programme to improve knowledge an...
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OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding for its multiple benefits is the best cost-effective health intervention and should be a public health priority. The aim of this study was to determine motivations and barriers perceived by mothers to initiate or to maintain breastfeeding. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study was carried in 2013 out among 569 mot...
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RESUMEN La mastitis es una de las principales causas de abandono evitable de la lactancia materna, con el aumento de la morbimortalidad infantil que ello supone, pero no hay uniformidad en los criterios diagnósticos ni terapéuticos. El diagnóstico de la mastitis aguda es fundamentalmente clínico, y, solo en determinados casos, está indicado el cult...
Article
Objective: The present study evaluated maternal and newborn levels of serum silicon and their relationship to those of zinc and copper. Methods: We measured serum silicon, copper and zinc in 66 pregnant women, in the umbilical cord of their infants, and in 44 newborns, by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. All the samples were from fasted subj...
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Breastmilk is the best food for newborns and infants. The nutritional stores of a lactating woman may be more or less depleted as a result of the pregnancy and the loss of blood during childbirth. Lactation raises nutrient needs, mainly because of the loss of nutrients, first through colostrum and then through breastmilk.
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5) Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Servicio de Neonatología. (*) La realización de la encuesta on-line, de este estudio fue financiada por Philips Ibérica. Los autores declaran que no tienen conflictos de intereses. RESUMEN Fundamentos: La lactancia materna (LM) por sus múltiples beneficios es la mejor intervención coste-efectiva en salud y d...
Article
Full-text available
Breastmilk is the best food for newborns and infants. The nutritional stores of a lactating woman may be more or less depleted as a result of the pregnancy and the loss of blood during childbirth. Lactation raises nutrient needs, mainly because of the loss of nutrients, first through colostrum and then through breastmilk. Breastmilk volume varies w...
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Background The protective effect of breastfeeding has been linked to immunomodulating agents in human milk, including cytokines. Objective To evaluate the possible relationship between human milk cytokine content and atopic dermatitis in breastfed term infants. Material and methods In 114 samples of milk fed to term infants, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5...
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Chemical pollution affects all ecosystems of our planet. Human milk has been used as a biomarker of environmental pollution as, due to bioaccumulation processes in fat tissue, many chemical compounds reach measurable concentrations that can be readily tested in breast milk. Quite frequently information about the presence of contaminants in breast m...
Article
Chemical pollution affects all ecosystems of our planet. Human milk has been used as a biomarker of environmental pollution as, due to bioaccumulation processes in fat tissue, many chemical compounds reach measurable concentrations that can be readily tested in breast milk. Quite frequently information about the presence of contaminants in breast m...
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Background and Aims Serum silicon (SSi) declines with age. Silicon is known to have positive effects on bone metabolism, but SSi in preterm infants and its relationship with other oligoelements have received little attention. To study changes in SSi levels during the first year of life in preterm infants and to determine (a) whether there are diffe...
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The practice of bed-sharing by parents and their offspring has been a common behaviour among humans. In parallel with the increase of breastfeeding rates, a higher frequency of bed-sharing has been observed worldwide. And, it is probable that it occurs more frequently than what appears reflected in surveys. There seems to be an interrelated and mut...
Article
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The practice of bed-sharing by parents and their offspring has been a common behaviour among humans. In parallel with the increase of breastfeeding rates, a higher frequency of bed-sharing has been observed worldwide. And, it is probable that it occurs more frequently than what appears reflected in surveys. There seems to be an interrelated and mut...
Article
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Pacifiers are widely used in developed societies. They are used for soothing infants, reducing their stress and pain during procedures and to help them sleep. The use of pacifiers has been associated, however, with a shorter duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding, with higher rates of otitis media and dental problems, as well as a higher risk of...
Article
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Pacifiers are widely used in developed societies. They are used for soothing infants, reducing their stress and pain during procedures and to help them sleep. The use of pacifiers has been associated, however, with a shorter duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding, with higher rates of otitis media and dental problems, as well as a higher risk of...
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El recién nacido es capaz de percibir el dolor, incluso de forma más intensa y difusa que el niño mayor y el adulto, y guarda memoria del dolor. La valoración del dolor en el recién nacido hospitalizado debe incorporarse a las rutinas clínicas de las unidades neonatales. Las medidas no farmacológicos para prevenir y aliviar el dolor en el recién na...
Article
To evaluate whether maternal diabetes alters the habituation ability of fetuses and newborns. Two nonrandomized clinical trials were performed. First, we studied prenatal fetuses of women with pregestational diabetes, and control subjects matched for gestational age, and then we studied infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) and control subjects matched...
Article
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Breast pain and other breast problems are frequent among breastfeeding mothers. They cause significant distress, undermine the mother's self-confidence in her ability to feed the baby and often contribute to early cessation of lactation. However, more than often, health professionals do not have the necessary knowledge for prevention or resolution...
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To compare pregnancy outcome and factors related to adverse perinatal outcome in women with type 1 versus type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Multicentre retrospective study. Some 404 women were studied, 257 with type 1 DM and 147 with type 2 DM. Main outcome measures were rates of prematurity, macrosomia, instrumental deliveries, congenital malformatio...
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The Internet has introduced new ways of learning that may complement medical training during the residency period. We describe the experience with a new method of e-learning for training in human lactation and breastfeeding counselling. Pediatric residents participated in the Human Lactation Forum maintained by the Spanish Pediatric Association Bre...
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To evaluate the effect of smoking on the vitamin D-parathyroid hormone (PTH) system during the perinatal period. Sixty-one healthy women with singleton pregnancies and their newborns participated in a cohort study. We compared serum PTH and BsmI polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor gene, 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D, cal...
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In practice there are very few situations in which breastfeeding is contraindicated. Some maternal or infants illnesses require an individual evaluation, considering the enormous benefits that breastfeeding compared to the possible risks. In the case that a breastfeeding mother needs medication a suitable drug forthe maternal treatment should be se...
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The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of zinc supplementation on linear growth, body composition, and growth factors in premature infants. Thirty-six preterm infants (gestational age: 32.0 +/- 2.1 weeks, birth weight: 1704 +/- 364 g) participated in a longitudinal double-blind, randomized clinical trial. They were randomly allocated eithe...
Article
The objective of the nutrition of newborn infants is to insure a uniform transition of the process of growth from the prenatal to the neonatal period, giving the necessary nutrients and energy required for development and growth, without exceeding the metabolic or excretory capacities of the newborn. In the feeding of newborn plays an important rol...
Article
Objective: Assess the incidence of respiratory disease in children and its possible relation with the smoking habits of their parents. Material and Methodology: A total of 170 children (51% girls and 49% boys) between 6 and 14 years, coming from both public and private schools, were studied. The sample was chosen at random in pediatric surgery cons...
Article
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Title: Breast pain during lactation: management strategies for the pediatrician Breast pain and other breast problems are frequent among breastfeeding mothers. They cause significant distress, under- mine the mother's self-confidence in her ability to feed the baby and often contribute to early cessation of lactation. However, more than often, heal...

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