Mykolas Simas Poškus

Mykolas Simas Poškus
Mykolas Romeris University · Institute of Psychology

PhD

About

57
Publications
57,612
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307
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - present
Mykolas Romeris University
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Full-text available
Persuasive messages that are tailored to target innate biases and behavioral tendencies have been shown to be effective in promoting pro-environmental behaviors. There is, however, a lack of understanding whether individuals who have different patterns of personality traits react to these stimuli differently. The present study addressed precisely t...
Article
Full-text available
A meta-analysis was carried out to investigate the relationship between connectedness with nature, environmental identity, and environmental self-identity. Through meta-analyzing these relationships, we are able to assess the true estimate of their magnitude. The results revealed a strong correlation between measures of connectedness with nature an...
Article
Full-text available
The promotion of pro-environmental behavior is regarded as very important in solving environmental problems. The Value-Belief-Norm (VBN) theory usually emphasizes internal factors; however, we have transformed this theory by including the environmental knowledge as an external factor. The results showed that action-related environmental knowledge w...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study is to assess whether reinforcing imagery affects the emotional valence and effectiveness of pro-environmental public service announcements (PSAs). Two experiments that utilized PSAs constructed from a combination of text-based appeal and an image were carried out. The first experiment used the following appeals; (1) hig...
Article
Full-text available
Growing civic participation in environmental movements shows that societies are more engaging in behavior that can be described as environmental citizenship. This behavior, however, may not necessarily be driven by factual knowledge and accurate beliefs. In the present study, a simplified model of environmental citizenship proposed by Hawthorne and...
Presentation
Access to clean drinking water is necessary for the health of a society, but how society perceives the sources of drinking water might lead to behaviors that are either favorable or unfavorable for environmental sustainability. Perceptions of water quality change still if one is faced with the potential risk of drinking contaminated water after an...
Poster
The “greening” of individual behaviors is an important component of mitigating climate change and other human-caused environmental problems (Dietz et al., 2009). Adolescents are an important target group for promoting pro-environmental behaviors as they are at the life stage of forming their systems of beliefs, morals, and values. The important ind...
Poster
The current study focuses on the dynamics of adolescents’ risk perceptions regarding drinking water consumption before and after ecological disaster, i.e., the tire fire. The tire fire accident caused the air, groundwater, and soil pollution which negatively affected the quality of the drinking water. We hypothesized that the affected group would r...
Presentation
Studies in adult samples suggest that biospheric values, environmental self-identity and personal norms are important antecedents of various pro-environmental behaviors. Recently few studies have tested these relationships in children and adolescent samples. Yet these findings have been derived from cross-sectional studies, thus there is a question...
Article
The objective of the present study was to determine the antecedents of workaholism. To attain the main objective, a systematic review was conducted that was further supplemented with the meta-analytic data. Additionally, attempts were made to separate the precursors of both workaholism and work addiction in our study. Four online databases were use...
Article
Full-text available
In this systematic review we explore the forces that encourage or hinder the adoption of wastewater treatment and/or management technology. Our literature search uncovered 37 sources that discuss these issues. Retrieved sources were then subjected to qualitative synthesis. We adopted a systems-theory perspective in analyzing the qualitative data an...
Article
Full-text available
Conscription is an exceptionally stressful life event for young adults. During service, some conscripts manage to cope with service challenges and demands, stay engaged and motivated. Others develop serious adjustment problems, which prevents them from continuing the service. The personality characteristic of psychological hardiness has been recogn...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the current study was to assess the components of the intervention program “Aquatic”, targeted at the reduction of bottled water use in adolescence. The Comprehensive Action Determination Model was chosen as a theory of change for the development and evaluation of pro-environmental behavior intervention. We examined the impact of five ex...
Article
Full-text available
We compared the extent to which a potentially groundwater-contaminating ecological disaster affected adolescents' bottled water consumption and perceived risk to use tap water. The affected group consists of 221 adolescents (56.6% were girls, Mage = 15.44, SDage = 0.60), while the control group consisted of 156 adolescents (56.4% were girls, Mage =...
Article
Full-text available
It is often thought that environmental campaigns aimed at changing human behavior to be more environmentally friendly should target individuals’ intrinsic values and other personal variables. An evolutionary approach to human behavior, however, proposes a different perspective for tackling the pressing environmental issues of our times by making us...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between psychological hardiness, basic psychological need (BPN) satisfaction (Self-Determination theory, Deci & Ryan, 2000), soldiers’ engagement, and general self-reported health. We hypothesized that the effect of psychological hardiness on soldiers’ engagement and general health is mediate...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates and provides support for the Savanna-IQ interaction hypothesis regarding pro-environmental values. Study 1 showed that the highest attained education level is a significant predictor of pro-environmental concern, while Study 2 showed that the trait of openness to experience plays a unique role in predicting biospheric...
Article
Full-text available
Images are an integral part of any visual advertisement, regardless of medium. Whether online banner, digital screen, or wall poster, the decisions of professional designers on how to compose those images are often based on specific rules of composition that describe proper cropping or object placement techniques. However, existing research shows t...
Article
Full-text available
Policy awareness increases the likelihood of policy-congruent behavior. Yet individuals may differ in the extent to which they notice certain policies; thus, psychological factors that explain behavior can have a differing effect on policy-congruent behavior of individuals. We investigated to what extent the relationship between normative, habitual...
Article
We explored to what extent two theoretical approaches – general (i.e., the Value-Identity-Personal norm model), and behavior-specific (i.e., the Comprehensive Action Determination Model) can explain different waste prevention behaviors. In Study 1 we investigated bottled water consumption, while in Study 2 we investigated bag reuse when shopping, g...
Article
Full-text available
Pro-environmental behavior has been extensively studied using general models of predicting behavior; however, these models have very limited value in making inferences about individuals. To address this shortcoming, a person-oriented investigation of five pro-environmental behaviors differing in complexity was carried out using a clustering approac...
Article
Full-text available
Contribution to climate change mitigation is required for all world countries. Post-Soviet countries' climate change policy strategies by 2030 (2035) were adopted relatively recently. Thus, the aim of this study is to analyze the achievements of climate change policy, encompassing carbon emissions, energy intensity, and renewable energy consumption...
Article
Full-text available
Three field studies using norm-based public service announcements were carried out in a university context. The studies yielded inconclusive results, pointing toward the need to investigate the contextual and individual effectiveness of persuasive communication based on making social norms salient. The presented studies are discussed as the first s...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we will consider the relationships between values, beliefs and Environmental Citizenship. The role of personal values, value orientations and environmental beliefs in explaining pro-environmental actions and behaviour is widely explored. It is already acknowledged that self-enhancement (egoistic and hedonistic) values are less pred...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Fig. 2, 3 and 4. The figure image and caption was mixed-up during typesetting. Thus, this erratum is presented to fix this error, providing the correct image and caption. © 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Poster
The study tackles the problem of unsustainable consumption that reflects a specific aspect of environmental citizenship. We argue, that in order to achieve effectiveness in policies aimed at lowering adolescents’ consumption rates, it is worthwhile to address key psychological factors that have been established to be related to various environmenta...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this report was to uncover the current situation of Environmental Citizenship education in Lithuania. Qualitative data was gathered from six experts working on diverse areas of Environmental Citizenship education in the country. Data were gathered from educators (working in primary and secondary levels of education), decision-makers from...
Presentation
Introduction. Different individuals find motivation from different sources and thus even the same group of pro-environmental behaviors can be performed for different reasons. Different pro-environmental behaviors are rarely alike; thus, it becomes relevant to understand whether different individuals engage in different types of pro-environmental be...
Poster
European Union member states are already equipped with policies and strategies that can be followed to tailor local policies that aim to reduce bottled water use (i.e., EU, 2018, No.52018DC0028). However, little is known how adolescents’ self-reported awareness of policy is related to their bottled water use in the context of the Comprehensive Acti...
Poster
Scientific knowledge indicates a clear gap in identifying the mechanisms through which environmental citizenship may be fostered during the adolescent years. To date, most of the studies have been conducted in adult samples, using experimental or cross -sectional design. Empirical findings from adult samples suggest that environmental citizenship c...
Poster
Given the necessity for actions in reducing the impact of climate change consequences on human and non-human life and environmental quality, it is clear that immediate engagement in complex and multi-context pro-environmental actions is inevitable. Adolescents are the near-future decision makers in reducing climate change related outcomes. Therefor...
Poster
Full-text available
The “greening” of individual behaviors is an important component of mitigating climate change and other human-caused environmental problems (Dietz et al., 2009). Pro-environmental behaviors are “prosocial”—they benefit others, often with some direct costs to the actor (Schmitt et al., 2017). In this study, we see pro-environmental behavior as more...
Presentation
Researchers have been spending considerable effort over the last couple of decades on developing the constructs of human-nature relations, as well as the instruments that measure them. The result of this effort is a plethora of separate psychological constructs, such as connection with nature, nature connectedness, environmental identity, environme...
Article
Full-text available
In the light of global environmental problems, investigating pro-environmental behaviors is becoming increasingly popular and relevant. The present study is aimed at investigating some of the most common pro-environmental behaviors (recycling, using environmentally friendly transportation, conserving water, and conserving electricity) of Lithuanian...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to investigate the perceptions of differently worded and illustrated public service announcements (PSAs). The results of the first experiment revealed that participants were inclined to show the most preference for those PSAs that highlighted the extent of the problem if the appeals were not accompanied by an image;...
Article
The present study investigates adolescents’ self-reported recycling behavior, adopting a much needed person-oriented approach. We found that adolescents that have different personality types approach recycling differently. Those who have more expressed adaptive and positive personality traits show more favorable attitudes toward recycling and engag...
Poster
Time perspectives are rarely investigated as possible antecedents of sustainable behavior. It is known that being guided by altruistic and biospheric values, as well as being future-oriented may potentially lead to more sustainable behavior. Adopting a person oriented approach we aimed to clarify whether being future-oriented promotes sustainable b...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of using social norms to promote sustainable behaviour. To achieve this aim, a meta-analysis was conducted. Studies published in peer reviewed journals after 1990 that experimentally tested the effectiveness of social norms in promoting sustainable behaviour were included in the analysis. No di...
Article
Full-text available
Can different types of greenery improve the perceived value, safety, prestige, coziness, and aesthetics of multistory residential buildings? To find the answer, two studies were carried out. In Study 1, participants filled in questionnaires designed to measure the perceived value, safety, prestige, coziness, and aesthetics of a building. Every ques...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable behavior is an important and increasingly popular field of research, but the question order effects that may occur in descriptive and injunctive sustainable behavior norm measurements remain largely unexplored. Even less attention is drawn to gender differences that may be present in question order effects. In the present study, we have...
Conference Paper
Natūralios aplinkos išsaugojimas – vienas didžiausių šių laikų iššūkių, reikalaujantis mokslininkų dėmesio. Norint užtikrinti aplinkos tausojimą ir gamtos išsaugojimą ateities kartoms, svarbu suprasti, kas skatina dar besiformuojančius jaunuolius tausoti aplinką ir saugoti gamtą. Šio tyrimo tikslas – įvertinti moksleivių aplinką tausojančios elgsen...
Conference Paper
Siekiant kelti visuomenės gerovę urbanizuotose teritorijose, architektai ir urbanistai glaudžiai bendradarbiauja su aplinkos psichologais. Siekiama ne tik suprasti jau esamų architektūrinių objektų įtaką žmonių elgsenai ir savijautai, tačiau ir įgyti įrodymais grįstų įžvalgų, kurios pasitarnautų kuriant naujus objektus bei renovuojant jau esamus, p...
Conference Paper
Aplinkos psichologai jau seniai tiria aplinkos veiksnių įtaką žmonių savijautai bei elgsenai, tačiau pastaruoju metu galima pastebėti šios srities tarpdiscipliniškumo didėjimą. Aplinkos psichologų pagalba tampa vis svarbesnė architektams ir urbanistams, ypač dėl to, jog stebimas nuolat didėjantis poreikis miestų ir architektūrinių objektų projektav...
Article
Full-text available
The theory of planned behavior is a popular and well grounded model of predicting and explaining behavior; however, some researchers propose that in the case of sustainable behavior the model could benefit from the inclusion of moral norms as an additional variable. A paper-and-pencil survey has been carried out to test the assumption that the addi...
Article
Full-text available
The present study proposes a new way of looking at the Barnum effect. A theoretical model describing the relationship between personality traits, type of personality feedback, and acceptance of personality feedback is proposed and tested. The results of the study provide proof for the model, supporting the notion that personality feedback is accept...
Article
Full-text available
Siekiant paprastai ir greitai suteikti grįžtamąjį ryšį asmenims, užpildžiusiems asmenybės testus, dažnai naudojamos trumpos standartizuotos formos. Tokios grįžtamojo ryšio priemonės dėl savo trumpumo gali būti laikomos tiksliomis nebūtinai dėl savo validumo, tačiau dėl Barnumo efekto – tendencijos pateikti atsakymą apie asmenybę ir kai gauta inform...
Article
Full-text available
Tyrimuose, kuriuose socialinėms normoms įvertinti naudojami klausi­mynai, ne visada įvertinami klausimų eiliškumo efektai – atsakymų pokyčiai, priklau­santys nuo klausimo padėties klausimyne. Šiame tyrime analizuoti klausimų eiliškumo efektai, galintys pasireikšti, vertinant socialines normas. Keltas tikslas išsiaiškinti klau­simų eiliškumo efektų...

Questions

Questions (10)
Question
I am searching for a short measure to assess adults on the economic (authoritarian VS libertarian) and social (progressive VS traditionalist) dimensions.
The shorter the measure - the better. Additionally, I would prefer the measure not to be very culturally biased, although I will probably adjust it to suit the demographic I am going to study.
Question
I'm looking for a short measure of general intelligence. Preferably, the measure should not rely on language or math problem-solving skills (to avoid confounding by education and background of the participants). Preferably, the intelligence scale should take no longer than 5 minutes. The first thing that comes to mind is Raven's matrices, but are there any shorter alternatives that can be easily incorporated into a battery of questionnaires?
Question
Hi,
Is there a simple way to compute the fail-safe N for a meta-analysis, when the only available data are effects sizes (d), their standard errors, and the sample size of every study?
Question
Hi,
I need a scale for measuring the self-concept of children aged 10 to 18 years. The measure should address the child's self-awareness, self-esteem, self-image, and self-evaluation.
Question
Hi,
I need a short scale to measure the feeling of belonging and the feeling of isolation in children aged 10 to 18 years.
Question
Hi,
I need a short scale to measure the critical thinking abilities of children aged 10 to 18 years.
Question
Hi,
I need a short scale for measuring coping strategies and problem solving skills of children ages 10 to 18.

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Education for environmental citizenship is considered one of the most important ways of addressing issues of climate change. By educating young people to care for the environment today, we make sure that future generations will have the knowledge and motivation necessary in tackling environmental issues. Regrettably, there are no unified directions and evidence-based methods that would help achieve this goal; this lack is felt both nationally and on the EU level. Existing theoretical models of environmental citizenship lack grounding in interventional and longitudinal data. That is why in the context of this project we will conduct a longitudinal interventional study, aimed at uncovering the mechanism of how environmental citizenship is formed; we will develop and implement an evidence-based educational resource, serving as the intervention of our studies. The developed educational resource will later be made open and publicly available for free, enabling Lithuanian educators to implement it independently.
Project
In this project we aim to uncover the developmental mechanismsof environmental citizenship for different individuals and to update the model describing environmental citizenship.
Project
GOGREEN project is dedicated to cutting-edge research on the mechanisms and determinants of pro-environmental behavior and proposes an innovative interventional approach to increase the engagement in pro-environmental behavior in young people. Specifically, we aim to promote pro-environmental behavior by developing, implementing, and testing an innovative intervention program for young people based on the data from a population-based household survey. Thus, the GOGREEN project will provide empirical evidence on a topic not previously investigated in the European context: how can individuals be encouraged to engage in pro-environmental actions, how long do the effect holds, does the timing of the intervention matter, and is the spillover effect prevalent? The main activities of the project are: To perform a screening of the current situation in Lithuania regarding the pro-environmental behaviors and related factors, using the representative samples of adolescent children and their parents. This household survey will enable to collect data on the society’s understanding of human impact on climate change in Lithuania and to determine which of pro-environmental behaviors are already widespread among the population, and which behaviors should be promoted. To empirically test an integrated theoretical model of pro-environmental behavior (Klockner & Blobaum, 2010), namely Comprehensive Action Determination Model that covers the most prominent theoretical models used in environmental psychology domain, including the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991), the Norm-Activation-Theory (Schwartz & Howard, 1981), and the Value-Belief-Norm-Theory (Stern, 2000). To develop and implement the intervention that will enable to increase the existing knowledge and understanding of the underlying processes of pro-environmental behavior. To disseminate the research findings, maximizing the project’s impact through informing educational practice, building public and professional knowledge and capacity, and influencing policy and further research. Key project stakeholders include the education sector, the academic and scientific community, policy makers, public services, media, local communities and decision makers as well as NGOs.